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2004-2006 catalo 




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CONTENTS 

Introduction Page 1 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Academic Program 5 

Descriptions of Courses and Majors 29 

Campus and Student Life 1 1 1 

Admission 116 

Financial Aid 120 

Expenses 125 

Faculty 129 

Administration 134 

Board of Trustees 136 

Academic Calendars 137 

Index 139 

Campus Map 142 



SECOND EDITION, July 2005 



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EcKERD College 



AN INTRODUCTION 

The mission of Eckerd College is to provide an undergraduate liberal arts education 
and lifelong learning programs of the highest quality' in the unique environment of 
Florida, within the context of a strong relationship with the Presbyterian Church 
and in a spirit of innovation. 

Eckerd College is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern 
Association of Colleges and Schools to award the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor 
of Science degrees. A coeducational college of the liberal arts and sciences, it is 
related by covenant to the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). The campus is located on 
188 acres of tropical waterfront property in a suburban area of St. Petersburg, Florida. 

The school was founded in 1958 as Florida Presbyterian College and admitted its 
first students in 1960. In 1972, the College's name was changed to honor the late 
Jack M. Eckerd, a prominent Florida civic leader and businessman whose gifts and 
commitments to the institution have helped to insure its continuing excellence. 
More than 1 1 ,000 graduates are seeking to lead lives of leadership and service in 
communities throughout the world. 



ECKERD COLLEGE 
BASIC COMMITMENTS 

This catalog is designed to give a comprehensive 
picture of Eckerd College. We are proud of what 
we have achieved, and welcome the reader to join 
us in an exciting and continuing educational 
adventure. As you read this document, you should 
he aware of certain basic commitments that have 
guided the college's history and planning. These 
commitments and the efforts to achieve them 
have enabled Eckerd College to be distinctive 
among the 3,000 colleges and universities in the 
United States. 



THE COMMITMENT TO 
INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT 

The primary purpose of the educational program 
is to foster the personal development of each 
student. We seek to prepare students for the basic 
responsibilities of life, especially for competent, 
humane leadership and service. We are vitally 
concerned with the development of whole persons 
and therefore encourage the intellectual, spiritual, 
cultural, social, emotional and physical growth 
of each student. While education is a lifelong 
process, the Eckerd experience is designed to 
assist students to go beyond the limitations 
imposed by ignorance, narrowness, conformity, 
self'Centeredness, and irresponsibility. Our aims 
are to help individuals achieve excellence in 
thought and conduct and to spark their 
imagination about future possibilities. 



convictions. TTiose whose faith calls them to 
action will find support for mission and service, 
in the immediate community and abroad. The 
Center for Spiritual Life sponsors speakers and 
seminars that bring famous scholars, ethicists, and 
theologians to campus to extend and enrich our 
conversations. Through intellectual inquiry, social 
interaction, worship and service, we help students 
to experience the roles that religious dialogues 
play in contemporary life. 



THE COMMITMENT OF 
FACULTY TO STUDENTS 

The relatively small size of the Eckerd student 
body allows numerous opportunities for close 
personal relationships between students and 
faculty. Each Eckerd student has a faculty 
academic adviser, known as a "Mentor," who 
seeks to facilitate the total growth of students 
and helps them to get the most out of their 
college years. 

Because the faculty is committed to the primary 
importance of teaching, it has developed a 
reputation for excellence in the teaching of 
undergraduates. Many Eckerd College faculty 
members are engaged in primary scholarship 
and artistic creativity and, wherever possible, 
seek to involve students in these enterprises. 
The intention of the faculty is to provide an 
educational environment characterized by high 
expectation, personal attention and enthusiasm 
for learning. 



THE COMMITMENT TO A 
DL\LOGUE ON FAITH 

Eckerd College maintains a covenant relationship 
with the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). Our 
community includes and welcomes among its 
faculty, students, and staff individuals of many 
different faiths. All are invited to participate in 
free and open dialogue about religion, spirituality, 
and worldwide expressions of faiths. 

The general education program includes studies of 
several religions' texts, art, architecture, and ritual. 
Campus ministries programs help students to 
address questions of faith personally and among 
others who are seeking to clarify their beliefs, 
assess their values, and act responsibly on their 



THE COMMITMENT TO 
GENERAL EDUCATION 

While Eckerd College is committed to helping 
students develop competence in a specific field of 
study, it is equally committed to general education. 

The general education program is designed to 
provide a foundation for lifelong learning by 
helping students to develop a love for learning, 
acquire an informed awareness of the major 
elements of their cultural heritage, explore various 
perspectives on the central concerns of human 
existence, assume increased responsibility for their 
own growth, and master the skills that are 
necessary to understand and deal with a rapidly 
changing and increasingly complex world. 



The general education program is made up of the 
autumn term project, computation, foreign 
language, and the Western Heritage in a Global 
Context sequence in the first year; one course in 
each of four academic areas plus an environmental 
perspective course and a global perspective course 
in the second and third years; and a course in the 
Quest for Meaning in the senior year. 



THE COMMITMENT TO THE 
INTEGRATION OF LIBERAL 
ARTS AND CAREER 
PREPARATION 

The commitment to individual development 
includes a commitment to helping students 
prepare themselves for a vocation. Through 37 
formal majors and pre-professional programs, 
opportunities are available to develop the 
knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for 
successful careers. In addition, through indepen- 
dent study and individually designed areas of 
concentration, students are encouraged to 
supplement and adapt the formal curriculum to 
their particular interests and aspirations. 

The college recognizes that significant learning 
can occur in a variety of settings. Internships, jobs, 
and other off-campus learning experiences, both 
in this country and abroad, enable students to 
integrate theory and practice and help them to 
clarify their values and career choices. Because 
they are committed to a participatory educational 



process, faculty engage students in the learning 
of science, theatre, management and other 
disciplines by doing. The aim is to assist each 
student to become a self-directed, competent, 
humane person capable of making a significant 
contribution to society. 



THE COMMITMENT TO 
HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS 
IN COMMUNITY 

There is a rich diversity among Eckerd College 
students which is educationally desirable. Students 
come to campus from more than 49 states and 
44 countries. They enroll from urban, suburban, 
and rural areas; from developed and developing 
countries; and from a variety of cultural, ethnic, 
and religious backgrounds. The cosmopolitan 
nature of the Eckerd campus enriches the total 
educational experience as students learn from 
each other. 

Built upon this diversity is a sense of community 
based upon common objectives, concerns and 
experiences. Academic interests provide the basis 
for a sense of community, which is enhanced by 
worship, student activities, athletic events, 
concerts, lectures, and other opportunities for 
shared experiences. Because most students reside 
on campus, they have the enriched experiences 
that occur when people are learning both how to 
learn and how to live together. 




THE COMMITMENT TO BE A 
PACE-SETTING INSTITUTION 

Eckerd College is nationally known for pioneering 
new programs designed to deal directly with the 
varying needs of college students. It has shown the 
will to improve education and the vision and 
courage to take steps that will facilitate the growth 
of students. Many of its programs of interdiscipli- 
nary study, independent study, international 
education, values inquiry, and student orientation 
and advising have become models for other 
educational institutions. Within the context of its 
objectives as a church-related college of the liberal 
arts and sciences, it continues to seek better ways 
of meeting its commitments. 



STUDENT HONOR PLEDGE 
AND A SHARED COMMITMENT 

Upon entering Eckerd College every student is 
asked to sign a promise to uphold the following 
statement of Shared Commitment and the 
Student Honor Pledge: 

On my honor, as an Eckerd College student, 

I pledge not to lie, cheat, or steal, 

nor to tolerate these behaviors in others. 

The choice to join the community of scholars of 
Eckerd College commits each student to the 
values embodied in the mission and objectives of 
this church-related college of liberal arts and 
sciences. Inherent in this commitment is the 
responsibility: 

1 . To use one's abilities and opportunities to 
pursue personal and academic growth and 
excellence. 

2. To exercise respect for human dignity in 
attitudes and relationships. 

3. To conduct oneself with integrity in academic 
work and as a citizen of the college community. 

4. To respect the rights and property of other 
students and their need for an environment 
conducive to scholarly work. 

5. To respect the rights and property of Eckerd 
College and to protect its reputation as a 
college of distinction with a student body of 
high quality. 



6. To respect and learn from human differences 
and the diversity of ideas and opinions. 

7. To seek out opportunities to prepare for a life 
of leadership and service. 

Each student's commitment to these ideals 
obligates that student to abide by college 
regulations and to work with others to prevent 
the following behaviors that threaten the 
freedom and respect that members of the 
Eckerd community enjoy: 

1. Academic dishonesty 

2. Chronic interference with the right to study 

3. Willful destruction of property 

4. Theft 

5. Personal violence 

6. Bigotry 

7. Disruptive intoxication 

Thus all students share a commitment to excel- 
lence and to the creation of a college community 
in which they can take pride. 



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THE ACADEMIC PROGRAM 



Since Eckerd College (then known as Florida 
Presbyterian College) opened its doors, it has 
earned a reputation for creating new and better 
opportunities for learning. Eckerd has been 
consistently rated among the foremost of 
American colleges and universities. 

The college looks for superior methods of 
educating its students, not in order to be 
different hut to offer a more rewarding and 
useful educational experience. 

For example, you have probably come across such 
expressions as "4-1-4," "winterim," "miniterm," 
"interim," or "winter term." (All of them mean 
essentially the same thing: separating the two 
terms of an academic year with a one month 
period of study on a single topic.) The winter term 
is an Eckerd College concept. This innovation was 
created and tested first on the Eckerd College 
campus; other colleges found it so exciting that 
they adopted it. 

Since the creation of the winter term in 1960, 
Eckerd has discovered and implemented other 
innovative ways of teaching. Perhaps the best way 
of providing you with an understanding of the 
Eckerd experience is to take you on a "verbal tour" 
of the academic program. 



THE MENTOR 

Shortly after you have been accepted as an Eckerd 
student, you will receive material about selection 
of a Mentor. The original Mentor was the guide 
and companion of Odysseus. As you are, in a 
sense, embarking on your odyssey, it is fitting that 
you have your own Mentor. 

Throughout your career at Eckerd, you will have 
continuing support and counsel from a faculty 
Mentor, who is more than the conventional 
faculty adviser. Mentors are faculty members who 
have been trained to help you in your academic 
program, career planning, and personal growth. 
You choose your own Mentor before you enter 
Eckerd, from a descriptive list of Mentors and 
projects. In your freshman year, you will take at 
least one course from your Mentor, and together 
you will work out the rest of your academic 
program for the first academic year. 



When you become an upperclass student, you may 
choose a new Mentor — a specialist in your area 
of academic concentration. The two of you will 
continue to plan your academic program, includ- 
ing independent and directed studies, internships, 
off-campus programs, work experience, career 
planning, foreign study, and the many other 
options that Eckerd offers. 



THE ACADEMIC CALENDAR 

Eckerd College follows a modified 4-1-4 calendar. 
The fall and spring semesters each consist of one 
short term and one 14- week term which is 
followed by an examination period. Ordinarily, a 
full-time student will enroll for four courses each 
14-week term. 

The three -week autumn term for freshmen occurs 
at the beginning of the fall semester, while the 
four week winter term (January) occurs at the 
beginning of the spring semester. During these 
shorter terms, students will enroll for no more 
than one academic project at a time. This format 
provides for independent investigation of a topic 
in a concentrated manner. 



THE AUTUMN TERM 

As a freshman, you will start your Eckerd College 
experience in mid- August, when you enroll for 
autumn term. In contrast to the usual freshman 
orientation of two or three days, autumn term lasts 
three weeks. It is designed for freshmen only, and 
provides an intensive foretaste of college living 
and academic work. 

During autumn term, you will take one academic 
project, for credit from your Mentor. This project 
is stimulating in content, teaches basic academic 
skills, and focuses on the interdisciplinary nature 
of learning. The course will give you a clear idea of 
what is expected of you at Eckerd. 

New students choose from among 20 projects 
offered by the professors who thus become their 
Mentors (advisers) and their Western Heritage in 
a Global Context instructors for the freshman 
year. Typical autumn term offerings in recent years 
have included Women and Fiction, Food in 



History, Geology of Beaches, The Computer: 
Slave or Master, Health Psychology, and The 
Sociology of Sex Roles. International students are 
encouraged to choose the project taught by the 
Director of International Student Programs who is 
knowledgeable in the legal matters facing interna- 
tional students and helpful in providing an 
introduction to living in the U.S. and Florida. 

Autumn term provides an excellent opportunity 
for certain kinds of interest and competency 
testing that will allow you to begin your academic 
program in courses that are best suited to your 
current stage of development. 

You will also learn a great deal about living, 
working, and playing in a college community. The 
student Resident Adviser in your residence hall 
will be on hand during autumn term to help you 
make the transition into college life. In fact, the 
entire staff of the college and the autumn term 
faculty will participate with you in periods of 
inquiry, reflection, and fun. The sense of commu- 
nity that develops will assist you to take full 
advantage of the opportunities and resources 
available on campus. By the time the upperclass 
students return in September, you will be well 
established in campus life. 



GENERAL EDUCATION 

An important part of your studies throughout 
your career at Eckerd College will be in general 
education. 

EXiring your freshman year, you will take two 
classwide interdisciplinary courses called Western 
Heritage in a Global Context I and II that will 
explore the cultural riches of the past. Your 
discussion sections in these courses will be led by 
your Mentor. In addition you will be expected to 
demonstrate proficiency in oral communication 
skills and the ability to use information technol- 
ogy in the first year cultural heritage course and 
later in your chosen major; demonstrate writing 
competency by assembling a portfolio of your 
collegiate writing for evaluation by the faculty; 
take one college level computation course; take 
one year of a foreign language or demonstrate 
competency at the first year by evaluation of the 
language faculty. 



EXiring your years at Eckerd you will also take at 
least one course from each of four academic areas 
— the arts, humanities, natural sciences, and 
social sciences — and one course designated as an 
environmental perspective and one designated as 
a global perspective. 

Seniors will take Quest for Meaning. This course 
explores issues of purpose, value, and vocation 
through the lens of various religious and ethical 
traditions and includes a sustained service- 
learning project in which in-class ideas are 
translated into action. 



WINTER TERM 

Winter term is a special four-week period in 
January that emphasizes independent study. You 
may enroll in projects designed by professors or 
design your own with the sponsorship of a 
professor. Winter term provides the opportunity 
for study concentrated on a single topic. Neither 
regular catalog courses nor directed study courses 
are taken as winter term projects. Off-campus 
independent study projects may be taken only by 
students above freshman standing for whom the 
off-campus location is essential to the nature of 
the project itself. 

All winter term projects must have strong 
academic merit. A typical project requires you 
to select a subject, gather information, organize it, 
and present it as a paper, a short story, a painting, 
or a performance. 

Freshmen may take a winter term in addition 
to autumn term. The cost of an additional winter 
term for freshmen is a separate charge not 
included in the full-time fees. The Leadership 
and Self-Discovery Practicum for freshmen 
(see page 8) may not substitute for winter term. 
The winter term in the senior year is usually spent 
working on a comprehensive examination or 
senior thesis or project required for completion 
of a major. 

As an indication of the range of educational 
opportunities available through Eckerd College 
during the winter tenn, the following is a list of 
project titles oft'ered in the past. 



On Campus: Theatre Production; Music in 
the 21st Century; Subcultures and Deviance; 
Psychology and Medicine; Management in the 
Year 2000; Human Ecology; The Energy Problem: 
Now and the Future; The Economics of Public 
Issues; Speaking Russian; Developing Expository 
Writing; The South in American History; The 
Art of Biography; The New Religions; Perspec- 
tives on Violence; Florida's Exotic Plant Life; 
The Basics of Color Photography; Mathematical 
Modeling; Computer Project; Chemistry, 
The Environment and the Future. 

Off 'Campus: Greece: The Birthplace of Civili- 
zation; The Lively Arts in London; Paris: A 
Cultural and Linguistic Perspective; Geology: 
Geophysics of Volcanoes in Hawaii; International 
Banking in the Caribbean (Cayman Islands); The 
Ecology of Belize; Mexico: Language and/or 
Culture; Global Studies at the United Nations. 

Many colleges have followed Eckerd College's 
example in adopting a winter term program, 
making it possible to exchange students and to 
increase the range of projects offered. Eckerd 
College also cooperates with other 4-1-4 colleges 
in sponsoring winter term projects abroad or in 
major cities and interesting locations in the 
United States. Many winter temi projects include 
at least eight contact hours per week, which meets 
the Veteran's Administration standards for full 
tuition benefits. 

In addition, there are special winter tenn 
opportunities for freshmen such as the Leadership 
and Self Discovery Practicum. 



THE COLLEGIUM CONCEPT 

Educators acknowledge that the traditional 
division of learning into academic "departments" 
is not necessarily the best way to organize the 
educational process. Increasingly popular among 
colleges is the interdisciplinary major, in which 
the student combines courses from two or more 
disciplines to form an individual academic 
program. At Eckerd, we have established 
interdisciplinary "collegia," which encourage new 
combinations of studies and demonstrate the 
interrelatedness of knowledge. 



The word "collegium" goes back to medieval days, 
when it meant a fellowship ot equals (i.e., persons 
communicating without artificial obstacles to 
discourse) pursuing a common objective (which in 
Eckerd 's case is learning). The word vividly 
describes what we are trying to do: to bring you 
(the student) together with a highly knowledge- 
able person (the professor) in an atmosphere 
where you can debate freely, challenge one 
another's viewpoints, learn together. 

In a collegium, subjects are grouped according to 
the intellectual discipline required to master them. 
You learn mathematics and physics in similar 
ways, for example; but you learn dance differently, 
and a foreign language in still another way. 

Eckerd faculty members choose to affiliate with a 
particular collegium, depending upon their 
approach to their subject. You will do the same. 
At the end of your freshman year you will focus 
upon a major or area oi concentration and affiliate 
with the collegium that best suits your perception 
of that study. Your concentration does not have to 
lie in a single field, such as history or biology. You 
can create your own concentration by combining 
those studies that will help you achieve your 
career or professional goal. For example, if you 
wish to become an environmental economist, you 
can combine economics and biology, thus creating 
your own concentration to fit your own goal. The 
collegium concept makes this interdisciplinary 
approach to learning a natural one that is easy 
to accomplish. 

Eckerd sees the members of a collegium — 
students and faculty alike — as partners in 
learning. Professors bring high expectation to the 
learning process; students are expected to become 
independent learners and researchers, able to take 
maximum advantage of their professors' strong 
qualifications. Each collegium has its own 
decision-making group, composed of professors 
and students, which gives students an important 
voice in the academic decisions of the college. 



THE FOUNDATIONS 
COLLEGIUM 

Eckerd College provides a special, perhaps unique, 
program for all freshmen through the Foundations 
Collegium. This is the first-year home for students, 
helping them to establish a foundation for their 
upper-level studies. The collegium's program 
includes tour important parts with a fifth option: 

1 . Autumn Term. Freshmen arrive in mid- August 
to take a three-week course before the opening of 
the tall semester early in September. During this 
time, they also complete their testing, orientation, 
and registration. Freshmen choose from 20 or so 
projects limited to about 22 students each. Tlie 
professor for that course will be the Mentor for 
those students. 

2. Mentorship. Eckerd College has expanded the 
notion of the academic adviser to allow more 
help, care, and encouragement to its students. 
Each freshman has a Mentor from the faculty 
who helps to guide him or her through the 
freshman year. 

3. Western Heritage in a Global Context. All 

freshmen are required to take Western Fieritage in 
a Global Context I (fall) and Western Fieritage in 
a Global Context II (spring). These courses 
explore central concepts and materials of civiliza- 
tion and introduce freshmen to the themes of 
Eckerd College's general education program. 
Western Heritage in a Global Context courses are 
interdisciplinary, using lecture and discussion 
fomiats. The discussion sections are the same 
groups, with the same instructor, as the autumn 
tenn groups. 

4. Skills Development. Every student must 
demonstrate proficiency, or take courses to 
develop skills, in composition, foreign language, 
information technology, oral, and quantitative 
skills. For more details see page 18 under Degree 
Requirements, and under Composition in the 
course listings. Foundations also provides a 
Writing Center to assist students with their 
writing and an oral communication laboratory to 
help them improve their speaking skills. 

5. The Leadership and Self -Discovery Program. 

First year students have the opportunity to 
participate in an optional winter term designed 
specially for them. The Leadership and Self- 
Discovery Program enables students to develop a 



better understanding of their own personal 
attributes and possibilities while improving their 
learning skills, life planning skills, and leadership 
skills. The goal of LSDP, which combines worth- 
while learning with enjoyable experiences, is to 
provide first year students with the enhanced skills 
and knowledge that will help them get the most 
from an Eckerd College education. The cost of the 
program is a significantly reduced tuition fee plus 
room, board, and fees. The Leadership and Self- 
Disc cwery Practicum substitutes for one of the 32 
courses required for graduation. It does not fulfill a 
Winter Term requirement. 

At the end of the freshman year, students choose 
an upper-level collegium and a new Mentor; any 
students still unsure of what to choose can get 
help from the Foundations office and/or Career 
Counseling. 



THE UPPER DIVISION 
COLLEGIA 

THE COLLEGIUM 0¥ 
BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE 

Members of the Behavioral Science Collegium 
believe that the urgent problems of today — 
racism, environmental pollution, overpopulation, 
world hunger and crime — are problems of human 
behavior. Tlieretore, there is much to be gained by 
developing methodological and conceptual tools 
to understand both individual and collective 
behavior. Students will encounter quantitative 
techniques for analyzing data in a statistical 
methods course. Majors are available in business 
administration, econc^mics, environmental studies, 
international relations and global affairs, manage- 
ment, political science, psychology and sociology. 



THE COLLEGIUM 0¥ 
COMPARATIVE CULTURES 

The Collegium of Comparative Cultures seeks to 
promote an understanding ot the breadth of 
human cultural achievements through languages, 
area studies, anthropology, international business, 
and related disciplines. The Collegium serves as 
both a window and a gateway to the cultures of 
the world: a window for those who learn in the 
classroom from professors who have lived and 



studied in other cultures; a gateway for those who 
wish to visit these cultures after preparatory study 
on campus. Language study in Chinese, French, 
German, Italian, Japanese, or Spanish can be 
integrated into a major program, an interdiscipli- 
nary concentration with another discipline (such 
as management, political science, or comparative 
literature) or it may simply serve to round out a 
student's liberal arts program. Anthropology allows 
students to learn about the peoples and cultures of 
the world, past and present, while becoming well 
versed in the research methods, theoretical 
perspectives (such as culture change) and practice 
applications of anthropology' in today's world. 
Some students may decide to plan their studies 
around a particular area of the world. In such 
cases, the International Education office gives 
assistance in planning appropriate study-abroad 
experiences. Comparative Cultures graduates 
have chosen careers in teaching, interpreting, 
foreign ser\dce, religious vocations or 
international business. 



THE COLLEGIUM OF 
CREATIVE ARTS 

Creative Arts Collegium faculty are dedicated to 
promoting the development of creativity- in each 
person and the integration of the intellectual, 
physical, emotional, and spiritual dimensions of 
the self. Sharing a belief in the value of experien- 
tial learning, members of the Collegium recognize 
that students learn as much through experiencing 
the creative process as in the completion of a 
product. In addition to programs in art, music, 
theatre, creative writing, and communication, 
where students are encouraged to explore and 
express their talents within the context of 
freedom with responsibility', the Collegium 
includes the human development program where 
learning to help others realize their full potential 
is the primary goal. Interdisciplinary study, 
independent work, and application of knowledge 
in the community' are fostered in the Creative 
Arts Collegium. 



THE COLLEGIUM OF LETTERS 

The Collegium of Letters is composed of students 
and faculty who have in common an interest in 
human beings, past and present — their history, 
literary and artistic products, religious commit- 
ments, political involvements, and philosophical 
groupings. The study of who we are by looking at 
what we are doing and the works and institutions 
created by our predecessors provides the relevance, 
vitality, and excitement of our program. This 
humane interest has value in and of itself. In 
addition, it provides a fundamental background for 
a wide variety of futures — vocational or through 
professional and graduate schools — as the 
experience of our graduates attests. 



THE COLLEGIUM OF 
NATURAL SCIENCES 

The Collegium of Natural Sciences brings 
together biologists, chemists, environmentalists, 
earth scientists, marine scientists, computer 
scientists, mathematicians, physicists, and those 
interested in the health professions, including 
medicine, veterinary medicine, dentistry and 
medical technology. 

The major emphasis of the Collegium is on the 
development of the skills of observation, ex- 
perimental design, problem-solving, research and 
the study of the principles and concepts that are 
necessary to successful scientific investigation. 
The programs in the natural sciences are geared 
to provide students with information and tech- 
niques that can be applied to the problems of a 
changing society. 



THE ECKERD COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 

Designed specifically to meet the needs of 
undergraduate students and conveniently located 
close to residence halls in the center of campus, 
the spectacular new Armacost Library is a state-of 
the-art facility containing over 125,000 book 
volumes, 840 print periodical titles, and offering 
access to thousands of electronic journals and 
books. It provides an open and inviting environ- 
ment for both study and leisure reading as well as a 
computer lab and multimedia production/training 
room. While study spaces will be fully wired, the 



new library' will also offer wireless connectivity to 
the Internet. Just imagine sitting in the library 
lanai overlooking Fox Pond, working on your 
laptop while watching the sun set over the nearby 
Gult of Mexico. 

The library's catalog and electronic subscriptions 
are accessible via both the campus intranet and, in 
most cases, the World Wide Web. To augment its 
own holdings, the library has reciprocal borrowing 
agreements with the University of South Florida's 
Tampa and St. Petersburg campus libraries. It also 
provides computerized interlibrary loan access to 
thousands of other libraries throughout the United 
States. Materials in these libraries can be identi- 
fied using a variety databases such as OCLC's 
WorldCat. 

In addition to supporting the college's educational 
mission through the provision of facilities and 
resources, the library staff is committed to helping 
students learn how to navigate effectively the 
increasingly complex world of infomiation. 
Fomial instruction begins in autumn terni and 
continues through upper class levels where 
students are encouraged to use ever more sophisti- 
cated computer technology' and print resources. 
In addition to formal instruction, the staff is 
also committed to providing the kind personal 
attention that is a hallmark of the Eckerd 
tradition. Librarians pride themselves on their 
approachability, their desire to help students 
achieve proficiency in navigating the information 
maze, and their overarching commitment to 
the individual. 

To learn more about the library and its staff, visit 
our website at www.eckerd.edu/library. 



THE CO'CURRICULAR 
PROGRAM 

The philosophy of the Co-curricular Program at 
Eckerd College is shaped by the convictions that 
significant intentional learning takes place both 
within and beyond the classroom, that there 
should be coordination and integration between a 
student's academic and co-curricular learning 
experiences, and that a student should be given an 
opportunity to pursue learning activities in each of 
the major co-curricular areas. These include 
community service, career exploration, cultural 
appreciation, leadership development, health and 
fitness, and spiritual and religious pursuits. 



Students are given manifold opportunities to 
pursue learning activities beyond the classroom 
and to document co-curricular involvement and 
special recognitions on their Co-curricular 
Transcripts. Eckerd College is among a small 
number ot colleges that utilizes a formal transcript 
to certify co-curricular activity. The Co-curricular 
Transcript at Eckerd College illustrates the 
high value that the College places on co-curricular 
learning and provides a valuable official record 
that students may use when applying for 
professional positions, graduate program admis- 
sion, and other post-graduate opportunities. 
A student should contact the Campus Activities 
office in Brown Hall to establish a Co-curricular 
Transcript file. 



INFORMATION 
TECHNOLOGY SERVICES 

From network or telephone connections and 
e-mail accounts to video-data projectors and 
computer labs, Infonnation Technology Services 
(ITS) provides professional assistance to faculty, 
students, and staff to meet their technology needs. 

Eckerd College continues to make major invest- 
ments in infonnation technology. The backbone 
of the campus is a fiber optic network using high- 
speed gigabit technology. 

Eckerd College donns, classrooms, labs, and offices 
are wired into the campus network and connected 
to the internet through a T3 connection. Several 
general purpose computing labs are available and 
specialized labs such as the scientific computing 
lab and those in the physics, chemistry, biology, 
marine science, mathematics, psychology, and 
creative arts areas. 

Each student is provided an e-mail account, and 
on-campus residents have local phone service, 
voicemail, Internet, and cable TV available in 
their dorm rooms. 

Eckerd College treats technology as an investment 
in your educational experience. For complete 
information, please visit our website at 
www.eckerd.edu/its. 



10 




SPECIAL ACADEMIC 
PROGRAMS 

PRE'PROFESSIONAL 
PROGRAMS 

Eckerd College regards liberal education as 
essential to thorough professional training and 
unites a broad freedom of student choice with 
graduate education in a number of fields: law 
and medical school, medical technology, the 
ministry', engineering, management, business 
administration, and selected public service, human 
development and community professions. 

Eckerd seeks to provide pre-professional 
experience through supervised internships rather 
than by professional and preprofessional courses 
that tend to limit the scope and quality of liberal 
education. Students in management take certain 
specialized courses, such as accounting, and 
prepare themselves through internships carefiiUy 
planned with the Mentor of the management 
program. Similarly, human relations occupations 
involve a thorough liberal arts base, to which are 
added supervised field and employment experi- 
ences designed to meet the particular interest and 
need of the student. 



ENGINEERING AND 
APPLIED SCIENCE — 
DUAL DEGREE PROGRAM 

The engineering and applied science program is 
designed for students who wish to combine a 
broad, values-oriented knowledge base with one of 
many fields of engineering or applied science. 
Students may pursue a career in applied science or 
one of many engineering disciplines including 
electrical, civil, chemical, industrial, aerospace, 
textile, nuclear, biomedical, or systems engineer- 
ing. Students complete all requirements for majors 
at both institutions. 

Students apply to Eckerd College for regular 
admission and spend three years at Eckerd taking 
mathematics and science courses that will qualify 
them to enter an engineering program at the 
junior level. In general, students take Calculus I, 
II, and III; Differential Equations; General 
Chemistry I and II; Fundamental Physics I and II; 
and Introduction to Computer Science, along 
with the general education requirements and the 
requirements of an Eckerd College major. Some of 
the courses required for the Eckerd College major 
may be completed at the other institution. The 
detailed curriculum depends on the student's 



11 



choice of engineering college and specific degree 
program. Students may attend an engineering 
winter term before they transfer to the 
engineering college. 

Upon successful completion of the three-year 
portion of the program (requirements of grade 
point average vary somewhat) and recommen- 
dation of Eckerd College, a student is admitted to 
an engineering college, where the dual-degree 
requirements may normally be completed in two 
years. The student is then awarded degrees from 
both Eckerd College and the engineering school. 

At present, Eckerd cooperates in dual-degree 
programs in engineering and applied science with 
Washington University (St. Louis), Auburn 
University, the University of Miami, Columbia 
University and Georgia Institute of Technology. 
Students may also apply to engineering schools 
with which we do not have formal agreements. 
Many engineering schools accept transfer stu- 
dents. Several such schools have supplied us with 
advice and information on which courses would 
best prepare students to transfer into engineering 
at the junior level. 

Due to the sequential prerequisite requirements, it 
is vital for dual degree candidates to obtain 
counseling early in their careers at Eckerd College. 



Army ROTC 

Students who complete the program, which 
consists of four courses in military science, a 
weekly leadership laboratory, and one summer 
camp, are commissioned in the United 
States Army. 

Both programs are open to men and women, and 
scholarships are available on a competitive basis to 
qualified students. See ROTC under the course 
description section of this catalog. 



RAHALL COMMUNICATION 
PROGRAM 

The purpose of the Farris and Victoria Rahall 
Communication Program is to help students 
develop effective oral communication skills; teach 
the fundamental principles of fair, responsible and 
ethical journalism; and provide practical experi- 
ence through internships. In addition to offering 
courses in media ethics, the Rahall Professor of 
Communication works closely with faculty across 
the curriculum to provide opportunities for 
students to develop their speaking skills and with 
a variety of media firms in the Tampa Bay area 
to place students on internships in the communi- 
cation industry. 



RESERVE OFFICERS TRAINING 
CORPS (ROTC) 

Eckerd College provides both an Air Force and 
Army ROTC program through a cross-enrollment 
agreement with the University of South Florida 
in Tampa. 



Air Force ROTC 

Students who complete the program, which 
consists of either a four year or two year program, 
are commissioned as second lieutenants and 
guaranteed a position in the active Air Force. 
Completion of 12-16 course hours of instruction 
and enrollment in a weekly leadership laboratory 
are required of all students. 



THE WRITING CENTER 

The purpose of the Writing Center is to enhance 
student learning by helping students become more 
organized in investigating and more articulate in 
formulating ideas. Working closely with the 
Foundations Collegium, the staff and tutors of the 
Writing Center aid students who wish to improve 
writing skills and competence in research. 
Assistance is offered to all Eckerd students, with 
special workshops on preparation of Writing 
Competency portfolios, tutoring for non-native 
writers, consulting on senior theses, and individual 
help on all writing tasks. 

Resources include 18 Macintosh workstations, 
desktop publishing, CD-ROM databases, software 
for collaborative writing, word processing, data 
graphics, design, page layout, hypermedia; a library 
of composition theory and pedagogy; professional 
and peer consultants. 



12 



THE CENTER FOR THE 
APPLIED LIBERAL ARTS 

Through its Center for the Applied Liberal Arts 
(CALA), Eckerd College provides off-campus and 
experiential learning opportunities aimed at 
enhancing students' academic and personal 
development, and bridging their transition from 
college to graduate study or employment. The 
programs of the Center include study abroad 
experiences, domestic and international intern- 
ships, service learning opportunities, career 
planning assistance, and graduate and professional 
school admissions resources. The Center includes 
the Office of International Education and Off- 
Campus Programs, the Office of Career Resources, 
and the Office of the Associate Dean and Director 
of CALA. Adjunct resources also are drawn from 
the Office of Campus Activities and the Office of 
Service Ministry. 

The approach of the center is integrative and 
holistic. The student is encouraged to begin the 
process of career exploration early and, with his or 
her Mentor, plan an academic program, internship 
experiences, service learning projects, and study 
abroad experiences that both flow from and 
enhance the student's ongoing process of career 
exploration. Students face a myriad of career 
choices and a graduate school and employment 
environment that is dynamic and competitive. 
From the moment that first year students arrive for 
autumn term, the resources of the Center are 
available to assist them. 



CAREER RESOURCES 

A liberal education should not be considered 
separate from the economic, social, and political 
realities of life. With increasing insistence, 
employers and professional associations are asking 
career-minded students to relate fundamental 
education in liberal arts fields to long-range plans. 
Further, they stress the value of a solid liberal arts 
background for business or professional careers. 

Woven into the academic program during four 
years at Eckerd is a program to help examine 
career and professional goals. The Office of Career 
Resources offers one or more of a variety of 
experiences: one-to-one and group career counsel- 
ing to assist in making decisions which integrate 



academic programs, career planning, and general 
lifestyle; internship and field experience place- 
ments which involve unpaid work experiences or 
observation either with a professional person or in 
a special social environment; paid work experi- 
ences related to current academic studies and 
long-range career goals; discipline internships such 
as community studies, leisure studies, or manage- 
ment; and placement services to assist you in 
finding part-time and summer employment while 
in school, but primarily to enable you to select 
either the appropriate post-graduate education or 
the vocational career that fits your personal 
aptitudes, desires, and objectives. 



EXPERIENTIAL AND 
COMMUNITY'BASED 
LEARNING 

Among the better ways for a student to test the 
waters of an intended career path or gain necessary 
experience in a field, is to complete a formal 
internship, shadow a working professional, or 
engage in a service learning activity. The com- 
bined resources of the offices of Career Resources, 
Campus Activities, and Service Ministry enable 
the Center for Applied Liberal Arts to offer 
students a variety of options in experiential and 
community-based learning. 

The Center maintains a bank of cooperating sites 
in which to place students in paid or unpaid field 
experiences in a variety of fields and academic 
disciplines. A student may pursue a field experi- 
ence as a co-curricular activity or, when appropri- 
ate, as a formal credit-bearing internship. Such an 
internship requires the approval and sponsorship 
of an Eckerd College faculty member. 

The responsibilities that constitute the shared 
commitment of members of the Eckerd commu- 
nity include the responsibility to seek out opportu- 
nities to prepare for a life of leadership and service. 
Students may pursue community service as a co- 
curricular volunteer activity or as a part of a class 
that has been designed by the professor with a 
service option or requirement. Such a class 
integrates a relevant service experience into the 
work of the course in ways that address specific 
community needs while furthering the learning 
objectives of the course. Courses that have a 
service learning option or requirement have been 



13 



offered both on campus and in conjunction with 
travel experiences to other regions of the country' 
or the world. 



INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION 

Eckerd College believes that a liberally educated 
person should be at home in other cultures and 
tries to give ever)? student the chance to study 
abroad. Consequently, Eckerd offers a variety of 
overseas programs, including short temis in the 
winter and summer, and full year or semester 
programs for students in almost all majors. 

The Office of International Education seeks to 
provide students with study abroad programs best 
suited to their particular academic needs. 



Winter Term Abroad 

Eckerd's annual winter temi offerings overseas 
each January are nationally recognized. Programs 
are led by Eckerd faculty members who have 
professional expertise in the country visited. 
Projects vary each year, but typically programs are 
available in such places as Italy, England, Greece, 
Austria, Mexico, Russia, South America, Asia, 
and the Caribbean. 



Semester and Year Abroad 

Varied locations and curricula provide a wide 
range of opportunities. Programs are available in 
London, where the Eckerd College Study Centre 
is staffed by both American and British faculty. 
Eckerd also has exchange arrangements with two 
universities in Japan — Kansai Gaidai near Osaka 
and Nanzan University in Nagoya — and with 
Ewha Womans University in Seoul, Korea, as well 
as with United Kingdom institutions in Plymouth, 
Aberdeen, and Glasgow. Through our affiliation 
with the International Student Exchange Program 
(ISEP) many exchange opportunities worldwide 
are available, and recently students have spent a 
year or semester in locations such as Sweden, 
Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Australia, 
Germany, Argentina, Uruguay, and France. 



Summer Term Abroad 

Study abroad opportunities may be available 
during the summer months in a variety of loca- 
tions. Offerings change from year to year and may 
cover a broad range of topics. The Program for 
Experienced Learners (PEL), in cooperation with 
the International Education office, plans summer 
tenn programs that are open to all students. 
Previous programs have included study/travel to 
London, Paris, Greece, and Mexico. The Interna- 
tional Education office provides catalogs and 
resource materials for students to review when 
planning independent study/travel projects. 



Off'Campus Programs 

Our academic calendar permits off-campus study 
for periods of one month (January)) one term 
(14 weeks), and up to a full academic year. 
Upperclass students are encouraged to take 
advantage of programs and facilities not available 
at Eckerd through the off-campus program. It is 
possible to participate in group projects with a 
faculty leader or to contract independent studies 
of the student's own design. During winter term 
(January), group projects such as an archaeological 
dig in the Southwest, government operations in 
Washington, DC, or urban problems in Chicago 
are possible. Independent projects for individual 
students have been undertaken in industry, the 
Argonne Laboratories, marine research, and at an 
Indian reservation. The winter term, through 
cooperation with other schools having a similar 
calendar, provides for intensive projects on other 
campuses throughout the United States. 

The Off-Campus Programs office in GALA 
assists students in making arrangements, 
preparing contracts, and providing infonnation 
and ideas related to various choices. The subject 
of the project detemiines the particular off- 
campus location. 



Sea Semester ^^ 

Eckerd College provides an opportunity for 
qualified students to earn a term of credit in an 
academic, scientific, and practical experience 
leading to a realistic understanding of the sea, 
sponsored by the Sea Education Association, Inc. 
(S.E.A.). 



14 



Students spend the first half of the temi (the 
six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts, receiving instruction in ocean- 
ography, nautical science and maritime studies. 
They then go to sea for the second half of the term 
(the six-week sea component) for a practical 
laboratory experience. For course descriptions see 
page 98. Students interested in the Sea Semester 
are required to make application through the 
International Education and Off-Campus 
Programs office. 



INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 

Eckerd College has been committed to inter- 
national education since its inceptie^n. While we 
continue to provide opportunities for students to 
enrich their education abroad (see International 
Education page 14) one need go no further than 
the campus itself to experience a truly cosmopoli- 
tan environment. The International Student 
Affairs oftice sponsors support programs and 
activities for students coming from 44 countries 
to pursue a variety of studies here. There are two 
distinct groups of international students at Eckerd 
College: those who study in the ELS Language 
Center and those who are degree seeking students. 



These international students enrich the campus 
environment with their diverse cultural origins 
and ethnic backgrounds by providing face-to face 
opportunities for cross-cultural exchange in 
classroom and other settings. The breadth of this 
experience is celebrated annually during the 
Festival of Cultures with exhibits, entertainment, 
and ethnic delicacies from around the world. 



SUMMER TERM 

The summer term is an eight-week term consisting 
of two four-week sessions. Courses are available in 
June (session A), July (session B), and through the 
full eight-week summer term. A preliminary 
announcement of courses and fees is published in 
April. Regularly enrolled Eckerd students and 
students enrolled and in good standing at other 
colleges and universities are eligible for admission. 
Students entering Eckerd in the summer with the 
intention of becoming degree candidates must 
make formal application for admission to the Dean 
of Admissions. 

Summer courses may replace courses missed 
during the academic year or accelerate graduation. 
Additional infomnation about summer tenn 
courses maybe obtained from the Summer 
School office. 




15 



PROGRAM FOR 
EXPERIENCED LEARNERS 

The Program for Experienced Learners (PEL) is a 
degree-completion program designed specifically 
for adult learners who are strongly motivated, yet 
have career or personal obligations which keep 
them from enrolling in a more traditional degree 
program. Because of the flexible and personal 
nature of the program, most students are able to 
continue working full-time while pursuing the 
bachelor's degree. 

PEL was founded on the belief that learning is not 
necessarily limited to a formal classroom setting. 
Credit may be awarded when experiential learning 
is comparable to academic coursework, relevant to 
academic goals, and well documented. 

Admissions Requirements 

Qualities such as personal commitment, perse- 
verance and self-discipline are necessary for 
success in PEL. 

Basically, the guidelines for admission are: 

1 . Applicants must be at least 25 years of age. 

2. Applicants must have a high school diploma 
or high school equivalency diploma. College 
experience is desirable; transfer credit for "C" 
or better grades will be awarded when 
coursework is appropriate for a liberal arts 
and sciences education and is relevant to 
career goals. 

3. Applicants must complete an application, 
including an essay, and demonstrate goals 
consistent with program objectives and the 
ability and motivation to benefit from 

the program. 

4- Following admission, students must complete 
the required Life, Learning and Vocation 
course with a C or better grade. 



Meeting Degree Requirements 

The Bachelor's degree requires successful comple- 
tion of a minimum of 36 courses. PEL students 
may meet degree requirements through transfer 
credit, experiential learning, formal courses, 
directed or independent study, tutorials, travel/ 
study programs, and residential program courses. 
PEL offers courses in St. Petersburg, North 
Pinellas, Tampa, Sarasota, Seminole, and Venice. 



Majors and Degrees 

PEL students are awarded either the Bachelor of 
Arts or Bachelor of Science degree, the same 
degrees conferred in the residential program. 
Students pursue a variety of majors or con- 
centrations, including business management, 
human development, organizational studies, 
American studies, interdisciplinary humanities, 
creative writing, information systems, visual arts, 
and others. The degree preserves the basic features 
of the Eckerd College program by emphasizing the 
liberal arts as part of each student's education, but 
also recognizes the importance of relating general 
knowledge to special career concerns. 

Financial Aid 

Several types of financial aid are available to 
qualified students, including the Pell Grant, 
Florida Resident Access Grant, Federally 
Guaranteed Student Loans, and VA benefits. 

NX^en Eckerd College started the Program for 
Experienced Learners, the PEL tuition rate was set 
considerably lower than the tuition rate charged 
to residential students. Because of this reduced 
tuition rate, the College is not able to support an 
institutional scholarship program. There are some 
specific scholarships for PEL students, as well short 
term loans. For further information, please contact 
PEL Financial Services at (727) 864-^ 



Another popular form of financial assistance for 
PEL students is through tuition reimbursement 
programs sponsored by private corporations and 
government agencies. Many PEL students have 
found that their employers are very cooperative 
in helping to meet their college expenses. 
Information on private loans and payment plans is 
also available. 



For More Information 

Additional information regarding the Program for 
Experienced Learners may be obtained on the 
website: www.eckerd.edu/pel or by contacting the 
Program for Experienced Learners, Eckerd 
College, 4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, 
FL 33711; phone (727) 864-8226 or 
(800)234-4735; e-mail: pel@eckerd.edu. 



16 



THE ECKERD COLLEGE 
ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 

The Eckerd College Alumni Association (ECAA) 
has as its dual mission to provide support and 
services for the alumni of Eckerd College and to 
support Eckerd College in its mission to provide 
the best possible educational experiences to the 
students of today and tomorrow. To this end, the 
ECAA is involved with communications, events, 
and annual fund support through a variety of 
programs that range from regular publications, 
special events, and a network of chapters and 
clubs, to cooperative programming with Academ- 
ics, Admissions, Career Resources, the Eckerd 
College Organization of Students, hitemational 
Education, and Student Affairs. Offering a 
platform for a life-long relationship with Eckerd 
College, the ECAA's activities are directed by a 
24-member board of directors and are supported 
by the professional staff of the Office of Alumni 
Relations. Incjuiries should be addressed to 
Director, Alumni Relations, Eckerd College, 
4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 
33711. Phone (800) 456-9009 ext. 8875 or 
(727) 864-8219; fax (727) 864-8423); e-mail: 
fiddlercrab@eckerd.edu. Web site address: 
www.eckerd.edu/alumni. 



THE ACADEMY OF 
SENIOR PROFESSIONALS 

The Academy of Senior Professionals at Eckerd 
College (ASPEC) has a mission to continue to 
enrich the quality of life and learning through 
engagement with members, students, faculty 
and the community. It is devoted to the develop- 
ment of multi-generational collegiate learning, 
scholarly activity, research, writing and the 
encouragement of individual or group projects of 
importance to members, to the College and the 
broader community. 

ASPEC is a unique membership organization, 
composed of persons who have had distinguished 
careers in education, business, the arts and 
sciences, government service, diplomacy, religion, 
medicine and health care, human services, 
engineering, military and similar endeavors. 
Through lectures, fomms, publications, and 
special projects, members continue to share and 
contribute to human knowledge. 



Through both the Faculty and Student Colleague 
programs, career counseling, and other formal 
and information contacts, members contribute 
their knowledge and experience in and out of 
the classroom. 

ASPEC is designed for those who have and will 
continue to "make a difference" in their profes- 
sions and communities. Its members enrich their 
cultural experiences, make constructive contribu- 
tions to society, and pursue their own interests in 
collaboration with congenial colleagues within the 
multi-generational educational community of 
Eckerd College. 

Most members have a home within a fifty mile 
radius of St. Petersburg and are in the region for at 
least three months of the year. 

Inquiries should be addressed to: Director, 
ASPEC, Eckerd College, 4200 54th Avenue 
South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711. 
Phone (727) 864-8834; fax (727) 864-2964; 
Web site address: http://www.eckerd.edu/aspec. 




17 



ACADEMIC POLICIES 



DEGREE REQUIREMENTS 

Residency Requirement 

In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a 
student must spend at least tour semesters and two 
short terms, including the senior year, in the 
college or in an approved off-campus program. 

Bachelor of Arts Degree 

The following requirements must be fulfilled by 
all students in order to qualify for formal recom- 
mendation by the faculty' for the Bachelor of 
Arts degree: 

1 . The satisfactory' completion of a minimum of 
32 courses plus an autumn tenn course in the 
freshman year and a winter term project in 
each subsequent year. 

a. A freshman may take a winter term in 
addition to autumn term and substitute 
that winter term for one of the 32 courses 
or for a winter term in the sophomore or 
junior year. The Leadership and Self- 
Discovery Practicum does not fulfill a 
winter temi requirement. 

h. The winter term project in the senior 
year normally consists of the preparation 
for comprehensive examinations, theses, 
or projects. 

2. Writing competency; Each student 
must submit a portfolio of his or her own 
compositions to be evaluated. Specifications 
for the contents of the portfolio are available 
from the Director of Writing Excellence. 

Usually, the pieces in the portfolio are essays, 
reports, examinations, or creative work 
written in courses, and all students must 
submit portfolios for evaluation before the 
second semester of the junior year. 

Students may not register for senior projects, 
theses, or comprehensive examinations 
without having received writing competency 
for their portfolios. 

Composition courses and the Writing Center 
provide instruction in preparing writing 
competency portfolios; a student whose 
portfolio is judged inadequate must take a 
composition course before resubmitting 
his or her portfolio. 

18 



Because portfolio evaluation is conducted 
only twice each year, students are strongly 
urged to consult with their Mentors and the 
Writing Center staff well before the March 
and October deadlines. 

3. Foreign language (normally in the freshman 
year): one year of foreign language at the 
college level or the equivalent as demon- 
strated by a college administered proficiency 
examination or the equivalent as determined 
by the language faculty. 

4. Information technology competency as 
demonstrated in the first year cultural 
heritage course and in the major or 
concentration. 

5. Oral competency (general), as demonstrated 
in the first year cultural heritage course and in 
the major or concentration. 

6. Quantitative competency (normally in the 
freshman year): one college level mathemat- 
ics, computer science, formal logic or statistics 
course, or one course that uses the computer 
as a major learning tool, designated by an M 
following the course number. 

7. Western Heritage in a Global Context I and 

II. First-time college students who enter with 
advanced standing as a result of credit and/or 
advanced placement earned in high school 
are still required to complete at least one 
semester of Western Heritage in a Global 
Context. There is a special section of 
Western Heritage in a Global Context II for 
international students. 

8. One course in each of the four academic 
areas (Arts, Humanities, Natural Sciences, 
and Social Sciences) plus one course 
designated as an Environmental Perspective 
(E) and one course designated as a Global 
Perspective (G). 

Courses in the Arts: Communication (media 
any level; speaking 300 level or higher), 
Creative Arts Collegium (CR) courses 
(except the Resident Adviser Internship), 
Creative Writing, Music, Theatre, Visual Arts 
(including art history). 



Courses in the Humanities: American 
Studies, Classics, East Asian Humanities, 
Ford: The History of Ideas, Foreign Languages 
(300 level or higher). History, Letters 
Collegium (LT) courses. Literature, Philoso- 
phy, Religious Studies, Rhetoric (200 level or 
higher), Women's and Gender Studies. 

Courses in the Natural Sciences: Biology, 
Chemistry, Computer Science (200 level or 
higher), Environmental Studies (designated 
courses only), Marine Science, Mathematics 
(200 level or higher). Physics, Natural 
Sciences Collegium (NA) courses. 

Courses in the Social Sciences: Anthropol- 
ogy, Behavioral Sciences Collegium (BE) 
courses, Economics, Human Development, 
International Business, International Rela- 
tions, Management, Political Science, 
Psychology, Sociology. 

9. One course in the senior year in The Quest 
for Meaning. 

10. College Program Series: Students attend at 
least four events each semester of their 
freshman and sophomore years from a 
selection of at least twelve events identified 
each semester as part of the College Program 
Series. These events include presentation of 
topics of current interest, artistic events, 
musical or dramatic productions, and events 
focusing on issues of meaning, purpose, 

and value. 

11. The completion of a major (from the list of 
37 majors formally approved hy the faculty), 
or an independently designed area of con- 
centration. The area of concentration must 
be approved hy three members of the faculty, 
with an approved study plan filed in the 
Registrar's office no later than fall semester of 
the junior year. 

12. The satisfactory completion in the senior year 
of a comprehensive examination, thesis, or 
creative project in the major or area of 
concentration with a grade of C or better. 
This culminating evaluation may include a 
test or other means for assessing the effective- 
ness of the college's academic programs. 

13. An Eckerd College cumulative GPA of 2.0 
or better. 



Bachelor of Science Degree 

The following requirements must be fulfilled by 
students in order to qualify for formal recom- 
mendation by the faculty for the Bachelor of 
Science degree in one of the natural sciences : 

1 . The satisfactory completion of the courses 
and all-college requirements as outlined in 
sections 1-13 above. 

2. Completion of a major or area of concen- 
tration in one of the natural sciences or 
mathematics, including the satisfactory 
completion of at least sixteen courses in the 
Natural Sciences Collegium, as specified by 
each discipline. 

Students majoring in the natural sciences or 
mathematics may earn the Bachelor of Arts 
degree by completing at least twelve but fewer 
than sixteen courses in the Natural Sciences 
Collegium, as specified by each discipline. 

For either the B.S. or the B.A. degree, students 
majoring in the natural sciences or mathematics 
may substitute specified courses outside the 
Collegium to satisfy the minimum requirement for 
courses within the Collegium. Interested students 
should consult their Mentors for information on 
gaining approval for such substitutions. 

See each discipline's description in the course 
section of this catalog for specific requirements. 

For the requirement for the B.S. degree in 
psychology see Psychology in the course section 
of this catalog. 

Degree Requirements for 
Transfer Students 

In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a 
transfer student must spend at least four semesters 
and two short terms, including the senior year, 
in the college or in an approved off-campus 
program, for a minimum of 1 8 Eckerd College 
course credits. 

Students transferring to Eckerd College as 
sophomores are considered exempt from Western 
Heritage in a Global Context, foreign language, 
the first year oral communication and first year 
infonnation technology proficiency requirements, 
and quantitative requirements. 



19 



All transfers must meet the following general 
education requirements: composition competency 
(i.e., writing portfolio), oral communication and 
technological competency in their major or 
concentration, and Quest for Meaning. Transfer 
students may count transfer credits toward 
fulfilling academic area requirements but must 
complete an Eckerd environmental and global 
perspective course. The number of College 
Program Series events required of transfer students 
is determined by the student's class standing at the 
time of entry. 



FORD APPRENTICE 
SCHOLARS PROGRAM 

The Ford Apprentice Scholar Program at Eckerd 
College, initiated by a grant from the Ford 
Foundation, provides opportunity for 20 selected 
juniors each year to participate in a two-year 
enhanced program designed to develop the skills 
and habits of professional scholars and to encour- 
age them to consider college and university 
teaching as a career. 

The students selected take a course in the junior 
year in the history of ideas and do optional 
research with their faculty sponsors during the 
summer. In the senior year, they work closely with 
the faculty sponsors in an enhanced major and 
take a senior colloquium. Funds are available for 
summer and research support. The two Ford 
courses may be used to fulfill the Fiumanities 
academic area requirement and either the Global 
or Environmental perspective requirement. 
It the teaching practicum is done for credit, the 
student arranges an Independent Study with 
the Ford Mentor. 



THE HONORS PROGRAM 

The Honors Program at Eckerd College provides 
enhanced opportunities for independent study and 
research to students of outstanding ability. 
Selected students are brought together for close 
interaction and advanced work, such studies 
receiving pennanent recognition on the students' 
transcripts. 

Honors students meet all general education 
requirements. In addition, first-year Honors 
students meet for additional special sessions of the 
college's two freshman core courses, Western 
Heritage in a Global Context I and II, for which 
an extra course credit is awarded. In the second 
and third years of the Honors program, partici- 
pants take two courses designated as Honors 
courses as part of their general education require- 
ments. These Honors courses should represent 
different perspective or academic areas. Seniors in 
the Honors Program participate in a colloquium in 
which they present their senior thesis research, 
creative projects, or their work for comprehensive 
examinations. 

Students who wish to be considered for the 
Honors Program in the freshman year must file an 
acceptable application for admission to Eckerd 
College by February 15. Interested students are 
encouraged to write the Dean of Admissions for 
additional information. 

New transfer students and students already 
enrolled in the college, including students who 
may have applied unsuccessfully to the Honors 
Program earlier, are also eligible for admission as 
vacancies in the program occur at the upper levels. 
Students who are interested in making application 
to the Honors Program after they are enrolled in 
the college should contact the director of the 
Honors Program. 



20 



NATIONAL HONORARY SOCIETIES 



The following National Honor Societies have 
chapters at Eckerd College: 

Alpha Kappa Delta - Sociology 

Requirements: junior or senior standing, an overall 
GPA of 3.0, a major in sociology, a GPA of 3.0 in 
sociology' courses, and at least four regular courses 
in sociology. The purpose of this society is to 
promote an interest in the study of sociology. 

Delta Phi Alpha - German 

Requirements: two years of college German, a 3.0 
average in German courses and 2.5 overall. New 
members must be elected unanimously. The 
society' meets monthly, sponsors German-related 
events, off-campus speakers, and a weekly kaffee 
klatch for all students of German. 

Omicron Delta Epsilon - Economics 
Lamba Chapter in Rorida 

Requirements: junior or senior standing, class 
rank in upper one-third with a 3.0 in economics 
courses and at least four economics courses. 
The society recognizes the accomplishments of 
economics students. 

Omicron Delta Kappa - Leadership 

Requirements: junior or senior standing, 3.3 GPA 
or higher, member of the Eckerd College faculty, 
staff, or administration, alumni of the College or, 
in the case of an honoris causa induction, an 
individual with distinction in his or her chosen 
profession, or one who has rendered outstanding 
service through leadership. Members must 
demonstrate leadership in at least one of five areas: 
scholarship; athletics; campus or community 
service, social and religious activities, and campus 
government. 



Phi Beta Kappa - Liberal Arts 

Requirements: evidence of broad cultural interests, 
scholarly achievement, and good character. 
Candidates for membership must have a distin- 
guished record of performance in liberal arts 
courses — fine arts, humanities, languages, 
mathematics, natural sciences, and social 
sciences — as well as substantial work in areas 
outside their major. The purpose is to promote 
excellence in the study of the liberal arts. 

Pi Mu Epsilon - Mathematics 
Gamma Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: at least two years of mathematics 
including Calculus I and II with at least a B 
average. The purpose is to promote scholarly 
activity in mathematics among students in 
academic institutions. 

Sigma Delta Pi - Spanish 

Requirements: three years, or the equivalent, of 
college Spanish with a 3.0 or better in all Spanish 
courses, and rank in upper 35 percent of class with 
a minimum of 2.75. The purpose is to promote 
scholarly activity in Spanish among students in 
academic institutions. 

Sigma Xi - Scientific Research 

Requirements: demonstrated aptitude for scientific 
research and intention to pursue a career in 
science, nomination by a Sigma Xi member based 
on such criteria as academic excellence, scientific 
research usually culminating in a paper, presenta- 
tion at a scientific meeting, or a senior thesis. The 
purpose is to advance scientific research, encour- 
age interdisciplinary cooperation, and assist the 
wider understanding of science. 



21 



MAJORS AND AREAS OF CONCENTRATION 



At Eckerd College, eftorts are made to tailor 
programs of study to the particular needs and 
interests of individual students. To help guide 
students with the selection of courses, the faculty 
has approved a number of disciplinary and 
interdisciplinary majors. 



Brief descriptions of majors are included under 
each discipline heading in the course description 
section of this catalog. Students desiring more 
specific information about major programs 
should consult their Mentors, coUegial chairper- 
sons and discipline coordinators. A list of the 
faculty-approved majors follows. 



American Studies 

Anthropology 

Biochemistry 

Biology 

Business Administration 

Chemistry 

Communication 

Comparative Literature 

Computer Science 

Creative Writing 

East Asian Studies 



Economics 

Environmental Studies 

French 

German 

History 

Human Development 

Humanities 

International Business 

International Relations 

and Global Affairs 
International Studies 



Literature 

Management 

Marine Science 

Mathematics 

Modem Languages 

Music 

Philosophy 

Physics 

Political Science 

Psychology 

Religious Studies 



Sociology 
Spanish 
Theatre 
Visual Arts 
Women's and Gender 
Studies 



A major or concentration must require at least 
eight but no more than sixteen courses. At least 
eight courses required for an approved discipline 
major must be in that discipline. No major or 
concentration can require more than twelve 
courses in one discipline. 

Students desiring to design their own programs of 
study are encouraged to develop an individualized 



area of concentration in cooperation with their 
Mentors. The proposed plan of study must 
ultimately he approved and have identified with it 
a specific committee of at least three faculty 
members. The approved study plan must be filed 
in the Registrar's office early in the junior year. 



ACADEMIC CREDIT 

Credit toward a degree is awarded for satisfactory 
course completion, independent study, directed 
study, internship, academic work certified by 
another accredited degree-granting institution, 
and proficiency demonstrated by examination. 

Ordinarily credit is earned by course completion. 
A nonnal full-time academic load is eight courses 
plus an autumn temi in the freshman year and 
eight courses plus a winter term project in each 
subsequent year. 

Credit may be earned through independent study 
by students who exhibit both the self-discipline 
and mastery of the methodologies demanded by 
the subject matter selected by the student. An 
independent study project is designed by a student 
in consultation with the professor who is to 
supervise and evaluate the work. An academic 
contract, drawn in advance, specifies the subject 
and method of inquiry, the texts, the purpose of 
the project, and the basis of evaluation and credit. 



Each contract must be approved by the Dean of 
Faculty. Independent study options are available 
for both on and off-campus opportunities. 
Freshmen are not permitted to take off-campus 
independent studies. Independent study fonns 
are available from the Registrar. 

Provision is also made for credit by directed 
study. Both independent study and directed 
study require advance planning by the instructor 
and student. While initiative rests with the 
student for design of independent study, in 
directed study the instructor is responsible for 
supplying a syllabus which defines the program. 
Directed study syllabi are available from 
the Registrar. 

Credit is granted by transfer from regionally 
accredited degree-granting institutions, up to a 
limit of 16 courses, plus one autumn and one 
winter tenn for a total of 18 Eckerd College 
course equivalents. A student entering Eckerd 



22 



College should request that an official transcript of 
work done in other institutions be sent to the 
Registrar. An official transcript is required from 
each institution attended. When the transcript 
has been evaluated, the applicant is notified of the 
credit accepted by transfer. Eckerd College 
students who wish to enroll for part of their 
programs at other institutions should have the 
approval in advance of their Mentors, appropriate 
discipline faculty', and the Registrar. For more 
information on transfer credit, see page 117. 

Credit for demonstrated proficiency is awarded 
when a student applies for it with the Registrar 
and successffiUy completes appropriate examina- 
tions. College Level Examination Programs are 

recognized tor both advanced placement and 
academic credit. For more infomiation on CLEF, 
see page 118. 

The college recognizes that many experiences 
outside the classroom may contribute to a 
student's program. Internships, participation in 
community' projects, and field experience may be 
accorded credit if closely coordinated with the 
student's academic program. Such experience 
ordinarily constitutes a part of a regular course or 
independent study project. 

Some disciplines have their own internship 
programs and information can be found regarding 
these in the descriptions of courses and majors. 
It is best to first consult your professor or Mentor 
regarding internship opportunities and require- 
ments within your discipline. Credit may be 
earned through internship by students who have 
the commitment and maturity to combine pre- 
professional work with their academic studies. 
After discussion with his or her Mentor, a student 
can design an internship proposal in conjunction 
with a superxising professor. Guidelines for 
internships are available through the Registrar, 
CALA and the Office of Career Resources, where 
help facilitating the internship is also available. 
The student, supervising professor, site supervisor, 
and Associate Dean must agree in advance on the 
nature of the site work, assignments, and means of 
e\'aluation. Once a proposal and contract are 
approved by the Associate Dean/ Director for 
CALA, the student is registered. An internship 
must include substantial engagement with a 
work site (usually a minimum o( 150 hours) as 
well as the completion of reflective reading and 
writing assignments. 



THE GRADING SYSTEM 

The standard grading system of the college is A 
(Superior Work), B (Good Work), C (Satisfactory 
Work), D (Poor Work), and F (Unacceptable 
Work). The instructor of a course may also add a 
plus ( + ) or minus (-) to a final grade except a plus 
to an A or a plus or minus to an F All courses in 
which any C grade or higher has been earned shall 
count toward fi.ilfilling degree requirements. A 
course in which any D grade is earned may fulfill 
degree requirements subject to limitations in 
specific majors. 

A grade of I (Incomplete) indicates that, although 
a substantial proportion of the course requirements 
have been met, all course requirements are not 
completed by the end ot the term and that, in the 
judgment of the instructor, extension of the 
deadline is both appropriate and a reasonable limit 
for the completion of remaining work. Typically 
an instructor might consider giving aii Incomplete 
grade when the reasons for the unfinished work 
are circumstances beyond the student's control. A 
grade of I will not be given to students who have 
submitted minimal or no work during the term or 
who, in the judgment of the instructor, have not 
adequately participated in the course. 

Unless an earlier deadline is set by the instructor, 
a student must complete the work required 
as follows: 

Autumn Term Incomplete - 

Due on or before October 1 

Fall Term Incomplete - 

Due on or before March I 

Winter Term Incomplete - 

Due on or before March 1 

Spring Term Incomplete - 

Due on or before October 1 

Summer Term Incomplete - 

Due on or before October 1 

It the work is not completed by the deadline above 
or an earlier deadline imposed by the instmctor, 
the Incomplete automatically becomes an F 
The grade awarded at the deadline, whether one 
submitted by the instructor or an automatic F, 
is final. 

In case o( formal voluntary- withdrawal before the 
end of the eighth week ot a semester, a grade o{ W 
is recorded. If withdrawal occurs after that point, a 
grade of F is recorded. A W that results from an 



23 



involuntary withdrawal must be validated with the 
Registrar at the time of withdrawal or as soon 
thereafter as possible. 

A Credit/No Credit grading option is available in 
each course/project for students who are at least 
second semester freshmen. Students desiring this 
grading option must petition for the approval of 
the course instructor, the Mentor, and the Dean of 
Faculty. Petitions must be submitted prior to the 
beginning of a semester or term. Grades of Credit 
and No Credit cannot be subsequently changed to 
letter grades. 

All grades are reported to students and entered on 
the official record of the college. Grades of F will 
not be removed from the transcript. A notation 
will be recorded on the transcript of any substitute 
grade earned. Students may not repeat a course tor 
credit unless they receive a D, need to repeat the 
course in order to progress in sequence, and have 
the approval of the instmctor and the Dean of 
Faculty. Both the original course and the repeated 
course remain on the student's transcript, hut only 
one of these courses may be used to meet the 
graduation requirement of 36 credits (32 courses 
and four short terms). 



CLASS ATTENDANCE 

Students are expected to attend all classes in 
courses for which they are registered. There is no 
college-wide attendance requirement, but 
individual instmctors may impose attendance 
requirements in particular courses. 



ACADEMIC REVIEW 
COMMITTEE 

At the close of the fall and spring semesters, the 
Academic Review Committee reviews the progress 
of every student who does not meet the cumulative 
grade point (GPA) minimum standard determined 
by class standing, is on academic probation, or is 
otherwise identified as not making satisfactory 
academic progress. The cumulative GPA refers to 
the student's Eckerd College GPA only. Mentors, 
instructors and student personnel staff may be 
consulted. The Committee may place on probation 
or dismiss any student who in its judgment is not 
making satisfactory academic progress. In making 
such judgments, the Committee is guided by the 
following standards and notifies the Financial Aid 
office of each financial aid recipient affected. 



PROBATION 

A student whose Eckerd College cumulative GPA 
falls below the minimum standard detemiined by 
class standing is placed on academic probation. 



The minimum standards are as follows: 
Freshmen - 1.6, Sophomores - 1.8, Juniors 
Seniors - 2.0. 



2.0, 



Students placed on academic probation are 
notified of this action by the Academic Review 
Committee and advised of how to remove the 
probationary status. 

Students may enroll in up to four 14- week long 
courses during the temi that they are on probation. 



STANDARDS OF 
SATISFACTORY 
ACADEMIC PROGRESS 

NORMAL PROGRESS 

Normal progress toward graduation is the 
completion of four courses each 14-week 
term and a short tenii each year with grades 
of C or better. 



SUBJECT TO DISMISSAL 

A student whose Eckerd College cumulative GPA 
falls below the minimum standard determined by 
class standing for the second consecutive semester 
will be notified of being subject to dismissal for a 
third consecutive semester below the minimum 
standard. Students may enroll in up to four 
14- week length courses during the term they are 
on probation. 

Academic probation may be continued longer 
than two semesters if in the judgement of the 
Academic Review Committee and/or the Dean of 
Faculty, the student's progress or the presence of 
extenuating circumstances warrants an extension. 



24 



SUMMARY OF ACADEMIC REVIEW COMMITTEE CATEGORIES 



Probation: After one semester ot not meeting the 
minimum standard. 

Subject to Dismissal: After a second consecutive 
semester of not meeting the miiiimum standard. 

Dismissal: After a third consecutive semester 
of not meeting the minimum standard, or 
when otherwise identified by the Academic 
Review Committee as not making satisfactory 
academic progress. 



Second Dismissal: A second dismissal is final. 

Graduation: A cumulative GPA of 2.0 is required. 

Cumulative GPA Minimum Standard by Class 
Standing: 

Freshmen - 1 .6 
Sophomores - 1.8 
Juniors - 2.0 
Seniors - 2.0 



REMOVAL FROM PROBATION 

A student is removed from probation upon 
attaining the minimum GPA standard for the 
student's current class standing. 



GRADUATION 

The minimum Eckerd College grade point 
requirement for graduation is a cumulative GPA 
of 2.0. Cumulative GPA refers to Eckerd College 
GPA only. 



DISMISSAL 

A student whose Eckerd College cumulative GPA 
is below the minimum standard detennined by 
class standing for the third consecutive fall or 
spring semester or who has otherwise been 
identified by the Academic Review Committee as 
not making satisfactory academic progress will be 
dismissed for at least one semester. 

Students dismissed tor academic reasons are 
notified in advance of the next regular terni by the 
Academic Review Committee. Tliis notice also 
advises the student whether and, if so, when and 
how to be considered tor re-admission. 

To apply for re-admission, a student should write 
to the Dean of Faculty, who chairs the Academic 
Review Committee. 



SECOND DISMISSAL 

If a student is readmitted after dismissal, a second 
dismissal is final. 



WITHDRAWALS AND 
COLLEGE LEAVE 

Withdrawal or temporary leave from the college at 
any time is official only upon the completion of 
the form available in the Dean of Students office. 
Requests for re-admission following withdrawal or 
temporary leave should be sent to the Dean of 
Students. Students may take college leave to 
enroll in another college for courses not available 
here but important to the student's total program. 
Such courses may be transferred upon the student's 
return but must be approved in advance by the 
Mentor, discipline faculty and Registrar. Students 
requesting a withdrawal or temporary leave should 
consult with the Dean of Students. 



THE DEAN'S LIST 

The Dean's List is compiled following the fall 
semester and the spring semester and includes 
students who completed four courses with a grade 
point average of 3.75. Students with incomplete 
grades at the time the list is compiled are not eligible. 



25 




HONORS AT GRADUATION 

Eckerd College awards diplomas with Honors to a 
few students in each graduating class. The criteria 
and designation for graduation with Honors are: 
High Honors - 3.8 grade point average or above; 
Honors - 3.6 to 3.799 grade point average for 
courses taken at Eckerd College. To be eligible for 
Honors, a student must have completed at least 18 
Eckerd College courses. Students graduating with 
fewer than 18 Eckerd College course credits with a 
grade point average of 3.66 or above, will graduate 
with the designation of Distinction. 



AUDITORS 

Any regularly registered full-time student may 
audit a course without tee, subject to permission of 
the instructor. Part-time students or students not 
registered for credit may attend courses as auditors 
subject to formal pemiission of the instructor and 
payment of an auditor's fee. Entry is made on the 
student's permanent record concerning audited 
classes. A course taken for audit may be changed 
to credit with the instructor's permission, if the 
change is filed with the Registrar by the end of the 
eighth week of a semester. 



REGISTRATION 

Freshmen are pre-registered tor autumn term 
projects before arriving on campus. During the 
autumn term, they are assisted in registering for 
fall courses. Transfer students meet with Mentors 
and are assisted with course registration during the 
New Student Registration Day at the beginning of 
each term. Returning students have typically pre- 
registered during the previous term. Students may 
adjust their schedules during the add/drop period. 
Add/drop deadlines are printed in the calendar in 
the back of this catalog. 



CANCELLATION OF COURSES 

Courses may occasionally be canceled because of 
low enrollment; however, should this be the case, 
students will be notified in advance and assisted 
with arranging a satisfactory substitute. 



26 



STUDENT RECORDS 



STUDENT RIGHTS 
UNDER FERPA 

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act 
(FERPA) affords students certain rights with 
respect to their education records. They are: 

1 . The right to inspect and review the student's 
education records within 30 days of the day 
the college receives a request for access. 

a. Students may see their educational 
records by submitting a written request at 
the office where the records of interest 
are maintained. 

b. Access is to be granted promptly and no 
later than thirty days from the date of the 
request. 

c. Students may make the request in person 
or by mail, but the request must always 
be in writing. 

d. Students may obtain upon request copies 
of documents to which they are entitled. 
Typically these copies would not include 
transcripts from other schools or recom- 
mendation letters written to Eckerd 
College. The College may charge for 
these copies. 

e. Students may request and receive 
interpretation of their records from the 
person (or designee) responsible for the 
maintenance of the record. 

2. The right to request the amendment of the 
student's education records that the student 
believes are inaccurate or misleading. 

a. Students may write the college official 
responsible for the record, clearly identify 
the part of the record they want changed, 
and specify why it is inaccurate or 
misleading. 

b. The case will be reviewed through the 
normal channels of the department 
responsible for the record. 

c. If the decision is made not to amend the 
record as requested, the student may 
appeal through the Coordinator of 
Judicial Affairs. 



3. The right to consent to disclosures of 
personally identifiable information contained 
in the student's education records, except to 
the extent that FERPA authorizes disclosure 
without consent. 

One exception which permits disclosure 
without consent is disclosure to school 
officials with legitimate educational interests. 
A school official is a person employed by the 
college in an administrative, supervisory, 
academic or research, or support staff position 
(including law enforcement unit personnel 
and health staff); a person or company with 
whom the college has contracted (such as an 
attorney, auditor, or collection agent); a 
person serving on the Board of Trustees; or a 
student serving on an official committee, 
such as a disciplinary or grievance committee, 
or assisting school officials in performing 
their tasks. 

A school official has a legitimate educational 
interest if the official needs to review an 
education record in order to fulfill profes- 
sional responsibilities. 

4. The right to file a complaint with the U.S. 
Department of Education concerning alleged 
failures by the college to comply with the 
requirements of FERPA. The name and 
address of the office that administers 
FERPA is: 

Family Policy Compliance Office 
U.S. Department of Education 
600 Independence Avenue, SW 
Washington, DC 20202-4605 



POLICY ON STUDENT 
RECORDS 

In compliance with FERPA, the following 
constitutes the College's policy instructing 
students on the procedures available to provide 
appropriate access to personal records while 
protecting the confidentiality of these records. 

A "student" is defined as one who has attended or 
is attending Eckerd College and whose records are 
in the files of the College. Student records to 
which this policy applies do not include files 



27 



retained hy individual faculty/staff members which 
are not accessible to any other person except a 
substitute designated by the faculty/staff member. 

Public or directory information is limited to name, 
permanent and local address, e-mail address, 
phone, date of birth, photograph, Mentor, major 
field of study, dates of enrollment including hours 
enrolled, admission or enrollment status, school or 
division, class standing, anticipated graduation 
date, graduation date, degrees, awards, honors, 
participation in officially recognized activities 
and sports, and weight and height of athletic 
team members. 

Public information shall be released freely unless 
the student files the appropriate form requesting 
that information may not be released. This form is 
available at the Registrar's office and must be 
renewed each academic year. If this form is not 
received prior to the end of the drop/add period of 
the fall temi, it will be assumed that directory 
information may be disclosed for the remainder of 
the current academic year. A new form for non- 
disclosure must be completed each academic year. 

A student's educational record is open to the 
student with the following exceptions: 

• Confidential letters of recommendation 
placed in files prior to January 1, 1975. 

• Records of parent's financial status. 

• Employment records (see below). 

• Medical records (see below). 

The employment records to which students do not 
have access are records kept in the normal course 
of business which relate exclusively to students as 
employees. Medical records are kept in the 
Student Health Center. This office rigidly protects 
the confidentiality of those records, but they 
can be reviewed by a physician or appropriate 
professional of the student-patient's choice. 

Student records are open to members of the 
faculty and staff who have a legitimate need to 
know their contents, except where access is 
prohibited by special policies such as those 
governing medical records. The determination of 
those who have a "legitimate need to know" 
will be made by the person responsible for the 
maintenance of the records. This determination 
must be made scrupulously and with respect for 
the individual whose records is involved. 



At the discretion of the office maintaining the 
records, records may be released without the 
consent of the student to third parties only as 
authorized by FERPA. Examples include but are 
not limited to: 

• Federal, State, and local officials as 
required by law. 

• Appropriate persons in an emergency 
situation when necessary to protect the 
welfare of the individual. 

• Parents of a student who is a dependent 
for income tax purposes. 

A student may secure from the Registrar's office a 
consent form authorizing the release of specified 
records to specific individuals. A notation of such 
releases made to third parties must be kept in the 
student's record. This notation is open only to the 
student and the office in charge of the record. The 
third party must be informed that no release of 
personally identifiable data is authorized without 
the written consent of the student. 

This policy does not preclude the destmction of any 
record if the College does not consider it germane. 
Persons in charge of records should ensure that only 
pertinent items are retained in student files. 




28 



DESCRIPTIONS OF COURSES AND MAJORS 

(Alphabetically by Discipline) 
Meaning of Letters and Numbers 



1. The first two letters indicate the discipline 
offering the course. 

2. A third letter (I) indicates an International 
course (offered ahroad). A number after the first 
two letters indicates a course spanning two or 
more semesters. 

3. Interdisciplinary' courses are indicated by the 
coUegial designations CR-Creative Arts, 
BE-Behavioral Science, CU-Comparative 
Cultures, LT'Letters, NA-Natural Sciences, 
FD-Foundations, INl-a course offered abroad, 
and QM indicates Quest for Meaning 
perspective course. 

4. The first digit of the three numbers indicates 
the level of the course: 1 and 2 indicate a 
course at the Freshman or Sophomore level; 
3 and 4 indicate a course at the Junior or 
Senior level. 



5. The second and third digits are used at the 
discretion of the collegium. 

331-332 indicates Special Topics 
410 indicates a Senior Seminar 

498 indicates Comprehensive Examination 

499 indicates Senior Thesis or Project 

6. Perspective courses are indicated by a letter after 
die third digit: E-Environmental and G-Global. 
Courses which meet the computation require- 
ment are indicated by M after the digits. Courses 
which meet academic area requirements and 
do not have prerequisites which have already 
met the academic area requirement are 
designated by a letter after the third digit: 
A'Arts, H'Humanities, N-Natural Sciences, 
S-Social Sciences. 



Opportunities for independent study are available in all collegia. Independent study contracts are 
negotiated between the student and the faculty' sponsor. Independent study contract fornis are available 
in the Registrar's office. 

Directed studies are listed in this catalog. Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the Registrar s office. 
Some directed studies are available through the Program for Experienced Learners only. PEL students should 
consult the PEL Director for a list of these. 

An academic minor is an option available to all students. The academic minors available are listed in this catalog. 

COURSES LISTED IN THIS CATALOG 
ARE NOT NECESSARILY OFFERED EACH YEAR. 

DESCRIPTIONS OF COURSES AND MAJORS 

(Alphabetically by Discipline) 



AMERICAN STUDIES 

A broad, interdisciplinary major in American 
ci\'ilization that focuses upon American experience 
and identity, past and present, using the methods 
and approaches of a variety of academic disciplines, 
as well as the distinctive cultural perspective of 
American Studies. At Eckerd College, the program 
IS built around the core disciplines of history, 
literature, political science, and cultural anthropol- 
ogy'. In order to allow students to shape their courses 
of study to their own intellectual goals, the major 
may also include courses in diverse fields such as 
philosophy, religion, art, economics, women's and 
gender studies, and sociology, provided that the 
courses are related to understanding the society and 
culture of the United States. Each student's program 



is developed in consultation with a faculty commit- 
tee, and should form a consistent pattern of courses 
in American culture and institutions. 

Students who complete the American Studies major 
demonstrate the following competencies: 

• knowledge of American history, institutions, 
environment and culture, within an interdisci- 
plinary' perspective, demonstrated by the ability 
to talk and write intelligently about these fields. 

• ability to define and e\'aluate the core values of 
American culture. 

• knowledge of the development of the field of 
American Studies as an academic discipline. 



29 



American Studies 



• understanding of the methods, scope, and 
perspective of the field of American Studies. 

• understanding of a core discipline in American 
Studies (e.g., American history, American 
literature, American government, Cultural 
Anthropology) and how it relates to the larger 
field of American Studies. An understanding 
of how the study of the core discipline is 
enriched by the interdisciplinary approach of 
American Studies. 

• ability to relate the various courses and 
approaches that have been taken as a part of 
the major program, and defend the interdiscipli- 
nary approach to the study of the United States. 

• demonstrated ability to undertake a research 
project that will explore important issues and 
problems in methodology and interpretation of 
American Studies. 

• familiarity with the classic works in American 
Studies that relate the fields of American 
literature and history and the ability to evaluate 
the author's methodology. 

A major in American Studies consists of a minimum 
of ten courses. Six of the ten courses must be beyond 
the introductory level. Electives in the major should 
be chosen in consultation with discipline faculty. 
Students who wish to focus on minority, ethnic, or 
women's issues should choose appropriate courses 
within the requirements for the American Studies 
major. Each student majoring in American Studies 
must pass a Senior comprehensive examination, or, 
if invited by the faculty, write a Senior thesis. 

The American Studies major should include at least 
five courses from one of the core disciplines of 
history, literature, political science, or cultural 
anthropology. The introductory survey course of the 
core discipline should be chosen in consultation 
with discipline faculty. In addition, American 
Studies majors should choose at least three Ameri- 
can Studies courses, which must include AM 20 IH 
and AM 400, and at least one other American 
Studies course. At least two additional courses 
should be chosen from another discipline and should 
directly relate to the study of American culture and 
society. In addition to courses from another of the 
core disciplines, students may choose courses in the 
following areas: courses that have a comparative 
perspective or that place American culture or society 
in a global context; Cultural Studies courses in 
media, communication, and representation, with a 
substantial component dealing with the United 
States; courses with an African American or 
Women's and Gender Studies emphasis; or courses 
with an environmental focus, with a substantial 
component dealing with the United States. 



For a minor in American Studies, students will take 
five courses, including AM 201 H and AM 400, and 
three electives related to American Studies, chosen 
in consultation with discipline faculty. Three of the 
five courses must be at the 300 level or above. 

AM 20 IH Introduction to American 
Civilization 

Significant works and methods of American Studies, 
while surveying cultural themes of American 
identity and issues of American experience. 

AM 204G Native American Colloquium 

TTiis course will be an occasional offering designed to 
allow students to take full advantage of public 
programs offered at Eckerd College, by incorporating 
academic methods of intellectual engagement in an 
innovative course setting. 

AM 306H American Myths and Values 

Myths in American history, literature, and religion 
which shape Americans' understanding of their 
identity and history. 

AM 307H Rebels With A Cause 

(Cross-listed with HI 307H) Reform and radical 
ideology of the 19th and 20th centuries. Populism, 
progressivism; nationalist, civil rights, peace, 
feminist, environmental movements. (Directed 
Study available) 

AM 308H Becoming Visible 

(Cross-listed with HI 308H) Changing perspectives 
on what it means to be male or female in the 
U.S. Historical origins and sources of values 
concerning masculinity and femininity. 
(Directed study available) 

AM 31 IH Politics of Race: American Fiction 

Examining ways in which race was constructed in 
narrative by and for the conventions of a white, 19th 
century reading public and how those ways have 
been "reconstructed" in the 20th century. 

AM 314E Environment in American Thought 

(Cross-listed with HI 3 HE) Examine ways physical 
environment has been conceptualized as the cultural 
landscapes in the American past, from the Puritans 
"errand into the wilderness" to the chaotic world of 
Jurassic Park. Use visual artifacts such as paintings, 
film, photographs, and literary works. Prerequisites: 
Sophomore status or above. 

AM 339H The Great Depression & 
American Life 

(Cross-listed with AM 339H) Exploring American 
life during the Great Depression in its social, 
cultural, and environmental aspects, using literature, 
mass media and online archival resources. 



30 



AM 400 Theory/Practice In American Studies 

Integrating, capstone course tor American studies 
majors. Develop an understanding oi the field as an 
academic discipline and the relationship between 
the various disciplines that make up the field. 



ANTHROPOLOGY 

Anthropology is the holistic study of humankind, 
embracing cultural diversity human origins, 
linguistics, and the application of knowledge to 
current social problems. Those completing the 
anthropology major demonstrate the ability to: 

• define and discuss the differences between 
the biological and the cultural aspects of 
humankind and the interdependence of 
these two areas 

• conduct literature research and engage in 
scholarly writing that is logically cohesive and 
properly documented 

• explain the concept of cultural relativity 
and discuss the implications for 
intercultural relations 

• distinguish arguments or positions based on 
sound data and logically reasoned, from those 
which lack sound supporting data and/or rest on 
questionable assumptions. 

They must have: 

• knowledge and experience in the fundamentals 
of empirical research, including anthropological 
methods and techniques of gathering data, data 
analysis, and the writing of a research report 

• familiarity with a variety of topical, regional and 
applied fields of inquiry 

• preparedness for graduate programs in the field 
of anthropology and in related multicultural and 
international fields. 

The goals include introducing students to the 
different career choices in the academic world and in 
international business. 

Requirements for the major include successful 
completion of six core courses: Introduction to 
Anthropology, Research Methodology, Anthropo- 
logical Theory, Physical Anthropology, Statistical 
Methods, and Linguistics or Introduction to 
Archaeology; plus completion of five other courses 
in anthropology, two of which must be applied 
courses; and an oral comprehensive examination, 
with a C or better in all courses. In addition, 
anthropology majors must participate in at least one 
overseas study experience during their time at 
Eckerd College, ideally in a non- Western culture. 
Exceptions can be made only after consultation 
with the anthropology faculty. 



Anthropology 

Sequencing: Introduction to Anthropology in the 
Freshman year or as the foundation course on which 
the succeeding courses are built, and all other 
anthropology courses, with the exception of 
Introduction to Anthropological Research Method- 
ology and Anthropological Theory, which are taken 
in the Junior or Senior year. 

Requirements for the minor are Introduction to 
Anthropology, and any additional four courses in 
anthropology. 

AN 20 IG Introduction to Anthropology 

Introduction to the four fields of anthropology': 
physical, cultural, linguistics, and archaeology. 
Includes such topics as economy and exchange, 
religion, political organization, kinship, and gender 
roles, from a comparative perspective. 

AN 204S Introduction to Archaeology 

Explores the role of archaeology in understanding 
the human past, including basic concepts in method 
and theory. Ethical and legal issues surrounding the 
preservation and interpretation of archaeological 
sites also examined. 

AN 205 S Introduction to Primate Studies 

Evolution of diversity, socioecology, behavior, social 
relationships, communication, intelligence of 
primates; conservation and biomedical research. 
Observation techniques through field project. 
Prerequisites: AN 201G or AN 240S; biology majors 
with pemiission of instructor. 

AN 208S Human Sexuality 

Overview of human sexuality, including cross- 
cultural and evolutionary perspectives. Range of 
sexual behavior and attitudes exhibited by humans 
to help put one's own sexuality in perspective. 

AN 220E Cultural Geography 

A study of human population and cultural diversity 
as a function of geographic distribution. Culture 
regions and cultural landscapes examined in an 
environmental perspective, with particular attention 
to ethnicity, diffusion, and adaptation. 

AN 230S Linguistic Anthropology 

The scientific study of language and its context: 
the elements of language and its uses in personal 
thought, social interaction, cultural values 
and institutions. 

AN 240S Physical Anthropology 

Concepts, theories, methodologies used in the study 
of non-human primates, our hominid ancestors and 
modem humans. Human variation, evolutionary' 
theory, primate behavior, paleoanthropology, 
biocultural adaptation, and evolutionary psychology. 
Includes a laboratory' section. 



31 



Anthropology 



AN 260S Cultural Environment of 
International Business 

(Cross-listed with AN 260S). Challenge of conduct- 
ing business operations successfully in a cultural 
environment distinct from one's own. 

AN 26 IS International Management 

(Cross-listed with IB 26 IS). The entire range of 
management is explored from analysis, planning, 
implementation and control of a business 
organization's world-wide operations. Compare 
management practices in the Americas, Asia, 
Europe, Africa, and Middle East. 

AN 262E Environment, Population & Culture 

(Cross-listed with IB 262E). Long-range view of 
population growth and technology, prime movers of 
cultural evolution, from prehistoric times to present. 

AN 282G East Asian Area Studies 

Examination of the more enduring features of China 
and Japan, through art, architecture, literature, 
customs, religious beliefs and intellectual traditions. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. 

AN 283G Southeast Asian Area Studies 

Exploration of the diverse cultures of Southeast Asia 
in terms of religions, tradition, art, music, theatre, 
architecture and ways of life. 

AN 285G Latin American Area Studies 

A multidisciplinary, contemporary overview of the 
peoples and cultures, achievements and challenges 
faced in Latin America. 

AN 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

Cultural heritage of Sub-Saharan nations, including 
history, ecoiiomy, politics and social structure. 
Selected ethnographies for in-depth study 

AN 287G Caribbean Area Studies 

Surveys the culture history and ways ot life of the 
peoples of the Caribbean region; their economic 
system; socioeconomic forms of organization; 
domestic organization and gender relations. 

AN 288G Native Cultures: Southeast U.S. 
Prehistory/archaeology of the southeast; ethnohistory 
and ethnography of indigenous groups of the 
southeast U.S.; contemporary ethical issues in the 
study of indigenous societies. 

AN 289S Gender: Cross-Cultural Perspective 

Comparative study of significant topics in the 
anthropology of gender: men and women in 
prehistory, interrelationships between biology and 
culture, cultural construction of gender, division of 
labor, religion/ritual, changes in gender roles. 



AN 333S Anthropological Research Methods 

Design and implementation of different types of 
research modes. Field work projects. Prerequisite: 
AN 201G or permission of instructor. 

AN 334G Fertility and Reproduction 

Study of human reproduction and population 
growth. 

AN 335E Cultural Ecology 

An interdisciplinary, cross cultural study of how 
human populations operate within ecosystems, 
including cultural adaptations to natural environ- 
ments. Explores environmental constraints on 
human behavior that influence long-term cultural 
change. Prerequisite: AN 201G. 

AN 336S Ethnic Identity 

Role of ethnic identity in nationalism, non- 
assimilation of minorities, intercultural 
understanding, communication and interaction. 

AN 33 7 S Anthropology and Education 

Contemporary problems facing educators and 
learners in fonnal and nonformal education in the 
Third World and in minority groups. Methods of 
conducting ethnological fieldwork in education. 
Major trends in role of education in development. 
Prerequisite: AN 20 IG. 

AN 338S Anthropology and Religion 

Religious beginnings, role in human life, and 
movements from an anthropological viewpoint. 
Primitive religions, movements in industrialized 
society. Selected case studies. Prerequisite: AN 20 IG 
(exceptions made for Religious Studies and other 
interested majors). 

AN 339S Development Anthropology 

Population growth, hunger and nutrition, agricul- 
tural development, role of cultural factors such as 
economic decision-making, risk-taking, gender roles. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore or higher or permission of 
instructor. AN 201 G recommended. 

AN 340S Conflict Studies 

Conflict and its resolution in other cultures, 
gender, family, education, corporate, xenophobia, 
prejudice. Methods of resolution such as third party 
negotiation, mediation, arbitration. Prerequisite: 
Sophomore or higher or permission of instructor. 
AN 20 IG recommended. 

AN 34 IS Medical Anthropology 

Biobehavioral adaptations; healing, heath and 
disease in cross-cultural perspective; evolution of 
disease; traditional medicine. Prerequisite: AN 201G 
(exceptions made for Biology/Pre-medical and other 
interested majors). 



32 



AN 342E Introduction to Ethnobotany 

Interdisciplinary' investigation of the evolution ot 
major food crops, medicinal plants, other useful 
plants. Impact of human activities on the environ- 
ment. Anthropological/botanical field techniques. 
AN 201G and/or Biodiversity recommended. 

AN 342S Art & Culture of Polynesia 

Traditional art and culture of Polynesia. Prehistory', 
material culture, traditional religious practices and 
language; impact of European settlement. Basics of 
the Hawaiian language taught through song, chant 
and legends. 

AN 3 5 OS Introduction to Museum Work 

(Directed Study) Hands-on experience with 
artifacts, cataloging, restoring and cleaning, design- 
ing and constructing an exhibit based on research. 
Minimum 120 hours. Prerequisites: at least one 
anthropology' course and consent of instructor. 

AN 410 Anthropological Theory 

Senior seminar for anthropology majors. Covers the 
development of theory from 19th century origins, 
through various schools of thought up to modem/ 
postmodern theory' in anthropology. Junior and 
Seniors only. 



ART 

The visual arts major is process and project oriented. 
Students develop their own area of emphasis, 
focusing on imager^' and content through their 
chosen media. The major should be seen as the 
central part of the student's education, with other 
college requirements and electives serving to shape 
the young artist as a whole person. 

Specific focus and courses for the major are worked 
out with a visual arts Mentor. Every program must 
consist of a minimum of ten studio courses, including 
AR 101 A, 102 A, and 320, plus two approved 
courses in art history from outside the discipline. 
Every student must pass the required Sophomore 
show review in the categories of drawing and design 
before undertaking the Senior thesis exhibition. The 
Senior thesis exhibition is required of all majors for 
graduation, and must demonstrate technical 
competence and a developed artistic vision, the 
ability to work in a sustained way with a visual 
problem or problems, and to organize gallery space 
coherently. A required Senior seminar in the final 
semester concludes the visual arts major. 

Requirement for Junior Transfer Students 

A student transferring from another college at the 
Junior level and electing to major in art must submit 
a portfolio of work demonstrating competency in 
drawing and design as a substitute for the required 



Art 

Sophomore show. Students unprepared to submit a 
portfolio or who do not demonstrate competency in 
both areas may not expect to graduate in two years 
with a major in visual arts. TTie normal four year 
program moves from structured courses, to greater 
freedom, to the independently executed Senior 
thesis show. 

Freshmen 

AR 101 A Visual Problem Solving 
AR 102 A Drawing Fundamentals 
Choice of workshop courses 

Sophomores % 

Choice ot workshop courses 
Art History course 
Sophomore show 

Juniors 

Art History course 
Choice of workshop courses 
Studio Critique 

Seniors 

Thesis show preparation 
Senior thesis show 
Senior Seminar 

An art minor consists of AR 101 A Visual Problem 
Solving, AR 102A Drawing Fundamentals, and one 
approved course in art history', plus three other studio 
courses approved by the art faculty for qualification 
for the minor. 

AR lOlA Visual Problem Solving 

Systematic approach to visual arts, developing skills 
in spatial organization, relating forms in sequence, 
discovering uniqueness, personal approach to 
solutions, even within narrow, arbitrarily 
prescribed bounds. 

AR 102 A Drawing Fundamentals 

For the novice or the initiated, an immersion in new 
ways of seeing, eye-hand coordination, self-discovery, 
and self-expression through varied drawing media, 
using as sources the figure, still-life, nature, 
and imagination. 

AR 210A Appreciating Art 

In this course we will make use of local museum 
resources as we explore some of the fundamental 
aspects of art and we will discuss art both as personal 
expression and as cultural heritage. 

AR 222A Clay I 

For beginners, the fundamentals of ceramic materi- 
als, hand forming, recycling, glazing, firing. Labora- 
tories with supervised working time and lectures on 
technical knowledge and creative problem solving. 



33 



Art 

AR 223 Relief Printing 

An in-depth investigation of one of the oldest 
printmaking media, using primarily wood and 
linoleum, designing imagery in hoth black and white 
and color. Prerequisite: AR 101 A or AR 102A. 

AR 225 Etching 

Basic techniques of etching, including hard and soft 
grounds, aquatint, drypoint, open biting, embossing, 
and color printing. Experimentation and an 
imaginative approach is expected. Prerequisites: 
AR lOlA and AR 102A. 

AR 227A Magic, Mythology & Ritual Art 

Collage and assemblage objects used in rituals 
throughout history, with papers documenting 
content, process and history. 

AR 228 Painting Workshop 

Introduction to process of painting with emphasis on 
each student finding his/her own imagery, exploring 
technical means. Any medium or combination 
allowed. Prerequisites: AR 101 A and AR 102 A. 

AR 229A Photography As Image Gathering 

Process, techniques, and aesthetics of taking and 
developing black and white photographs. No 
prerequisites, but the student should have access to a 
camera with adjustable aperture and shutter speeds. 

AR 241 Intermediate Drawing 

Explore a variety of approaches to drawing, using 
traditional and non-traditional media. Prerequisites: 
AR101AandAR102A. 

AR 242A Introduction to Museum Studies 

This course introduces students to the basic 
principles of how a museum operates. Through 
lectures, case studies, guest speakers, and field trips, 
students will experience various departments within 
a museum. 

AR 303 Asian Art & Techniques 

Learn oriental art appreciation. Explore and practice 
the forms, styles, techniques and materials of oriental 
art (mostly Chinese). Prerequisite: AR 101 A or AR 
102 A or permission of instructor by portfolio review. 

AR 308 Throwing on the Potter's Wheel 

Throwing instaiction and practice. Skill, aesthetic 
considerations, techniques and critiques. Prerequi- 
sites: AR 222 A or permission of instructor. 

AR 309 Ceramic Sculpture 

Various techniques from forming through surface 
finishes. Clay as a sculpture medium from prehistoric 
through contemporary use, with an emphasis in 
creative problem solving. Prerequisites: AR 101 A 
and AR 222A 



AR 310 New Genre Art 

In this studio art course, students will create 
study and create art works in the newest 4d media 
such as installation, video, sound and concept, as 
well as combining 2 & 3d media such as image 
and word. Prerequisites: AR lOlA AR 102 A or 
instructor's permission. 

AR 320 Studio Critique 

Independent studio work with regular critiques. 
Reading and written assignments on art theory 
and criticism. Class used for review of work, oral 
presentation, discussion, and field trips. Prerequisite: 
Junior art majors or minors. 

AR 321 Advanced Drawing 

Critique foaim for students ready to do serious work 
in various drawing media, developing a personal 
mode of expression. Emphasis on experimentation 
with new materials and ideas. Must be capable of 
working independently. Prerequisites: AR lOlA, 
102 A and permission of instructor. 

AR 322 Advanced Photography Critique 

Independent projects, with class critiques weekly. 
Evaluation on final portfolio of selected prints 
exhibiting technical excellence and creative insight. 
Prerequisites: AR 229A and pennission of instructor. 

AR 325 Monotype 

Explore ways of achieving single-impression images 
through use of oil paint, watercolor and printing 
inks. Printing both with an intaglio press and by 
hand. Prerequisites: AR lOlA and AR 102 A. 

AR 327 Painting Workshop II 

Continuation of process begun in AR 228. Indi- 
vidual instruction with periodic group critiques. 
Emphasis on larger scale works and technical 
appropriateness. Prerequisites: AR 228. 

AR 328 Painting Workshop III 

Continuation of process begun in AR 327. 
Individual instruction with periodic group critiques. 
Emphasis on larger scale works and technical 
appropriateness. Prerequisites: AR 327. 

AR 3 29 A The Art Experience 

Students select one artist and do art works and 
research on the life and times of that artist, and 
make a presentation on both the art works and the 
facts. Not open to Freshmen. Sophomores with 
instructor's permission. 

AR 342A Introduction to Graphic Design 

Basic elements of graphic design: typography, 
modem print techniques, illustration, photography 
in advertising, publishing, mass media. For Juniors 
and Seniors; others by permission. 



34 



AR 343 Introduction to Computer Art 

The importance, versatility, persuasiveness and 
potential of computer art. Become familiar with 
computer graphics programs and develop personal 
electronic art languages. Prerequisites: AR 101 A 
and AR 102 A, or permission of instructor. 

AR 344 Computer Art II 

Intermediate level based on AR 343. 
Prerequisite: AR lOlA, AR 102A, AR 343, or 
permission of instructor. 

AR 346 The Art of Web Page Design 

The importance, versatility, persuasiveness and 
potential use of art on the internet. Become familiar 
with WWW design and computer graphic programs 
and develop personal creativity in digital art. 
Prerequisites: AR lOlA and AR 102A, or permis- 
sion of instructor. 

AR 347 Experimental Photography 

Creative applications in photography; various 
printing techniques such as sandwiching, blending, 
and overlay; also includes staged photography, 
multiple exposures, hand tinting and more. Access 
to film camera required. Prerequisites: AR lOlA and 
AR 229A or permission. 

AR 348 Experimental Film and Video 

In this course students will produce their own 
experimental films and videos as well as study the 
history and theory of these relatively new art media. 
The class will exhibit work for the college commu- 
nity. Prerequisites: AR lOlA or AR 102 A 
or permission. 

AR 349 Animation on the WEB 

Explores the relationship of art and technology while 
familiarizing the student with computer animation 
programs for the Internet and the aesthetics of 
computer art. Prerequisites: AR 101 or 102 or 
AR 343 Intro to Computer Art. 

AR 410 Visual Arts Senior Seminar 

Senior thesis closure. Critiques, slide-making, 
portfolio building, resume writing, interviews with 
artists, visits to off-campus art events, graduate 
school concerns, larger art issues. 

AR 420 Studio Critique 

Independent studio work with regular critiques. 
Readings and written assignments on art theory and 
criticism. Class used for review of work, oral 
presentation, discussion, and field trips. Prerequisite: 
Senior art majors or minors. 

AR 499 Senior Thesis & Seminar 

For Senior art majors preparing thesis shows, self- 
structured time to work, regular weekly meetings. 



Art History 

critiques, practice in hanging and criticizing shows. 
Personal, individual discussion time with instructor. 
Prerequisite: Senior major in art. 



ART HISTORY 

AH 202A Introduction to Greek Art 

Developments from the Bronze Age through the 
Hellenistic period are presented. Major arts and 
other remains are placed within a cultural context. 
Contemporary issues regarding study, exploitation, 
and protection of antiquities are considered. 

AH 203A Arts of the Silk Road 

A survey of the arts and material culture of the 
golden age of the Silk Road caravan trade between 
China, India, and Persia. Emphasis on the Silk 
Road's cultural emphasis on Chinese arts, especially 
through Buddhist painting and sculpture. 

AH 204A Art History of Classical World 

Greek, Etniscan, and Roman cultures are examined 
through developments in architecture, sculpture, 
painting, and small art. The archaeological record 
and ancient texts are studied alongside contemporary 
issues regarding the study, exploitation, and 
protection of antiquities. 

AH 205A Introduction to Roman Art 
and Archaeology 

The art of politics, power, and propaganda viewed 
through sculpture, architecture, painting and other 
creations of the Roman world. The archaeological 
record and ancient texts are studied alongside 
contemporary issues regarding the study, exploita- 
tion, and protection of antiquities. 

AH 207A Western Art/Renaissance-Modem 

Euro-western art from the Renaissance through 
the Modem era. Art, artists, and styles will be 
examined in their cultural, geo-political and 
intellectual contexts. 

AH 248A History and Appreciation of 
Modem Painting 

European painting from Monet through the 1980's, 
providing the student with a knowledge of the 
progress and fluctuations in painting, the relation- 
ship of the art with the larger events of the period, a 
knowledge of the various schools and institutional 
groupings of artists, the ability to analyze and 
appreciate a painting, familiarity with the lives and 
personalities of the painters, and finally, the 
opportunity to be enchanted. 



35 



Behavioral Sciences 



AH 341 A Medieval'Renaissance Art & 
Architecture 

In 13th century Italy a revolution in the artistic 
imagination took place which profoundly condi- 
tioned the art of the West for the next 600 years. 
Out of an understanding of the works and imagina- 
tive vision behind the works, assessment of the 
character of the change in vision and artistic 
production from medieval to Renaissance art 
and architecture. 



BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES 

BE 201 G Leadership & British Institutions 

This course is offered on location in London to 
experience the historical, institutional, and contem- 
porary issues of Great Britian. We will also explore 
the leadership issues and historical figures that 
shaped these institutions. 

BE 260M Statistical Methods for the Sciences 

Statistical methods used in the professional literature 
of the natural sciences. Univariate description, 
bivariate description, and statistical inference. 
Prerequisites: Sophomore standing and one of the 
following: BI lOON, BI/MS 189, MS 191, CS 143M, 
ES 270. 

BE 300S Dialogues 

Select a historical character who contributed to the 
ongoing dialogue on great issues of humanity and 
role play that character with other students repre- 
senting other significant historical figures, discussing 
specific issues. 

BE 368S Utopias 

Study, discuss and explore value implications of 
Utopian systems, form task groups to design compo- 
nents of Utopian systems, and write statement laying 
philosophical foundation for a personal concept 
of Utopia. 



BIOCHEMISTRY 

See Chemistry. 

BIOLOGY 

The biology major is designed to give a broad pre- 
professional background for students interested in 
careers in biology, molecular biology, biomedical 
science, environment science, and related fields. 

Biology students are required to demonstrate basic 
knowledge in seven areas of the life sciences 
(invertebrate, vertebrate, botany, cell, genetics, 
physiology and ecology). They learn how to develop 



experiments to test appropriate hypotheses, use skills 
and laboratory techniques necessary for investigative 
research, gather and analyze data, and evaluate and 
synthesize information thus obtained. They gain an 
appreciation of the history of the life sciences and see 
their connection to study areas included in the 
biology major curriculum and the relationship of 
information gained from a scientific perspective to 
values-oriented issues in their lives. Through this 
program, students also have the opportunity to 
improve and perfect their listening, writing and 
speaking abilities. Students demonstrate achievement 
of the biology program by satisfactory completion of a 
Senior comprehensive exam or Senior thesis and 
ordinarily the courses listed below: 

For the B.S. degree: (pre-professional) 

Students must fulfill all the general education 
requirements, and for the biology major, they must 
complete MA 131M (Calculus I), and either MA 
133M or BE 260M (Statistics), CH 121N, 122, 221, 
and 222, (general and organic chemistry), PH 24 IN, 
242 (Physics), eight biology courses (Biodiversity I 
and II, or the equivalent. Cell Biology, Genetics, 
Physiology, Ecology, and two biology electives) and 
Biology Seminar. Students participating in off-campus 
programs may petition for alternatives to these 
specifications. 

For the B.S. degree, foreign language may be taken in 
the Junior year to accommodate the early completion 
of prerequisite courses in chemistry 
and mathematics. Beginning students are strongly 
encouraged to begin General Chemistry their 
first semester. 

Sample molecular and organismic course sequences 
for the B.S. degree in Biology: 

Both sequences: 

Semester 1: Biodiversity I & General Chemistry I 

Semester 2: Biodiversity II & General Chemistry II 

Semester 3: Cell Biology & Organic Chemistry I 

Semester 4: Genetics & Organic Chemistry II 

Molecular option: 

Semester 5: Developmental Biology or Advanced 

Genetics and Physics I 
Semester 6: General and Molecular Physiology 
Semester 7: Ecology and Microbiology 
Semester 8: Immunology and/or Independent Study 

Organismic option: 

Semester 5: Ecology or Vertebrate Biology and 

Physics I 
Semester 6: Comparative Physiology and Physics II 
Semester 7: Marine Mammalogy of Fish Biology 
Semester 8: Conservation Biology and/or 

Independent Study 



36 



For the B.A. degree: (liberal arts) 

Students must meet the general education require- 
ments and for the biology major they must complete 
eight biology courses (including Biodiversity 1 and II, 
or the equivalent, Cell Biology, Genetics, Physiology, 
Ecology, and two biology electives) and Biology 
Seminar, plus MA 13 IM (Calculus I), a statistics 
course and General Chemistry I and II. 

Students who major in biology may not also major in 
marine science (biology track), or biochemistry. 

For the Biology minor: 

A minor requires five biology courses, not including 
more than two at the 100 level, perspective courses, 
or directed or independent studies. At least one of 
the five courses must be at the 300 level or above. 

BI lOON Biodiversity I 

The first semester of this sequence is devoted to the 
understanding of the origins of life and the evolution 
and diversification of the living groups of plants. 

BI 101 Biodiversity II 

The second semester of this sequence is devoted to 
the understanding of the origins of animal life and 
the evolution and diversification of invertebrate 
and vertebrate groups. Prerequisite: BI lOON 
or permission. 

BI 187N Plant Biology 

Evolution, diversity and development of plants, their 
place in the ecosystem and responses to environmen- 
tal conditions. Vascular, non-vascular marine, 
freshwater and land plants. Field trips. 

BI 188 Marine and Freshwater Botany 

(Cross-listed with MS 188) Diversity of marine and 
freshwater plants, their relationship to each other 
and to their environment. A survey of all plant 
groups is included. Field trips. Prerequisite: CH 
12 IN and Sophomore standing. 

BI 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 

(Cross-listed with MS 189) Structural basis, 
evolutionary relationships, biological functions and 
environmental interactions of animal life in the seas, 
exploring the local area. 

BI 200 Biology of Vertebrates 

Classification, evolutionary history, structure, neo- 
Darwinian evolution and evolutionary features as 
seen in anatomy of aquatic and terrestrial chordates. 

BI 201E Ecosystems of Florida 

Ecosystems of west-central Florida, including the 
marine, freshwater, lowland and upland systems; 
study the biological interaction occurring in the 
ecosystem of the Tampa Bay region. 



Biology 

BI 202 Cell Biology 

Structure, function and the flow of energy as 
the unifying principle linking photosynthesis, 
anaerobic, aerobic respiration and expenditure of 
energy by the cell. Prerequisites: CH 12 IN and 
Sophomore standing. 

BI 204 Microbiology 

Biology of microorganisms; microbiological tech- 
niques, isolation and identification of unknown 
organisms. Prerequisite: BI 202 Cell Biology. 

BI 301 Principles of Ecology 1*. 

Physical, chemical and biological relationships in 
natural communities. Field work in nearby ponds 
and Gulf shoreline. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior 
standing. Corequisite: BI 303 or BI 305 or permission 
of instructor. 

BI 302 Biology of Fishes 

(Cross-listed with MS 302) Systematics, anatomy, 
physiology, ecology, and behavior of fishes. Labora- 
tory examination of anatomical features and 
systematic characteristics. Prerequisite: BI 200N and 
Junior standing or permission of instructor. 

BI 303 Genetics 

Mendelian and transcription genetics from historical 
perspective. Experimental approach emphasized. 
Small lab groups participate in experimental design, 
and develop research skills in both classical genetic 
systems and molecular biology. Prerequisites: 
CH 121N, 122, BI 202 or permission of instructor. 
Corequisite CH 221. Marine science majors may 
substitute MS 301 for CH 221/2. 

BI 307 Ecology-Amphibians & Reptiles 

Fundamental concepts in ecology through the study 
of amphibians and reptiles. Meets ecology require- 
ment for biology, marine science and environmental 
studies majors. Prerequisite: BI lOlN or BI 200N. 

BI 308 General & Molecular Physiology 

Mammalian nervous, endocrine, muscle, cardiovas- 
cular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, immune, 
reproductive systems. Macro and molecular aspects. 
Prerequisites: BI 202 and CH 122. 

BI 3 1 1 Marine Mammalogy 

(Cross-listed with MS 311) In-depth overview of 
marine mammals (whales, dolphins, manatees, seals, 
sea lions, etc.). Topics include marine mammal 
systematics, status, behavior, physiology, population 
dynamics, evolution, and management. 
Current periodical literature text readings are 
basis for discussions. Prerequisites: BI 200 and 
Junior standing. 



37 



Biology 

Bl 312 Plant Ecology 

(Cross-listed with MS 312) Relationship of plants 
with their biological, physical, and chemical 
environments. Includes understanding the coexist- 
ence of plants in communities, landscape dynamics, 
productivity, environmental stresses, and principles 
of restoration ecology. Prerequisites: MS/Bl 188 or BI 
lOON or permission of instructor. 

Bl 314 Comparative Physiology: Investigative 

(Cross-listed with MS 314) Physiological mecha- 
nisms of animals and general principles revealed 
through application of comparative methods. 
Creative project lab to develop research skills. 
Prerequisites: Junior or Senior standing. 

BI 315 Elasmobranch Biology & Management 

(Cross-listed with MS 315) Systematics, evolution, 
ecology, behavior, and anatomical and physiological 
adaptations of sharks and rays. Current scientific 
research, human impact, how populations can be 
managed. Prerequisites: BI 301 and Junior standing. 

BI 317 Pre-Medical Internship I 

This course is the first semester of a year long 
academic internship which will provide an opportu- 
nity for pre-medical students to obtain significant 
exposure to hospital medicine and the care of acute 
and chronically ill patients. Students are expected to 
commit to both BI 3 1 7 and BI 3 18 at a minimum of 
150 hours per semester. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior 
standing and permission. 

BI 318 Pre-Medical Internship II 

Second part of a year-long academic internship 
designed to provide pre-medical students the 
opportunity to obtain significant exposure to 
hospital medicine and the care of acute and 
chronically ill patients. Prerequisites: BI 3 1 7 
and permission. 

BI 320 Molluscan Biology and Mariculture 

This course will examine the biology, physiology, and 
ecology of marine and estuarine moUusks as well as 
current production technologies (fisheries and 
mariculture) of commercially important species. 
Prerequisites: Bl 189, MS 203N, or permission. 

BI 350 Human Physiology 

(Directed Study available) Nerves, muscles, sense 
and endocrine organs; cardiovascular, respiratory, 
digestive, reproductive, excretory systems; metabolic 
integration. Suitable for biology majors off-campus 
unable to take scheduled physiology courses. 
Prerequisites: CH 122, BI 202 and permission 
of instructor. 



BI 371N Conservation Biology 

(Cross-listed with ES 317N) Examine problems such 
as species decline and endangerment, invasion by 
non-native species, habitat destruction and fragmen- 
tation, loss of biodiversity, and potential solutions, 
such as endangered species management, habitat 
restoration, ecosystem management. Prerequisite: ES 
270, or Bl lOON and BI lOlN, or BI 188 and BI 189, 
and any statistics course or permission of instructor. 

BI 372 Parasitology 

An ecological and evolutionary approach to 
parasitism. A broad survey of parasites of humans 
and animals, with emphasis on parasite life cycles 
and anatomy. Genetic, immunological, pathological 
and economic aspects of parasite-host relationships. 
Prerequisites: Bl 303 or permission of instructor. 

BI 373 Restoration Ecology 

(Cross-listed with ES 373) Focuses on understanding 
how natural processes recover from a variety of 
disturbances. Study of practices for restoring 
ecosystems. A multi-scale approach will be used with 
distinct emphasis on coastal wetlands. Prerequisites: 
One year organismal or environmental biology 
or permission. 

BI 406 Advanced Topics In Botany 

Subjects investigated determined by student interest. 
Prerequisite: Bl 187N or 188. 

BIl 410 Biology Seminar - 1st Semester 

Topical concerns in biology, especially those not fully 
explored in other areas of the biology curriculum. 
Junior, Senior biology majors participate for one 
course credit. Sophomores invited to attend. 

BI2 410 Biology Seminar - 2nd Semester 

Continuation of Biology Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

BI3 410 Biology Seminar - 3rd Semester 

Continuation of Biology Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

BI4 410 Biology Seminar - 4th Semester 

Continuation of Biology Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

BI 420 Advanced Ecology & Evolution 

Read and evaluate scientific literature and conduct a 
semester-long independent field research project on 
selected topic. Prerequisites: B or better in BI 301 
and permission of instructor. 

BI 422 Advanced Topics in Genetics 

Selected topics from contemporary areas of genetics. 
Gene regulation in embryological development, 
oncogenes, immunogenetics, genetic engineering. 



38 



human genetics. Biological and social implications. 
Prerequisite: BI 303 or BI 305 or pemiission 
of instructor. 

BI 424 Developmental Biology 

Molecular and morphological mechanisms underly- 
ing the development of body plans and organ 
systems in the embryos of marine and terrestrial 
species. Current scientific literature, modem 
experimental techniques, independent laboratory 
research projects. Prerequisites: BI 202 and BI 303 
and instructor's permission. 

BI 430 Independent Research: Biology 

For students interested in pursuing careers in biology, 
intensive instruction in use of laboratory and/or field 
equipment. Various methodology approaches, 
current and historical, used in scientific investiga- 
tion. Prerequisites: CH 222, BI 202, 303, and 
instructor's permission. 

BI 499 Independent Research - Thesis 

Upon invitation, Seniors may design and carry out a 
creative research program, usually resulting in a 
written dissertation which is defended in the spring 
of the senior year. 



BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

The business administration major focuses on 
teaching the core skill set that constitutes the 
accepted body of knowledge with the discipline. 
The business administration is geared to the student 
who wants to pursue a career within a for-profit 
corporate organization and/or a Masters in 
Business Administration. 

Students in the business administration major will 
develop the following competencies: 

• Management under uncertain conditions 
including policy detemn,ination at the senior 
management level 

• Operations Management in businesses 
producing both goods and services 

• Marketing of business products 

• Using Management Information Systems 

• Accounting practices in business 

• Financing the business 

• Economics of the business and of the 
larger environment within which the 
business operates 

• Knowledge of the legal environment 
of organizations 

• Ethical issues confronting business in both 
domestic and international spheres 



Chemistry 

The course sequence for a major in business 
administration is as follows: 

Freshmen 

MN lOOS Principles of Management and 

Leadership 
MN 271S Principles of Accounting 
MN 272S Management Information Systems 

Sophomore 

EC 28 IS Microeconomics 
EC 282S Macroeconomics 
MN 260M Statistical Methods in Management 

and Economics 
MN 278S Business Law 

Junior 

MN 220 Quantitative Methods for 

Management and Economics 
MN/IB 369S Principles of Marketing 
MN 310 Operations Management 
MN 371 Organizational Behavior and 

Leadership 
MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance 
MN/IB 378 Investment Finance 

Senior 

MN 372 Accounting II 

MN/IB 376 Personnel & Global Human 

Resources 
MN 498 Business Policy and Strategic 

Management 

Business Administration majors are required to 
complete each course with a grade of C or better. 
Students who major in business administration may 
not also major in management. 

For course descriptions, see Management. 



CHEMISTRY 

The capabilities and skills that chemistry majors are 
expected to obtain include knowledge of chemical 
synthesis, analysis, and theory'. In addition, students 
acquire competence in laboratory techniques, the 
use of chemical instrumentation, computers, written 
and oral communication, and the ability to use the 
chemical literature. 

B.A. CHEMISTRY DEGREE: CH 121N, 122, 212, 
221, 222, 321, 326, and one upper level chemistry 
elective from CH 322, 415, 422, and 424. 

B.S. CHEMISTRY DEGREE: CH 12 IN, 122, 212, 
221, 222, 321, 322, 326, 424, and one upper level 
chemistry elective, either 415 or 422. 

B.S. CHEMISTRY DEGREE (ACS Certified): CH 

121N, 122, 212, 221, 222, 321, 322, 326, 415, 424, 
429 or 499, and one upper level chemistry elective, 
either 417 or 422. 



39 



Chemistry 

B.S. BIOCHEMISTRY DEGREE (ACS Certified): 
CH 121N, 122, 212, 221, 222, 321, 322, 326, 415, 
417, 424 and either 429 or 499. Cell Biology 
(BI 202) and Genetics (BI 303) are also required. 

B.S. (UNCERTIFIED) BIOCHEMISTRY DEGREE 

CH 121N, 122, 212, 221, 222, 321, 326, 415, 417, BI 
202, BI 303, and BI 308. 

The two B.S. (Certified) degrees have been 
approved by the American Chemical Society (ACS). 

For any degree, students must also take MA 13 IM 
and MA 132M, PH 241N and PH 242 'and CH 410 
Chemistry Seminar. 

Additionally, students must satisfy the collegium 
requirement of 12 courses for the B.A. degree and 16 
courses for any of the B.S. degrees. Finally, students 
must maintain a C average or better in courses 
within the chemistry discipline and the required 
supporting courses listed above. 

Students may obtain a minor in chemistry by earning 
at least a C in five chemistry courses to include CH 
121N and in any four of the following: CH 122, 212, 
221, 222, 321/323, 322/324, 326, 415, 424- 

CH HON Introduction To Chemistry 

Introduction to and practice with chemical prin- 
ciples and problem-solving skills needed for more- 
advanced chemistry courses. Not open to students 
who have completed CH 12 IN with a grade of C or 
better. Prerequisite: high school algebra. 

CH 121N General Chemistry I 

Examines modem chemical theory including 
stoichiometry, gas laws, atomic structure and 
bonding, and solutions. Prerequisites: high school 
chemistry and three years of high school mathemat- 
ics or CH 1 ION with a grade of C- or better. 

CH 122 General Chemistry 11 

Topics include kinetics, thermodynamics, chemical 
equilibria, ionic equilibria, acid-base chemistry, 
electrochemistry, descriptive inorganic chemistry, 
and nuclear chemistry. Prerequisite: General 
Chemistry I with a grade of C- or better. 

CH 209N Survey Of Astronomy 

Introduction and study of planets, stars, galaxies, and 
celestial motion for non-science majors. Some night 
observing sessions and out-door activities. 

CH 2 ION Astrobiology/Life in Universe 

Examines stars, planets, and conditions for biological 
life. Topics include comet impacts, life in extreme 
environments, and searches for extraterrestrials. 
Some evening observing. Prerequisites: passing 
grades in a year of high school algebra and either 
high school chemistry or physics. 



CH 212 Analytical Chemistry 

An extensive treatment of chemical equilibria 
including acid-base, redox, solubility, and complex- 
ation, with application to chemical analysis. 
Prerequisite: CH 122 with a grade of C- or better. 

CH 221 Organic Chemistry I 

First of a two-course sequence dealing with the 
chemistry of carbon-containing compounds from 
simple aliphatic hydrocarbons to alcohols. Prerequi- 
site: CH 122 with a grade of C- or better. 

CH 222 Organic Chemistry II 

Continuation of CH 221. Structure, properties, 
reactions, and synthesis of carbonyl compounds and 
carboxylic acid derivatives, aromatic compounds, 
carbohydrates, amino acids, and nucleic acids are 
examined. Prerequisite: CH 221 with a grade of 
C- or better. 

CH 321 Physical Chemistry I: Investigative 

Study of the laws of thermodynamics, free energy, 
and chemical equilibrium; solutions of electrolytes, 
non-electrolytes; electrochemistry, chemical kinetics, 
and kinetic theory. Prerequisites: C- or better in each 
of CH 122, MA 132M, and PH 242. 

CH 322 Physical Chemistry II: Investigative 

Examination of wave mechanics, chemical bonding, 
atomic and molecular spectroscopy, statistical 
thermodynamics and some molecular symmetry. 
Prerequisite: CH 321 with a grade of C- or better. 

CH 323 Physical Chemistry I: Interpretive 

Non-laboratoiy version of CH 321. 

CH 324 Physical Chemistry II: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CH 322. 

CH 326 Instrumental Analysis 

Practical application of modem experimental 
techniques and modem chemical instrumentation. 
Required of all chemistry and biochemistry majors, 
normally in the Junior year. Prerequisite: CH 212 
and PH 242 with grades of C- or better in each. 

CHI 410 Chemistry Seminar - 1st Semester 

Papers and discussions on chemistry topics. 
Chemistry majors present at least one paper a year. 
Two years participation equivalent to one course 
credit. Continuation in seminar contingent upon 
satisfactory progress in upper-division courses. 

CH2 410 Chemistry Seminar ' 2nd Semester 

Continuation of Chemistry Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 



40 



Chinese 



CH3 410 Chemistry Seminar - 3rd Semester 

Continuation of Chemistry Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

CH4 410 Chemistry Seminar ' 4th Semester 

Continuation of Chemistry Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

CH 415 Biochemistry I: Investigative 

Study of structures, functions, and dynamics of 
proteins, the role of genetic hiomolecules, and some 
metabolic cycles, as related to the chemistry of these 
molecules. Prerequisites: CH 222, and class standing 
of Junior or Senior, or by permission of instructor. 

CH 416 Biochemistry I: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CH 415. 

CH 417 Biochemistry II: Investigative 

A continuation ot CH 415. Biosynthesis of macro- 
molecular precursors, in-depth study of genetic 
functions, and interactions between conformations 
of the macromolecules and their roles in metabolism 
and physiological processes. Prerequisite: CH 415. 

CH 418 Biochemistry II: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CH 417. 

CH 422 Advanced Organic Chemistry 

Mass spectroscopy; advanced synthetic methods, 
elucidation of reaction mechanisms, stereochemistry, 
molecular rearrangements and orbital theory. 
Prerequisites: CH 222 and CH 322. 

CH 424 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 

Structures, reactions, thennodynamic and physical 
properties of the elements and compounds. Develop- 
ment of group molecular orbital theory. Survey of 
molecular and solid state structures, transition metal 
complexes, main group compounds, organometallics, 
electronic spectroscopy, catalysis. Prerequisites: 
CH321andCH326. 

CH 429 Senior Research in Chemistry 

Independent laboratory research in one of the major 
areas of chemistry. Elective for B.A. or B.S. in Senior 
year, required for non-thesis B.S. (Certified) 
chemistry majors. Prerequisites: CH 326 and 
permission of instructor. 

CH 499 Independent Research - Thesis 

Senior-year chemistry students with superior ability 
may be invited to do independent research with a 
member of the chemistry faculty and to write and 
defend a research thesis before a thesis committee. 



CHINESE 

Chinese may be studied as part of the major in 
Modem Languages or as a minor. A major in 
Modem Languages consists of six courses in a primary 
language and four in a secondary language (a total 
of ten courses). See Modem Languages for a 
complete description. 

The minor in Chinese requires a total of five courses, 
which must include the two-year language sequence 
(CN 101/102 and CN 201/202) or their equivalents. 
The fifth course may be chosen from among 
the following: 

AH 203 A Arts of the Silk Road 

CN 302H East Meets West: Chinese Cinema 

CN 301H Heroes and Anti-Heroes in Chinese Literature 

CN 268A Love and Justice in Chinese Theater 

CN 208G Gender and Sexuality in Asian Literature 

CN 288G Chinese Pop Culture 

PO 335S Government and Politics of China 

Other courses that can be counted toward the minor 
may become available. 

CN 101 Elementary Chinese I 

This course seeks to lay a groundwork for the study of 
modem Chinese. It provides instruction in integrated 
language skills and combines sentence patterns with 
everyday life topics. 

CN 102 Elementary Chinese II 

Continuation of CN 101. Tliis course covers more 
sentence patterns and everyday life topics. 
Prerequisites: CN 101 or permission of instructor. 

CN 201 Intermediate Chinese I 

This course is designed to help students achieve 
greater proficiency in the oral and written use of 
modem Chinese on the basis of the First-Year Chinese 
curriculum. More everyday life topics are covered. 
Prerequisites: CN 102 or permission of instructor. 

CN 202 Intermediate Chinese II 

This course is a continuation of CN 201 and 
completes the introduction of modem Chinese 
basic grammar patterns and everyday life topics. 
Prerequisites: CN 201 or permission of instructor. 

CN 208G Gender/Sexuality in Asian Literature 

Modem fiction by women writers in China and Japan. 
Works in English translation that address issues of 
gender, sexuality, and female subjectivity. 

CN 268A Love & Justice/Chinese Theater 

Survey of Chinese theater, with a focus on zaju, 
chuanqi, model theater, and modem spoken drama. 
Classes will combine lecture on background 
information and analysis of visual and audio 
examples with discussion of plays. 



41 



Classics and Ancient History 



CN 288G Chinese Pop Culture 

Experience contemporary Chinese pop culture 
through fiction, rock music, TV drama, and films in 
a global context. The literary, musical and visual 
works will demonstrate the artistic trends and the 
consumers' taste in the commercialized society. 

CN 301H Hero/Anti-Hero in 
Chinese Literature 

This course is a guided reading of the masterpieces of 
classical Chinese novels. We will examine various 
types of heroes and anti-heroes, as portrayed in those 
works. Episodes of TV adaptation will he shown 
in class. 

CN 302H East Meets West: Chinese Cinema 

How have Chinese artists integrated cinema, 
originally a western visual form, in their cultural 
context? This course investigates the issue through 
an examination of representative works in Chinese 
cinema produced from the 1930's to the present. 

CN 307H Advanced Chinese I 

This course seeks to help students develop integrated 
skills of modem Chinese by handling more abstract 
topics. Fonnal written language and authentic 
materials are also introduced. Prerequisites: CN 202. 

CN 308H Advanced Chinese 11 

This course seek to help students develop integrated 
skills of modem Chinese by handling more abstract 
topics. Formal written language and authentic 
materials are also introduced. Prerequisites: 
CN 307H. 



CLASSICS AND 
ANCIENT HISTORY 

The minor in Classical Humanities builds on and 
extends the introduction provided by "Western 
Heritage in a Global Context." It offers a solid 
foundation in the Westem humanities for anyone 
majoring in such fields as Literature, History, Art, 
Philosophy, or Religion. The minor also gives a 
broad perspective on the Westem tradition to those 
majoring in the sciences or social sciences. Graduate 
and professional schools are increasingly recognizing 
the need for this broad humanistic focus. 

The minor in Classical Humanities requires six 
courses drawn from any courses in classics or ancient 
history and art. Two of the six courses required may 
be chosen from the courses in ancient philosophy 
listed below. One of the six required courses may be 
drawn from the list of courses in other disciplines 
also found below. In addition, certain winter term 
courses will qualify for the minor when offered: e.g. 



Myth into Art, Classical Mythology, TTie Journey 
of the Hero and die Lover, and overseas study in 
Greece and Rome. 

With prior permission from the Discipline 
Coordinator in Classics, students may receive credit 
toward the minor for another related course not 
found below. 

Two of the six required courses in the minor 
may be drawn from the following courses in 
ancient philosophy: 

PL lOlH Introduction to Philosophy 
Independent Study of ancient philosophy 
Courses in early Greek science and philosophy 
PL 32 IH History of Philosophy: Greek and Roman 

One of the six required courses in the minor may 
be drawn from the following courses in other 
disciplines: 

Any course in Classical Art (See listings under "Art" 
and "Art History") 

Any of the courses in Literature listed below: 

LI 236H History of Drama I 

LI 329H Literature, Myth, and Cinema 

LI 372 Tragedy and Comedy 

CL 101 Elementary Latin 

(Cross-listed with LA 101). Master basic 
grammatical construction, develop a vocabulary of 
approximately 500 words and the ability to read 
moderately difficult prose. English word derivation 
heavily stressed. 

CL 102 Elementary Latin 

Second semester for Elementary Latin. Prerequisite: 
CL/LA 101. 

CL 200H Classical Mythology 

Familiarizes students with the most important Greek 
and Roman myths and the backgrounds from which 
they arose. Discusses the important theories, themes, 
and meanings of myth, as well as the pervasive 
influence of myth in our everyday lives. 

CL 201 Intermediate Latin 

Continue the study of latin grammar and acquire the 
tools for reading Latin literature on your own. Read 
works and excerpts from such great authors as 
Catullus, Cicero, Vergil, and Livy. 

CL 203H Women in the Ancient World 

Explores the role and status of women and goddesses 
in Greece, Rome, and parts of the ancient near East. 
Examines representations of women in literary, 
historical, philosophical, scientific, and legal texts, as 
well as the visual arts. 



42 



Communication 



CL 242H Ancient Greek History 

(Cross-listed with HI 242H) Provides an overview of 
the history of Greece from Mycenean times up until 
the age of Alexander through the ancient writers 
themselves: Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon, 
and Plutarch. 

CL 243H Ancient Roman History 

(Cross-listed with HI 243H) Provides an overview of 
the history of Rome from its legendary' beginnings in 
the eighth century BC to the age of Nero in the first 
century AD through the ancient authors themselves: 
Livy, Tacitus, Suetonius, Plutarch, and Polyhius. 

CL 25 OH Odysseus' Journey through Time 

Uses Homer's epic as a basis tor studying two 
twentieth-century adaptations of the Odyssey: James 
Joyce's Ulysses, set in Dublin, and Derek Walcott's 
Omeros, set in the Caribbean. Also discusses 
changing concepts of the epic hero. 

CL 260H Greek and Roman Drama 

Introduces students to many of the great tragedies 
and comedies of ancient Greece and Rome. Puts 
the plays in their historical and cultural context 
and discusses the conditions under which they 
were performed. 

CL 26 IH Greek Tragedy & Its Influence 

Offers an in-depth study of a few Greek tragedies and 
of works inspired by those tragedies in a variety of 
genres including drama, science fiction, psychologi- 
cal and philosophical studies, and film. Discusses 
changing concepts of tragedy and the tragic hero. 

CL 262H Greek Comedy and Its Influence 

Examines great Greek comedies and their influence 
on works by the Romans, Shakespeare, Moliere, and 
modem playwrights, as well as on the modem sit- 
com and Broadway musical. Also discusses theories 
of comedy and the comic hero. 

CL 270H Classical Literature in Translation 

Introduces students to some of the greatest works of 
Greek and Roman civilization. Puts these works in 
the historical, spiritual, and artistic context from 
which they arose. 

CL 27 IH Greek Literature and Civilization 

Introduces students to many of the most influential 
literary texts of Greek civilization, including 
selections from epic, lyric, and dramatic poetry, 
history, and philosophy. Puts these texts in their 
cultural, political, and artistic contexts. 

CL 272H Roman Literature and Civilization 

Introduces many of the most important literary and 
historical texts of Roman civilization and examines 
the influences of Rome on the Western heritage. 



CL 360H Euripides and the Irrational 

A thorough introduction to the drama of the "most 
tragic" Greek playwright and his exploration of inner 
conflict, passion, and the human psyche. 

COMMUNICATION 

The communication major is an interdisciplinary 
study of messages, audiences, media, and persuasion. 
Communication students study the methodology, 
prevailing theories, history, and questions that define 
this field. They learn the following: 

• effective oral and written communication with 
a variety of audiences. 

• analysis and interpretation of modem media. 

• analysis and composition of arguments and 
other persuasive discourses. 

• analysis and practice of ethical communication. 

• design and completion of research-based study. 

• application of the above to discipline or career 
specific concems. 

By choosing an appropriate minor, which is required 
for the communication major, students prepare 
themselves for graduate study or careers in broadcast- 
ing, journalism, advertising, law, education, politics, 
or public relations. 

Communication majors must complete course work 
in these areas: 

• a sequence of seven required core courses: 
Introduction to Communication Theory, 
Fundamentals of Oral Communication, 
Argumentation and Debate, Propaganda 
Studies, Elements of Film, Media Ethics, and a 
film genre or theme course. 

• three tools courses selected from the following 
list or approved by the mentor: Introduction to 
Graphic Design, Analytic and Persuasive 
Writing, Resourceful Writing, Group Dynamics, 
The Human Instrument, The Living Theatre, 
Visual Problem Solving, Drawing Fundamen- 
tals, Photography as Image Gathering, Experi- 
mental Film and Video, Multimedia Art, Intro 
to Computer Art, The Art of Web Page Design, 
Intro to Computer Science, Videographics: 
Technique and Technology. 

• a minor in one of the following disciplines 
(five or six courses): American Studies, Art, 
Computer Science, Creative Writing, History, 
Human Development, International Business, 
Intemational Relations and Global Affairs, 
Environmental Studies, Literature, Manage- 
ment, a modem language, Music, Philosophy, 
Political Science, Psychology, Religious Studies, 



43 



Communication 



Sociology, Theatre, or Women's and Gender 
Studies. With the approval of the mentor and 
appropriate discipline coordinator, students may 
substitute a minor in a field not listed. No 
course work applied to the major may be 
counted toward the completion of the minor. 

• Senior Comprehensive Course 

Many students supplement course work by undertak- 
ing internships locally or overseas. 

A typical course sequence for a major in communica- 
tion might be as follows: 

Freshmen 

CM 101 A Intro to Communication Theory 

CM 302 A Elements of Film 

CM 121 Fundamentals of Oral Communication 

Sophomores 

CM 223 Argumentation and Debate 
CM 303A Propaganda Studies 
CM 360A Media Ethics 
Film Genre Course 
Course work for minor 

Juniors 

Tools Courses 
Course work for minor 

Seniors 

Course work for minor 
Senior Comprehensive Course 
Internships 

CM 101 Intro to Communication Theory 

Overview of the subject matter, history, and the 
prevailing theories that define communication 
studies. Theories about the individual, society, and 
media, emphasizing research, rhetoric, and analysis. 
Provides a foundation for advanced study in core 
upper-level courses. 

CM 121 Fundamental/Oral Communication 

This course surveys fundamental oral communica- 
tion concepts with an emphasis on developing 
effective public speaking skills, individual 
speech critiques. 

CM 221 A Media and Society 

Analysis of relationships between contemporary 
media forms and society. Includes the cultural role of 
advertising, media influences on human behavior 
and thought, and social implications of new media 
technologies. Research projects and group discussion. 

CM 223 Argumentation and Debate 

Oral communication as rational persuasion. 
Techniques of argument, research, and rebuttal. 
Participation in debates on issues of campus and 
global interest. Prerequisites: CM 121 or CM 360A. 



CM 224G Intl CinemaAVorld through Film 

Study the diversity of world cinema (including non- 
traditional American cinema) and expand your own 
awareness and concern for peoples with different 
attitudes and background. 

CM 3 02 A Elements of Film 

View, analyze, and evaluate great cinema. Study film 
as an artistic form, its history, typology, technology 
and symbology. 

CM 3 03 A Propaganda Studies 

Distinctions between persuasion and propaganda, 
ethics in communication, persuasive and propagan- 
distic tactics and strategies in advertising and 
politics. Close reading of written and visual texts. 
Construction and destruction of propaganda. 

CM 304 The Horror Film 

This course will explore the horror film, including its 
mythological and literary roots. We will view a wide 
range of films analyzing specific sub-genres of horror 
as well as cultural, historical, and psychological 
angles. Prerequisites: Introduction to Communica- 
tion and Elements of Film or permission. 

CM 360A Media Ethics 

Media Ethics is designed to promote greater 
understanding of moral reasoning and ethical 
decision-making processes within the fields of 
journalism, advertising, and public relations. 

CM 498 Qualitative Communication Research 

Examine and report on quality communication 
research leading to creating your own research 
proposal. Emphasizes cogent thinking on communi- 
cation topics and articulate communication to an 
audience of critical peers on both the research of 
others and personal proposals. 



COMPARATIVE LITERATURE 

Comparative literature is an interdisciplinary 
approach to literature. Students declare three areas: 
five courses in literature (commonly English and/or 
American), three courses in a foreign language (such 
as French, German or Spanish), of which at least 
two are literature courses, and two courses in a 
second foreign language (at any level), or in another 
discipline (such as history, religion, philosophy, etc.), 
or in an approved specialty (world literature in 
translation, myth, the Don Juan tradition, etc.). 
Students should have one course using comparative 
methodology. Linguistics and literary criticism are 
recommended. 

Students develop competencies in comparative 
techniques, literary analogues and influences, 



44 



Computational Science 



research methods, and interdisciplinary work. 
Coursework is shaped to individual student pro- 
grams, typically moving from introductory levels to 
advanced work, often culminating in a thesis. 



COMPOSITION 

Composition courses emphasize the ways different 
writing processes lead to successful learning and 
communication. All address the conventions of 
expository writing, standard English usage, documen- 
tation, and preparation of portfolios for competency 
evaluation. Students in composition courses are 
urged to complete their assignments using the word 
processing facilities in the college's computer labs. 

The Writing Center, a service of the Writing 
Excellence Program, supplements composition 
courses and provides assistance to students regarding 
any writing task. Credit for CO 121, 122, and 123 is 
limited: students whose native language is English 
may take only two for credit; students with other 
native languages may take three for credit. Students 
may take advanced composition courses for addi- 
tional credit. 

CO 121 Writing Processes 

Introduction to writing processes: pre-writing, 
drafting, revising, editing. Development of a 
personal voice to express ideas and values. 
Journal, academic essays, proper use of resources, 
including documentation. 

CO 122 Analytic and Persuasive Writing 

Critical reading and analysis of texts, with attention 
to audience, organization, evidence, persuasion. 
Collegiate research report: research questions, 
writing from sources, presenting evidence logically. 

CO 123 Resourceful Writing 

Individual assignments to sharpen thinking, editing, 
research skills. Audience awareness, broadening 
student's repertoire, enriching language use. Usually 
requires major research paper. 

CO 222 Narratives of Knowledge 

Explore the relationship between quest and narrative 
through a study of selected Western texts, raising 
questions about the construction of meaning and 
community in our lives. 

CO 321 Composition Theory & Learning 

The role of writing in learning, theories of composi- 
tion, analysis of writing processes, designing units of 
instruction. Group inquiry techniques and collabora- 
tive writing assignments. Practicum in tutoring. 
Prerequisite: Junior standing, completion of writing 
competency requirement, or instructor's permission. 



CO 322 Researching and Writing: Humanities 

Write a major paper in a humanities discipline, 
with ongoing evaluation of researching and 
writing techniques. Participate in writing groups, 
keep a research notebook. Prerequisite: 
Sophomore standing. 

CO 323 Organizational Communication 

Effective written, oral, visual, and computer- 
mediated communication in the context of modem 
business practice. Prerequisite: Junior standing or 
instructor's permission. 

t 
CO 324 Reading and Writing in Sciences 
Interdisciplinary team-taught course designed to help 
students in the sciences develop writing skills, 
epistemological perspective, and ethical sense to 
communicate scientific knowledge to science and lay 
audiences. Prerequisite: passed portfolio requirement, 
or permission of instructor. Corequisite: enrollment 
in science. 

CO 325 Writing Environmental Policy 

Writing environmental proposals, policy, and impact 
statements, and critical analysis of and presentations 
of solutions to environmental problems. Strategies 
for legal research. Case study ethics component. 
Prerequisite: must have passed writing competency, 
or have taken another writing course, or have 
permission of instructor. 

CO 326 Environmental Rhetoric 

Scientific, political, aesthetic, spiritual, ethical 
discourse, and media images have contributed to 
diverse understandings of the natural world. 
Examine the way different readings can create 
varied and contradictory values and beliefs about 
the environment. 



COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE 

The minor in Computational Science gives students 
in the natural sciences a significant computing 
extension to their academic major and allows them 
to explore modem uses of computation - and the 
computer - in the sciences. The minor requires a 
total of six courses: 

CS 143M Introduction to Computer Science 
MA 234N Differential Equations 

and any two mathematics courses and any two 
computer science courses from the following list: 

MA 238 Optimization Techniques 

MA 333 Probability and Statistics I 

MA 341 Numerical Analysis 

MA 351 Fourier Analysis 

MA 421 Partial Differential Equations 



45 



Computer Science 



CS 22 IN Data Stmctures 
CS 310 Computer Architecture 
CS 320 Programming Language 
CS 330 Analysis of Algorithms 
CS 390 Computer Networks 
CS 450 Computer Graphics 
CS 455 Digital Image Processing 
CS 490 Scientific Visualization 

Students may not minor in both Computational 
Science and Computer Science. 



COMPUTER SCIENCE 

Students majoring in computer science acquire a 
knowledge of basic and advanced algorithm design 
and programming, as well as the underlying prin- 
ciples, design, and implementation of the major 
components of computing systems. Achievement of 
the required competencies is demonstrated by 
successful completion of a Senior comprehensive 
examination or thesis and by the successful comple- 
tion of the four required computer science courses 
(CS 143M, CS 221N, CS 301, and CS 310) and a 
minimum of four computer science elective courses 
numbered CS 320 or greater. Students must 
maintain a C average in computer science courses to 
successfully complete the major. 

The course requirements for the computer science 
major are composed of two parts: the program core, 
and the program specialization. The core is a 
structured sequence of four computer science 
courses (Introduction to Computer Science, Data 
Structures, Theory of Computing, and Computer 
Architecture) and four mathematics courses 
(Calculus I, Calculus II or Linear Algebra, Discrete 
Mathematics, Statistics). 

The specialization, composed of a minimum of four 
computer science electives numbered 320 or greater 
pursued during the Junior and Senior years, is less 
structured, allowing the student to emphasize his 
or her special interests. The Computer Science 
Seminar is required in the Junior and Senior years. 
A total of 12 courses (not including the seminar, 
internships or independent study courses) is required 
for the Bachelor of Arts. 

Four additional courses from advanced computer 
science (320 level or above), mathematics or physics, 
are required for the Bachelor of Science. 

For computer science students interested in a 
mathematics minor or a double major (computer 
science and mathematics). Combinatorial Math- 
ematics may be substituted for Discrete Mathemat- 
ics, and Probability and Statistics I for Statistics. 

A minor in computer science requires completion of 
CS 143M, 221N, and three computer science courses 



numbered 300 or above. These courses must not 
duplicate courses used by students to satisfy major or 
concentration requirements. 

CS 1 10 Wide World of Computing 

Introduction to computers, computer science, 
infomnation processing technology. Word processor, 
spreadsheet, programming. For majors with no 
previous experience and non-majors wanting an 
introduction that is not programming intensive. 

CS 143M Introduction to Computer Science 

History of computing: overview of the elements of a 
computer system; problem solving and algorithm 
development; Pascal programming for numeric and 
non-numeric problems. Prerequisites: mathematics 
placement at the calculus ready level and CS 1 10 or 
equivalent. For students in all majors who want to 
acquire programming and computer skills. 

CS 170A Filmmaking with Video 

(Cross-listed with TH 170A) The growth and 
merging of computing, electronic communication 
and video technologies are providing exciting new 
ways of communication, presentation, and persua- 
sion. Major topics include physics of sound, light, 
and image collection; video technology; video 
editing systems and video technologies. Prerequisite: 
permission of instructor. 

CS 22 IN Data Structures 
Continuation of program design and algorithm 
analysis. Identification and evaluation of classes of 
problems solvable through well-defined data 
structures and algorithms including stacks, recursion, 
lists, linked lists, trees, searching and sorting. 
Prerequisite: CS 143M. 

CS 301 Theory of Computing 

Abstract basis of computing machines and languages; 
introduction to finite automata, formal languages, 
Turing machines, and complexity theory. 
Prerequisites: CS 22 IN and MA 143. 

CS 310 Computer Architecture 

Architectural and hardware elements of computing 
machines; central processing unit, registers, data 
paths, arithmetic logic unit, microprogramming; 
memory; virtual memory, content addressable 
memory, cache; input/output including disks, tapes, 
serial communications and networks. 
Prerequisite: CS 221N. 

CS 320 Programming Languages 

Nature and implementation of programming 
languages including qualities and characteristics of 
languages, methods of implementation, execution 
models and environments; survey of programming 
languages. Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 



46 



Computer Science 



CS 321 Software Engineering 

Properties of software systems; software system design 
and development principles; specifications; models; 
software tools, monitoring methods; group program- 
ming project for a large software system. 
Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 330 Analysis of Algorithms 

Theoretical and mathematical basis of algorithm 
design and analysis. Prerequisites: CS 301, CS 22 IN 
and MA 143 or pennission of instructor. 

CS 341 Numerical Analysis 

(Cross listed with MA 341) Methods for solving an 
equation or systems of equations. Interpolating 
polynomials, numerical integration and differentia- 
tion, numerical solutions oi ordinary and partial 
differential equations, boundary value problems. 
Prerequisite: MA 233M or permission of instructor. 

CS 350 Graphical User Interface Design 

Analysis and design of user interface features 
including screen configuration and software 
communication mechanisms such as menus, 
dialog boxes, toolbars and error messaging. 
Exploration of visual and cultural design issues. 
Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 360 Database System 

Conceptual modeling of data systems; organization 
of database systems; storage and retrieval of data in 
the database, database design and administration. 
Prerequisite: CS 22 IN or pemiission of instructor. 

CSl 410 Computer Science Seminar ' 
1st Semester 

For Junior and Senior computer science majors. One 
course credit on satisfactory completion of two years 
of participation. Continuation in seminar contingent 
on satisfactory progress in upper division courses. 

CS2 410 Computer Science Seminar ' 
2nd Semester 

Continuation of Computer Science Seminar. Four 
semesters required for one course credit. 

CS3 410 Computer Science Seminar - 
3rd Semester 

Continuation of Computer Science Seminar. Four 
semesters required for one course credit. 

CS4 410 Computer Science Seminar - 
4th Semester 

Continuation of Computer Science Seminar. Four 
semesters required for one course credit. 



CS 411 Operating Systems 

Organization, operation, and implementation 
including processor maiiagement, memory' manage- 
ment, virtual systems, interprocess communication, 
scheduling algorithms, protection and security, 
deadlocks; case studies ot operatirig systems. 
Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 415 Computer Networks 

Abstract view of computer and communications 
networks. Topology, protocols, and operation of 
computer networks; ISO's OSI, TCP/IP, LAN, 
WAN. Performance issues related to networks. 
Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 420 Translators and Compilers 

Theory and implementation of high-level language 
virtual machines including assemblers, macro 
expansion, compilers and interpreters; syntactic and 
semantic models. Prerequisite: CS 301. 

CS 450 Computer Graphics 

Theory and programming involved in rendering 
graphic images. Prerequisites: CS 22 IN and MA 
13 IM or instructor's permission. 

CS 455 Digital Imaging Processing 

Introduces various techniques for the enhancement 
and analysis of digital imagery. Topics include 
the interpretation of image statistics, image 
enhancement based on histogram transformations, 
spatial filtering, and image transforms. 
Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 460 Artificial Intelligence 

Knowledge representation, constraint satisfaction, 
metaphors of control. Logic and theorem proving, 
problem solving and heuristic search. Introduction 
to the AI languages, LISP and PROLOG. Neural 
networks and hybrid systems, fuzzy logic and genetic 
algorithms. Prerequisite: CS 22 IN. 

CS 462 Neural Networks 

Philosophical, biological and architectural underpin- 
nings of this alternative, parallel, distributed model 
of computing inspired by the human brain. Prerequi- 
site: CS 22 IN or permission of instructor. 

CS 499 Senior Thesis 

Research and write a thesis under the direction of a 
member of the Computer Science faculty. Satisfies 
the comprehensive examination requirement for 
graduation. Prerequisites: excellence in computer 
science courses through the Junior year and 
invitation by the faculty. 



47 



Creative Arts 



CREATIVE ARTS 

CR 141A Introduction to the Arts 

History of music, literature, the visual arts, architec- 
ture, dance, and film correlated with the history of 
Western civilization for a deeper understanding and 
appreciation of the arts of the Western world. 

CR 203A Aesthetics East and West 

Compare several art forms of the East and West, 
looking at what distinguishes art and what social and 
economic uses it serves in different cultures. Visits to 
museums and performances. 

CR 244A Art and Culture of Russia 

Kievan and Muscovite periods, Europeanization 
initiated by Peter the Great, Golden Age of Russian 
culture, revolutionary culture, Soviet attitudes 
toward culture. Permission of instructor required 
for Freshmen. 

CRl 305 Resident Advisor Internship - 
1st Semester 

A year-long course for Resident Advisers beginning 
in autumn term. Communication, paraprofessional 
counseling, crisis intervention, conflict resolution, 
leadership training. 

CR2 305 Resident Advisor Internship - 
2nd Semester 

Continuation of the Resident Advisor Internship. 
Two semesters required for one course credit. 

CR 380E Environment & Sense of Place 

Students will explore the "idea of home" and "sense 
of place" in the natural and man-made environment, 
focusing on architectural, geographical, psychologi- 
cal, natural, and literary dimensions. Students will be 
encouraged to develop a personal understanding of 
their own concepts of "home" and "sense of place" 
and to refine their reading, writing, and speaking 
skills. Prerequisite: Junior standing. 

CR 384A 20th C American Women 
in the Arts 

Values and traditions affecting American women 
artists from 1935 to present. Works by women 
in dance, visual arts, prose, poetry, film, 
photography, etc. 



CREATIVE WRITING 

The Writing Workshop helps develop serious 
writers - students who think of themselves primarily 
as writers and students for whom writing will be an 
important avocation. Workshop students learn the 
crafts of journalism, fiction, non-fiction, poetry, the 
play and the screenplay, and develop individual 



voices. They also learn to articulate and defend 
reasoned critical opinions. Course work must include 
six courses in literature and four workshops - fiction, 
poetry and one of the following: playwriting, 
screenwriting, journal writing, the personal essay, 
journalism, publishing and the writing career. In 
consultation with the mentor, in special cases 
(involving a writing interest best served by study 
outside the literature track) students may substitute 
for one literature course, two courses from another 
discipline. Seniors are required to complete a thesis. 
The thesis committee will include two full-time 
creative writing faculty and a third member from any 
other discipline. Concentrations in creative writing 
for theater and writing for advertising and public 
relations are also available. 

In the first year, students take any workshop at the 
200 level and 100 or 200 level literature courses. In 
subsequent years, students build upon this founda- 
tion by 1 ) taking intermediate and advanced courses 
in fiction and poetry and courses in playwriting, 
screenwriting, journals, etc., and 2) developing a 
cluster of literature courses defined by a particular 
interest (e.g., modem and contemporary British and 
American poetry and fiction) and/or supported by 
courses from other disciplines (e.g., American studies 
or history of modem Britain). 

Writing Workshop students are required to take 
fiction and poetry workshops at Eckerd College. 

To minor in creative writing, students must take 
three Writing Workshop courses (in at least two 
genres) and two literature courses. One workshop 
and one literature course must be 300 level or above. 
The workshops must be Eckerd College courses. 

Students wishing to double major in creative writing 
and literature must take ten literature courses and 
fulfill all other requirements for both majors. 
Literature courses taken for a major in literature may 
be counted for a minor in creative writing. 

CW 100 A Introduction to Creative Writing 

An introduction to three genres of writing: poetry, 
fiction and drama. Leam the basic elements and 
techniques of these genres by reading established 
writers and writing in a workshop setting. 

CW 200A Writing Workshop: Poetry 

An introduction to prosody and the craft of poetry in 
traditional forms. Extensive work in meter and 
scansion. Write in various forms, e.g., the sonnet, 
villanelle, ballad, sestina, rondeau, blank verse and 
others. Instructor's permission required. 

CW 201 A Writing Workshop: The Short Story 

An introduction to writing the realistic short story. 
Acquaints the student with basic principles of the 
craft of fiction. Emphasis on rewriting, the develop- 



48 



merit of works through the several phases of 
composition. Instructor's permission required. 

CW 220A Journalism 
Study and practice the basic news story, with 
emphasis on the print news story. Explore other 
forms of news writing and electronic media. Students 
will identify and discuss the social, legal, and ethical 
issues facing the press. 

CW 301 Writing Workshop: Memoir as Story 

This writing workshop includes memoir and the 
personal essay, drawing on the best techniques of 
both storytelling and poetry to find and convey the 
truth of a particular moment. Prerequisite: CW 100 A 
or a 200 level workshop and instructor's permission. 

CW 303 Writing Workshop: Intermediate Fiction 

Continued emphasis on the craft of revision, 
development of individual voice, critical and 
analytical writing and speaking. Prerequisites: 
CW 201 A and instaictor's permission. 

CW 305A Journals, Diaries & Letters 

Journals, diaries and letters as related to the creative 
process. Practice and discuss various joumaling 
techniques, writing our own journals. Instructor's 
permission required. 

CW306 Writing Workshop: 
Intermediate Poetry 

Read major figures in contemporary poetry and work 
toward an understanding of self as a writer and of the 
world and words to create mature works that commu- 
nicate with an audience. Prerequisites: CW 200A 
and instructor's pennission. 

CW 333 Writing Workshop: Advanced Fiction 

Read and discuss published fiction and commentary' 
in John Gardner's "On Becoming a Novelist." 
Discussion of original student works. Prerequisites: 
CW 201 A and CW 303 or Instructor's permission. 

CW 334A Writing Workshop: One-Act Play 

Writing one-act plays, reading short plays, including 
traditional and experimental forms. Each student 
writes at least two plays. Emphasis on rewriting, the 
development of works through several phases of 
composition. Instructor's permission required. 

CW 335 Writing Workshop: Advanced Poetry 

Read and discuss books of poetry by contemporary 
poets, working toward an understanding of the 
conventions of contemporary poetry. Focus on the 
writing process. Suggestions for submitting poetry 
to journals. Prerequisites: CW 306 and permission 
of instructor. 



Directed Study 

CW 348A Writing Workshop: Feature Writing 

Writing newspaper and magazine articles for 
publication. Read and analyze feature articles. Write 
six stories, analyze and profile one daily newspaper 
and one national magazine. Write query letters for 
newspaper and magazine markets. Instructor's 
permission required. 

CW 361 A Writing Workshop: Travel Writing 

Read travel writing in daily newspapers and travel 
magazines Travel to places of interest such as, 
Gulfport, Tarpon Springs, home towns, and exotic 
locales. Explore the travel industry, and learn 
marketing, research, and observation. Instructor's 
pennission required. 

CW 401 Publishing & Writing Career 

Analyze the editorial biases of journals and write 
poems, stories, essays, reviews, and interviews. Find 
information about publishing and learn how to use 
it. Students revise and submit work to journals. 

CW 433 Writing Workshop: Advanced Fiction 

Second semester follow-up to CW 333. Instructor's 
published fiction and commentary in John Gardner's 
"On Becoming a Novelist," while interspersing 
discussion of original student works. Students may 
submit short stories, novellas, or works- in-progress. 
Prerequisites: CW 201 A and instructors permission. 

CW 436 Writing Workshop: Screen writing 

Write one full-length feature film script (120 pages). 
View and discuss classic movies. Read texts on 
screenwriting. Small group work outside of class. 
Prerequisites: CW 201 A, or CW 303 and 
Instructor's pennission. 



DIRECTED STUDY COURSES 

Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the 
registrar's office. 

AM/HI 307H Rebels with a Cause 

AM/HI 308H Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender, 

American Culture 
AN 350 S Introduction to Museum Work 
GE 250S Geography 
GE 3 SOS World Regional Geography 
HD 326 Counseling for Wellness 
HI 321 H Women in America 
HI 334H African- American History I 
HI 347H Recent American History: Historian's View 
LI 22 IH American Literature I 
LI 250H Children's Literature 
LI 251 H Shakespeare 
LI 350H Modem American Novel 
LI 35 IH 20th Century American Women Artists 

& Writers 



49 



East Asian Studies 



MN 230G Asian Management and Leadership Practice 

MN 300S Organizational Consultation 

MN 302S Managing Cultural Diversity 

MN 304S Total Quality Management 

MN 312S Women and Leadership 

MN/SO 345 Complex Organizations 

MN 35 IE Technology, Society, and the Environment 

MN 387 Interpersonal Managerial Competencies 

MN 389 Servant Leadership through Service Learning 

MN 401 Corporate Social Responsihility 

MN 406 Non-profit Management 

MN 411 Social Entrepreneurship 

PL 103G Introduction to Eastern Philosophy 

PO 350S Florida Politics 

PO 450 The Supreme Court in American Politics 

PS 303 Industrial Organizational Psychology 

QM 410 Quest for Meaning 

(by academic petition only for Seniors) 

RE 21 OS Introduction to Christian Ethics 
SP 401H Modem Spanish Novel 
SP 402H Spanish American Novel 
WG 410 Research Seminar: Women & 
Gender Studies 



EAST ASIAN STUDIES 

East Asian Studies offers an integrated, cross- 
disciplinary introduction to the history, humanities, 
and contemporary societies of China and Japan. 
This major serves students who anticipate careers in 
business, government, or diplomacy with an 
international focus; graduate work in international 
and immigration law, international business 
administration, or cross-cultural and social studies 
education; or advanced scholarship in area studies 
or comparative fields in the arts, humanities, and 
social sciences. 

The major in East Asian Studies requires two years of 
Chinese or Japanese language; the core course, EA 
201G (East Asian Traditions); six other courses, at 
least two each from group A and group B below, with 
at least two at the 300-level or above; study abroad 
in East Asia; a senior seminar; and a senior compre- 
hensive examination. A minor is also available to 
serve as an area studies supplement to students with 
majors such as International Business, International 
Relations, Political Science, and Anthropology, as 
well as a comparative studies complement to majors 
in any of the humanities such as History, Literature, 
Religion, or Philosophy. The minor in East Asian 
Studies requires the following: two semesters of 
either Chinese or Japanese language; a core course, 
EA 201G (East Asian Traditions); and three other 
courses, one each from group A and group B below, 
and a third one from either group. 



A: East Asian Heritage 

AH 203 A Arts of the Silk Road 
CN 208G Gender and Sexuality in Asian Literature 
CN 268A Love arid Justice in Chinese Theater 
CN 301H Heroes and Anti-Heroes in 

Chinese Literature 
CR 203 A Aesthetics East & West 
EA 202E East Asian Constructions of Nature 
PL 103G Introduction to Eastern Philosophy 
PL/EA 303G Individual and Society in 

Chinese Thought 
PL/EA 304H Seminar in Chinese Thought: Taoism 
RE 234H The Goddess in Eastern Traditions 
RE 320H The Buddhist Tradition 

B: Contemporary East Asian Societies 

AN 207G Chinese Communist Society 

AN 262E Environment, Population, and Culture 

(China focus) 
AN 282G East Asian Area Studies 
CN 288G Chinese Pop Culture 
CN 302H East Meets West: Chinese Cinema 
HD 350G Contemporary Japanese Families 
HI/EA310G Modem China 
HI/EA 3 lie Modem Japan 
MN 230G Asian Managerial Practices 
PO 231G Politics: East Asian Nations 
PO 232G The Pacific Century 
PO 333S Government and Politics of Japan 
PO 335S Govemment and Politics of China 
PO 336S China, Japan, and the United States 

Other courses which fulfill these requirements 
may become available. In addition, some winter 
temn courses and overseas travel to East Asia may 
also qualify. 

EA 20 10 East Asian Traditions 

(Cross-listed with HI 201G) A survey of the history 
and culture of East Asian societies up to about 1700 
CE; the evolution of political and social structures; 
readings in major works and traditions of philosophy, 
poetry, and fiction. 

EA 202E E Asian Constructions/Nature 

Introduction to conceptual constructions of the 
natural environment in East Asian thought, and 
their expressions in such areas as architecture, urban 
planning, fengshui, medicine, landscape painting, 
and garden design. 

EA 304H Seminar In Chinese Thought: 
Taoism 

(Cross-listed with PL 304H) Exploration of philo- 
sophical issues in Taoism in a historical and com- 
parative framework. Emphasis on Taoist epistemol- 
ogy, ontology, ethics through close study of classic 
texts, the commentary tradition, and comparative 
works in Buddhist, classical Greek, and modem 



50 



Western philosophy. Prerequisite: EA 201G, or 
PL 103G, or permission of instructor. 

EA310G Modem China 

(Cross-listed with HI 31 OG) Surveys the crisis of 
traditional China since 1800, including the response 
to Western and Japanese imperialism, the Commu- 
nist Revolution and Mao's China, and reforms in the 
post-Mao era. Focus on political and social history 
and the lived experience of individual Chinese. 

EA 3 1 IG Modem Japan 

(Cross-listed with HI 3 1 IG) Surveys the history of 
Japan since 1800, including the crisis of Tokugawa 
Japan, the Meiji restoration and reform, the success 
of Imperial Japan, Pearl Harbor and World War II, 
the A-Bomb and American Occupation, and 
post-war economic growth and social and 
political challenges. 

EA 3 120 History of Southeast Asia 

(Cross-listed with HI 312G) A survey of the pre- 
history of Southeast Asian peoples, the formation of 
early kingdoms, the social and economic context of 
commercial life, the impact of European colonialism, 
the development of nationalist consciousness, and 
contemporary challenges. 

EA 410 Senior Seminar in East Asian Studies 

Tutorial on contemporary scholarship in East Asian 
Studies, emphasizing issues such as Orientalism, the 
dichotomy between East and West, and the creation 
and use of "tradition" by both imperialist and 
nationalist movements. 



ECONOMICS 

The competencies achieved in the economics major 
are the ability to: 

• understand and explain general 
economic phenomena; 

• analyze and evaluate economic policy proposals; 

• analyze, synthesize and integrate 
economic ideas; 

• communicate effectively, in both oral and 
written form; 

• do quantitative research, using a statistical 
computer package; 

• engage in library research; and 

• conceive, plan and execute an independent 
quantitative research project. 

In addition to the requirement of statistics, students 
majoring in economics are required to take a 
minimum of eight economics courses and Calculus I. 
All students will take Principles of Microeconomics, 



Economics 

Principles of Macroeconomics, Intemiediate 
Microeconomics, Intermediate Macroeconomics and 
History of Economic Thought. In addition, students 
choose three economics electives from a list of 
approved courses at the 300 level or above. Students 
must maintain a C average in upper level courses to 
successfully complete the major. 

Students can start their economics major in their 
Freshman year. This is the appropriate time to take 
calculus. In addition, students can start the econom- 
ics major proper with Principles of Microeconomics 
or Principles of Macroeconomics. The next appropri- 
ate courses are intermediate Microeconomics and 
Intermediate Macroeconomics. Beyond this students 
can branch out to choose electives. Economics 
electives are available with a simple prerequisite of 
either of the Principles courses. In their Senior year 
students take History of Economic Thought. 

Requirements for a minor in economics include 
Principles of Micro and Macroeconomics, and three 
upper level economics electives, including one upper 
level macro course (EC 382 Intermediate Macroeco- 
nomics or EC 386 Money, Banking, & Financial 
Institutions) and one upper level micro course (EC 
370 Industrial Organization, EC 381 Intermediate 
Microeconomics or EC 384 Managerial Economics). 
The last economics course can be any upper 
division course. 

EC 28 IS Principles of Microeconomics 

Price theory, operation of market system. Industrial 
structure and pricing under different competitive 
structures. Required of all students majoring 
in economics. 

EC 2828 Principles of Macroeconomics 

Main sectors of the economy (consumers, business 
and government) focusing on policy. Monetary 
and fiscal policy, inflation, recession, balance of 
payments. Required for all students majoring 
in economics. 

EC 3018 Leadership: Human Side of 
Economics 

Experiential exercises, readings, and class discussion 
designed to investigate and challenge the behavioral 
assumptions of the contemporary economics 
paradigm. Several leadership theories will be 
explored to facilitate a broader understanding of 
human organizational behavior. 

EC 370 Industrial Organization 

Examine various models of firm behavior in various 
industrial organization structures (competition, 
monopoly, oligopoly, conglomerate), both foreign 
and domestic. Prerequisite: EC 28 IS. 



51 



Ec onomics 

EC 371 Economics of Labor Markets 

The role of labor in the economic system. Division 
of labor, job segregation, wage theory, relationship 
among work, family, household production. 
Prerequisite: EC 281S. 

EC 380 Public Choice 

Theory of public decision making. Living in 
community, origins and appropriate roles of the state, 
justice in the behavior of the state. Models of voting 
behavior through simulation. Prerequisite: EC 28 IS 
or permission of instructor. 

EC 381 Intermediate Microeconomics 

Continuation of EC 28 IS. Theoretical basis for 
consumer demand, firm production and costs, 
pricing and output decisions of firms within market 
structures. Algebraic and graphical models. Explore 
empirical techniques for estimating demand. 
Prerequisite: EC 28 IS. 

EC 382 Intermediate Macroeconomics 

Continuation of EC 282S. Determinants of aggre- 
gate demand and supply, using dynamic and static 
models of analysis. How to use an understanding of 
economic analysis to achieve policy objectives and 
understand trade-offs. Prerequisites: EC 282S and 
EC 260M. 

EC 383 Marine Resource Policy 

Applied course exploring global issues surrounding 
regulation of marine resource use. TTie role of 
economic theory in development of marine resource 
policy. Prerequisites: EC 281S or EC 282S, and 
EC 260M. 

EC 384 Managerial Economics 

Applied economic theory, mathematics and statistics 
in business decision making. Optimization tech- 
niques under conditions of uncertainty. Selecting the 
"best" solutions to business problems.. Prerequisites: 
EC281SandEC260M. 

EC 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

Non-capitalistic and capitalistic economies com- 
pared to show how different institutional arrange- 
ments lead to different ways of making economic 
decisions. Former Soviet Union, Eastern European 
nations. People's Republic of China included. 
Prerequisite: EC 28 IS or 282S. 

EC 386 Money, Banking, & Financial 
Institutions 

(Cross-listed with MN 386) History and develop- 
ment of monetary system and financial structure. 
Money creation and influence on macroeconomic 
activity. Monetary policy implications of regulatory 
agencies. Prerequisite: EC 282S. 



EC 387 Urban Economics 

Urban growth and decay, location decisions, land 
use. Transportation, crime, housing, discrimination 
and segregation, and the urban financial crisis. 
Prereciuisite: EC 28 IS. 

EC 388 Economic Development 

Factors shaping development, underdevelopment of 
Africa, Asia, Latin America. Also social, political 
aspects of economic development. Land reform, 
nature management, appropriate technologies, 
industrialization, rural-urban migration, foreign 
investment, aid, trade. Prerequisites: 
EC218Sor282S. 

EC 389 Natural Resource & 

Environmental Economy 

Role of economic theory in analyzing and evaluating 
natural resource and environmental policy issues. 
Developing models of optimal use of resources: land, 
water, energy', their development, allocation, pricing. 
Prerequisite: EC 281S. 

EC 410 History of Economic Thought 

Senior seminar for economic majors. Economic ideas 
as developed and expounded by Western economists. 
The teachings of the mercantilists, physiocrats, 
Adam Smith, Malthas, Ricardo, Mill, Marx, 
Marshall, German and American schools of thought. 

EC 460 Econometrics 

Introduction to applied econometrics including 
analysis of dummy variables, violations of classical 
assumptions. Prerequisites: Junior or Senior standing 
and permission of instructor. 

EC 480 International Economy: 
Foreign Exchange 

Theory, currency markets, balance of payments, 
government macrostabilization policies and 
exchange rate systems. Bretton Woods, European 
Monetary System, G5 negotiations, LDC debt, 
Mexican/ Asian crises, international monetary 
reform. Prerequisites: EC 282S. 

EC 481 International Economics: Trade 

Theory, government policies, free trade, 
protectionism, U.S. commercial policy, GATT talks, 
US-Japan-EEC trade issues, developing countries, 
solutions for international trade problems. 
Prerequisite: EC 28 IS. 

EC 488 International Economics 

International trade, finance theory and policy. 
Balance of international payments, exchange rate 
adjustments, nature of gains from trade, U.S. 
commercial policy. Prerequisites: EC 28 IS and 282S 
and permission of instructor. 



52 



Environmental Studies 



ENGINEERING AND APPLIED 
SCIENCE DUAL DEGREE 

The engineering and applied science program is 
designed for students who wish to combine a broad, 
values-oriented knowledge base with one of many 
fields of engineering or applied science. Students 
may pursue a career in applied science or one of 
many engineering disciplines including electrical, 
civil, chemical, industrial, aerospace, textile, nuclear, 
biomedical, or systems engineering. Students 
complete all requirements for majors at both 
institutions. For description see page 11. 

ENVIRONMENTAL 
PERSPECTIVE COURSES 

Environmental perspective courses provide 
opportunities for students to address issues in the 
environmental realm in such a manner as to 
enhance their knowledge of the natural world 
and to make informed value judgments concerning 
the environmental consequences of personal 
and social actions. 

AM 3 HE The Environment in American Thought 

AN 220E Cultural Geography 

AN 262E Environment, Population and Culture 

AN 335E Cultural Ecology 

AN 342E Introduction to Ethnobotany 

BI 201E Ecosystems of Florida 

CR 380E Environment & Sense of Place 

EA 202E East Asian Constructions of Nature 

ES 3 HE The Environment in American Thought 

ES 35 IE Influential Environmental Writers 

HD 208E Your Health and the Environment 

HI 253E Environmental Crisis in Russia/Eastern Europe 

HI 325E Western Myth and the Environment 

HI 353E Environmental History 

HI 354E Environment History - Europe 

IB 262E Environment, Population, and Culture 

MN 35 IE Technology, Society and the Environment 

MN 405E Human Ecology and Social Change 

PH 2 HE Energy and the Environment 

PL 243E Environmental Ethics 

PL 310E Ideas of Nature 

PO 202E Public Policymaking in America 

RE 350E Ecology, Chaos, and the Sacred 

RE 3 5 1 E A Culture of Science and Faith 

RE 38 IE Ecotheology 

SO 405 E Human Ecology and Social Change 

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES 

The environmental studies major will provide 
students with an educational specialty grounded in 
the subjects and issues related to the natural 
environment and the relationship of the human 



being to the natural environment. The major offers 
the breadth and depth of interdisciplinary inquiry, 
integrating knowledge across the natural sciences, 
behavioral sciences, and humanities. The major 
develops analytical tools and skills for understanding 
the environment, while emphasizing the role of 
beliefs, values, ethics and aesthetics in shaping 
human behavior. 

Students will be exposed to coursework which 
develops skills in the following areas: laboratory 
research and environmental science; policy analysis, 
social, historical and global awareness; philosophical 
and ethical inquiry; writing and composition; oral 
presentation; educational techniques and strategies; 
legal research; and group enterprise. This will 
prepare students for careers in such diverse fields as 
environmental and urban planning, natural resource 
management, scientific journalism, environmental 
law and policy making, parks and recreation, land- 
scape and architecture, public health, education, the 
arts, and many more. The Environmental Studies 
major or minor satisfies the Environmental 
perspective requirement. 

The major includes five required courses, four 
environmental field courses, two tools courses, and 
the completion of a minor related to environmental 
studies chosen from a pre- approved list. Grades in 
this minor must be C or better and the courses 
cannot be double counted within the major. 
Students graduate with a B.A. degree. 

Required courses (Must take all 5) 

ES 172 Introduction to Environmental Studies 
ES 270 Introduction to Environmental Biology 
ES 21 1 Introduction to Earth Science 
ES 498 Senior Research & Comprehensive Exam 
One upper-level synthesis course that requires at least 
one of the introductory courses. Currently offered 
options: Advanced Natural Resource Policy, Conser- 
vation Biology, and Global Environmental Change. 

Environmental Field Courses 
(Must take a class from 4 of the 6 fields): 

Ethics 

PL 243E Environmental Ethics 
PL 33 1 Environmental Aesthetics 

Religion 

RE 3 18E Ecotheology 

ES 382H Nature and the Sacred: Religion and Ecology 

Literature 

LI 328E Literature and Ecology 

Policy/Law 

PO 325 Environmental Politics & Policy 

PO 313 International Environmental Law 

ES 381 Marine Mammal Conservation and Management 

ES 315 Wildlife Policy 



53 



Environmental Studies 



Economics 

EC 389 Natural Resource and Environmental 

Economics 
EC 383 Marine Resource Policy 
EC 388 Economic Development 

Human Ecology 

HD 329 Person Environment Equation 
HI 353E Environmental History 
SO 405 Human Ecology 
AN 335E Cultural Ecology 

Tools Courses 

(Must take a class from 2 of the 4 categories): 

Writing course 

FD 325 Writing Environmental Policy 
ED 326 Environmental Rhetoric 

Methods course 

EC 281S Principles of Microeconomics 

Statistics 

PO 260M Political Science Research Methods 
BE 260M Statistical Methods for the Sciences 
SO 160M Statistical Methods 
MN 260M Statistical Methods for Management & 

Economics 
PS 200 and 20 IM Statistics and Research Design 1 & II 
MA 133M Statistics: An Introduction 

Computer course 

CS 143M Introduction to Computer Science 

CS 1 10 Wide World of Computing 

ES 341N CIS for Environmental Studies 

Completion of a minor related to 
Environmental Studies: 

History 

Literature 

Philosophy 

Religious Studies 

Economics 

Political Science 

Sociology 

Biology 

Chemistry 

Anthropology 

Human Development 

Visual Arts 

Computer Science 

Geology 

The minor in Environmental Studies requires six 
courses, three required courses (ES 172 Introduction 
to Environmental Studies, ES 270 Introduction to 
Environmental Biology, and ES 21 1 Introduction to 
Earth Science) and three environmental field courses. 
The environmental field courses are listed above. 
Students should choose one class from three of the 
six fields. 



54 



ES 172 Introduction to Environmental Studies 

Such topics as conserving biological diversity, 
sustaining energy, shaping cities, strengthening 
global environmental governance. Human roles and 
responsibilities, the scientific, political, economic, 
and ethical issues involved in the attainment of a 
sustainable future. 

ES 21 IN Introduction to Earth Science 

Introduction to major topics in geology, oceanogra- 
phy, meteorology, and astronomy, the natural forces 
that shape our physical environment, in order to 
appreciate and preserve the planet. 

ES 215 Introduction: Natural Resource Policy 

An introduction to domestic and international 
natural resource conversation issues. Prerequisite: 
sophomore standing. 

ES 216 Coastal Issues: Ethics <& Policy 

An introduction to the fundamentals of coastal 
management principles and practices by examining 
marine parks, mariculture, international marine 
affairs and coastal environmental activism. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. 

ES 270N Introduction to 

Environmental Biology 

Study of ways in which humans affect and are 
affected by the environment, with focus on biology. 
General ecology, population, genetics, identification, 
and use of natural resources, pollution, social 
institutions, ethics. 

ES 280 Environmental Education 

Introduction to environmental education theory, 
methods, and program examples from a variety 
of settings. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing 
and ES 172. 

ES 311N Advanced Environmental Geology 

Environmental management, water supply and 
quality, waste disposal, energy production and use, 
flooding and coastal erosion. Managed solutions and 
difficulties with them. Field/laboratory oriented. 
Prerequisite: ES 211 or MS 208. 

ES 313N Water Resources 

Natural mechanisms and human activities 
controlling the composition of natural waters. 
Topics include rainwater, groundwater, rivers, lakes, 
estuaries, oceans and ocean- atmosphere 
interactions. Prerequisite: ES 211 or permission 
of instructor. 

ES 314E Environment In American Thought 

(Cross-listed with AM 314E) Examines the way in 
which the physical environment has been conceptu- 
alized as cultural landscapes in the American past, 
from the Puritans to Jurassic Park. 



Environmental Studies 



ES315SWUdlife Policy 

Introduces students to historical and current 
national and international wildlife law and policy, 
and develops the skills necessary' for analyzing policy 
through case study analysis. Prerequisites: sophomore 
standing and ES 172. 

ES 3 1 7N Global Environmental Change 

Analysis of global environmental chaiige from a 
scientific perspective, examining how economic and 
political forces interact. Focus on science of climate 
change and regional impacts, ending with possible 
solutions, both personal and societal. Prerequisites: 
ES 211, MS 191, or permission. 

ES318S Marine Mammal Conservation 
Management 

Introduction to historical and current marine 
mammal conservation and management issues. 
Discuss history' of human-marine mammal interac- 
tions, changes in human values and attitudes about 
marine mammals, the role of marine mammals in 
society-, and marine mammal policy. 

ES 34 IN GIS for Environmental Studies 

Learn geographic infomaation system (GIS) theory 
and applications specifically related to the study of 
the environment through lecture and hands-on 
work. Prerequisite: ES 172. 

ES 35 IE Influential Environmental Writers 

Examine environmental values, ideologies, and 
relations through discussions of influential environ- 
mental writings. Major topics include: Jeffersonian 
agrarian vision; transcendentalism; early 
conserv'ationism and preser\'ation; ecology as 
activism; counter-culture \'oices in the wilderness/ 
literature of environmental justice. 

ES 3 7 ON Biodiversity Conservation & 
Decision Making 

Reasons for maintaining biodiversity, threats to 
biodiversity, conser\'ation strategies, roles of relevant 
agencies and organizations, appropriate policy, from 
the marine perspective. Prerequisites: ES 270 or 
permission of instructor. 

ES 37 IN Conservation Biology 

(Cross-listed with BI 371N) Examine problems such 
as species decline and endangerment, invasion by 
non-native species, habitat destruction and fragmen- 
tation, loss of biodiversity, and potential solutions, 
such as endangered species management, habitat 
restoration, ecosystem management. Prerequisite: 
(ES 270 or BI lOON and BI lOlN or BI 188 and 
BI 189) and any statistics course or permission 
of instructor. 



ES 372N Estuaries 

Examination of the unique environments of estuaries 
with a focus on Tampa Bay; including aspects of 
estuarine biolog\^ chemistry', and geology, impact 
of human activities, and estuarine management. 
Prerequisites: ES 172 and ES 270 or permission 
of instructor. 

ES 373 Restoration Ecology 

(Cross-listed with BI 373) Focus on understanding 
how natural processes recover from a variety of 
disturbances. Study of practices for restoring 
ecosystems. A multi-scale approach with emphasis 
on coastal wetlands. Prerequisites: one year 
organismal or environmental biology or permission. 

ES 382H Nature & the Sacred: 
Religion & Ecology 

(Cross-listed with RE 382H) Examine the ways in 
which religions shape human understanding and 
treatment of the natural environment, with an 
emphasis on non- Western religions. 

ES 401 Advanced Natural Resource Policy 

Designed to help advanced students apply practical 
policy analysis methods and the theories that 
underlie them and to identify, define, and analyze 
problems in natural resource conserv^ation and 
develop recommendations to address them. 
Prerequisite: any one of the following courses: 
ES315S,P0 325S. 

ES 480 Advanced Policy of Protected Areas 

Analysis of protected area approaches to conserva- 
tion, policies, community involvement, and future 
trends. Prerequisites: ES 172, Junior standing, and 
one of the foUowmg: ES 215, ES 315S, PC 325S 
or PO 343S. 

ES 481 Advanced Ecotourism Policy 
and Practice 

Analysis of costs and benefits of ecotourism, 
including relevant laws and policies, community 
involvement, and future trends. Prerequisites: ES 172 
and one of the following: ES 215, ES 315, PO 325S, 
or PO 343S. 

ES 498 Environmental Comprehensive 
Exam/Internship 

Review and exam on key environmental studies 
concepts. Orientation to and development of job 
preparation skills. Completion of environmental 
internship. 



55 



Finance 

FINANCE 

A minor in finance requires the following: 

MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

IB 378 Investment Finance 

EC 386 Money and Banking 

IB 486 International Finance and Banking 

and a choice of one of the following courses which 
must be approved by the Management Discipline 
Coordinator: 

MN 384 Managerial Economics 

MN 475 Investment Analysis 

EC 480 International Economics & Foreign Exchange 

MN 479 Corporate Finance 

Internship / Independent Study 



FORD APPRENTICE 
SCHOLARS PROGRAM 

For description see page 20. 

FS 301 History of Ideas 1 

Major ideas from classical Greece through the 
Enlightenment that have shaped our intellectual 
heritage. Emphasis on origins of academic disci- 
plines, sources of creativity, social and cultural 
factors, key individuals. Variety of learning methods. 
Prerequisite: Junior standing and selection as a Ford 
Scholar. The two course sequence (FS 301 and 302) 
fulfill either an E or G perspective and the humani- 
ties academic area requirement. 

FS 302 History of Ideas II 

Continuation of FS 301 covering nineteenth and 
twentieth centuries and culminating in a major 
project that draws on student's knowledge of history 
to address a significant intellectual problem in the 
future. Prerequisite: FS 301 and selection as a Ford 
Scholar. The two course sequence (FS 301 and 302) 
fulfill either an E or G perspective and the humani- 
ties academic area requirement. 

FSl 410 Ford Scholars Senior Colloquium 

Required of Seniors in the Ford Apprentice Scholars 
Program. Shared reflections on issues pertaining to 
research, teaching, and other aspects of teaching as a 
career. Participation in both fall and spring semesters 
required for one course credit. 

FS2 410 Ford Scholars Senior Colloquium 

Continuation of the Ford Senior Colloquium. 
Participation in both fall and spring semesters 
required for one course credit. 



FRENCH 

The major in French consists of eight courses and a 
comprehensive examination or, with faculty 
approval, a senior thesis/project. One of the eight 
courses must be 400-level. All French majors must 
take FR 380Fi Introduction to French Culture and 
FR 370G The Francophone World. French majors 
are expected to speak the language well enough to be 
rated at the Intermediate Mid-level of proficiency as 
defined by the American Council on the Teaching 
of Foreign Languages (ACTFL), and are therefore 
strongly urged to spend at least one semester abroad. 
The Office of International Education will assist 
students in identifying appropriate programs. Please 
note that all study abroad must be approved by 
language faculty and cleared by the registrar. 
Students are also encouraged to participate in 
Eckerd's language-intensive winter terms offered in 
France or other francophone regions. 

The minor in French consists of five courses 
including either FR 380H Introduction to French 
Culture or FR 370G The Francophone World. 

Majors or minors who transfer credit (from the U.S. 
or abroad) are required to take at least one advanced 
course (beyond FR 302H) at Eckerd. 

For more information on language study, see 
Modem Languages. 

FR 101 Elementary French I 

Introduction to French for students with little or 
no training in the language. Three classes per week; 
intensive practice in speaking, listening, reading, 
writing, with additional focus on cultural 
understanding. 

FR 102 Elementary French II 

2nd semester of FR 101; completes General Educa- 
tion language requirement. Prerequisite: FR 101. 

FR 112 Accelerated Beginning French 

A one semester intensive review of elementary 
French for students with three or more years of high 
school study. Practice in speaking, listening, reading 
and writing, with additional focus on cultural 
understanding. Completes General Education 
language requirement. Prerequisite: Placement or 
instructor's pennission. 

FR 201 Intermediate French I 

Designed as sequel to FR 101-102 or FR 1 12, and for 
students with more than three years of study in high 
school. Grammar review and practice in all four skill 
areas serve to develop broad language skills. Strong 
focus on cultural communication. Prerequisite: 
FR 102, three years + of high school French, or 
instructor's permission. 



56 



German 



FR 202 Intermediate French II 

2nd semester of Intermediate French. 
Prerequisite: FR 201. 

FR 302H Advanced Composition «& 
Conversation 

Intensive focus on developing sophisticated written 
and spoken French in several domains, as well as on 
reading to broaden students' competence in cultural 
communication. Prerequisite: FR 202. 

FR 307H Literature & Film in Postwar France 

Literature, cinema, and cultural issues in France 
from World War II to present. Existentialism, 
formalism, New Novel, New Wave and the return 
of history in the '70s and '80s. Prerequisite: FR 302H 
or equivalent. 

FR 370G The Francophone World 

Cultural history', literature and cinema of French- 
speaking regions. Focus on colonial war, Islam, the 
Negritude movement, the globalization of French. 
Prerequisite: FR 302H or equivalent. 

FR 380H Introduction to French Culture 
& History 

Historical overview of French history' and culture 
from medie\'al period through twentieth century'. 
Literature, painting, science in historical context. 
Prerequisite: FR 302H or equivalent. 

FR 392G Francophone Africa & Caribbean 

Literature and culture of two major Francophone 
regions which have attempted to resist values imposed 
by the French. Alienation and Western society, 
survival of indigenous culture, importance of Islam, 
necessity and impossibility of writing in the colonizer's 
language, the Negritude movement. Prerequisite: 
FR 302H or equivalent. 

FR 400 Topics in French Culture 

Various aspects of French culture and history 
through literature, tilm and art. Prerequisite: 
FR 302H or equivalent. 

FR 404 Themes in French Literature 

Study and analysis of particular questions, schools 
or motifs in the history of French literature. 
Prerequisite: FR 302H or equivalent. 

FR 405 Commercial French 

St\'le, vocabulary' and cultural knowledge necessary 
for French business. Basic workings of the economy, 
corporate practice. Prerequisite: FR 302H or equivalent. 

FR 406 French Theatre on Stage 

Reading, recitation and performance of passages and 
plays in order to improve oral communication and 
cultural skills. Prerequisite: FR 302H or equivalent. 



FR 410 Senior Seminar/French Studies 

Readings and discussion of selected topics. 
Prerequisite: One course above FR 302H. 

FR 450 French Cinema 

Evolution of French cinema, technical innovation 
and cultural dynamics. Focus on movements, 
individual directors, writers and performers. 
Prerequisite: FR 302H or equivalent. 

GEOGRAPHY 

GE 2 5 OS Geography 

(Directed Study) Concepts, theories and substantive 
material of modem geography. Relationship between 
material environment and human cultural systems. 

GE 3 5 OS World Regional Geography 

(Directed Study) Relationship of human activities to 
natural environment on world-wide basis. Soils, land 
forms, climate, vegetation, minerals and the cultural 
systems of different areas of the world. 

GEOLOGY 

The Geology minor consists of five courses 
as follows: 

Three required courses: 

MS 242 Marine Geology 
MS 234 Earth Systems History 
MS 257 Earth Materials 

Two electives from the following list: 

MS 303 Principles of Marine Geophysics 

MS 304 Marine Invertebrate Paleontology 

MS 304 Marine Stratigraphy & Sedimentation 

MS 306 Earth Structure 

MS 309 Principles of Hydrology 

MS 347 Marine Geochemistry 

MS 401 Coastal Geology 



GERMAN 

The major in German consists of eight courses and a 
comprehensive examination or, with faculty 
approval, a senior thesis/project. One of the eight 
courses must be 400-level. German majors are 
expected to speak the language well enough to be 
rated at the Intermediate Mid-level of proficiency as 
defined by the American Council on the Teaching 
of Foreign Languages (ACTFL), and are therefore 
strongly urged to spend at least one semester abroad. 
The Office of International Education will assist 
students in identifying appropriate programs. Please 
note that all study abroad must be approved by 
language faculty and cleared by the registrar. 



57 



Global Perspective Courses 



Students are also encouraged to participate in 
Eckerd's language-intensive winter terms offered 
in Germany. 

The minor in Gernnan consists of five courses. 

Majors or minors who transfer credit (from the U.S. 
or abroad) are required to take at least one advanced 
German course at Eckerd. 

For more information on language study, see 
Modem Languages. 

GR 101 Elementary German I 

Language through videos and supplemental reading. 
Method appropriate to need, patterning and 
grammatical analysis. Will enable students to 
function in Gemran-speaking country. Prerequisite: 
GR 101 or equivalent for 102. 

GR 102 Elementary German II 

2nd semester of Elementary German. 
Prerequisite: GR 101. 

GR 201 Intermediate German I 

Review of grammar; short stories and cultural films. 
Introduction to German culture and native language 
models. Class discussions in German. 
Prerequisites: GR 102. 

GR 202 Intermediate German II 

2nd semester of Intermediate German II. 
Prerequisite: GR 201. 

GR 30 IH Introduction to German Literature 
& Life I 

German cultural heritage, including a survey of 
German literature from Goethe to the present. 
Prerequisite: GR 202 or equivalent. 

GR 302H Introduction to German Literature 
& Life II 

2nd semester of Introduction to German Literature 
and Culture. German cultural heritage, including a 
survey of German literature from Goethe to the 
present. Prerequisite: GR 202 or equivalent. 

GR 303H Grimm's Fairy Tales 

A study of the fairy tales collected by the Brothers 
Grimm using an authentic text and the internet to 
learn about German culture and the true story of the 
fairy tales. Prerequisite: GR 202 or equivalent. 

GR 311H Advanced German Composition 
& Conversation 

Student participation in teaching theoretical and 
practical aspects of grammar, culture, and literature. 
Topical discussions and written assignments in the 
language. Prerequisite: GR 202 or equivalent. 



GR312H Advanced German Composition & 
Conversation II 

Second semester oi GR 3 1 IH Advanced German 
Composition and Conversation. Prerequisite: GR 
202 or equivalent. 

GR 40 IH The German Novel 

A study of the most representative novelists from 
Goethe to the present. Includes Thomas Mann, 
Hermann Hesse, and the writers of present day 
Germany, Austria and Switzerland. 

GR 402H The German Novel 

Second semester of GR 401 H. 

GR 403H German Drama 

German drama from Goethe to the present. 
Particular emphasis on drama of the 19th century 
and the present. 

GR 404H German Drama 

Second semester of GR 403H. 

GR 441 Seminar in German 

Included are such topics as Goethe's Faust, German 
poetry, the German novelle, history of the German 
language, independent readings. For Seniors. 

GR 442 Seminar in German 

Second semester of Seminar in German I. 



GLOBAL 
PERSPECTIVE COURSES 

Global perspective courses provide an encounter 
with cultures and/or histories whose bases (philo- 
sophical, religious, ethical, aesthetic) or world views 
differ significantly from those of the Western 
European or North American tradition. Such a 
course will encourage students to view their own 
cultural traditions and assumptions in the larger 
context of the world's diversity. Given the inherent 
educational value of having cultural experiences in 
other parts of the world, which naturally encourage 
cultural comparisons with the student's own, all 
off-campus programs outside the United States are 
eligible for global perspective designation. 

AM 204G Native American Colloquium 

AN 20 IG Introduction to Anthropology 

AN 282G East Asian Area Studies 

AN 283G Southeast Asian Area Studies 

AN 285G Latin American Area Studies 

AN 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

AN 287G Caribbean Area Studies 

AN 288G Native Cultures: Southeast U.S. 

AN 334G Fertility and Reproduction 

CM 224G International Cinema: World through Film 



58 



CN 208G Gender/Sexuality in Asian Literature 

CN 2880 Chinese Popular Culture 

EA 20 10 East Asian Traditions 

EA 303O Individual and Society in Chinese Thought 

EA310O Modem China 

EA 3 11 Modem Japan 

EA 3120 History of Southeast Asia 

PR 3920 Francophone Africa and the Caribbean 

PR 370O The Francophone World 

HD 350O Contemporary Japanese Families 

HI 20 10 East Asian Traditions 

HI 2320 World History' to Columbus 

HI 2330 Global History in the Modem World 

HI 2340 Twentieth Century World History 

HI 309O Cold War and After 

HI310GModemChma 

HI 3 110 Modem Japan 

HI 3120 History' of Southeast Asia 

HI 3240 Native American History 

HI 3490 Native American Thought 

HI 3720 World War II 

INI 3890 British Seminar 

MN 230G Asian Managerial Practices 

MU 3560 World Music 

PL 103O Introduction to Eastem Philosophy 

PL 303O Individual/Societ^' - Chinese Thought 

PL 3490 Native American Tliought 

PC I03O Introduction to Intemational Relations 

PO 104O Introduction to Comparative Politics 

PO 2110 Inter- American Relations 

PO 2310 Politics: East Asian Nations 

PO 2320 The Pacific Century 

PO 3520 The Globalization Debate 

RE 230O Yogis, Mystics, Shamans 

RE 240O Non-Westem Religions 

RE 3190 The Hmdu Tradition 

RE 3910 Myths of Creation & Destruction 



HISTORY 

History is one of the central disciplines in a liberal 
education. As broad as human experience, it 
provides a context for the understanding of litera- 
ture, art, philosophy and the sciences. Akin to both 
the Humanities and Social Sciences, history gives 
attention to the individual and to society as a whole, 
revealing die vast range of human experiences, the 
extraordinary variety of human institutions, and the 
inevitability of change. The study of history builds 
skills and knowledge that are indispensable for any 
career: clarity in writing and speaking; effective 
use of evidence and argument; the ability to 
perform independent research; and an awareness 
of cultural difterences and commonalities. It is thus 
excellent preparation for a wide variety of fields - 
law, teaching, business, public service, joumalism, 
and even medicine. 



History 

Students who complete this major demonstrate the 
following competencies: 

• knowledge of American and European history 
demonstrated by the ability to talk and write 
intelligently about these fields. 

• ability to think historically with regard to issues 
such causation, cultural diffusion, the role of 
the individual in history, geographic and 
demographic influences in history, and gender 
and minority issues in the past, citing examples 
from both the Westem tradition and the wider 
global experience. 

• awareness of the historical method and 
historiography generally, and knowledge of the 
historiography of at least one field with some 
thoroughness. 

• ability to locate bibliographical information on 
historical topics, and to engage in scholarly 
writing such as book and film reviews, anno- 
tated bibliographies, and historical and 
historiographical essays. 

• ability to do historical research based on 
primary source material. 

History majors are required to take a minimum of 
10 total history courses and must complete either a 
thesis or a comprehensive exam in their senior year. 
The 10 history courses must include the following 
five core courses: 

HI 202H Tlie European Experience 

HI 205H The American Experience 

HI 206H Making History 

HI 2320 World History to Columbus 

HI 2330 Global History in the Modem World 

Of the remaining five history' electives counting 
toward the major, no more than three should come 
from any one of the following fields: American 
History, European/ Ancient History, and Asian/ 
World History. Seniors wishing to write a thesis must 
consult with a sponsor by the Spring semester of 
their junior year. Those wishing to take a compre- 
hensive exam will enroll in HI 498 History' Compre- 
hensive Exam during Winter Term of their senior 
year. Although not necessarily required for the 
major, a separate composition course is strongly 
recommended, especially for freshmen and sopho- 
mores with little background in research and 
argumentative writing. 

A minor in history consists of a minimum of six 
history courses, which must include HI 206H 
Making History and any two of the following 
survey courses: 

HI 202 H The European Experience 

HI 205H The American Experience 

HI 2320 World History to Columbus 

HI 2330 Global History in the Modem World 



59 



History 

Of the remaining three history electives counting 
toward the minor, no more than two should come 
from any one of the following fields: American 
History, European/ Ancient History, and Asian/ 
World History. 

HI 201 G East Asian Traditions 

(Cross-listed with EA 201G) A survey of the history 
and culture of East Asian societies up to about 1 700 
CE; the evolution of political and social structures; 
readings in major works and traditions of philosophy, 
poetry, and fiction. 

HI 202H The European Experience 

A survey of European History from the Late Middle 
Ages to the present, emphasizing important political, 
economic, social, and cultural developments. 

HI 205H The American Experience 

Survey of American History developed chronologi- 
cally with the emphasis on political, economic, 
social, cultural, and global themes. The course will 
be organized around significant figures, events, ideas, 
values, and experiences of the American people. 

HI 206H Making History 

An introduction to the theory and practice of 
history. This course will examine a selected historical 
topic in detail, but will also feature training in 
historical research and writing, and in various 
methodological approaches. 

HI 2320 World History to Columbus 

History of the world from the emergence of major 
Eurasian, African, and American Civilizations to 
1500, with emphasis on technological and social 
change, cultural diffusion, and cultural interactions. 

HI 233G Global History in Modem World 

History of the world since 1500, with emphasis on 
the interaction of Western ideas and institutions 
with the rest of the world. Also examines the 
legacies of industrialization, imperialism, and 
globalization for today's world. 

HI 234G The Twentieth Century World 

History of one of the world's most vibrant and also 
bloodiest of centuries. The course focuses on social, 
cultural, and technological change; important 
political and ideological conflicts; and the legacies of 
hot and cold wars. 

HI 242H Ancient Greek History 

(Cross-listed with CL 242H) Provides an overview 
of the history of Greece from Mycenaean times up 
until the age of Alexander through the ancient 
writers themselves: Herodotus, Thucydides, 
Xenophon, and Plutarch. 



HI 243H Ancient Roman History 

(Cross-listed with CL 243H) Provides an overview 
of the history of Rome from its legendary beginnings 
in the eighth century BC to the age of Nero in the 
ftrst century AD through the ancient authors 
themselves: Livy, Tacitus, Suetonius, Plutarch, 
and Polybius. 

HI 283G Russia: Perestroika to Present 

An examination of contemporary Russian society 
from the beginning of Gorbachev's Perestroika to the 
present. The fall of Communism with special 
attention to the processes of socialization and daily 
life for Russians. 

HI 302H Sport and American Cukure 

This course explores the place of sport in American 
society; It uses sport to illuminate broader historical 
themes: urban and community life, economic 
development, social relationships, social mobility, 
and popular cultural processes. 

HI 307H Rebels With a Cause 

(Cross-listed with AM 307H) Reform and radical 
ideology of the 19th and 20th centuries. Populism, 
progressivism; nationalist, civil rights, peace, 
feminist, environmental movements. (Directed 
Study available) 

HI 308H Becoming Visible 

(Cross-listed with AM 308H) Changing perspectives 
on what it means to be male or female in the 
U.S. Historical origins and sources of values 
concerning masculinity and femininity. (Directed 
Study available) 

HI 309G Cold War and After 

Explore the culture of the Cold War from both 
American and Russian perspectives; analyze and 
interpret the political events that led to the Cold 
War and the scientific and technological develop- 
ments of the Cold War. 

HI 310G Modem China 

(Cross-listed with EA 310G) Surveys the crisis of 
traditional China since 1800, including the response 
to Western and Japanese imperialism, the Commu- 
nist Revolution and Mao's China, and reforms in the 
post-Mao era. Focus on political and social history 
and the lived experience of individual Chinese. 

HI 311G Modem Japan 

(Cross-listed with EA 31 IG) Surveys the history of 
Japan since 1800, including the crisis of Tokugawa 
Japan, the Meiji restoration and reform, the success 
of Imperial Japan, Pearl Harbor and World War II, 
the A-Bomb and American Occupation, and 
post-war economic growth and social and 
political challenges. 



60 



HI 312G History of Southeast Asia 

(Cross-listed with EA 312G) A survey of the pre- 
history of Southeast Asian peoples, the formation of 
early kingdoms, the social and economic context of 
commercial life, the impact of European colonialism, 
the development of nationalist consciousness, and 
the challenges facing contemporary Southeast 
Asian nations. 

HI 3 HE Environment in American Thought 

(Cross-listed with AM 3 HE) Examine ways physical 
environment has been conceptualized as the cultural 
landscapes in the American past, from the Puritans 
"errand into the wilderness" to more recent encoun- 
ters in the chaotic world of Jurassic Park. 

HI 320H The New South: 1863 to Present 

This course examines the social, cultural, and 
economic transformations in the American South 
since the Emancipation Proclamation. It also traces 
the legacy of slavery and racism through Reconstruc- 
tion, Jim Crow, and the Civil Rights movement. 

HI 32 IH Women in Modem America 

Feminist theory, growth of women's movements, 
minority women, working women, changes in 
women's health, birth control, images of women in 
literature and film. Changes in women's position in 
America. (Directed Study Available) 

HI 324G Native American History 

History of Native Americans from the time of 
European contact to present. Inner workings of 
Native American communities, Indian- White 
relations, changing governmental policy. Native 
American spirituality, economics, gender roles, 
decision making. 

HI 325E Western Myth & the Environment 

This course explores how environmental issues 
helped to shape the myths of the American West. It 
begins with the first European settlements in North 
America and culminates with a study of ecological 
concerns in the contemporary West. 

HI 3 3 OH Reconstruction 

Study of one of the most turbulent, controversial eras 
in American history. In the past thirty years the 
traditional view of this period has come under 
intense scrutiny. What emerges is a much more 
balanced account oi this crucial period. 

HI 333H History of The Vietnam War 

Establishment of Vietnamese nation in ill B.C., its 
struggle for autonomy despite foreign invasion 
throughout its long history. The impact of the 
Vietnam War on American society, antiwar 
movement during Johnson and Nixon administra- 
tions, analysis of the war's legacy. 



History 

HI 334H African-American History I 

The contributions of African- Americans from the 
Colonial period to Reconstruction. Participation in 
American Revolution, rise of Cotton Kingdom, 
development of distinct culture, Civil War and 
Reconstruction. 

HI 335H African'American History II 

African- American history from Reconstruction to 
the present. Developments in education, racism, 
participation in military, socioeconomic develop- 
ment. Civil Rights movement and legislation. 

HI 336H Civil Rights Movement: 1945-75 

Black participation in World War II, the effects of 
the Brown Decision and various Civil Rights 
legislation, the rise of Black nationalism. 

HI 337H The Civil War 

Events that preceded the Civil War and contributed 
to disunion, such as the Southern Carolina Nullifica- 
tion Crisis, the Compromise of 1850, and John 
Brown's raid. Impact of the war on both North and 
South. PBS video on Civil War is used. 

HI 338H Harlem Renaissance 

Emergence of a new literary and artistic movement 
within the African- American community in the 
1920's and how it affected other social movements in 
American society. African- American History 1 and 
II helpful but not required. 

HI 339H The Great Depress & American Life 

(Cross-listed with AM 339H) Exploring American 
life during the Great Depression in its social, 
cultural, and environmental aspects, using literature, 
mass media and online archival resources. 

HI 342H The Rise of Russia 

Evolution from 9th century to 1801. Byzantium, 
Mongol invasion, conflicts with Germans, Poles and 
Swedes, influence of the West. 

HI 343H Modem Russia & Soviet Union 

Imperial Russia, Russian revolution, continuity and 
change in Russian and Soviet history, and the 
former Soviet Union as a totalitarian society and 
world power. 

HI 344H History Of Two St.Petersburgs 

The history of St. Petersburg, Florida and 
St. Petersburg, Russia. 

HI 347H Recent American History: 
Historian's View 

(Directed Study Available) Current trends in 
interpreting U.S. history since World War II. 
Transformation of American society since 1945 
and the new position of the U.S. in world affairs. 



61 



H onors Program 

HI 349G Native American Thought 

(Cross-listed with PL 349G) This course focuses on 
the nature of Native American thought; explores the 
differing assumptions, methods, and teachings 
connected with the pursuit of wisdom, with special 
attention to metaphysics and ethics. 

HI 353E Environmental History 

The role and place of nature in human life, and the 
interactions that societies in the past have had with 
the environment. Concentrates on the U.S., but 
provides methodological approaches to the 
broader field. 

HI 354E Environmental History - Europe 

Covers the environmental history of Europe between 
1850 and the present. In addition to industrializa- 
tion, urbanization, and globalization, the course also 
investigates how particular intellectuals, movements, 
and ideologies conceptualized and interacted with 
the natural world. 

HI 363H The Renaissance 

A chronological study of the development of 
Renaissance humanism in Italy from its origins in 
14th century Florence to its artistic expressions in 
16th century' Venice and Rome. 

HI 364H The Reformation 

An examination of Reformation theology in its 
political and institutional context. The course 
includes a look at the broad repercussions of the 
Reformation and the responses of the Catholic Church. 

HI 366H Inside Nazi Germany 
This course is a detailed examination of the political, 
social, and cultural history of the Third Reich. 
It places Nazism in its historical context and 
investigates the persecution of European Jews and 
other minorities. 

HI 368H Modem German History 

This course examines German History from its 
unification in 1870, through reunification in 1989, 
to the present. It includes the German Empire, 
WWl, Weimar, Nazism and the Holocaust, WWII, 
the Cold War and a United Europe. 

HI 370H Sex & Power: European Thought 

This course investigates Modem European Intellec- 
tual History through the lens of issues of sex, gender, 
and power. Readings feature some of the greatest 
European writers of the last two centuries. 

HI 372G World War II 

A truly global look at the Second World War, 
focusing on its causes and consequences, on military 
conflict in various theaters, and on experiences at 
the "home front". 



HONORS PROGRAM 

The Honors Program at Eckerd College provides 
enhanced opportunities or independent study and 
research to students of outstanding ability. Selected 
students are brought together for close interaction 
and advanced work, such studies receiving perma- 
nent recognition on the students' transcripts. For 
description see page 20. 

SHI 410 Senior Honors Colloquium - 
1st Semester 

A student-directed seminar focusing on both 
common curriculum experiences and specific policy 
and values issues related to the students' individual 
disciplines. A two semester course for one course 
credit. Students taking the Senior Honors Collo- 
quium also take the Senior Seminar in their 
collegium or discipline if it is required. 

SH2 410 Senior Honors Colloquium - 
2nd Semester 

Continuation of the Senior Honors seminar. 
Two semesters required for one course credit. 

WHl 184 Western Heritage (Honors) - 
1st Semester 

The Freshman course for students in the Honors 
Program. Students meet weekly for the academic 
year and are awarded a course credit. Admission is 
by application to the Honors Program Director. 
Two semesters required for one course credit. 

WH2 184 Western Heritage (Honors) - 
2nd Semester 

Continuation of the Freshman course for students 
in the Honors Program. Students meet weekly for 
the academic year and are awarded a course credit. 
Admission is by application to the Honors Program 
Director. Two semesters required for one 
course credit. 



HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 

Students majoring in human development are 
prepared for graduate programs in counseling, 
counseling psychology, social work, maniage and 
family therapy, education, or related allied therapy 
fields and for entry level positions in human services. 
By developing a strong foundation of self-knowledge 
and understanding of others across the lifespan, 
students learn how to help people reach their 
fullest potential whether in business, government, 
education, private practice, or human service 
agency settings. 



62 



Human Development 



Human Development graduates are expected 
to possess: 

• knowledge of the key theories of human 
development; the basic approaches to helping 
individuals, groups, and families resolve 
problems and maximize their potential; and a 
multicultural perspective on human growth 
and functioning. 

• skills in interpersonal communication, public 
speaking, and group facilitation. 

• skill in research methods and writing employed 
by those in the helping professions and effective 
use of library and computer-based resources. 

• an understanding and application of ethical 
principles and personal responsibility in the 
helping professions. 

These competencies are demonstrated through 
satisfactory completion of the required courses and 
Senior comprehensive paper. 

Core courses in the major include the following 
which are listed in the order in which they should be 
taken. All courses require a grade of C or better to 
qualify for graduation in the major. 

1 . Introduction to Human Development 

2. Statistical Methods 

3. Counseling Strategies: Theory and Practice 

4. Group Dynamics 

5. Cross Cultural Communication and Counseling 

6. Social Ecology and Mental Health 

7. Ethical Issues in Human Development 

8. Leadership and Administrative Dynamics 

9. Internship in Human Development 

The extensive 210-hour internship and a minimum 
of five (5) other courses are required in the emphasis 
area of the student's choice. Students may choose an 
area of emphasis in mental health, wellness and 
holistic health, children, adolescent/youth services, 
or social work. In special cases the student in 
conjunction with a Mentor may design an 
alternative area. 

To minor in human development, a student must 
complete Introduction to Human Development, 
Counseling Strategies Theory and Practice, and 
three of the following: Social Ecology and Mental 
Health, Ethical Issues in Human Development, 
Cross Cultural Communications and Counseling, or 
Group Dynamics. 



HD 10 IS Introduction to Human Development 

Overview of the helping professions; study of life 
stages with accompanying needs, crises, passages; 
community family support; relationships between 
personal values and life problems. Some off- 
campus learning. 

HD 203 The Adolescent Experience 

Theories and research in adolescent physical, 
cognitive and social development. Psychosocial 
challenges of adolescence. Prerequisite: HD lOlS, 
PS 10 IS or pennission of instructor. 

HD 204 Socialization: Study of Gender 

Socializing processes affecting men and women; 
social roles and their origins, sexual difference effects 
on mental health and unifying aspects of masculine/ 
feminine nature; influence of culture, understanding 
socialization processes. Prerequisites: HD 101 S or 
PSlOlSorSOlOlS. 

HD 2078 Group Dynamics 

Laboratory approach to the study of groups, includ- 
ing participation, observation and analysis; investiga- 
tion of roles of group members, transitional stages, 
leadership, and group functioning. 

HD 208E Your Health & the Environment 

Socioecological model of health addresses ways in 
which human health is influenced by both environ- 
mental and personal factors. Exams and individual 
health project. 

HD 209 Childhood Roles & Family Systems 

Adaptive nature of childhood roles (Hero, Scape- 
goat, Lost Child, Mascot) and their continued effect 
on adults. Strengths/weaknesses, benefits/losses of 
specific roles. Compare healthy and dysfunctional 
families. Prerequisite: HD lOlS or PS lOlS. 

HD 210 Counseling Strategies: Theory 
and Practice 

Overview of counseling process and career explora- 
tion in the helping professions. Review of psycho- 
therapeutic approaches. For students planning to use 
counseling related skills in their careers. Prerequisite: 
HD lOlS or PS lOlS or permission of instructor. 

HD 225 Introduction to Social Work 

Introduction to profession, practice, history and 
value bases of social work. Examination of social 
welfare issues as they relate to the field of social 
work. Prerequisite: HD 101 S or permission of 
instructor. Not offered every year. 



63 



Humanities 



HD 271 Practicum in Leadership &. 
Programming 

Fundamentals of developing and implementing 
programs for targeted groups in health, mental 
health, leisure, education, and other settings to meet 
needs and interests of different populations. Prereq- 
uisite: HD lOlS, 207S, or permission of instmctor. 

HD 324 Counseling Strategies/Children 

A multi model approach to learning current theories 
of counseling with children: process, play, selection 
of toys, limited setting, relationships with parents, 
etc. Prerequisites: HD lOlS or PS lOlS, HD 210, or 
permission of instructor. 

HD 326 Counseling for Wellness 

Holistic/wellness paradigm to health involving 
social, physical, emotional, spiritual, mental and 
vocational aspects. Theory, research, alternative 
health care, counseling procedures. Prerequisites: 
HD lOlS, 210 or permission of instructor. Generally 
offered alternate years. 

HD 327 Social Ecology & Mental Health 

Tlieory, practice, development and research in 
community mental health systems. Survey of local 
programs; overview of medical and developmental 
models and strategies; practice in designing programs 
for the Eckerd College community. Prerequisites: 
PS lOlS or HD lOlS, HD 210, and statistics. 

HD 328 Crosscultural Communication & 
Counseling 

The elements of culture and their influence on world 
view, language, contextual definitions of proper 
communication; theories of cross-cultural communi- 
cation; cognitive, affective, verbal and non-verbal 
dimensions of communication. Experiential practice. 
Prerequisite: HD 210 and Junior or Senior standing. 

HD 3298 Person-Environment Equation 

How environmental studies and concepts are used in 
community mental health and social science fields to 
provide holistic approaches to complex problems of 
human development. Natural and built aspect of the 
physical environment and their relationship to 
mental, emotional, and psychosocial human actions. 
Small group field research. 

HD 350G Contemporary Japanese Families 

Modem Japanese family systems as a window 
introducing Japanese culture. Self identity, role 
behaviors, and values/expectations in social, 
educational, religious, political, economic and 
aesthetic context. How culture is constructed and 
transmitted across generations. Seminar with focused 
library and web research, film series. 



HD 386 Ethical Issues in Human Development 

Ways that people express their personal, professional, 
and cultural values as they struggle with challenging 
ethical dilemmas in the helping professions such as 
counseling, the law, ministry, and health care. 
Personal ethical analysis and professional codes 
of ethics. 

HD 387 Forensics & Human Behavior 

Major topics include criminal profiling, eyewitness 
identification, suggestibility, lie detection, jury 
selection, the insanity defense, competency to stand 
trial, expert testimony and ethical issues. Prerequi- 
sites: HD lOlSor PS lOlS; SO 160M or PS 200M or 
pennission of instructor. 

HD 401 Internship in Human Development 

A field-based learning experience; 210 on-site hours 
of off-campus placements, such as centers for drug 
abuse, delinquency, women's services, mental health. 
Bi-weekly seminar. Prerequisites: Senior standing 
and permission of instmctor. 

HD 403 Practicum in Peer Counseling 

Developing skills in interviewing, assessing 
individual problems and strengths. Role played 
and videotaped counseling sessions, supervised 
counseling experience appropriate to student's level. 
Prerequisite: HD210. 

HD 404 Leadership & Administrative Dynamics 

Basic principles and distinctiveness of human service 
organizations, administrative tools and techniques, 
facilitating the change process, and leadership 
development. Prerequisites: HD 327 and Junior or 
Senior standing or permission of instructor. 

HD 405 Practicum in Group Process 

Theory, process and applications of group develop- 
ment and counseling. Lab practice of effective group 
membership and leadership behaviors. In class 
videotaping and additional group observation 
project. Prerequisites: PS lOlS or HD lOlS, 207S, 
and 210. 



HUMANITIES 

Humanities is an interdisciplinary major coordinated 
by the Letters Collegium. Working together, the 
student and Mentor design a ten course program 
focusing on a central topic (e.g., historical period, 
geographical area, cultural/ intellectual movement), 
using the methodology of one core discipline (art, 
foreign language, history, literature, music, philoso- 
phy, political science, religion, sociology, theatre), 
supplemented with courses from complementary 
disciplines. Humanities students are encouraged to 
participate in integrative humanities courses. 



International Business 



Five courses must be from the core discipline. The 
other five courses may be drawn from complemen- 
tary disciplines. At least five courses must be beyond 
the introductory level. No later than the Junior year, 
a guiding committee of three faculty from disciplines 
in the student's program is selected. This committee 
designs and evaluates the Senior comprehensive 
examination, or may invite the student to write a 
Senior thesis. 

Students who complete the humanities major 
demonstrate the following competencies: 

• knowledge of the topical focus from an 
interdisciplinary perspective, demonstrated 
by the ability to speak and write intelligently 
about it 

• ability to understand and use the methodologi- 
cal processes of the core discipline, demon- 
strated by the successful completion of a 

k comprehensive exam, thesis, or project 

• ability to locate bibliographical infonnation and 
to engage in scholarly writing on the topic. 



INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS 

The international business major is designed to 
provide students with a variety of proficiencies and 
experiences related to career opportunities and/or 
preparation for graduate work. The competencies 
achieved in the major are: 

• knowledge of international business fields 
within a multidisciplinary perspective, 
including anthropology', management, 
foreign language, foreign experience, 
economics, political science, culture area, 
marketing, accounting, finance, and 
personnel management. 

• cross-cultural understanding and experience, 
and the capacity for leadership on cross-cultural 
issues in business and community life. 

• preparation for careers in international business. 

• preparation for graduate degree programs in the 
field of international business and related 
multicultural and international fields. 

Requirements for the major are: 

Language 

Five courses in one language with demonstrated 
conversational skills, or the equivalent, with a 
minimum average of 2.0. 

World Cultures 

Introduction to Anthropology or one cultural area 
course with a C or better and one course to be 
chosen from a list of internationally-focused 
economics and/or political science courses. 



Business Foundations 

Principles of Accounting, Principles of Macroeco- 
nomics, Principles of Marketing, International 
Management, Finance, all with a C or better. 

International Business 

The Cultural Environment of International Business, 
International Marketing, International Finance and 
Banking, Personnel and Global Resource Manage- 
ment, Senior Seminar: Issues in International 
Business, and Multinational Corporate Strategy 
comprehensive examination, all with a C or better. 

Prerequisite to international business courses is either 
Statistical Methods, Precalculus, Calculus I or 
Introduction to Computer Science. 

Study Abroad 

A winter term, summer term or semester abroad 
within an appropriate International Education 
program, or an individualized study under the 
direction of a member of the faculty. International 
students are exempt. 

Freshmen and Sophomores 

Foreign Language 

Introduction to Anthropology or 

cultural area course 
Mathematics requirement 
Cultural Environment of International Business 

Sophomores 

Foreign experience 
Accounting 
Macroeconomics 
International Management 

Juniors 

Finance 
Marketing 

International politics and/or economics course 
Personnel and Global Human Resources 
Management 

Seniors 

International Finance and Banking 
International Marketing 
Senior Seminar 

Requirements for a minor include successful comple- 
tion of International Management, The Cultural 
Environment of International Business, International 
Marketing, International Finance and Banking, and 
an overseas winter term or other program in a 
foreign country. 

IB 2608 Cultural Environment of 
International Business 

(Cross-listed with AN 260S) The vital role 
culture plays in international business. Understand 
the process of communicating across boundaries 
and develop analytical skills in examining 
intercultural interactions. 



65 



International Business 



IB 26 IS International Management 

(Cross-listed with AN 261S) The entire range of 
management is explored from analysis, planning, 
implementation and control of a business 
organization's world-wide operations. Compare 
management practices in the Americas, Asia, 
Europe, Africa and Middle East. 

IB 262E Environment, Population, & Culture 

(Cross-listed with AN 262E) Long-range view ot 
population growth and technology, prime movers of 
cultural evolution, from prehistoric times to present. 

IB 275 S Sex-Role Revolution in Management 

Issues related to the history, problems and prospects 
of women in management. The impact of the sex- 
role revolution on women and men in corporations 
(the course is not for women only). 

IB 31 OS Students in Free Enterprise 

Socially responsible competition for customers, 
profits, and entrepreneurship. Economic principles, 
market ethics, educational outreach. Prerequisites: 
Sophomore. 

IB 32 IS Consumer Behavior and Consumerism 

Contributions of the behavioral disciplines (psychol- 
ogy, sociology, anthropology) to understanding the 
consumer decision-making process. The impact and 
value issues of the consumer movement. 

IB 369S Principles of Marketing 

(Cross-listed with MN 369S) Principles, problems 
and methods in distributing and marketing goods 
and services. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing. 

IB 373 Marketing Communications 

Processes and functions of promotion, strategies 
incorporating creative use of advertising, publicity, 
merchandising, direct selling, and sales promotion. 
Prerequisite: IB/MN 369S. 

IB 374 Market Intelligence 

Collection and measurement of data on market 
identification, sales forecasting and marketing 
strategy development, market research, cost/revenue 
breakdowns, competitive analysis, others. 
Prerequisites: IB/MN 369S and statistics. 

IB 376 Personnel/Human Resource 
Management 

Theory and practices of personnel and human 
resources management in organizations, including 
job definition, staffing, training and development, 
compensation and benefits, labor relations, environ- 
mental analysis and human resource planning and 
controlling. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing. 



IB 378 Investment Finance 

(Cross-listed with MN 378) Exploration of financial 
operations in the investment world with emphasis 
on stocks, bonds, real estate, and preparation of a 
financial portfolio. 

IB 379 Retail Organization & Management 

Retail merchandising, promotions, physical facilities, 
personnel, planning, pricing, legalities, research 
techniques, store images, market targets. Prerequi- 
site: IB/MN 369S. 

IB 380 Sales Management 

Communication skills, buyer's motivations, indi- 
vidual demonstrations of the basic steps to selling, 
illustrating how selling is a catalyst for the entire 
economy and for society in general. Prerequisite: 
IB/MN 369S. 

IB 396 Personnel Planning & Industrial 
Research I 

A continuation of IB 396 with an in-depth study of 
case-analyses and research of contemporary issues in 
human resource management. 

IB 401 Internship in International Business 

Field-based learning experience at international 
businesses or agencies that support and promote 
international business. Periodic meetings with 
the sponsoring professor. Prerequisite: Junior or 
Senior standing. 

IB 410 Senior Seminar: Issues in 
International Business 

Discussion of business topics affecting global business 
today. Examine individual, organizational, and 
macro-levels issues in international business ethics. 

IB 475 Investment Analysis 

(Directed Study available) Advanced investment 
course focusing on in-depth analysis of specific 
investment alternatives using the computer and 
other sophisticated techniques. Prerequisite: 
IB/MN 378 or MN 377. 

IB 477 Entrepreneurship 

Study of talents, qualities, values and expertise 
necessary to conduct profit and non-profit ventures 
contributing to society. Entrepreneurial project. 
Prerequisites: IB 261S, 369S, and 378. IB 498 may be 
taken concurrently. 

IB 480 Proctoring in International Business 

Practical leadership experience for advanced 
students. Working closely with the sponsoring 
professor, participants will coach students enrolled 
in International Business courses. Prerequisite: 
Senior standing. 



66 



International Education 



IB 485 International Marketing 

International product management, pricing in 
foreign markets, multinational distribution and 
business logistics systems, world-wide promotion 
programs, international market and marketing 
research. Prerequisite: IB/MN 369S. 

IB 486 International Finance & Banking 

International banking system, foreign exchange risk 
mariagement, long run investment decisions, 
financing decisions, working capital management, 
international accounting, tax planning. Prerequisite: 
EC282S,andMN377orIB378. 

IB 496 Personnel Planning & Industrial 
Research II 

2nd semester of IB 396. Prerequisites: IB 376, IB 396 
and permission of instructor 

IB 498 Multinational Corporate Strategy' 

Comprehensix'e ottered during spring semester 



INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION 
LONDON COURSE OFFERINGS 

Tlie Eckerd College London Study Centre is a 
centrally located 225'year'old Georgian row house. 
The program is led by a different Eckerd College 
faculty member each semester, who lives at the 
centre with the students. Students may also have 
the opportunity- to do an internship during their 
London Term. 

ARI 321 A Art History: British Painting 
1760-1960 

Hogarth, Re^Tiolds, Stubbs and Turner studied in 
depth. Collections of George III, Sir John Soane, 
EXike of Wellington and other connoisseurs of the 
period discussed. Visits to museums and galleries. 

ARI 351 A History of English Architecture 

(Directed Study) For the London semester student, 
an introduction to the history of English architec- 
ture, from Anglo-Saxon times to the present. No 
prerequisites, but some contact with art or art history 
is recommended. 

ECI 300S The Industrial Revolution 

(Directed Study) An interdisciplinary' look at the 
Industrial Revolution, the technological, social, 
economic, political, and cultural phenomena that 
transformed life and attitudes in 18th and 19th 
century' England. 

INI 389G British Seminar 

Required for students in the London term. The 
historical, institutional and contemporary issues of 
Britain, with particular attention to London. Visit 
experts in various fields, excursions and readings to 
de\'elop an understanding of Britain today. 



LII 326H Anglo-American Perspectives 

Explore the idea that England and the United States 
are "two countries divided by a common language," 
with all manner of different perspectives of our own 
and each other's cultures. Use of travel writers, 
novels and plays specifically concerned with 
academic life. 

POI 30 IS Introduction to Contemporary 
British Politics 

Provides an understanding of British political 
institutions and insight into the main political 
debates facing Britain, including the media, the 
conflict in Northern Ireland and issues of race and 
gender. Discuss current political developments as 
they happen. 

PSI 350 Youth Experience in a Changing 
Great Britain 

(Directed Study) the impact of recent events on 
British youth through face-to-face encounters and an 
examination of the instructors which shape their 
lives. Prerequisite: PS 202 or a course in child 
development and consent of the instructor. 

THI 3 65 A Theatre in London 

London theatre, including backstage tours and guest 
lectures, covering drama from classical to modem. 
For students with a general interest in theatre, of 
whatever major. 



OTHER OPPORTUNITIES 

Eckerd College cooperates with several institutions 
to provide students with opportunities in other 
overseas locations. 

ISEP (International Student Exchange Program) 

Opportunities to study overseas for a semester or year 
at over 100 institutions throughout the world. Fees 
are aid to Eckerd College, and all scholarships, loans 
and grants, with the exception of work study, apply 
as if on campus. 

France 

Semester at the University of La Rochelle. Courses 
taught in French in a variety of disciplines. Summer, 
semester and academic year programs in Aix-en- 
Provence and Avignon through the Institute tor 
American Universities. Iristruction in English and 
French in the humanities, arts and social sciences. 

Greece 

Semester or full year exchange at University of 
LaVeme, Athens. Instruction in English. 
Range of courses. 



67 



International Education 



Hong Kong 

Semester at Hong Kong Baptist University. Full 
range of courses. All majors. Instmction in English. 
No language prerequisite. 

Japan 

Full-year or semester exchange opportunities at 
Kansai Gaidai (Osaka) or Nanzan University 
(Nagoya). Instruction in English. Focus on Japanese 
and Asian area studies. 

Korea 

Semester or full-year at Ewha Womans University 
(Soeul). Wide range of courses. Instruction in 
English. No language prerequisite. 

Northern Ireland 

Semester at the Queen's University of Belfast or 
University of Ulster. Courses offered in most majors. 

Thailand 

Semester or full year exchange at Payap University, 
Chiang Mai. Instruction in English. Focus on Thai 
studies and culture. 

United Kingdom 

Full-year and semester exchanges with the Univer- 
sity of Aberdeen, Scotland. Available to all majors; 
full curriculum. 

England 

Full-year exchanges with the University of 
Plymouth, England. Opportunities especially for 
science, computer science, and social science majors. 

AustraLeam 

Semester, year-long and short term programs at the 
universities in Australia, New Zealand and Tasma- 
nia. AustraLeam is designed to assist students with 
admissions, accommodation arrangements, and 
travel opportunities. 

CIEE (Council on International 
Educational Exchange) 

Summer, semester, and full year programs in 30 
countries in a wide variety of disciplines: Some sites 
oifer intensive language instruction. 

College Year in Athens 

Summer, semester, and year-long programs. Ancient 
Greek civilization and Mediterranean studies; 
classroom study and instruction in museums and 
relevant sites, both ancient and modem. Instruction 
in English. 

ICADS (Institute for Central American 
Development Studies) 

Semester program in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and 
Belize for students concerned about social change 



and justice issues. Combines academic programs with 
opportunities for community projects and research. 
Academic foci: human rights, women's issues, 
environmental studies, agriculture, public health, 
education, wildlife conservation, and economic 
development. Two semesters of college Spanish 
recommended. 

International Partnership for Service Learning 
Semester, full-year or summer programs that 
integrate academic study and community service in 
the Czech Republic, Ecuador, England, France, 
India, Israel, Jamaica, Mexico, the Philippines, 
Scotland, and South Dakota (with native Ameri- 
cans). Disciplines include history, political science, 
language, literature, sociology, economics and 
anthropology'. Service opportunities include: 
teaching/tutoring; working in health care with the 
physically or emotionally handicapped, recreation, 
and community development projects. 

Sea Semester 

Semester program for students combining the 
worlds of science and the humanities with a unique 
experience at sea. Courses include maritime studies 
(history, literature, contemporary issues), nautical 
science (sailing theory, navigation, ship's systems), 
and oceanography (marine biology, physical and 
chemical oceanography). No sailing experience 
is necessary. Junior standing recommended. 
See page 102. 

Marine Language Scholarship Exchange with 
University of Liege, Belgium, University of 
Las Palmas, Canary Islands, and University of 
La Rochelle, France 

Courses in marine science and biology are taught in 
French or Spanish. 

Information on all of the above is available from 
the International Education Office and 
Off-Campus Programs. 



INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 
AND GLOBAL AEFAIRS 

The international relations and global affairs major is 
designed to provide students with an understanding 
of the intemational political and economic factors, 
relationships, and issues shaping today's global 
community. It is an interdisciplinary major, but its 
home discipline is political science. 

Students majoring in intemational relations and 
global affairs affiliate with the Behavioral Science 
Collegium and will be associates of the political 
science faculty. Students majoring in intemational 
relations and global affairs will gain competency in 
intemational political, economic, and foreign policy 



68 



International Relations and Global Affairs 



analysis, proficiency in a foreign language, and skills 
in research, writing, and oral communication. 
Students will also gain practical experience in 
international relations through their work in their 
practicum. Students will he prepared to go on to 
graduate study in international relations, the foreign 
service, or law. They will also he well prepared for a 
career in the international non-governmental 
community, service organizations, interest groups, 
or journalism. 

The major requirements consist of three prerequisite 
courses: PO 103G Introduction to International 
Relations, EC 282S Principles of Macroeconomics, 
and HI 234G Twentieth Century World, plus six 
core courses distributed across the three core groups 
listed below. Also required are Political Science 
Research Methods, two and a half years of a foreign 
language, the international practicum, the Senior 
Seminar, and the Senior Comprehensive Exam. 
Students majoring in international relations and 
global affairs are also strongly encouraged to spend a 
semester or at least a winter term abroad. Beyond the 
three prerequisite courses already listed, a minimum 
of six core courses are required for the major, with at 
least two courses taken from each of the following 
three core groups: 

Group A - International Relations Theory and 
Foreign Policy: 

AN 289S Gender: Cross-Cultural Perspective 

AN 340S Conflict Studies 

HI 233G Global History in the Modem World 

HI 309G The Cold War and After 

IR 340S Geneva and International Cooperation 

PO 200S Diplomacy and International Relations 

P0 212S U.S. Foreign Policy 

PO 222S Political Ideologies 

PO 243 S Human Rights and International Law 

PO 25 IS The Media and Foreign Policy 

PO 314 International Organization 

PO 315 Theories of War and Peace 

PO 341s Ethics and International Relations 

PO 343S International Environmental Law 

PO 351 Politics & Process of U.S. Foreign Policy 

Group B - Regional Studies Group: 

Students must take at least two courses, one 
each from different regions and one each from 
different disciplines. 

AN 282G East Asian Area Studies 

AN 285G Latin American Area Studies 

AN 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

AN 287G Caribbean Area Studies 

EA 20 IG East Asian Traditions 

EA 303G Individual and Society in Chinese Thought 

EA310G Modem China 

E A 3 1 1 G Modem J apan 

HI 202H The European Experience 



HI 283G Russia: Perestroika to Present 

HI 343 H Modem Russia and the Soviet Union 

HI 342H The Rise of Russia 

HI 368H Modem German History 

LI 334 Twentieth Century' European Fiction 

PO 211G Inter- American Relations 

PO 221s Politics of Revolution & Development 

PO 23 IG East Asian Comparative Politics 

PO 23 2G The Pacific Century 

PO 252S Middle East Politics 

PO 3 1 1 Latin American Politics 

PO 316 Women and Politics Worldwide 

PO 32 IS Comparative European Politics 

PO 3 22s Authoritarian Political Systems 

PO 324s East European Politics 

PO 333 Japan: Government, Politics, Foreign Policy 

PO 335S Government and Politics of China 

PO 336S East Asian Intemational Relations 

Group C - Intemational Political Economy Group: 

EC 370 Industrial Organization 

EC 371 Economics of Labor Markets 

EC 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

EC 388 Economic Development 

EC 480 Intemational Economics: Foreign Exchange 

EC 481 Intemational Economics: Trade 

PO 241s Intemational Political Economy 

PO 242s The Politics of Defense 

PO 270S US Policy and the World Economy 

PO 313 Politics of the European Union 

PO 342s Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

PO 352G The Globalization Debate 

In addition to the three prerequisite courses, the six 
core courses, PO 260M Political Science Research 
Methods, the Senior Seminar (IR 410), and the Senior 
Comprehensive Exam, the major requires 
the following: 

Language Requirement: 

At least two and a half years (five semesters) of 
college level foreign language or the equivalent. 
More years of language or a second foreign language 
are strongly encouraged. 

Intemational Practicum: 

There are three ways to fulfill the requirement: 

• An intemship in an institution engaged in 
intemational affairs within the U.S. or abroad 
sponsored by a member of the Political Science 
faculty. An intemship contract must be agreed 
upon and approved by the registrar prior to 
embarking on the intemship. 

• Specified Winter Term and Spring-Into-Summer 
courses led by IRGA faculty'. The U.N. Winter 
Term and IR 340S Geneva and Intemational 
Cooperation are examples. 



69 



International Studies 



• Semester study abroad programs recognized for 
credit by the International Education Office 
and the registrar. ISEP or CIEE organized 
semester abroad programs are examples. IRGA 
students have studied in Austria, Spain, The 
Netherlands, Germany, Hong Kong, China, 
Thailand, and France. The Eckerd London 
program, while excellent, does not fulfill the 
IRGA practicum requirement. 

Students work closely with a member of the Political 
Science faculty (or faculty from other disciplines 
represented in the major) in arranging for the 
practicum and are responsible for informing 
themselves of the available types of practicums, for 
choosing one that meets their needs, and for 
fulfilling the terms of the practicum contract in a 
timely manner. 

Students may also minor in international relations 
and global affairs by completing PO 103G Introduc- 
tion to International Relations, PO 241S Interna- 
tional Political Economy, and four core courses 
beyond the introductory level which are distributed 
across each of the three core groups. 

IR 3408 Geneva & International Cooperation 

Opportunity to visit and study United Nations 
agencies in Switzerland that deal with health, labor, 
human rights, the environment, refugees and trade 
matters. Prerequisite: permission of instaictor. 

IR 410 Senior Seminar: International 
Relations and Global Affairs 

This is the required capstone seminar for all IRGA 
seniors. Topics var^' from year to year. Recent topics 
have included the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the 
Arab-Israeli Conflict and the role of the United 
States in the world today. 

INTERNATIONAL STUDIES 

The International Studies major allows a student to 
design a program that combines language study, area 
studies courses, a living experience in the target 
culture, and a core discipline into an integrated 
program study. A committee of three faculty 
members works with the student to select courses, 
plan the international experience, and supervise the 
senior comprehensive or thesis. Nomially one of the 
members of this committee is the chair of the 
Comparative Cultures Collegium. 

Students in this program must acquire a language 
competence at the advanced level. Nomially an 
intermediate level of language competence is 
required prior to the international experience. One 
semester supervised residence abroad in a selected 
geographical area related to the major is a special 
feature of this program. This experience may be a 



language and cultural study program, a practical 
internship, or a job-related opportunity. 

The major consists of a minimum of twelve courses 
in addition to language study. Students must take 
Introduction to Anthropology or its equivalent, a 
minimum of five courses related to the cultural area, 
and five courses from a core discipline. In addition, 
students will complete a senior comprehensive 
or a thesis. 

Students who complete the international studies 
major should he able to demonstrate a command of 
at least one foreign language; a knowledge of the 
social, political, and cultural structures of one 
particular country or area of the world; an under- 
standing of the disciplinary perspective of one 
academic field; and an ability to write, think, and 
speak effectively in expressing the interrelatedness of 
peoples and cultures. Typically, students in this 
program have proceeded to graduate study in 
international studies, and have pursued careers in 
journalism, law, language teaching, international 
business, or employment in international service 
organizations. 



ITALIAN 

Italian may be studied as part of the major in 
Modem Languages or as a minor. A major in 
Modem Languages consists of six courses in a 
primary language and four in a secondary language 
(a total often courses). See Modem Languages for a 
complete description. 

The minor in Italian requires a total of ftve courses 
which must include the first and second year 
sequences (101-102, 201-202) or their equivalents. 
The fifth course can be IT 301 H or 302H, Winter 
Term Language Immersion in Italy, or an indepen- 
dent study course in Italian language or culture. 

Minors who transfer credit (from U.S. or abroad) 
are required to take at least one advanced course in 
Italian at Eckerd. 

IT 101 Elementary Italian 

Fundamentals of Italian language. Introduction to 
basic grammatical stmctures and everyday vocabu- 
lary. Practice in speaking, listening comprehension, 
reading, and writing. 

IT 102 Elementary Italian 

Fundamentals of Italian language. Continues 
introduction of basic grammatical stmctures and 
everyday vocabulary begun in IT 101. Continued 
practice in speaking, listening comprehension, 
reading, and writing. Prerequisite: IT 101 or 
permission of instmctor. 



70 



Law and Justice 



IT 201 Intermediate Italian 

Completes the overview of Italian grammar and 
essential vocabulary initiated in the first-year 
sequence. Continued practice in speaking, listening 
comprehension, reading, and writing, hicreased 
exposure to aspects of Italian culture. Prerequisite: 
IT 102 or permission of instructor 

IT 202 Intermediate Italian 

Continued development of speaking, listening 
comprehension, reading, and writing skills. Grammar 
review. Increased exposure to Italian culture through 
film, print, and popular music. Prerequisite: IT 201. 

IT 30 IH Advanced Italian 

Designed to help students perfect the skills acquired 
in first' and second-year Italian. Students will 
continue to build proficiency, develop and improve 
writing skills, and expand their understanding of 
Italian culture. Prerequisite: IT 202 or permission 
of instructor. 

IT 302H Advanced Italian II 

Second semester of Advanced Italian. Prerequisite: 
IT 301H or permission of instructor 



JAPANESE 

Japanese may be studied as part of the major in 
Modem Languages. A major in Modem Languages 
consists of six courses in a primary language and four 
in a secondary language (a total often courses). See 
Modem Languages for a complete description. 

J A 101 Elementary Japanese I 

Introduction to modem spoken Japanese through 
aural-oral drills and exercises, and mastery of the 
basic grammatical structures. Students leam written 
forms, perform basic communicative acts, and utilize 
proper social registers. 

J A 102 Elementary Japanese II 

Continuation of introductory basic Japanese with 
emphasis on the spoken language. The Japanese 
writing system will also be continued. Prerequisite: 
JA 101 or equivalent. 

J A 201 Intermediate Japanese I 

Further development of communicative skills with 
emphasis on speaking through in-class performance. 
Prerequisite: successful completion of Basic Japanese 
II or instructor's approval. 

JA 202 Intermediate Japanese II 

Continuation of Intermediate Japanese I. Prerequi- 
site: successful completion of Intermediate Japanese I 
or instructor's approval. 



JAl 30 IH Advanced Japanese - 1st Semester 

Advanced dialogues in Japanese supplemented by 
grammar and usage drills. Further development of 
kanji vocabulary and practice in reading articles 
on contemporary Japanese culture. Two semesters 
for one course credit. Prerequisites: JA 202 or 
permission. 

JA2 30 IH Advanced Japanese - 2nd Semester 

Continuation of Advanced Japanese. Two semesters 
required for one course credit. Prerequisite: 
JA1310H. 



LATIN 

LA 101 Elementary Latin 

(Cross-listed with CL 101) Master basic grammatical 
construction, develop a vocabulary of approximately 
500 words and the ability to read moderately difficult 
prose. English word derivation heavily stressed. 

LA 102 Elementary Latin 

(Cross-listed with CL 102) Second semester for 
Elementary Latin. Master basic grammatical 
construction, develop a vocabulary of approximately 
500 words and the ability to read moderately difficult 
prose. English word derivation heavily stressed. 
Prerequisite: LA/CL 101. 

LA 201 Intermediate Latin 

Continue the study of Latin grammar and acquire 
the tools for reading Latin literature on your own. 
Read works and excerpts from such great authors as 
Catullus, Cicero, Vergil, and Livy. 



LAW AND JUSTICE 

The minor in Law & Justice is designed explicitly for 
students who are planning to attend law school. 
Students completing the minor will gain important 
legal knowledge and skills that should serve them 
well in law school and later in law-related careers. 
The minor requires the successful completion of two 
foundational courses: SO 324S Introduction to 
Criminal Justice and one course in Constitutional 
Law (either PO 301S Constitution and Govemment 
Power or PO 302S Constitution & Individual 
Rights). Thereafter, students are free to choose three 
additional courses from a list of law-related courses 
offered across the College's curriculum. 

Completion of this minor exposes students to the 
major principles underlying American law, the case 
method of legal study, and the role of law in 
American society. The College's Pre-Law Advisor 
oversees the minor in Law & Justice and assists 
students in the program, providing them with 
career advice and assistance with the law school 
admission process. 

71 



Leadership Stxidies 



Students choosing a minor in Law & Justice are 
strongly encouraged to select a complementary major 
in consultation with the College's Pre-law Advisor. 
The Law & Justice minor is ideal for students 
majoring in several other programs offered at the 
College. Students interested in eventually pursuing a 
career in environmental law can pair the minor with 
a major in Environmental Studies. Those interested 
in a career in corporate law can combine a Law & 
Justice minor with a major in Business Administra- 
tion or Management. A minor in Law & Justice 
could complement a major in International Rela- 
tions & Global Affairs for those interested in going 
into the field of International Law. 

Elective courses for the minor include courses such 
as the following: 

SO 221 Juvenile Delinquency 

MN 278S Business Law 

HI 336H Civil Rights Movement: 1945-75 

SO 224S Criminology 

PO 343S International Environmental Law 

PO 42 IS Comparative Judicial Politics 

CO 122 Analytic & Persuasive Writing 

CM 121 Fundamentals ot Oral Communication 

PL 102M Introduction to Logic 

AN 340S Conflict Studies 

HD 387 Forensics and Human Behavior 



LEADERSHIP STUDIES 

The Leadership Studies minor includes any five 
courses from the approved list of courses. These 
courses address theory, skills, and values and 
expose students to a multitude of relevant 
dimensions of scholarship about leadership. In 
addition, students must complete a major project, 
internship, or practicum in which they demonstrate 
significant leadership. 

Complete five of the following courses: 

FD 1 Leadership and Self Discovery Practicum 

MN 11 OS Principles of Management & Leadership 

HD 207S Group Dynamics 

MN 203S Leadership through the Arts 

EC 301 S Leadership: The Human Side of Economics 

MN 312 Women and Leadership 

MN 371 Organizational Behavior & Leadership 

MN 387 Interpersonal Managerial Competencies 

HD 404 Leadership & Administrative Dynamics 

IB 477 Entrepreneurship 

Complete one of the following courses or an 
independent course or project which demonstrates 
significant leadership: 

HD 271 Practicum in Leadership & Programming 
CRl/2 Resident Advisor Internship 
HD 405 Practicum in Group Process 



MN 480 Proctoring in Principles of Management 
MN 482 Proctoring in Organizational Behavior 



LINGUISTICS 

See Anthropology. 



LITERATURE 

Students majoring in literature develop competen- 
cies in analysis and interpretation of texts, skills in 
presenting ideas in writing and discussion, awareness 
of English and American literary traditions and 
cultural contexts, research skills, and appreciation tor 
literature as an art. 

Students must have a Mentor in the literature 
discipline, preferably chosen by the second semester 
of the Sophomore year, and must take a minimum of 
eight literature courses, including at least one from 
English literature prior to 1800, one from English 
literature after 1800, and one from American 
literature. One of these may be a writing workshop 
course. Literature majors work out their schedules 
with their Mentors according to individual needs. 
Literature majors must successfully pass a Senior 
comprehensive exam, covering in survey fashion 
English, American and comparative literature, 
literary criticism, and methodological application; 
course selections should be made with this require- 
ment in mind. 

In exceptional cases, students who have established 
their proficiency in literature may be invited to write 
a Senior thesis in place of the comprehensive exam. 

Courses are divided into three categories: introduc- 
tion to study of literature (typically 100 level courses) 
and perspective courses; mid-level (typically 200-300 
level courses), and advanced (courses with prerequi- 
sites. Senior seminars, etc.). 

Students wishing to double major in literature and 
creative writing must take ten literature courses, and 
ffilfill all other requirements for both majors. 
Literature courses taken for a major in literature may 
be counted for a minor in creative writing. 

For a minor in literature students take five courses 
which bear a LI course designation. One of these 
may be a Writing Workshop, three must be Eckerd 
College courses, and two must be at the 300 level 
or higher. 

LI lOlH Introduction to Literature: 
Short Fiction 

Short stories and novels, concentrating on critical 
thinking, clear, concise written and spoken 
exposition, and values embodied in great works. 
Attendance is required. 



72 



Literature 



LI 102H Introduction to Literature: 
The Genres 

Plays, poems, fiction, non-tiction, concentrating on 
critical thinking, clear, concise written and spoken 
exposition, and values embodied in great works. 
Attendance is required. 

LI 109H Poetry, Imagination, Nature 

Introduction to poetry, with the emphasis on formal 
issues (diction, imagery, rhythm, etc.), human 
consciousness (imagination, values), and the world 
of nature. Readings of representative English and 
American poems. 

LI 195H Four Authors 

Study the literary work of four authors (will vary 
according to the year, the instructor, student 
suggestions, etc.) but will represent different times 
and places and the four basic genres of drama, poetry, 
fiction, and non-fiction. 

LI 200H A Novelist on Narrative 

Open to non-majors, a good starting place for 
students interested in majoring in literature or 
creative writing, concentrates on careful reading. 
Expressive elements of narrative: plot, character, 
point of view, style, and setting. 

LI 20 IH Introduction to Children's Literature 

Fable, fairy tale, short stor^', poetry, novel, informa- 
tion books, children's classics. Young readers and 
their development. Integration of visual and 
literary arts. 

LI 205H Woman as Metaphor 

Investigating European, Canadian and American 
literature with emphasis on metaphors for women, 
what it is to be human, and values choices. 
Conceptions of women through the ages as 
presented in literature. 

LI 209H Religion and Literature 

Readings by writers through the ages who have dealt 
with religious experience. Stories, poems, & novels, 
by such figures as Dante, Milton, Hopkins, Graham 
Greene, C. S. Lewis, W. H. Auden, and Flannery 
O'Connor. 

LI 21 OH Human Experience in Literature 

Theme-based introduction to literature. Basic 
human experiences (innocence/experience, 
conformity/rebellion, love/hate, death) approached 
through poems, stories, and plays from 400 B.C. to 
the present. 

LI 221 H American Literature I 

Literature of 17th, 18th and 19th century America. 
The development and transfiguration of American 
attitudes toward nature, religion, government, 
slavery, etc., traced through literary works. 



LI 222H American Literature II 

Readings from American writers from the 1860s to 
present. Stories, poems and plays by such writers as 
Dickinson, Twain, James, Wharton, Pound, Frost, 
Stevens, O'Neill, Hemingway, Faulkner, Fitzgerald, 
O'Connor, and Ellison. 

LI 225H Modem American Poetry 

Major American poets from 1900, concentrating on 
the image of American and the development of 
modernism. Poets include Frost, Pound, Eliot, 
Williams, Stevens, Marianne Moore, Elizabeth 
Bishop, Robert Lowell, Richard Wilbur, 
Denise Levertov. 

LI 226H The Modem Short Novel 

The short novel and ways in which it differs from 
shorter and longer fiction, how it embodies values, 
and practice in the enunciation/defense of reasoned 
critical opinions. Readings from such figures 
as Dostoevsky, Kafka, Woolf, O'Connor, 
Lessing, Marquez. 

LI 228H The American Short Story 

Introduction to genre and survey from the mid 19th 
century to present. Major writers including 
Hawthorne, Melville, James, Wharton, Hemingway, 
Faulkner, O'Connor, and range of contemporary 
writers. Films: American Short Story series. 

LI 235H Introduction to Shakespeare 

Shakespeare through sampling each dramatic genre: 
comedy, tragedy, history and romance. Learn to 
appreciate and evaluate his writings, and the 
characteristic distinctions among the genres. 

LI 236H History of Drama I 

Two semester course; either may be taken indepen- 
dently. Part I includes Greek drama through the 
Restoration and 18th century. Part II includes pre- 
modem, modem and contemporary classics. 

LI 237H History of Drama II 

Two semester course; either may be taken indepen- 
dently. Part 1 includes Greek drama through the 
Restoration and 18th century. Part II includes pre- 
modem, modem and contemporary classics. 

LI 238H EngUsh Literature I: To 1800 

General survey from the Old English to the Neoclas- 
sic period, highlighting the historical traditions 
which the authors create and upon which they draw. 

LI 239H English Literature II 

General survey of British literature from 1800 to the 
present, including Romantic, Victorian, modem, and 
contemporary writers. Attention to historical 
tradition and outstanding individual artists. 



73 



Literature 

LI 24 IH Major American Novels 

Major American novels, their narrative art, their 
reflection of American culture, their engagement of 
the readers' hearts and minds, exploring some of life's 
great questions as revealed hy masterful writers. 

LI 250H Children's Literature 

(Directed Study) The best of children's literature in 
various genres. Students do either a creative (e.g., 
writing children's story) or scholarly (e.g., essay on 
history of nursery rhymes) project. 

LI 251 H Shakespeare 

(Directed Study) For students unable to enroll 
LI 235 H Introduction to Shakespeare or those 
wishing to pursue further work on Shakespeare 
independently. 

LI 281H Rise of the Novel 

Some of the great works of the Western tradition, 
the fantastic and the realistic, following the guided 
dreams of narrative and its exploration of our 
imaginations and our worlds. 

LI 282H The Modem Novel 

Modem writers and some of the questions of modem 
times: alienation, depth psychology in fiction, 
assessments of technology and urban life, sources of 
hope in humanism and literary art. 

LI 301H Southern Literature 

Southern novels, short stories and plays, identifying 
what is "Southem" about them. Works by 
McCuUers, Warren, Faulkner, O'Connor, Percy, 
Price, Porter, Gaines. Attendance required. 

LI 303H 18th Century British Literature 

Readings of major writers, including Pope, Swift, 
and Johnson. Emphasis on neo-classical forms and 
on satire/social context of art. Freshmen: Instructor's 
permission. 

LI 308H Poetry of Shakespeare's Age 

The poetry of Donne and Jonson, comparing their 
ideas and techniques, their relationships to them- 
selves, their beloved and the world, and examining 
perplexities held in common across the centuries. 

LI 312H Literature and Women 

Poems, plays, novels, stories by or about women of 
various cultures and languages, primarily over the 
past 200 years. Readings in social and political 
movements that shaped writer and her world. 

LI 319H 19th Century British Poetry 

Readings of Romantic/Victorian poets, including 
Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelly, Keats; 
and Tennyson Browning, Hopkins, Arnold. Supple- 
mentary materials: letters, essays, and criticism. 
Freshmen: Instructor's permission. 

74 



LI 320H Modem British Poetry 

Readings of major British poets from the 1880's 
through the 1930's including Hardy, Yeats, Eliot, and 
Auden. Supplementary materials in criticism and 
philosophy. Freshmen require instructor's permission. 

LI 322H Modem British Fiction 

Readings of late 19th, early 20th century novels 
hy writers such as Conrad, Joyce, Woolf, Mansfield 
and Lawrence. Course includes film. Focus on 
experimental works and artists. Freshmen: 
Instructor's permission. 

LI 327 Chaucer to Shakespeare 

Survey of major authors and forms of earlier English 
non-dramatic poetry, with emphasis on Chaucer, 
Spenser and Shakespeare. Prerequisite: LI 235H, 
LI 238H or permission or instructor 

LI 329H Literature, Myth, and Cinema 

Readings of myths used in ancient drama and 
modem literature/film. Writers include Homer, 
Aeschylus, Euripides; Conrad, Joyce, Mann. 
Directors include Coppola, Polanski and Kurosawa. 
Freshmen: Instructor's permission. 

LI 335H Critical Methods: 

PlatO'Postmodemism 

Readings from classical literary critics such as Plato 
and Aristotle; neo-classical/Romantic writers such as 
Sidney and Coleridge; and selected 20th century 
critics/theorists. Critical readings supplemented 
with poems, stories, and plays. Freshmen: 
Instructor's pemiission. 

LI 338H 20th Cent Drama: U.S./Britain 

Representative dramatic forms through works by 
O'Neill, Williams, Miller, Eliot, Osbome, Pinter, 
Beckett, Arden, Stoppard, and the influences which 
helped shape modem drama. 

LI 340H Literature and Art of the Great War 

Interdisciplinary (history, art, literature) and 
intemational (English, French, German) course on 
World War 1. Readings include poems, stories, 
diaries, letters. Art includes Expressionism, Cubism, 
Surrealism. Films from Chaplin to present. 

LI 344H Literature, Art, & Ideas: 1850-1950 

Focus: modem revolution in intellectual & artistic 
history. Attention to changes in society (urbaniza- 
tion, feminism), science (relativity, quantum 
mechanics), philosophy/social sciences (Nietzsche, 
Einstein, Freud), and related changes in art, music, 
fiction, poetry. 



LI 3 5 OH. Modem American Novel 

(Directed Study) Ten of twelve major American 
novelists of the first half of the 20th century from 
Dreiser through Richard Wright. Ideas, themes, and 
analysis of writing style. 

LI 361 Literary Criticism 

Readings in literary criticism from classical, Renais- 
sance, neo-Classical, and modem writers. Represen- 
tative figures include Plato, Aristotle, Longinus, 
Sidney, Johnson, Coleridge, Arnold, and selected 
modem thinkers. Freshmen: Instructor's permission. 

LI 372 Tragedy And Comedy 

Range of periods and genres: drama, film, television. 
Critical opinions on what distinguishes the tragic 
and the comic. Prerequisite: two courses in literature. 

LI 381 H Contemporary American Fiction 

Fiction that breaks new ground and how it evolves. 
Selections from several strands of current writing in 
America, traditional and experimental male and 
female, urban and rural, white and black. 

LI 382H Contemporary American Poetry 

Poems of post- 1950 American poets, various 
movements that developed and the values they 
represent, and the difficult relations between poet 
and society. 

LI 403H American Fiction Since 1950 

Best of American fiction since 1950, selecting from 
such authors as Didion, Ellison, Malamud, Mailer, 
O'Connor, Kesey, Yates, Monis, Bellow. Attendance 
is required. 

LI 425 Seminar on Shakespeare 

Plays and poems, language, structure, setting, 
characterization, themes, traditions. Limited to 
Senior literature majors, with others by permission 
of instructor. 

LI 432 Major Poets 

Seminar on work of one or two major poets, such as 
Milton, Pope, Wordsworth, Dickinson, Stevens, 
Auden. Attention to tradition and context. 
Supplementary materials include letters, essays, and 
criticism/theory. Junior/Senior Literature majors. 
Others by permission. 

LI 435 T.S. Eliot: Poetry/Prose 

Poetry, plays, criticism of central figure in 20th 
century literature. Readings include The Waste 
Land, Four Quartets, Murder in the Cathedral, 
selected prose. Focus: fomial/thematic elements, 
tradition, intellectual context. Junior/Senior lit 
majors only; others by permission. 



Management 



LONDON STUDY CENTRE 

The Eckerd College London Study Centre is a 
centrally located 200-year old Georgian row house. 
The program is led by a different Eckerd College 
faculty member each term, who lives at the centre 
with the students. See Intemational Education for 
course descriptions. 



MANAGEMENT 

The management major rests on two principal 
foundations: teaching management in a liberal arts 
environment and teaching the general management 
core requirements that comprise the accepted body 
of knowledge in the discipline. The management 
■major is designed to prepare the student for an entry 
level managerial position in an organization or for 
graduate school. The ultimate goal of the program is 
to prepare students for responsible management and 
leadership positions in business and society, both 
domestic and intemational. 

The management major is designed to meet the 
needs of three categories of students: undergraduate 
majors in management, minors in management and 
finance, and dual majors; and to integrate the 
general education and liberal arts emphasis through- 
out the four-year program of instruction. 

At Eckerd College, the practice of management is 
viewed as a liberal art. The management major 
stresses developing ideas, problem solving, and 
communicating solutions rather than the routine 
and mechanical application of knowledge and skills. 
The management major emphasizes critical think- 
ing, effective writing, asking probing questions, 
formulating solutions to complex problems, and 
assessing ethical implications of decisions. 

The management faculty has identified a set of 
interdisciplinary management skills or competencies 
that students need to acquire but which do not fit 
neatly into the boundaries of the core management 
requirements described above. These skills build 
upon related competencies which students acquire in 
the general education program. These are: critical 
thinking, decision making and problem solving, 
negotiating and resolving conflicts, systemic 
thinking. Information processing, entrepreneurship, 
introspection, cross-cultural skills and intemational 
perspectives, communication, and computer skills. 
As part of the liberal arts emphasis, the management 
major addresses individual and societal values as a 
component of each course in the program. 



75 



Management 

In addition to these liberal arts-related competen- 
cies, students in the management major also develop 
the following management competencies which 
build upon the general education program: 

• management under uncertain conditions 
including policy determination at the senior 
management level. 

• knowledge of the economics of the organization 
and of the larger environment within which the 
organization operates. 

• knowledge of the ethical issues and social and 
political influences on organizations. 

• concepts of accounting, quantitative methods, 
and management information systems including 
computer applications. 

• knowledge of organizational behavior and 
interpersonal communicatioiis. 

The course sequence for a major in management 
is as follows: 

Freshmen 

MN 11 OS Principles of Management and 

Leadership 
MN 272S Management Information Systems 
MN 27 IS Principles of Accounting 

Sophomores 

EC 28 IS Microeconomics 

EC 282S Macroeconomics (Micro and Macro 

may be taken in any sequence) 
MN/EC 260M Statistical Methods in 

Management and Economics 

Juniors 

MN 220 Quantitative Methods for 

Management and Economics (prerequisites: 

statistics, MN 272S, MN 27 IS and 

EC 281S) 
MN/IB 369S Principles of Marketing 
MN 371 Organizational Behavior and 

Leadership (prerequisites: Statistics and 

SO lOlS) 
MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

(prerequisites: MN 272S, MN 271S, and one 

ofeitherEC281Sor282S)OR 
MN/IB 378 Investment Finance (prerequisites: 

MN 27 IS and either EC 28 IS or 282S ) 
Two Management Electives 

Seniors 

Two Management Electives 
MN 498 Business Policy and Strategic 
Management (comprehensive in 
management, Winter Term of Senior year. 
Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

Management majors are required to complete each 
course with a grade of C or better. Management 
majors are encouraged to minor in one of the 



traditional liberal arts. Students who major 
in management may not also major in business 
administration. 

A minor in management consists of the following 
five courses: 

MN 260M Statistical Methods in Management 

and Economics 
MN 220 Quantitative Methods for Management 

and Economics 
MN 371 Organizational Behavior and Leadership 

and two of: 

MN/IB 369S Principles of Marketing 

MN 27 IS Principles of Accounting 

MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

A minor in finance requires the following: 

MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance 
MN/IB 378 Investment Finance 
EC/MN 386 Money and Banking 
IB 486 International Finance and Banking 

and a choice of one of the following courses*: 

MN/EC 384 Managerial Economics 

MN/IB 475 Investment Analysis 

EC 480 International Economics and Foreign Exchange 

MN 479 Corporate Finance 

Internship/Independent Study 

*The fifth course must be approved by the 
Management Discipline Coordinator. 

MN 1 108 Principles of Management & 
Leadership 

Introduction to interdisciplinary nature of manage- 
ment and leadership. Survey of Historical develop- 
ment of management as a discipline, functional areas 
of management, comparison of management and 
leadership, contemporary issues in management 
and leadership. 

MN 220 Quantitative Methods 

A variety of mathematical tools are studied which 
are useful in helping managers and economists 
make decisions. Prerequisites: Statistics, MN 272S, 
EC281S,andMN271S. 

MN 230G Asian Management & 
Leadership Practices 

(Directed Study) An understanding how culture, 
inclusive of social customs, political and economic 
structure, and historical antecedents, impact 
managerial practices in five Asian countries. 

MN 2428 Ethics Of Management: 
Theory & Practice 

Ethical theories as they relate to personal and 
organization policies and actions. Analyzing 
situations which require moral decisions in the 
organizational context. Sophomore or higher standing. 



76 



MN 243 S Introduction to Arts Management 

Managerial principles related to the operation of arts 
organizations including social, business, and legal 
issues, marketing, audience development, fundraising 
and strategic planning. Evaluation by case studies, 
papers, examinations, oral reports. 

MN 260M Statistical Methods: 

Management & Economics 

(Cross-listed with EC 260M). Introduction to 
quantitative analysis in economics and management. 
Lectures and discussions of selected problems. 
Data analysis projects. Prerequisite: Sophomore 
status required. 

MN 27 IS Principles of Accounting I 

Accounting principles used in the preparation 
and analysis of financial statements, accumulation 
of business operating data and its classification 
for financial reporting. Balance sheets and 
income statements. 

MN 272S Management Information Systems 

Decisions that must be made by managers pertaining 
to computers and information systems. Computer 
terminology, hardware and programming, selecting 
computer and data base systems, etc. 

MN 273S Life, Career and Personal 
Financial Planning 

Integration of life's values and goals into career 
objectives in order to develop a personal financial 
plan to increase one's quality of life. Of special 
interest to non-management majors. 

MN 278S Business Law 

Principles, rational and application of business law 
and regulations. Contracts, Uniform Commercial 
Code, creditors' rights, labor, torts and property, 
judicial and administrative processes. 

MN 300S Organizational Consultation 

(Directed Study) Focuses on roles of consultants 
within profit and non-profit organizations. Compares 
skills and functions of internal, external and 
international consultants, and how to choose 
consultants. Examines ethical issues. 

MN 302S Managing Cultural Diversity 

(Directed Study) Examines the recursive impact of 
employee cultural diversity and management 
strategies on employees' performance and organiza- 
tional processes, theoretical models of cultural 
factors impinging upon employee behavior, and 
management strategies to lessen interpersonal and 
intergroup conflict. 



Management 

MN 304S Total Quality Management 

(Directed Study) Examines theories, techniques, and 
organizational processes used to implement a total 
quality system within an organization. Explores 
problems and ethical dilemmas in operation of the 
total quality system. 

MN 31 OS Operations Management 

Concepts and applications in service and manufac- 
turing sectors of global economy. Forecasting, 
product and process planning, facility location 
and layout, project management and operations 
scheduling, inventory planning and control, 
quality control. Prerequisite: Junior standing or 
instmctor's permission. 

MN 3 HE Environmental Racism and 
Environmental Justice 

(Directed Study) Explores relationship between 
economic growth, national politics, and environ- 
mental exploitation on human communities living 
in the environmentally degraded areas. Two 
paradigms are explored: Environmental Racism, and 
Market Forces Operation. Case analysis throughout 
the world. Environmental Perspective course. 

MN 312S Women and Leadership 

(Directed Study) Do men and women have different 
leadership styles? Specific strategies that make some 
women more successful than others? What obstacles 
do women face in becoming successful leaders? 
Considers cases of classical and contemporary female 
leaders which are analyzed through the use of 
contemporary leadership theories. 

MN 32 IS Consumer Behavior and 
Consumerism 

Contributions of behavioral disciplines to under- 
standing consumer decision-making processes. 
Impact of consumer movements on law, government, 
media and private sector. Value issues of consumer- 
ism and consumer affairs in business. 

MN 326S Environmental Computer Modeling 

Learn to use a variety of computer software packages 
designed to enhance decision making abilities in 
the environmental arena. Combines lectures, 
discussions, group project results. Prerequisite: 
Statistical Methods. 

MN 345 Complex Organizations 

(Cross-listed with SO 345) (Directed Study) 
Sources, degrees and consequences of bureaucratiza- 
tion in a wide range of social organizations such as 
work, church, military, schools, hospitals. 
Prerequisites: SO lOlS or PS lOlS and MN 260M 
or MN 371, or permission of instructor. 



77 



Management 

MN 35 IE Technology, Society, »&. Environment 

(Directed Study) Interdependent relationship of 
technological and social change with emphasis on 
evolution of models of production and service 
delivery, and organizational structure and function- 
ing. Impact of demographic composition, environ- 
mental resources, economic and political structures. 
Environmental Perspective course. 

MN 360S Database System 

Provides introduction to database systems, concep- 
tual modeling of hierarchical, network, and rela- 
tional database systems, applications of resultant 
designs to specific database systems. Topics include 
data structures, storage and retrieval methods, 
query languages, database administration issues. 
Prerequisite: MN 272S. 

MN 369S Principles of Marketing 

Principles, problems and methods in distributing and 
marketing goods and services. Prerequisite: Junior or 
Senior standing. 

MN 371 Organizational Behavior & 
Leadership 

(Cross-listed with SO 371) Major factors affecting 
behavior in organizations. Motivation, group and 
team dynamics, macro-organizational factors, 
leadership. Prerequisite: Junior status required. 

MN 372 Principles of Accounting II 

The information utilized by operating management 
in decision making: determination of product cost 
and profitability, budgeting, profit planning, 
utilization of standard cost and financial statement 
analysis. Prerequisite: MN 27 IS. 

MN 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

A survey of financial markets and institutions in 
both the public and private sectors and their impact 
on society. Prerequisites: MN 272S, MN 27 IS and 
oneofEC281S,EC282S. 

MN 378 Investment Finance 

(Cross-listed with IB 378) Exploration of financial 
operations in the investment world with emphasis 
on stocks, bonds, real estate, and preparation of a 
financial portfolio. 

MN 379 Retail Organization & Management 

Retail merchandising, promotions, physical facilities, 
personnel, planning, pricing, legalities, research 
techniques, store images, market targets. 
Prerequisites: IB/MN 369S. 

MN 384 Managerial Economics 

(Cross-listed with EC 384) Applied economic 
theory, mathematics and statistics in business 
decision making. Optimization techniques under 



conditions of uncertainty. Selecting the "best" 
solutions to business problems. Prerequisites: 
EC281SandEC260M. 

MN 385S Total Quality Environment 
Management 

Methods used to evaluate the environmental 
consequences of policy decisions, product decisions 
about what products or services are provided, process 
decisions on how goods and services are created, 
systems decisions about implications of all previous 
decision levels. 

MN 386 Money, Banking & Financial 
Institutions 

(Cross-listed with EC 386) History and development 
of monetary system and financial structure. Money 
creation and influence on macroeconomic activity. 
Monetary policy implications of regulator^' agencies. 
Prerequisite: EC 282S. 

MN 3878 Interpersonal Managerial 
Competencies 

(Directed Study) Focus self-management via self- 
awareness, responsibility and accountability, active 
listening and feedback, conflict resolution, managing 
cultural diversity, building trust, and building 
effective teams. Strategies for enhancing the 
student's skills in each of these areas. 

MN 388S Understanding Servant Leadership 
through the Bible 

Servant leaders serve first and lead others to a 
fuller development of their talents. The course 
explores the contributions of Christian principles 
and ethics to the development and practice of 
servant leadership. 

MN 389S Servant Leadership/ 
Service-Learning 

(Directed Study) The student will engage in a 120 
hour service-learning experience within a commu- 
nity organization. The service-learning will be 
stnictured like an internship and will be analyzed 
within the context of servant leadership theory. 

MN 401 Corporate Social Responsibility 

(Directed Study) Size, structure and culture of 
corporate organizations and their policies, strategies 
and actions have significant social, economic, 
political, and environmental costs and conse- 
quences. Examines the impact of corporate social 
issues on each of these areas. Prerequisites: Either 
SO lOlS or PS lOlS and BE 160M; or MN 371, or 
pennission of instructor. 



78 



Marine Science 



MN 405 E Human Ecology- & Social Change 

(Cross-listed with SO 405E) This course concerns 
sociological efforts to understand environmental 
issues. Theories of social change focus on the role of 
various organizations (go\'emmental and non- 
governmental) and policies currently inx'olved in the 
resolution of these issues. 

MN 406S Non-Profit Management 

(Directed Study) Application on the principal 
management functions to non-profit organizations, 
and relations among volunteer hoards of directors 
and professional non-profit organization managers 
and interactions between fundraisers, program 
managers, and granting agency officials, and 
ethical issues. 

MN 411 Social Entrepreneurship 

(Directed Study) Delineating common and distin- 
guishing features of social purpose businesses and 
entrepreneurial non-profits, rationale and means for 
developing partnerships between for-profit, non- 
profit, and ci\ic organizations to pursue social 
entrepreneurship initiati\'es. 

MN 472 Organizational Dynamics 

(Directed Study) Analysis of orgaiiizational and 
interpersonal factors on the effectiveness and 
efficiency of organizational functioning. Application 
of behavioral science to planned organizational 
change. Focus on understanding how to design and 
conduct implementation research. Prerequisites: 
BE 160M and either SO lOlS or PS lOlS. 

MN 475 Investment Analysis 

(Cross-listed with IB 475) Directed Study available. 
Advanced investment course focusing on in-depth 
analysis of specific investment alternatives using the 
computer and other sophisticated techniques. 
Prerequisite: IB 378 or MN 377. 

MN 479 Corporate Finance 

An advanced finance course dealing with founda- 
tions of financial management used in organization 
decision making. Prerequisites: MN 377, MN 272S 
orMN378. 

MN 480 Proctoring in Management 

For Senior management majors, leadership experi- 
ence as group trainers. Prerequisites: MN llOS and 
permission of instructor. 

MN 482 Proctoring in Organizational 
Behavior 

For Senior management majors, leadership experi- 
ence as group trainers. Prerequisites: MN 371 and 
permission of instructor. 



MN 498 Business Policy and Strategic 
Management 

Comprehensive examination requirement for 
maiiagement majors. Practicum in general manage- 
ment. Prerequisite: final semester of Senior year. 
Students may petition for enrollment if they are 
enrolled in no more than two 300- level courses. 



MARINE SCIENCE 

The marine science major provides both an integra- 
tive science background and specialized foundation 
work especially suitable for students planning 
professional careers in marine fields. 

Students majoring in any track of the marine science 
major are expected to be knowledgeable regarding 
fundamental concepts of biological, geological, 
geophysical, chemical, and physical oceanography 
as well as research methods employed by 
oceanographers. 

In addition, students are expected to be able to: 

• synthesize information from the various marine 
science disciplines; 

• write and speak professionally; 

• discuss creative approaches to research 
questions; and 

• utilize bibliographic resources effectively. 

TTie B.A. degree is not offered. 

Required for the B.S. are a core of ten courses: 

Introduction to Marine Science, Fundamental 
Physics 1 and II, Calculus I and II, General Chemis- 
try I and II, Marine Geology, Chemical arid Physical 
Oceanography, and Marine Science Seminar. 

In addition to the core, specified courses in one of 
the following four tracks must be included: 

MARINE BIOLOGY - Marine In\-ertebrate 
Biology, Marine and Freshwater Botany, Cell 
Biology, Genetics, Ecology', Comparative Physiology, 
and Organic Chemistry' 1. 

MARINE CHEMISTRY - Organic Chemistry- 1 
and II, Analytical Chemistry, Marine Geochemistry, 
Physical Chemistry' I or Physical Chemistry' for Life 
Sciences, Instrumental Analysis, and Biological 
Oceanography. 

MARINE GEOLOGY - Earth Systems Histor>^ 
Earth Materials, Earth Structure, Marine Geophys- 
ics, one upper level geology course, Biological 
Oceanography, Calculus III, and Differential 
Equations or Linear Algebra. 



79 



Marine Science 



MARINE GEOPHYSICS - Earth Materials, Earth 
Structure, Marine Geophysics, one upper level 
geology course, Biological Oceanography, Calculus 
III, and Differential Equations or Linear Algebra. 

For the Geology track, upper level electives include 
Coastal Geology, Marine Invertebrate Paleontology, 
Marine Geochemistry, Hydrology, and Marine 
Geophysics. For the Geophysics track, upper level 
electives include Earth Systems History, Marine 
Stratigraphy and Sediment, Coastal Geology, Marine 
Invertebrate Paleontology, Marine Geochemistry, 
and Hydrology. 

Biodiversity I and II may substitute for Marine & 
Freshwater Botany and Marine Invertebrate Biology, 
respectively. General and Molecular Physiology may 
substitute for Comparative Physiology. 

All marine science majors are encouraged to 
participate in an alternative field experience, which 
may include Winter Term or Sea Semester, their 
junior or senior year. 

Students who major in the marine science biology 
track may not major in biology also, and students 
who major in the marine science chemistry track 
may not major in chemistry also. 

Possible sequence of courses: 

MARINE BIOLOGY TRACK 

Freshmen 

Introduction to Marine Science 
Marine Invertebrate Biology 
Marine Geology 
Calculus 1 

Sophomores 

Marine & Freshwater Botany 
General Chemistry I and II 
Calculus II 
Cell Biology 
Genetics 

Juniors 

Ecology 

Comparative Physiology 

Organic Chemistry I 

Physics I and II 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 

Marine Science Seminar 

Seniors 

Marine Science Seminar 



MARINE CHEMISTRY TRACK 

Freshmen 

General Chemistry I and II 
Introduction to Marine Science 
Calculus I 

Sophomores 

Organic Chemistry I and II 
Calculus II 
Physics I and II 
Analytical Chemistry 
Biological Oceanography 

Juniors 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 
Marine Geology 
Marine Science Seminar 

Seniors 

Marine Geochemistry 

Physical Chemistry I or Physical Chemistry 

for Life Sciences 
Instmmental Analysis 
Marine Science Seminar 

MARINE GEOPHYSICS TRACK 

Freshmen 

Introduction to Marine Science 

Calculus I 

Physics I and II or General Chemistry I and II 

Marine Geology 

Sophomores 

Earth Materials 

Calculus II 

General Chemistry I and II or Physics I and II 

Biological Oceanography 

Juniors 

Earth Structure 
Marine Geophysics 
Calculus III 
Marine Science Seminar 

Seniors 

Differential Equations or Linear Algebra 
Upper-level elective 
Chemical and Physical Oceanography 
Marine Science Seminar 



80 



Marine Science 



MARINE GEOLOGY TRACK 

Freshmen 

Introduction to Marine Science 
Calculus I 

General Chemistry I and II 
Marine Geology 

Sophomores 

Earth Materials 
Physics I and II 
Calculus II 
Earth Systems History 

Juniors 

Earth Structure 

Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimentation 
Upper level geology elective or Statistics 
Marine Science Seminar 

Seniors 

Upper- level elective 
Biological Oceanography 
Chemical and Physical Oceanography 
Marine Science Seminar 

A minor in marine science consists of five courses to 
include the following: Introduction to Marine 
Science, Chemical and Physical Oceanography, 
Marine Geology, Marine Invertebrate Biology or 
Marine Botany, and a 200+ level course focusing on 
marine science (e.g., Marine Mammalogy, Marine 
Geochemistry, Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimenta- 
tion, Comparative Physiology or Ecology). These 
courses must not duplicate courses used by students 
to satisfy major requirements. 

MS 187N Plant Biology 

Evolution, diversity and development of plants, their 
place in the ecosystem and responses to environmen- 
tal conditions. Vascular, non-vascular marine, 
freshwater and land plants. Field trips. 

MS 188 Marine and Freshwater Botany 

Diversity of marine and freshwater plants, their 
relationship to each other and to their environment. 
A survey of all plant groups is included. Field trips. 
Prerequisite: CH 12 IN and Sophomore standing. 

MS 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 

Structural basis, evolutionary' relationships, biologi- 
cal functions and environmental interactions of 
animal life in the seas, exploring the local area. 

MS 19 IN Introduction to Marine Science 

Introduction to biological, geological, chemical, and 
physical aspects of marine science. Lecture material 
covers basic principles of oceanography, supple- 
mented by recent advances in the field and faculty 
research. Laboratory component involves lab and 
field studies. 



MS 20 IN The Marine Environment 

Designed primarily for non-science majors. Emphasis 
on use of the scientific method to address issues in 
the marine environment that influence the lives of 
the students. Topics include global warming and the 
biology of the oceans. 

MS 203N Introduction to Aquaculture 

This course presents the basic principles and 
practices of aquaculture from local, national and 
international perspectives. Major topics will reflect 
the interdisciplinary nature of aquaculture, including 
biology, chemistry, engineering, economics, as well as 
legal and environmental considerations. 

MS 208N Environmental Geology 

Geological hazards and our use and abuse of the 
earth. Methods of preservation, conservation and 
sustained yield. 

MS 209 Biological Oceanography 

Functional aspects of marine life such as relation- 
ships between organisms and their physical environ- 
ments, interspecific associations, productivity, and 
food webs. Introduction to biological oceanography 
for students in geology, geophysics, and chemistry 
tracks. Not available for credit for biology track 
students or biology majors. Prerequisite: MS 191N 
and sophomore standing. 

MS 242 Marine Geology 

Geological history of the oceanic environment. 
Marine geological and geophysical exploration 
techniques. Provides complete introduction to 
geological oceanography. Prerequisite: MS 191N. 

MS 243 Earth Systems History 

Systems approach to the physical and biological 
history of the earth, including modem problems in 
paleontology and stratigraphy. Reconstruct and 
interpret Earth's history by treating the lithosphere, 
biosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere as parts of a 
single system. Prerequisite: MS 242. 

MS 257 Earth Materials 
Rocks and minerals of the earth: mineralogy, 
petrography of igneous, sedimentary and metamor- 
phic rocks. Prerequisite: MS 242. 

MS 258N Myths of the Earth 

Exploration of the spiritual and scientific aspects of 
geologic myths, relating science and natural 
phenomena to human history, literature, religion, 
and culture. Major topics will include earthquakes, 
volcanoes, the origin of life, the formation of Earth, 
and the evolution of dinosaurs. 



81 



Marine Science 



MS 301 Principles of Ecology 

(Cross-listed with BI 301) Physical, chemical and 
biological relationships in natural communities. 
Field work in nearby ponds and Gulf shoreline. 
Prerequisites: Junior or Senior standing. 
Corequisite: Bl 303 or permission of instructor. 

MS 302 Biology of Fishes 

(Cross-listed with Bl 302) Systematics, anatomy, 
physiology, ecology, and behavior of tishes. Laboratory 
includes field collecting, trips to local institutions, 
examination of anatomical features and systematic 
characteristics. Prerequisites: Bl 200N, and Junior 
standing or permission of instructor. 

MS 303 Principles of Marine Geophysics 

Application of physical methods, theories, and 
measurements to the Earth. Reflection and refraction 
seismology; side- scan sonar; gravity and magnetic 
surveying; down-hole logging. Solid earth and marine 
applications of geophysics emphasized. Prerequisites: 
MA 132M, MS 306, and PH 241N or permission 
of instructor. 

MS 304 Marine Invertebrate Paleontology 

Morphology, classification, phylogeny, paleoecology 
of groups of marine invertebrate fossil organisms. 
Taphomony, biostratigraphy, and the stages in the 
evolution of marine ecosystems. Field trips and labs. 
Prerequisite: MS 242. 

MS 305 Marine Stratigraphy tSi Sediment 

Facies and basin analysis, sedimentary tectonics. 
Interpretation of clastic and chemical sedimentary 
rocks to infer processes, environments, and tectonic 
settings in d^e marine environment. Prerequisite: MS 242. 

MS 306 Earth Structure 

Microscopic-to-macroscopic scale stmctures in rocks, 
field observations of stress and strain. Oceanic and 
continental structures, theory of plate tectonics. 
Prerequisite: MS 242. 

MS 309 Principles of Hydrology 

The study of water: how rivers function, how water 
moves through the ground, pollution of water and 
other problems. Laboratory involving data collection, 
interpretation, computer work, field trips. Prerequisite: 
MS 242, PH 24 IN or permission of instmctor. 

MS 311 Marine Mammalogy 

(Cross-listed with Bl 3 1 1 ) In-depth overview of 
marine mammals (whales, dolphins, manatees, seals, 
sea lions, etc.). Topics include marine mammal 
systematics, status, behavior, physiology, population 
dynamics, evolution, and management. Current 
periodical literature text readings are basis for discus- 
sions. Prerequisites: Bl 200N and Junior standing. 



MS 312 Plant Ecology 

Relationship of plants with their biological, physical, 
and chemical environments. Includes understanding 
the coexistence of plants in communities, landscape 
dynamics, productivity, environmental stresses, and 
principles of restoration ecology. Prerequisites: MS/ 
Bl 188 or Bl lOOS or permission of instructor. 

MS 314 Comparative Physiology: Investigative 

(Cross-listed with Bl 314) Physiological mechanisms 
of animals and general principles revealed through 
application of comparative methods. Creative 
project lab to develop research skills. 
Prerequisite: CH 122. 

MS 315 Elasmobranch Biology & 
Management 

(Cross-listed with Bl 315) Systematics, evolution, 
ecology, behavior, and anatomical and physiological 
adaptations of sharks and rays. Current scientific 
research, human impact, how populations can be 
managed. Prerequisites: Bl 301 and Junior standing. 

MS 320 Molluscan Biology/Mariculture 

This course will examine the biology, physiology, 
and ecology of marine and estuarine moUusks as 
well as current production technologies (fisheries 
and mariculture) of commercially important species. 
Prerequisites: MS 198, MS 203N, or instructor's 
permission. 

MS 342 Chemical & Physical Oceanography 

Chemical and physical properties of seawater, 
distributions of water characteristics in the oceans, 
water, salt and heat budgets, circulation and water 
masses, waves and tides, coastal oceanography. 
Prerequisites: MS 191N, CH 122, and PH 241N, or 
permission of instructor. 

MS 347 Marine Geochemistry 

Geochemical and biogeochemical processes in 
oceans. Fluvial, atmospheric, hydrothennal sources 
of materials, trace elements, sediments, interstitial 
waters, diagenesis. Prerequisite: MS 342 or pennis- 
sion of instructor. 

MS 401 Coastal Geology 

Apply concepts learned in introductory-level courses 
to the coastal environment. Lab includes field trips 
to various environments on the Atlantic and Gulf 
Coasts of Florida, and aerial reconnaissance missions. 
Prerequisites: MS 242, MS 305 and/or permission 
of instructor. 

MSI 410 Marine Science Seminar '1st Semester 

Topical problems in all disciplines of marine science. 
Junior and Senior marine science majors participate 
for one course credit. Juniors participate in activities 
including seminars, discussions, committees, and 



82 



Mathematics 



community sendee. Seniors read scientific literature 

and deliver presentations. 

MS2 410 Marine Science Seminar - 2nd Semester 

Continuation ot Marine Science Seminar. Four 
semesters required for one course credit. 

MS3 410 Marine Science Seminar - 3rd Semester 

Continuation of Marine Science Seminar. Four 
semesters required for one course credit. 

MS4 410 Marine Science Seminar - 4th Semester 

Continuation of Marine Science Seminar. Four 
semesters required for one course credit. 

MATHEMATICS 

Students majoring in mathematics acquire knowl- 
edge of the basic definitions, axioms, and theorems 
of mathematical systems. They apply mathematical 
reasoning within many different contexts and they 
develop proficiency in computation. 

The basic requirement for either the B.A. or B.S. 
degree is the completion of Calculus 111 and then 
nine mathematics courses, including the Mathemat- 
ics Seminar, numbered above MA 233M. 

Competencies in the major are attained through the 
successful completion of these courses and the 
completion of a comprehensive examination or 
thesis with a final grade of C or better. 

Student placement in first-year courses is determined 
by evaluation of high school mathematics transcripts 
with consideration given toward advanced place- 
ment in the curriculum. 

A minor in mathematics is attained upon the 
completion of five mathematics courses with a grade 
of C or better. Three of the courses must be num- 
bered above MA 233M. 

MA 104M Survey of Mathematics 

Applications of mathematics to real problems. 
Probability', statistics, consumer mathematics, graph 
theory' and other contemporary topics. Students use 
calculators and computers. 

MA 105M Precalculus 

Algebraic, exponential, logarithmic and trigonomet- 
ric functions. Analytic geometry, curve sketching, 
mathematical induction, equations and inequalities. 

MA131M Calculus I 

First in three-course sequence. Techniques of 
differentiation and integration, limits, continuity, 
the Mean Value Theorem, cur\'e sketching, 
Riemann sums and the Fundamental Theorem of 
Calculus. Applications in the sciences. 



MA 132M Calculus II 

Continuation of MA 13 IM. Exponential, logarith- 
mic and trigonometric functions, formal integration 
technic]ues, Taylor polynomials and infinite series. 
Prerequisite: MA 13 IM. 

MA 133M Statistics, An Introduction 

Concepts, methods, and applications of statistics in 
the natural sciences. Elementary probability theory, 
random variables, discrete and continuous probabil- 
ity distributions. Statistics and sampling distribu- 
tions, estimation and hypothesis testing, linear 
regression. Credit is given for only one of MA 133M 
or one of the behavioral science statistics courses, 
but not both. 

MA 143 Discrete Mathematics 

Algorithms, induction, graphs, digraphs, permuta- 
tions, combinations, Boolean algebra and difference 
equations. Emphasis on discrete rather than 
continuous aspects. Prerequisite: MA 13 IM. 

MA 233M Calculus III 

Continuation of MA 132M. Three-dimensional 
analytic and vector geometry, partial and directional 
derivatives, extremes of functions of several vari- 
ables, multiple integration, line and surface integrals. 
Green's and Stoke 's Theorem. Prerequisite: 
MA 132M. 

MA 234N Differential Equations 

Existence and uniqueness theorems, nth-order linear 
differential equations, Laplace transforms, systems of 
ordinary differential equations, series solutions and 
numerical methods. Prerequisite: MA 132M. 

MA 236N Linear Algebra 

Vector spaces, linear transformations, matrices, 
eigenvalues, eigenvectors and systems of linear 
equations. Prerequisite: MA 132M or permission 
of instructor. 

MA 238 Optimization Techniques 

Classical techniques for optimizing univariate and 
multivariate functions with or without constraints. 
Linear programming through simplex method, 
duality theory'. Non-linear programming through 
Lagrange multipliers, quadratic and convex 
conforms. Prerequisite: MA 233M or permission 
of instructor. 

MA 333 ProbabiUty and Statistics I 

First in two-course sequence covering probability 
theory, random variables, random sampling, various 
distribution functions, point and interval estimation, 
tests of hypotheses, regression theory, non-paramet- 
ric tests. Prerequisite: MA 233M or permission 
of instructor. 



83 



Mathematics 



MA 334 Probability and Statistics 11 

Continuation of MA 333, which is prerequisite. 

MA 335N Abstract Algebra 1 

First in two-course sequence covering integers, 
groups, rings, integral domains, vector spaces, 
development of fields. Prerequisite: MA 132M 
or MA 236N. 

MA 336 Abstract Algebra II 

Continuation of MA 335N, which is prerequisite. 

MA 339N Combinatorial Mathematics 

Problem solving that deals with finite sets. 
Permutations and combinations, generating 
functions, recurrence relations, Polya's theory of 
counting, fundamentals of graph theory, difference 
equations and enumeration techniques. 
Prerequisite: MA 132M. 

MA 340 Dynamical Systems 

An introduction to dynamical systems, chaos and 
fractals. Dynamic modeling, stability analysis, 
bifurcation theory, strange attractors, self-similarity, 
iterated function systems. Prerequisite: MA 234N or 
permission of instructor. 

MA 341 Numerical Analysis 

(Cross-listed with CS 341 ) Methods for solving an 
equation or systems of equations. Interpolating 
polynomials, numerical integration and differentia- 
tion, numerical solutions of ordinary and partial 
differential equations, boundary value problems. 
Prerequisite: MA 233M or permission of instaictor. 

MA 351 Fourier Analysis 

Introduction to Fourier series, Fourier transforms and 
discrete Fourier transfomis. Computer simulation 
and analysis of various physical phenomena using 
Fourier software packages, including the fast Fourier 
transfonn algorithm. Prerequisite: MA 234N. 

MAI 410 Mathematics Seminar - 1st Semester 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring in 
mathematics. One course credit upon satisfactory 
completion of two-years participation. Mathematical 
processes from a historical and cultural perspective. 

MA2 410 Mathematics Seminar - 2nd Semester 

Continuation of Mathematics Seminar. Four 
semesters required for one course credit. 

MA3 410 Mathematics Seminar - 3rd Semester 

Continuation of Mathematics Seminar. Four 
semesters required for one course credit. 

MA4 410 Mathematics Seminar - 4th Semester 

Continuation of Mathematics Seminar. Four 
semesters required for one course credit. 



MA 411 Introduction to Topology 

Introduction to point-set topology emphasizing 
connectedness, compactness, separation properties, 
continuity, homeomorphisms and metric and 
Euclidean spaces. Prerequisite: MA 233M or 
permission of instructor. 

MA 421 Partial Differential Equations 

Initial and boundary value problems. Separation of 
variables, dAlembert solution. Green's fimctions, 
Fourier series, Bessel fimctions, Legendre polynomials, 
Laplace transforms and numerical methods. 
Prerequisite: MA 234N. 

MA 433 Real Analysis I 

First in two-course sequence covering point-set 
topology, limits, continuity, derivatives, functions of 
hounded variation, Riemann-Stieltjes integrals, 
infinite series, function spaces and sequences of 
functions. Prerecpisite: MA 233M. 

MA 434 Real Analysis II 

Continuation of MA 433, which is prerequisite. 

MA 445 Complex Analysis 

Analytic functions, contour integrals, residues, linear 
transformations of the complex plane, Laurent Series, 
conformal mappings and Poisson Integrals. 
Prerequisite: MA 233M. 

MA 499 Senior Thesis 

Senior mathematics majors may, upon invitation of 
the mathematics faculty, do research and write a 
thesis under the direction of a member of that faculty. 

MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY 

The Medical Technology program offers students a 
B.S. or B.A. degree by completing three years of 
general studies here and a fourth year of professional 
course work at a hospital which has been approved by 
the Council on Medical Education of The American 
Medical Association. 

The general studies program at Eckerd College must 
include a minimum of eleven courses in the Natural 
Sciences which are required for certification: four 
courses in biology (including microbiology and 
immunology); four courses in chemistry (including 
organic), one course in mathematics (normally 
calculus), and two courses in physics. Completion of 
the all-college general education requirements is 
expected of all graduates. Senior general education 
courses should he taken in advance. 

The professional coursework taken during the Senior 
year requires that the student spend 12 months in 
training at a certified hospital to which he/she has 
gained admission. For most Eckerd students, this is 



84 



Bayfront Medical Center. The student receives 
college credit for the laboratory courses taken in that 
clinical setting. The baccalaureate is awarded on 
successful completion of this coursework with a 
major in interdisciplinary science. 

In addition, the student receives certification by the 
American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP) 
after passing an official examination. Supervision of 
clinical coursework during the Senior year is carried 
out by a program director (an M.D. certified in 
clinical pathology by the American Board of 
Pathology) and an educational coordinator ( a 
medical technologist certified by the Registry of 
Medical Technologists). 



MODERN LANGUAGES 

Students may pursue a language major in French, 
German or Spanish. Alternatively, students can elect 
to major in Modem Languages. This major may 
include the study of Chinese, Italian, or Japanese as 
well as French, German, or Spanish. Minors, which 
consist of five courses, are available in all of the 
above languages except Japanese. 

A major in French, German, or Spanish consists of 
eight courses and a comprehensive examination or, 
with faculty approval, a senior thesis/project. One of 
the eight courses must be 400-level. Language majors 
are expected to speak the language well enough to be 
rated at the Intermediate Mid level of proficiency as 
defined by the American Council on the Teaching 
of Foreign Languages (ACTFL), and therefore are 
strongly urged to spend at least one semester abroad. 
The best time to do this is usually during the Junior 
year. The Office of International Education will 
assist students in identifying appropriate programs. 
All study abroad must be approved by language 
faculty and cleared by the registrar. The Collegium of 
Comparative Cultures also offers language intensive 
programs abroad every winter that carry a semester of 
language credit. 

As an alternative to majoring in a single modem 
language, students may elect to major in Modem 
Languages. A major in Modem Languages consists of 
sk courses in a primary language and four in a 
secondary language (a total often courses). The 
comprehensive exam focuses on the primary 
language but includes an oral proficiency interview 
in the secondary language. 

Double majors: Students who major in International 
Business, Intemational Relations and Global Affairs 
or Intemational Studies are strongly encouraged to 
develop double majors with a modem language. All 
of the intemational disciplines have an extensive 
language requirement for their majors, and students 
would in most cases already be near the completion 



Music 

of a language major by the time they graduate. 
Fluency in a foreign language will increase employ- 
ability and opportunities for graduate study. 

Many of our majors continue the study of language 
at the graduate level. Language majors pursue a 
variety of careers in education, law, government, 
joumalism, and business. 



MUSIC 

The music major provides students with an under- 
standing of the Westem art music tradition and the 
other music traditions which have shaped it through 
a series of combination theory/music history courses 
and complementary perfomiance courses. Consistent 
with the expectations of graduate programs in music, 
students completing a music major should be able to: 

• demonstrate listening, sight singing, 
keyboard and written theory skills at a high 
intemiediate level 

• analyze and discuss musical works from a 
theoretical and historical perspective, both in 
oral presentations and in formal essays 

• apply a wide variety of music research materials 
to their own analytic and perfomiance projects 

• demonstrate familiarity with the major genres, 
styles and composers associated with the 
music of the West, as well as familiarity with a 
number of music types outside the Westem 
classical mainstream 

• perform on voice or an instmment at more than 
an intermediate level, both from a technical 
and interpretive standpoint. 

The five required introductory courses, ideally 
completed no later than the end of the Sophomore 
year, are MU 145A (Tonal Theory la), MU 146 
(Tonal Tlieory lb), MU 221A (Introduction to 
Music Literature), MU 356G (World Music), and 
either MU 245A (Choral Literature and Ensemble) 
or MU 246 A (Instrumental Ensemble). Entry into 
MU 145 A assumes note reading and notation skills, 
the ability to recognize intervals, triads and common 
scale pattems by ear, as well as basic keyboard skills. 
These skills may be demonstrated through a 
placement test or successful completion of MU 101 A 
(Music Fundamentals). Competency on an instru- 
ment or in voice at an intermediate or higher level is 
a requirement for completing the major. Enrollment 
in MU 442A (Applied Music) from the time a 
student enters the program is, therefore, highly 
recommended. 

The four required advanced courses are MU 341 A 
(Renaissance and Baroque Music), MU 342 (Classic 
Period Music), MU 443 (Romantic Music), and MU 
444 (Modem Music). Students with plans to enter 



85 



Music 

graduate school in any field related to music should 
expect to enroll in additional electives. Continued 
participation in either MU 245A (Choral Literature 
and Ensemble) or MU 246 A (Instrumental En- 
semble), as well as in MU 442A (Applied Music), is 
also strongly advised, and would he expected by most 
graduate programs. A comprehensive examination 
will be administered following a period of review in 
the Senior year to detemiine competency in the 
academic and inteipretive aspects of music. Ad- 
vanced students may be invited to complete a thesis 
on an academic subject or in composition in lieu of 
the comprehensive exam. Highly skilled performers 
may be invited to present a Senior recital as part of 
the Music at Eckerd series. 

The minor in music consists of six courses as follows: 
four foundational academic courses: MU 145 A 
(Tonal Theory la), MU 146A (Tonal TheoiT lb), 
MU 221 A (Introduction to Music Literature), and 
either MU 3560 (World Music) or MU 326A 
(American Music and Values); at least one advanced 
academic course from the group MU 341 A, MU 
342, MU 443 and MU 444; arid a minimum of one 
performance course MU 245 A (Choral Literature 
and Ensemble), MU 246 A (Instrumental Ensemble) 
or MU 442 A (Applied Music). 

MU 101 A Music Fundamentals 

Reading pitches and rhythms, sight singing, basic 
keyboard performance. Musical patterns common in 
folk, popular and art music worldwide. 

MU 145A Comp Musician la: Tonal Theory 

Tonal harmony, part-writing skills, primary triads and 
inversions, non-harmonic tones, sight singing, 
keyboard harmony. Four semester hours of credit. 

MU 146 Comp Musician lb: Tonal Theory 

Secondary triads, medieval modes, harmonic 
sequence, elementary modulation, continued part 
writing and analysis, ear training, sight singing, 
keyboard harmony. Lab component. Four semester 
hours of credit. Prerequisite: MU 145A 
or equivalent. 

MU 221 A Introduction to Music Literature 

Focuses on significant composers, works, and forms, 
primarily from the Western art music tradition, 
through listening and analysis, writing and 
discussion, concert attendance and explorations 
of recorded music. 

MU 242 Comp Musician II: Medieval & 
Renaissance 

History, theory, performance practices and cultural 
context of Western music from the start of the 
Christian era to 1600. Prerequisite: MU 145 A. 



MUl 245 A Choral Lit/Ensemble - 1st Semester 

Study and performance of masterworks of choral 
music. Concerts given both on and off campus. 
Smaller vocal ensembles chosen by audition from 
larger group. Two semesters required for one course 
credit. Admission by audition with instructor. 

MU2 245 A Choral Lit/Ensemble - 2nd Semester 

Continuation of MUl 245 A. Two semesters required 
for one course credit. Admission by audition 
with instructor. 

MUl 246 A Instrumental Ensemble -1st Semester 

Participation in classical chamber groups, a wind 
ensemble, a world music improvisation ensemble, or 
an approved off campus ensemble. Concerts on and 
off campus. Four hours rehearsal per week. Two 
semesters earn one course credit. Audition with 
instructor required. 

MU2 246A Instrumental Ensemble - 2nd Semester 

Continuation of MUl 246 A. Two semesters recjuired 
for one course credit. Placement audition with 
instructor required. 

MU 266A Music Projects I 

Opportunities for study in special topics in perfor- 
mance, research, and areas of study not provided for in 
regular semester courses, by permission of instructor. 

MU 267A Music Projects I 

Opportunities for study in special topics in perfor- 
mance, research, and areas of study not provided for in 
regular semester courses, by permission of instructor. 

MU 326E American Music Landscape 

Examines American music types from Native 
American, African American, Anglo American 
ritual and folk music to classical and popular music 
of the present in light of its connection to the 
natural environment. 

MU 33 2 A Topics in Music Literature 

Music of a particular period, genre, or composer 
in temns of musical style, cultural, historical, or 
biographical significance. Listening and discussion, 
development and application of descriptive 
terminology and research. 

MU 341 A Renaissance & Baroque Music 

Western art music between 1400 and 1750 with 
emphasis on dance fornis, sacred choral music, 
madrigals and other secular forms including opera. 
Research into performance practice and cultural 
context for each supplements listening and analysis. 
Counterpoint and analysis lab. 



86 



Natural Sciences 



MU 342 Classic Period Music 

Development of 18th century classical style through 
the music of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. 
Analysis lab. Prerequisites: MU 146, MU 221 A and 
MU 356G or permission of instructor. 

MU 356G World Music 

Music for ritual, work and play as well as art music 
traditions from various cultures around the world, 
including those of early Europe and the Middle East. 
Aural and videotaped recordings, readings in 
anthropology and aesthetics, live perfomnances. 
Freshmen with pemiission of instructor. 

MU 361 Advanced Tonal Harmony 

A continuation of MU 146, from modulatory 
techniques through the chromaticism of the late 
19th century. Lah component. Prerequisite: MU 146 
or pemiission of instructor. 

MU 366A Music Projects II 

For advanced students who wish to pursue work on 
specialized topics, including composition. Pennission 
of instructor required. 

MU 367A Music Projects II 

For advanced students who wish to pursue work on 
specialized topics, including composition. Permission 
of instructor required. 

MUl 442 A Applied Music - 1st Semester 

Studio instruction in voice, piano, organ, classical 
guitar, string, brass and woodwind instruments. One 
private lesson, and minimum of six hours per week 
individual practice plus four evening performance 
classes per semester. Two semesters required for one 
course credit. Permission of instructor required. 
Fee charged. 

MU2 442A Applied Music - 2nd semester 

Continuation of studio instruction. Two semesters 
required for one course credit. 

MU 443 Romantic Music 

A study of 19th century- art music from late 
Beethoven through Schubert, Brahms, Chopin and 
Wagner, among others. Analysis lab. Prerequisites: 
MU 146, MU 221A and MU 356G or pemussion 
of instructor. 

MU 444 Modem Music 

Beginning with the Impressionists, Neo-classicists 
and serialists and continuing to aleatoric, electronic 
and minimalist composers of the more recent past. 
Analysis lab. Prerequisites: MU 146, MU 221 A and 
MU 356G or permission of instructor. 



NATURAL SCIENCES 

NA 133N Earth History 

Geological and biological earth history beginning 
with our understanding of the evolution of the solar 
system and continuing through the advent of human 
history. Science- based, event-oriented, with focus 
on cause and effect and the interrelationship of 
physical and biological factors in the Earth's 
evolution. Geologic time, biologic evolution, plate 
tectonics, and how these relate to the Earth history 
time-line. 

NA 160N Science: at the Cutting Edge 

Explore today's major scientific advancements in 
animal behavior, earth and space science, genetics, 
and new technologies. This course personalizes 
science by illustrating its influence in daily and 
future life. 

NA 173N Introduction to 

Environmental Science 

Environmental science strives to comprehend the 
nature and extent of human influences on natural 
systems. This course explores the science behind 
environmental issues using a case study approach. 

NA 180N Weather 

This course studies atmospheric science and weather 
prediction. Particular topics include composition and 
structure of the atmosphere, energy flow, and 
weather patterns. 

NA 200N Introduction to the Oceans 

This course is designed to introduce the non-science 
major to the earth's oceans, how they were formed, 
their chemistry, interaction with the atmosphere to 
create weather and climate, currents and waves, 
celestial interactions that create tides, and the 
interaction between ocean processes and the 
abundant and varied ecosystems that live within the 
oceans' realms. 

NA 272N Interdisciplinary Science 

Explore a modem scientific world view from 
mathematical, biological, chemical, and physical 
perspectives. Human roles and responsibilities within 
nature and the natural environment. Investigate 
interactions between science and society. 



87 



Philosophy 

PHILOSOPHY 

Students majoring in philosophy develop with their 
Mentor a program of study including a minimum of 
ten courses, including Philosophical Logic, Philo- 
sophical Writing and the History of Philosophy 
senior seminar; one ethics course; at least three 
courses from the History of Philosophy series 
(Ancient, Medieval and Renaissance, 17th and 18th 
Century, 19th Century, 20th Century); and other 
upper level courses focused on the student's particu- 
lar philosophical interests. In addition, philosophy 
majors are expected to take complementary courses 
in other disciplines that provide background and 
breadth in their program of study. 

Philosophy majors are to have a working knowledge 
of the issues and methods covered in their required 
courses in logic, ethics and the history of philosophy 
sequence, in addition to those in their chosen upper- 
level area of focus. This competence and the ability 
to communicate it in speaking and writing is 
demonstrated by satisfactory completion of the 
courses in the philosophy major and of a Senior 
thesis or comprehensive examination in philosophy. 

A minor in philosophy consists of five philosophy 
courses, including a logic course and at least one 
course from the history of philosophy sequence. An 
approved course must be developed in consultation 
with the philosophy discipline coordinator, and will 
usually include at least three upper-division courses 
(which may include the upper-division logic course 
and/or the history of philosophy course. 

PL lOlH Introduction to Philosophy 

Analyze philosophical issues concerning human 
nature, our relationship to the world around us, and 
major philosophical issues of value and meaning. 
Study works of several great philosophers to help 
students develop their own views. 

PL 102M Introduction to Logic 

Methods of critical and logical analysis of language 
and thought. Helps develop critical, analytical 
reasoning and linguistic precision. 

PL 103G Introduction to Eastern Philosophy 

(Directed Study Available) Philosophical questions 
on the nature of reality, society, and self in East 
Asian philosophy with emphasis on metaphysics 
and ethics. 

PL 220H Existentialism 

A provocatively modem approach to many of the 
issues of the philosophical tradition; the existential 
foundations of art, religion, science and technology. 



PL 230H Philosophy of Religion 

The conceptual aspects of religion: natural and 
supernatural, religious experience, sources of 
religious knowledge, faith and reason in the past and 
future. Offered alternate years. 

PL 240H Philosophy of Technology 

Humans are the beings who reshape their 
environment. Is modem technology a refinement 
of tool-making, or something new? What has 
been the impact of technology on the essence of 
being human? 

PL 24 IH Ethics: Tradition & Critique 

Various systems for judging good and bad, right and 
wrong. Definitions of the good life, ethical theories 
and their application to issues such as abortion, civil 
rights, war and peace, censorship, etc. 

PL 243E Environmental Ethics 

A philosophical investigation of our relationship to 
the natural environment, and how these consider- 
ations affect our moral obligations to other people, as 
well as future generations. 

PL 244H Social & Political Philosophy 

Major social and political theories that have been 
influential in the West. Contemporary political 
theory examined in light of classical tradition and 
historical movements. Offered alternate years. 

PL 246H Philosophy and Film 

Simultaneously an introduction to the philosophy 
of film and an introduction to philosophy, this 
course will use an examination of mostly non- 
conventional films as a starting point for considering 
philosophical themes. 

PL 250H Mind/Body: Philosophical 
Explorations 

What is mind? How is it related to matter? Examine 
ways that these and related questions have been 
addressed throughout the history of philosophy, and 
discover in the process what it means to think 
philosophically. 

PL 263H Aesthetics 

Examine various answers to questions asked from 
ancient times by philosophers, artists and other 
thoughtful people about the nature of art, beauty, 
and the role of the arts and artists in society. 
Prerequisite: Westem Heritage or pennission 
of instmctor. 

PL 303G Individual/Society-Chinese Thought 

Analyze ideas of human nature, the individual's 
relationship to the social order, and the range of ways 
in which individuals have expresses dissent from 



social nonns in the Chinese tradition. Ranges from 
classical philosophy to current events and the debate 
on human rights. 

PL 304H Seminar in Chinese Thought: 
Taoism 

(Cross-listed with EA 304H) Exploration ot 
philosophical issues in Taoism in a historical and 
comparative framework. Emphasis on Taoist 
epistemolog^', ontology, and ethics through close 
study of classic texts, the commentary tradition, and 
comparative works in Buddhist, classical Greek, and 
modem Western philosophy. Prerequisite: EA 210G 
or PL 103G, or permission of instructor. 

PL 310E Ideas of Nature 

Ancient Greek cosmology, Renaissance view of 
nature, modem conception of nature. What nature 
is, how is can be studied, how we should relate to it. 
Primary approach is critical, historical analysis of 
primary texts. 

PL 3 1 IH Major Philosophers 

An intensive study of a single major philosopher. 
May be taken more than once for credit with focus 
on different philosophers. 

PL 312H American Philosophy 

Major trends and emphases in American philosophy 
from the colonial period to the 20th century. 
Prerequisite: some background in the humanities or 
permission of instructor. 

PL 321H History of Philosophy: 
Greek and Roman 

The rise of philosophy, 600 B.C. A.D. 100, with 
emphasis on natural philosophy. Pre-Socratics, 
Sophists, Stoics, Epicureans, Plato and Aristotle. 
Offered alternate years. 

PL 322H History of Philosophy: 
Medieval & Renaissance 

Philosophical thought from ebb of Rome through 
rise of modem Europe, including developments in 
Jewish and/or Islamic, and Christian philosophy. 
Faith and reason, realism and nominalism, mysticism 
and rationalism, Platonism and Aristotelianism. 
Offered alternate years. 

PL 323H History of Philosophy: 
17' 18th Century 

Descartes through Kant as response to the 
Scientific Revolution. Comparison of rationalism 
and empiricism. 

PL 324H History of Philosophy: 19th Century 

Kant, German Idealism, Utilitarianism, social and 
scientific philosophy, existentialism, Hegel, 
Schopenhauer, Marx, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, others. 



Philosophy 

PL 325H History of Science 

Physical science from 600 B.C. A.D. 1700. Major 
discoveries and scientists, different approaches to 
science, the interrelationship between science 
and society. 

PL 342H 20th Century PhUosophical 
Movements 

Development of philosophical analysis and existen- 
tialism as the two main philosophical movements 
of the 20th century. Freshmen require permission 
of instructor. 

PL 345H Philosophical Logic 

Advanced study of logic, with special emphasis on 
formal or symbolic logic, considered both as a tool 
for assessing arguments and as a subject matter for 
philosophical thought. Prerequisites: PL 102M, or 
permission of instructor. 

PL 348H Philosophical Theology 

A philosophical study of the nature of God and the 
relation of God and world, based on readings from 
early Greek philosophy to the present. Prerequisite: 
some background in philosophy or religion. 

PL 349G Native American Thought 

(Cross-listed with HI 349G) This course focuses on 
the nature of Native American thought; explores the 
differing assumptions, methods, and teachings 
connected with the pursuit of wisdom, with special 
attention to metaphysics and ethics. 

PL 350 Philosophical Writing 

Close readings of exceptional philosophical texts will 
be combined with a wide range of writing assign- 
ments, to culminate in a publishable essay. Course 
intended to prepare students for graduate-level 
research and writing in philosophy and related fields. 

PL 360H Philosophy of Science 

Recent controversies on the scientific explanation 
between formal logical analysis and the informal, 
heuristic approach. Analysis of laws and theories. 
Examples from the history of science. Offered 
alternate years. 

PL 36 IH Contemporary Ethical Theory 

Major contemporary' schools of thought in moral 
philosophy. Prerequisite: some background in 
philosophy, religious studies, psychology, literature or 
related disciplines. 

PL 362H Contemporary Political Philosophy 

Major contemporary schools of thought in political 
philosophy. Prerequisite: some background in 
philosophy, political science, history, economics, 
American studies or literature. 



89 



Physical Education 



PL 365 Philosophy of History 

Does history have a meaning? Is it leading anywhere? 
Does history result in anything that is genuinely 
new? Or is it an "eternal recurrence of the same"? 
Especially useful for students of history, literature, 
religious studies, and philosophy. Prerequisite: some 
background in the humanities. 

PL 367 Philosophy and Myth 

Seminar course that examines relationship between 
mythic and rational consciousness in the context of 
current trends in the philosophy of the imagination. 

PL 401 History of Philosophy Seminar 

Intensive study of the major philosophical move- 
ments from the ancient Greeks to the twentieth 
century, with emphasis on the classical problems of 
philosophy. Required for philosophy majors, this 
course completes history of philosophy sequence. 

PL 403 Contemporary Philosophical 
Methodologies 

Intensive investigation of contemporary approach to 
philosophical method, designed to help students 
practice philosophy in an original manner. May be 
taken more than once for credit in order to study 
different methodologies. 



PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

PE 200 Coaching & Sports Performance 

How motivational techniques can enhance perfor- 
mance on and off the field. A comprehensive review 
of the major trends in motivation, attentional 
focusing, goal setting, anxiety and arousal, relaxation 
techniques, and team building will be examined. 

PE 321 Athletic Coaching 

Social-psychological problems of coaching today, the 
role of sports, developing a philosophy of coaching. 
Sports programs from youth leagues to collegiate 
athletics. Teaching styles, training, sports psychology. 



PHYSICS 

Students who major in physics develop competency 
in using scientific methodology: in creating math- 
ematical models of real-world systems, manipulating 
these models to obtain predictions of the system's 
behavior, and testing the model's predictions against 
the observed real-world behavior. Mechanical, 
electro- magnetic, thermodynamic, and atomic/ 
molecular systems are among those with which 
students become familiar in the building and 
testing of theoretical models. Problem-solving and 
quantitative reasoning are among the skills which 
are developed. 



For the B.A. degree, students majoring in physics 
normally take the following courses: 

Fundamental Physics I and II 

Modem Physics 

Electronics Laboratory 

Classical Mechanics 

Electricity and Magnetism I and II 

Quantum Physics I 

Calculus I, II, and III 

For the B.S. degree, additional courses normally 
included are: 

Quantum Physics II 
Advanced Physics Laboratory 
Differential Equations 
Linear Algebra 
Senior Thesis 
General Chemistry 

The Physics Seminar is required in the Junior and 
Senior years. Students may arrange independent or 
directed study courses in advanced subjects to suit 
their needs. 

A minor in physics requires completion of five 
physics courses with a grade of at least C, of which at 
least three are numbered above PFi 242. 

An example of a program of courses which would 
lead to a major in physics: 

Freshmen 

Calculus I and II 
Fundamental Physics I and II 

Sophomores 

Calculus III 
Modem Physics 
Differential Equations 
Classical Mechanics 

Juniors 

General Chemistry I and II 
Electricity and Magnetism I and II 
Electronics Laboratory 

Seniors 

Quantum Physics I and II 
Advanced Physics Laboratory 

In addition, physics majors are required to enroll 
in the Physics Seminar during their Junior and 
Senior years. 

PH 209N Survey of Astronomy 

(Cross-listed with CH 209N) Planets, stars, galaxies, 
celestial motion. Some night observing sessions. 

PH 214E Energy and the Environment 

Options available to societies in producing energy, 
the consequences of each choice, and the different 
sets of values implicit in the choices. 



90 



PH 2 1 7N Evolving World- View of Science 

What is it that distinguishes science as an investiga- 
tory tool, and gives it such power? How does the 
universe as presented by modem science compare 
with religious and philosophical ideas? In this course 
we will trace the development ot scientific 
understanding. 

PH 24 IN Fundamental Physics I 

Linear, rotational, and oscillatory motion. Force, 
work, and energy'. Corequisite: MA 13 IM. Calculus- 
hased with laboratory. 

PH 242 Fundamental Physics II 

Thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism, and optics. 
Calculus-based, with laboratory. Prerequisite: 
PH241NandMA131M. 

PH 243 Modem Physics 

Introduction to quantum mechanics, with elemen- 
tary applications in atoms, molecules, and solids. 
Prerequisite: PH 242. 

PH 244 Electronics Laboratory 

First principles of analog and digital electronic 
circuit theory, basic operation of electronic circuits, 
instruments, utilizing modem electronic technique 
and instRimentation. Prerequisite: PH 242 or 
permission of instructor. 

PH 245 Computer Models in Science 

An introduction to computational science through 
physical, chemical, geological and biological 
examples. Modeling of various dynamical systems 
like planets, molecules and populations by program- 
ming a computer. Learning software programs to 
visualize results. Prerequisites: PH 242 and CS 143M 
or permission of instructor. Fulfills a computational 
science minor requirement. 

PH 320 Optics 

Wave motion, electromagnetic theory, photons, light 
and geometric optics, superposition and polarization 
of waves, interference and diffraction of waves, 
coherence theory, holography and lasers. 
Prerequisites: MA 132M and PH 242. 

PH 321 Physical Chemistry I: Investigative 

(Cross-listed with CH 321) Laws of thermodynam- 
ics, free energy, and chemical equilibrium; solutions 
of electrolytes, non-electrolytes; electrochemistry, 
chemical kinetic theory. Prerequisites: CH 212, 
MA 132M, PH 242 or permission of instructor. 

PH 330 Statistical Mechanics in 
Thermodynamics 

Fundamental concepts of thermodynamics including 
first, second and third laws; thermodynamic 
potentials. Development of the Maxwell-Boltzman, 



Physics 

Femii-Dirac, and Bose-Einstein distribution 
functions. Prerequisite: PH 243. 

PH 341 Classical Mechanics 

Particles and rigid bodies, elastic media, waves, 
Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of 
dynamics. Prerequisites: PH 242 and MA 234N or 
pemiission of instructor. 

PH 342 Electricity & Magnetism I 

Maxwell's equations in the study of electric and 
magnetic fields, AC and DC circuits. Electromag- 
netic wave theory introduced. Prerequisites: PH 242 
and MA 234N or pemiission of instmctor. 

PH 343 Electricity & Magnetism II 

Continuation of PH 342. Electrodynamics, electro- 
magnetic waves, and special relativity. Prerequisite: 
PH 342 or Permission of instmctor. 

PH 345 Advanced Physics Laboratory 

Advanced instrumentation and analysis techniques. 
Develop laboratory abilities utilized in physics, 
especially as applied to modem optics. Two lab 
sessions a week. Prerequisites: PH 24 IN and PH 242. 

PHI 410 Physics Seminar - 1st Semester 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring in 
physics. One course credit upon satisfactory 
completion of two year participation. Topical issues 
in physics. 

PH2 410 Physics Seminar - 2nd Semester 

Continuation of Physics Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

PH3 410 Physics Seminar - 3rd Semester 

Continuation of Physics Seminar. Four semesters 
required for on course credit. 

PH4 410 Physics Seminar - 4th Semester 

Continuation of Physics Seminar. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

PH 443 Quantum Physics I 

Modem quantum theory and relativity. Comparison 
of classical and quantum results. Prerequisite: 
PH 243 or permission of instructor. 

PH 444 Quantum Physics II 

Three-dimensional wave equation and application to 
hydrogen atoms. Identical particles introduced with 
emphasis on low- energy scattering. Prerequisite: 
PH 433 or permission of instmctor. 

PH 499 Independent Research - Thesis 

Outstanding students majoring in physics 
normally are invited to engage in active research 
and to prepare a thesis in lieu of a Senior compre- 
hensive exam. 



91 



Political Science 



POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Students choosing to major in political science gain 
fundamental understanding of American govern- 
ment, how our governmental system compares with 
other major political systems, and how the U.S. 
interrelates with the rest of the world. Majors gain 
competence in political analysis and research skills 
as well as an understanding of political power, 
government institutions, international affairs, and 
political theory. 

Students majoring in political science affiliate with 
either the Letters or Behavioral Science Collegium, 
depending on their individual career or research 
plans. Both coUegial tracks require the completion of 
Introduction to American National Government 
and Politics, Introduction to Comparative Politics, 
and Introduction to International Relations. Beyond 
the three introductory courses, all students must 
complete six additional non-introductory political 
science courses including at least one from each field 
within political science. All political science majors 
must also complete Political Science Research 
Methods and the political science Senior Seminar. 
The typical course sequence for political science 
majors includes the completion of three introductory 
courses in their first year, followed hy an individually 
tailored set of upper-division courses. 

Students with specific career or research interests not 
adequately covered by the discipline may substitute 
one course from another discipline for one upper- 
level political science course with prior approval of 
the political science faculty. Students are encouraged 
to explore their career or research interests through 
an appropriate internship. With the approval of the 
political science faculty, one internship may fulfill a 
political science major requirement. One winter 
term project may also be accepted toward degree 
requirements in political science. 

Students may earn a minor in political science 
with successful completion of PO 102S, either 
PO 103G or PO 104G, and any four additional 
non-introductory courses spread across the political 
science faculty. 

PO 1028 Introduction to American National 
Government & Politics 

American democratic theory, political parties, 
interest groups, presidential selection and functions, 
Congress, Supreme Court, federal bureaucracy, and 
several major areas of policy making conducted by 
the national government. 



PO 103G Introduction to 

International Relations 

National and international political relationships, 
origins of war, the international system, rich and 
poor nations and the politics of hunger, and alternate 
concepts to the present system. 

PO 104G Introduction to Comparative Politics 

Comparing national governments and politics by 
looking at development/political economy, national- 
ism, ethnicity, culture, gender, democratization, 
political institutions, state-society relations, parties. 
Cases include: UK, France, Germany, Japan, 
China, others. 

PO 2008 Diplomacy & International Relations 

Diplomatic protocol and practices within the United 
Nations; role of international diplomacy in war, 
peace, and the evolution of peace-keeping; dilemmas 
resulting from global, economic, and environmental 
interdependence and sustainability. 

PO 2018 Power, Authority & Virtue 

Close reading of classic texts in political theory 
aimed at examining the dynamics of power and 
virtue in political life. 

PO 202E Public Policymaking in America 

Introduction to the general policy-making process. 
Formulation of new policies and programs, imple- 
mentation, evaluation of federal programs. Policy 
areas such as unemployment and environment. 

PO 21 IG Inter- American Relations 

Historical examination of continuities and changes 
in U.S. policy toward Latin America from Monroe 
Doctrine to present in Central America, from a 
range of ideological and scholarly perspectives. 
Prerequisite: one introductory level political science 
course or Latin American Area Studies recom- 
mended, or permission of instructor. 

PO 2128 U.S. Foreign Policy 

History of U.S. diplomacy and foreign policy. 
Complex global issues (economic, political, strate- 
gic) faced by policy makers and citizens alike. 
Policies and alternatives that the U.S. faces today. 
Prerequisite: one introductory level political science 
course recommended. 

PO 2218 Politics of Revolution & 
Development 

Causes and nature of political violence and revolu- 
tion as related to human behavior theory. Theories 
on causes of revolution, concepts of liberation, 
consequences and responsibilities of interstate 
relations during times of crisis. Recommended 
PO 102S and either PO 103G or PO 104G. 



92 



Political Science 



PO 222S Political Ideologies 

The role, function and origin of ideology in politics. 
Comparative political ideologies such as Fascism, 
Nazism, Anarchism, Socialism, Communism, 
Corporatism, Capitalism/Liberalism, domestic and 
international tonus of terrorism. 

PO 23 IG East Asian Comparative Politics 

Domestic politics of China, Taiwan, Japan, North 
and South Korea. Parties, state-society relations, 
culture, militaries, and how democracy is defined and 
practiced in each polit)'. Recommended: one 
introductory' political science course. 

PO 232G The Pacific Century 

The rise of East Asia in recent decades and its 
impact on the world. Major topics include socio- 
economic factors contributing to the rise of East 
Asia, Asian capitalism, migration patterns, and 
Asian democracy. 

PO 2418 International Political Economy 

A review of three approaches to IPE: realist, liberal, 
and historical-structuralist. Four areas of world 
economic activity: trade, investment, aid and debt, 
and how global changes since WWII influence 
development choices for less developed countries. 
Prerequisite: PO 103G. 

PO 242S Politics of Defense: Economy/Power 

History, institutions, and operation of the defense 
economy in the U.S. Conflicting theories on the 
defense budget, military contracting, and economic 
rationales for U.S. military' policy. The economic 
impact of different military policies in the 
current era. 

PO 243 S Human Rights & International Law 

Current international human rights issues, including 
political, economic, social and cultural. Role of the 
United Nations and other international organiza- 
tions in forming and implementing human rights 
standards. Topics include women's rights, protection 
of minorities, and rights to economic subsistence. 

PO 2518 The Media and Foreign Policy 

This course is designed to provide students with a 
thorough understanding of the dynamic and 
complex relationship between foreign policy, 
the news and public opinion, particularly in the 
United States. 

PO 2528 Middle East PoUtics 

Introduces students to modem Middle East politics. 
To understand the political d^Tiamic of the modem 
Middle East, this lecture course combines a cultural 
identity' approach with more traditional intema- 
tional historical, political analyses. 



PO 260M Political Science Research Methods 

Concepts, theories, practices of political science 
research methods. Ontology, epistemology, qualita- 
tive and quantitative methods. Univariate, bivariate 
and multivariate statistics. Prerequisites: sophomore 
standing and one of the following: ES 172, HD 
lOlS, or one political science course. 

PO 2708 U.S. Policy & the World Economy 

The development of U.S. institutions and policies in 
trade, monetary and development regimes for the 
world economy; the evolution of these policies 
during the Cold War; global economic developments 
in die Third World. 

PO 3018 Constitution & Government Power 

Constitutional power bases of judicial, executive 
and legislative branches of national govemment, 
analysis of major constitutional issues, of federalism 
and powers of the states. Supreme Court decisions. 
One lower-division political science course 
recommended. 

PO 3028 Constitution & Individual Rights 

Examining those portions of the Constitution 
dealing with relations between the individual and 
the govemment (the Bill of Rights, due process, 
equal protection, privileges and immunities, etc.). 
PO 301S is not prerequisite. One lower-division 
political science course recommended. 

PO 3038 The American Presidency 

The Presidency as a political and constitutional 
office, its growth and development from Washington 
to the present. One lower-division political science 
course recommended. 

PO 3048 U.S. Congress 

The U.S. legislative process with major attention to 
the Senate and House of Representatives. Roles of 
lawmakers, legislative behavior, and representative 
govemment in theory and fact. One lower-division 
political science course recommended. 

PO 3058 Political Parties & Interest Groups 

Party organization and functions at national, state 
and county levels, and other institutions and 
activities competing for party functions. One lower 
division political science course recommended. 

PO 311 Latin American Politics 

Historical overview of Latin American political 
development from the Spanish conquest to 20th 
century, comparison of political systems and people, 
and future prospects. Prerequisites: PO 102S and 
PO 103G or 104G or pemiission of instructor. 



93 



Political Science 



PO 313 Politics of the European Union 

Study theories and processes of the European 
Union's integration. Focus on the development of 
the EU as a unique international organization; its 
institutional structures, decision-making processes, 
and functioning; and the contemporary' policy 
issues facing the EU. Prerequisite: one political 
science course. 

PO 314 International Organization 

International organizations (lO's) in the contempo- 
rary international system. United Nations, European 
Community, other regional organizations and 
integration schemes, and international regimes. 
Prerequisites: PO 103G and one other political 
science course, or permission of instructor. 

PO 315 International Relations: War & Peace 

Problems and origins of conflict among sovereign 
states in the contemporary world. Origins of war and 
cold war. Modem characteristics of international 
politics. Prerequisites: PO 103G and one other 
political science course, or pemiission of instructor. 

PO 316 Women & Politics Worldwide 

Historical and contemporary relationship of women 
to politics. Evolution of the women's movement and 
participation of women in politics. Impact of 
women's movement at the global level. Prerequisite: 
one political science or women's and gender studies 
course, or permission of instructor. 

PO 32 IS Comparative European Politics 

Parties, interest groups, political movements, major 
institutions of government, as well as culture, history 
and contemporary political problems. PO 104G 
recommended or instructor's permission. 

PO 322S Authoritarian Political Systems 

Structure and emergence of 20th century authoritar- 
ian regimes, including Fascism, corporatism, military 
governments, one-party Communist states and 
personalist dictatorships. A previous political science 
course is recommended. 

PO 323S Seminar in Democratic Theory 

Philosophical roots of democratic theory, theoretical 
requisites of a democratic system, practical political 
economic implications, examined as citizens of both 
the U.S. and the world. Prerequisite: Sophomore 
standing or above. 

PO 324S East European Politics 

Evolution of Marxist theory in a variety of political 
systems: U.S.S.R, People's Republic of China, Afro- 
Marxist regimes, non-ruling communist parties of 
Western Europe. Highly recommended that students 
have had either PO 103G, 104G, 321S, HI 244H 
or PL 344. 



PO 325S Environment Politics & Policy 

Analysis of politics and policy relevant to environ- 
mental issues, the complexity of environmental 
problems and prospects of political solutions. 
Designed for majors in environmental studies and 
political science. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing 
or above. 

PO 333 Japan: Government, Politics, 
Foreign Policy 

Japan's government and politics, political history, 
cultures, economy, society, religions, role of women, 
human rights, and foreign policy. Recommended: 
one lower division political science course. 

PO 335S Government & Politics Of China 

China's government, politics, political history, 
cultures, economy, society, religions, women's roles, 
human rights, village democracy, minority peoples 
(e.g. Tibetans, Uighurs), Taiwan issue. Recom- 
mended: one lower division political science course. 

PO 336S East Asian International Relations 

Relations between/among nations of East Asia 
(esp. China/Taiwan, Japan, two Koreas) and US. 
ASEAN, APEC, human rights, economic boom, 
nuclear proliferation, arms races, culture, 
historical legacies. 

PO 34 IS Ethics & International Relations 

Political realism and natural law, military interven- 
tion and the use of force, human rights and humani- 
tarian assistance, and the moral responsibilities of 
leaders and citizens. Prerequisite: Introduction to 
International Relations. 

PO 342S Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

Past, present, and future world food supply, social 
factors that determine food production and distribu- 
tion. Political, economic, religious, gender, historical, 
geographic, other dimensions of hunger. Effect of 
government policies, technological change, 
international trading patterns, private interests and 
gender bias. 

PO 343 S International Environment Law 

Economic development, environmental protection 
and the evolution of international environmental 
law, in the following areas: air pollution, biological 
diversity, wildlife conservation, trade and human rights. 

PO 350S Florida Politics 

(Directed Study) State and local government in 
U.S., overview of Southern politics, problems and 
issues of Florida rapid growth, race relations, 
environment, voter dealignment, party realignment, 
elections, regional issues. 



94 



PO 351 Politics/Process-U.S. Foreign Policy 

This case based course simulates thinking in the real 
policy world by requiring weekly oral and written 
exercises that take the form of policy memos placing 
students into the shoes of decision makers to argue 
policy positions from their perspectives. 

PO 352G The Globalization Debate 

The concept of globalization and the controversy 
surrounding it from a political and cultural perspec- 
tive. Examines whether a traiisformation is underway 
in our political universe or whether the power of 
national governments remains primary. 

PO 410 U.S. & The Vietnam Experience 

Senior Seminar for political science majors. History' 
of U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia and impact 
of the Vietnam experience on U.S. policy-making. 
Causes of war, international mechanisms for 
conflict resolution, comparative development 
strategies. Prerequisite: Senior standing or permission 
of instructor. 

PO 4218 Comparative Judicial Politics 

Judicial politics across political systems. Relationship 
among law, society and public policy in European, 
socialist and non- Western systems. The inner 
workings, view of justice, and social/cultural 
development of other civil societies. Prerequisite: 
Junior or Senior standing. 

PO 4508 Supreme Court in American Politics 

(Directed Study) Internal operations of the U.S. 
Supreme Court, judicial decision-making and 
behavior, jurisdiction, structure of court system. 
Supreme Court's role in adjudication of civil rights 
and liberties. 



PSYCHOLOGY 

Students majoring in psychology have the option of 
completing either a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or 
Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree. 

Students in the B.A. degree program acquire a 
knowledge of the theoretical approaches, research 
methodologies, research findings, and practical 
applications of the many sub-fields within the 
science and profession of contemporary psychology. 
Working closely with their Mentors, students build 
on this foundation by developing an individualized 
area of courses in a particular specialty which will 
augment their liberal arts psychology background. 
These students acquire the ability to 

• critique new research findings in psychology. 

• present research findings and theoretical 
systems in oral and written formats. 



Psychology 

• apply theory to real-world problems. 

• evaluate contemporary controversies in the field 
of psychology. 

Students in the B.S. degree program acquire the 
same core foundation as described in the B.A. 
program and build on this foundation with a set of 
experiences in which they acquire the following 
specific research skills 

• critically reviewing and synthesizing diverse 
bodies of research literature. 

• designing and conducting original 
research projects. 

• using SPSSx to analyze research data. 

• using microcomputer-based graphics packages to 
prepare professional quality figures and graphics. 

• preparing publication quality research reports in 
APA format. 

Those electing to earn the B.A. degree complete 
the following: 

Introduction to Psychology, Human Learning 
and Cognition, Psychology of Childhood and 
Adolescence, Psychology Research Methods I, II, 
Personality Theory and Research, Biopsychology, 
Abnormal Psychology, and Social Psychology. 

Those electing to earn the B.S. degree complete 
all of the B.A. courses plus the following: 

Research Skills, Psychological Tests and Measure- 
ments, and either Advanced Personality Research 
or Advanced Social Research, and History and 
System of Psychology. 

The required courses are arranged in a hierarchical 
and developmental sequence in order to avoid 
redundancy and achieve a high level of training 
during the undergraduate years. This sequence is 
listed on a checklist which the student will use with 
the Mentor to plan each semester's classes. While 
providing a basic structure to the degree planning, 
the sequence includes adequate flexibility for 
students wishing to participate in the International 
Education program and those who also pursue a 
second major. A minor in psychology must include 
Introduction to Psychology, Experimental Psychol- 
ogy, Psychology of Childhood and Adolescence, 
Human Learning and Cognition, Abnormal 
Psychology, and either Personality Theory and 
Research or Social Psychology. 

All courses required for the major or minor must be 
passed with a grade of C or better. 



95 



Psychology 

PS 10 IS Introduction to Psychology 

The scientific study of human behavior and 
cognitive processes, including biopsychology, 
learning, memory, motivation, development, 
personality, abnormality, and social processes. 

PS 102S Evolutionary Psychology 

Systematic study of the evolutionary origins of 
human behavior and cognition, with specific focus 
on sexual and mating behaviors, parenting and 
kinship, and social relations and conflict. 

PS 200 Statistics & Research Design I 

First part of a two-semester sequence that integrates 
basic statistics with principles of research design. 
Emphasis on descriptive statistics, correlation and 
regression, and ethics of psychological research. 
Introduction to SPSS and writing in APA format. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or permission 
of instructor. 

PS 201 M Statistics & Research Design II 

Second part of two-semester sequence that integrates 
basic statistics with the principles of research design. 
Emphasis on inferential statistics, observational 
research, survey methodology, and experimentation. 
Continued instruction in SPSS and writing in APA 
format. Prerequisite: PS200. 

PS 202 Psychology of Childhood 
& Adolescence 

Integrative study of human development from 
conception through adolescence. Examines physical, 
cognitive, social, and emotional facets of develop- 
ment, including peer and family relationships, 
personality development, and contemporary issues. 
Prerequisite: PS lOlS. 

PS 205 Human Learning & Cognition 

Examination of the cognitive processes involved in 
learning and memory, language, problem solving, 
reasoning, and decision making. Prerequisite: 
PS lOlS. 

PS 209 Abnormal Psychology 

Examination of thoughts and behaviors that deviate 
from the social norms, are maladaptive, and/or cause 
distress. Emphasis on etiology and treatment of 
physiological disorders from a biopsychosocial 
perspective. Prerequisite: PS lOlS or HD lOlS. 

PS 234 Health Psychology 

Study of the psychological, physiological, and 
behavioral factors in the etiology and prevention of 
illness. Topics studied include stress and coping, 
mind-body relationships, pain management, and 
health promotion. Prerequisite: PS 101 S. 



PS 302 Social Psychology 

Study oi the individual in a social environment, with 
an emphasis on the experimental approach to 
understanding the impact of social forces. Topics 
covered include group influence, attraction, 
aggression, attitude formation and change, and 
altruism. Prerequisites: PS lOlS and PS 201M. 

PS 305 Child Psychopathology 

Theory and research on disorders of childhood and 
adolescence, including etiology, diagnosis, associated 
conditions and treatment. Prerequisite: PS 10 IS 
orHDlOlS. 

PS 306 Personality Theory & Research 

Study of individual differences and personality 
processes using classical and contemporary 
perspectives, including psychodynamic, behavioral 
and cognitive, humanistic, trait, narrative, and 
neurobiological approaches. Prerequisites: PS lOlS 
and PS 20 IM. 

PS 309 Biopsychology 

Application of neurological and neurophysical 
principles to understanding human behavior and 
thought, emotion and motivation, learning and 
memory. Prerequisite: PS lOlS and junior standing, 
or permission of the instructor. 

PS 312 Psychology of Interpersonal Conflict 

Examination of the causes of conflict between 
individuals and groups. Focus on the cognitive and 
emotional processes associated with conflict, and 
possible solutions to the problem of conflict. 
Prerequisite: PS 101 S. 

PS 321 Research Skills in Psychology 

Primarily for students pursuing the BS degree in 
psychology. Development of research skills in 
psychology including advanced statistical analyses, 
complex research design, and writing in APA 
format. Prerequisite: PS 20 IM. 

PS 337 Psychological Tests and Measurements 

Primarily for students pursuing the BS degree in 
psychology. Focus in statistical concepts underlying 
test construction and examination of psychological 
tests measuring achievement, aptitude, intelligence, 
and personality. Prerequisite: PS 321 (or may be 
taken concurrently). 

PS 344 Internship in Psychology 

Field work in the community which allows for the 
practical application of psychological principles. 
Requires 130 hours of supervised work in a clinical 
setting. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing and 
permission of instructor. May be repeated for credit. 



96 



Religious Studies 



PS 345 Psychology of Male/Female Relations 

Analytical and applied understanding ot the 
challenges of intimate male/female relationships. 
Topics include gender socialization, expectations, 
interpersonal attraction, communication, and 
relationship skills. Prerequisite: PS 101 S. 

PS 410 History & Systems 

Senior capstone seminar for students pursuing the 
BS degree in psychology'. A s^Tithetic over\aew of the 
history and major theoretical systems ot modem 
psychology. Prerequisites: Senior standing or 
permission of the instructor. 

PS 422 Advanced Social Research 

Primarily for students pursuing the BS degrees in 
psychology. Experience in designing and conducting 
research using social psychological approaches 
(e.g. experimental and survey methodology). 
Prerequisites: PS 302 and PS 321. 

PS 426 Advanced Personality Research 

Primarily for the student pursuing the BS degree in 
psychology. Experience in designing and conducting 
research on issues explored by contemporary 
personality' psychologists. Prerequisites: 
PS 306 and PS 321. 

PS 428 Advanced Clinical Research 

Primarily for students pursuing the BS degree in 
psychology. Experience in designing and conducting 
research of a clinical nature. Prerequisite: 
PS 209 and PS 321. 

PS 429 Advanced Research/Evolutionary Psych 

Primarily for students pursuing the BS degree in 
psychology'. Experience in conducting research in 
the area of evolutionary' psychology'. 
Prerequisite: PS 321. 

PS 444 Internship in Psychology II 

Second semester of field work in the community 
which allows for the practical application of 
psychological principles. Requires 130 hours of 
supervised work in a clinical setting. Prerequisite: 
Junior or senior standing and permission 
of instructor. 

PS 498 Comprehensive Examination 

Offered each Winter Term and required for psychol- 
ogy majors intending to graduate Ln the upcoming 
semester. Written examination covering all areas 
required for the BA in psychology and an oral 
presentation of major research project in the field. 

PS 499 Senior Thesis 

Directed research project by invitation of the 
faculty' only. 



QUEST FOR MEANING 

QM 410 Quest for Meaning 

Through readings and class discussions, plenary 
sessions, self-reflective writing, and sustained 
engagement in an off-campus community service 
project, this course provides opportunity in the 
senior year for students to reflect in a serious and 
sustained manner on their college education thus far 
and on the direction of their lives after graduation. 
Students will encounter Jewish, Christian, and other 
religious perspectives embodied in individuals who 
have found in these perspectives valuable sources for 
facing ultimate questions of life. 



RELIGIOUS STUDIES 

Students majoring in religious studies should have 
developed the following competencies by the time 
they graduate: 

• familiarity with the principal concerns and 
methods of the field of religious studies. 

• knowledge of a chosen focal area that allows the 
student to converse with ease on subjects 
related to the area and make appropriate 
judgments based on critical study. 

• capacity to make effective use of appropriate 
historical, literary, and critical tools for the 
study of religious texts and traditions. 

• evidence of integrative self-reflection showing 
that the student is engaged in a serious effort to 
synthesize new information and insight into a 
personally meaningful world view. 

Students majoring in religious studies must take 
the basic course. Introduction to Religious Studies 
(RE 201 H), and at least two courses from each of 
the following areas: Biblical studies (including 
RE 242H), historical and theological studies 
(including eidier RE 241 H or RE 244H), non- 
Western religions (including RE 240G) and two 
additional religious studies courses of the student's 
choice. At least four of the courses beyond the 
introductory course must be 300 level or above. 
Directed and independent study courses may be 
taken toward fulfillment of this major. 

In addition to the successful completion of courses 
just described, students will normally be expected to 
fulfill a senior comprehensive exam, consisting of 
three written exams, a scholarly paper in a focal area 
of the student's choice, and an oral exam. Excep- 
tional students may be invited to do a senior thesis 
rather than the comprehensive exam. 

For a minor in religious studies a student will normally 
take RE 201 H plus four courses in the discipline, 
subject to the approval of the discipline faculty. 



97 



Religious Studies 



An interdisciplinary concentration in Religious 
Education is also available. This concentration, 
under the supervision of a three-member interdisci- 
plinary faculty committee, requires the completion 
of at least nine courses, including two in Biblical 
studies, and two in theological and historical studies 
(including RE 241H). The remaining five courses 
are selected from the area of psychology and 
counseling studies. This concentration should 
appeal especially to students contemplating 
professional careers with church and synagogue, 
and to students who wish to work as lay people in 
religious institutions. 

RE 20 IH Introduction to Religious Studies 

Religious experience and ideas as they are expressed 
in such cultural fomis as community, ritual, myth, 
doctrine, ethics, scripture and art; synthesizing 
personal religious ideas and values. 

RE 206H The Bible, Gender, and 
Sexual Politics 

Relations between biblical literature and issues of 
sexual difference, gender socialization, misogyny, and 
the question of origins of patriarchy. 

RE 21 OH Introduction to Christian Ethics 

(Directed Study Available). Some major figures in 
the history of Christian ethics, with most emphasis 
on contemporary approaches. Introduction to some 
of the most important issues and methods. 

RE 220H The Bible in American Culture 

The biblical books have served as myths tor segments 
of the population, as material for laws, as forces 
behind social movements, and as background tor art. 
Explore the Bible's place as an American icon 
and influence. 

RE 22 IH Religion in America 

(Directed Study Available) The beliets, behavior and 
institutions of Judaism and Christianity in American 
life. The uniqueness of the American religious 
experience and its impact on American 
institutional patterns. 

RE 230G Yogis, Mystics, Shamans 

Texts on sacred power, the specitic technique by 
which it is developed, and contemporary practices 
that are based on archaic models. RE 240G recom- 
mended but not required. 

RE 234H Goddess in Eastern Tradition 

Regional goddesses in India, China, and Japan. 
The relationship between women and the divine 
feminine principle within the context of Asian 
cultures compared with contemporary western 
expressions of Goddess culture. RE 240G recom- 
mended but not required. 



RE 240G Non-Western Religions 

The founders of non-Western religions, their life 
experiences, religious views and the emergence of 
their teachings as coherent systems, with compari- 
sons to the Judaeo-Christian tradition. 

RE 241 H History of Christianity 

Beliefs, practices and institutions of the Christian 
Church through the past nineteen centuries. The 
great theological debates, significant issues, and 
fomiative thinkers. 

RE 242H Introduction to the Bible 

Emphasis on literary cratt of biblical literature, and 
relations between it and the arts throughout history, 
especially in contemporary culture. 

RE 244H Judaism, Christianity & Islam 

Major religions of Middle East, Judaism, Christianity, 
Islam. Historical development, literature and 
contributions to the West. The Bible and Koran. 

RE 27 IH Fire In The Mind: 
Science & Religion 

Origins of science in context of Judaeo-Christian 
tradition, conflicts between science and religion, 
similarities and differences in the goals and methods 
of science and theology, significance of their 
relationship for some important contemporary 
environmental issues. 

RE 272H Creativity and The Sacred 

Exploration of connections between the visual and 
literary arts and the sacred. Students will examine 
the significant interconnections of art and the sacred 
by analyzing forms, styles, symbolism, themes, and 
narrative structures. 

RE 305 Biblical Exegesis 

Close reading ot a particular section of the Bible, its 
socio-historical background, literary, theological, 
philological, grammatical and rhetorical characteris- 
tics. Prerequisite: RE 242 or permission of instructor. 

RE 319G The Hindu Tradition 

Yoga, meditation, karma, reincarnation, major 
devotional and ceremonial traditions that have 
developed around Shiva, Vishnu, and the Goddess. 
The dynamic between popular worship and the 
contemplative traditions of Hindu culture. RE 240G 
recommended but not required. 

RE 320H The Buddhist Tradition 

Gautama's enlightenment, the Noble Eight-fold 
Path, development of Buddhist ideas and practices as 
they spread from India to South and East Asia, 
contrasting Western religious views with those of 
another world religion. 



Religious Studies 



RE 32 IH Indigenous Religions 

Religious traditions of native peoples, with focus on 
sacred power, deity, tutelary spirits, shamanic states 
of consciousness, ceremony, and sacred narrative; 
Attention also given to native concerns about 
lineage and authenticity in contemporary practices. 

RE 329H Liberation Theology 

The growth of Latin American, black feminist, and 
European political liberation theologies from earlier 
forms of theology, their development and contribu- 
tion to the wider theology, and responses to them. 

RE 330H Human Nature & Destiny 

Study a major theme associated with Christian 
understandings of the nature of human life, the 
relationship between the individual and society, 
historicity, purposiveness of human life, relationship 
between humans and nature. 

RE 340H Religious Riddles 

Exploration of how short narratives provoke a 
religious response. Emphasis upon the New Testa- 
ment parables, with comparative work on Zen koans 
and fables from various cultures. 

RE 345H Jesus in Ancient & Modem Media 

Literary, historical, and theological investigation of 
ancient canonical and ancient gospels coupled with 
exploration of modem manifestations of Jesus in art, 
scholarship, religion, fiction, and film. 

RE 350E Ecology, Chaos, & Sacred 

Examine the struggle of ecological order against the 
inbreaking of chaos. How is the one maintained 
against the other? Is "reality" chaos or order? How 
does one's world-view affect one's understanding of 
ecology, chaos, or "reality?" 

RE 35 IE A Culture of Science & Faith 

This interdisciplinary course will examine the two 
seemingly different approaches to the environment 
that religion and science developed. The significance 
of the disparity will be examined by analyzing the 
writings of prominent theologians and scientists. 

RE 354H Archaeology of Palestine 

Explore recent trends, focusing on the early history 
of Israel and Judah as an access to the larger field. 
Possible opportunities for summer field work. 

RE 36 IH Contemporary Christian Thought 

In-depth survey of the major religious thinkers of the 
20th century including Barth, Bultmann, Tdlich, 
Niebuhr, Buber, Kung, and Moltmann. 



RE 37 IH Religions of China and Japan 

Taoism and Confucianism in China, Shinto in Japan 
and the imported tradition of Buddhism and its 
regional developments in various schools; the 
syncretistic character of East Asian religiosity. 
RE 240G recommended but not required. 

RE 373H Women and Religion 

Investigate the roles that women play in various 
world religions. Study issues of power and expression 
in public vs. private worship; priesthood; the 
relationship between the divine feminine and female 
practitioners; and the possibilities for change 
within tradition. 

RE 38 IE Ecotheology 

The major dimensions of the current ecological crisis 
and its roots in Western tradition, how Judaeo- 
Christian thought has traditionally regarded nature 
and its relationship to God and humans, and 
implications for action. 

RE 382H Nature & the Sacred: 
Religion & Ecology 

(Cross-listed with ES 382H) Examine the ways in 
which religions shape human understandings and 
treatment of the natural environment, with an 
emphasis on non- Western religions. 

RE 383H Hindu Mystical Poetry 

Representative works from the classical, medieval 
and contemporary periods, different genres and 
regional philosophies represented by various poets. 

RE 39 IG Myths of Creation & Destruction 

A comparative investigation of how cultures have 
accounted for their place in the cosmos by means of 
telling myths of origin and of endings/destruction. 
Emphasis upon cross-cultural comparison of myths. 

RE 401 Internship in Religious Education 

Supervised, field-based experience in church work, 
with a minimum of 150 hours on-site experience. 
Permission of instructor required. 

RE 440 Strange Fire: God and the Book 

A way into "biblical theology" that focuses on 
questions about sacred writing and god-talk 
(theology). Survey past thinking, explore more 
modem directions. 

RE 443 Seminar on Hindu Tantra 

Meditative techniques and visualizations, mantra 
recitations, mystic diagrams, yogic practice, worship 
of the Goddess. The sacred origin of sound and 
language, the nature of supreme consciousness. 
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. 



99 



R,0,XC. 

RE 449 Religion and Imagination 

Philosophical and theological treatments of 
imagination in religion and in all of life, their 
implications for religion, faith and the role of 
intellectual reflection in religion. Focus on Chris- 
tianity, hut principles have broader implications. 
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. 



R,O.T.C. 

AEROSPACE STUDIES - 
AIR FORCE ROTC 

The Air Force Reserve Officers Training Corps 
(AFROTC) curriculum includes 12-16 course hours 
of instruction hy active duty Air Force officers over a 
one- to four-year period. A student who completes 
the AFROTC program will receive an Air Force 
Commission as a second lieutenant and is guaran- 
teed a position in the active duty Air Force at a 
starting pay of approximately $36,000 per year. 

AFROTC is offered as a one-, two-, three-, or four- 
year program. The three- and four-year programs 
normally require a student to successfully complete 
all degree requirements for award of a bachelor's 
degree, 14 or 16 course hours of AFROTC classes 
respectively, and a four-week field training encamp- 
ment between his/her sophomore and junior years. 
The two-year program gives students who do not 
enroll in AFROTC during their freshmaii and 
sophomore years the opportunity of taking 
AFROTC. Students should apply for the two-year 
program by December of the Sophomore year. 
The one-year program is provided to students 
entering their senior year - per the needs of the 
Air Force. The one and two year students attend a 
six-week field-training encampment in the first 
available summer. 

ROTC students take a 1.8 hour non-credit leader- 
ship laboratory in addition to the academic classes. 
Students wear the Air Force uniform during these 
periods and are taught customs and courtesies of the 
Air Force. Leadership Laboratory is open to students 
who are members of the Reserve Office Training 
Corps or are eligible to pursue a commission as 
determined by the Professor of Aerospace Studies. 

AFROTC 4, 3, 2, and 1-year scholarships are 
available for eligible applicants. Depending on 
student qualifications, these scholarships may pay 
all tuition, fees, books, and a $250-$400 per month 
tax-free stipend. Active ROTC non-scholarship 
sophomores are eligible to compete for a scholarship 
to receive up to $1,500 in tuition. Those interested 
in more information about scholarship criteria 
should contact the AFROTC Department, or go to 
www.afrotc.com. Students interested in enrolling in 
the programs can begin registration procedures 



through the ROTC office at University of South 
Florida, Tampa Campus, BEH 360 or by registering 
for the appropriate ' AFR" course through university 
registration. Veterans, active duty personnel, and 
graduate students are encouraged to inquire about 
special accelerated programs designed for them. The 
AFROTC phone number is (813) 974-3367. The 
following courses are available at the University of 
South Florida: Freshmen AFR 1101 The Founda- 
tions of the U.S. Air Force I AFR 1 120 The 
Foundations of the U.S. Air Force II Sophomore 
AFR 2130 The History of Air & Space Power I AFR 
2140 The History of Air & Space Power II Juniors 
AFR 3220 Air Force Leadership & Management I 
AFR 3231 Air Force Leadership & Management II 
Seniors AFR 4201 National Security Forces & 
Preparation for Active Duty I AFR 421 1 National 
Security Forces & Preparation for Active Duty II 

Eckerd College will award one Eckerd College course 
for the first two years (equivalent to four semester 
hours) and three course credits (equivalent to twelve 
semester hours) for the successful completion of the 
final two years. 

ARMY RESERVE OFFICER'S 
TRAINING CORPS (R.O.T.C.) 

The Department of Military Science for Army 
Reserve Officers Training Corps (R.O.T.C.) was 
established to select and prepare students to serve as 
officers in the Regular and Reserve components of 
the United States Army. The curriculum is designed 
to develop the student's leadership potential and 
improve students' planning, organizational, and 
managerial skills. 

Army ROTC training is divided into two phases: the 
first two years constitute the Basic Course; the last 
two the Advanced Course. The Department offers 
both a four and a two year program, each leading to a 
commission as a second lieutenant in the United 
States Army. The four-year program requires 
completion of the Basic Course, a five-week field 
training course, and the Advanced Course. Students 
with prior active military service or previous training 
at military schools may exempt from some or all of 
the Basic Course. Students with questions concern- 
ing the various options should contact the Professor 
of Military Science for more information. Enroll- 
ment is open to qualified students at all levels, 
including graduate students. Offerings are published 
each semester. 

Army ROTC training provides scholarships, pay, free 
uniforms and textbooks. Scholarships are awarded on 
a competitive basis in all academic majors. The 
scholarship pays full tuition, books, lab and manda- 
tory fees, and certain other academic expenses. All 
Advanced Course and scholarship students receive a 
monthly subsistence payment that ranges from 



100 



$250.00 as a freshman to $350.00 as a senior. This is 
in addition to the pay of approximately $700.00 
while attending the five- week field training course 
at the Leader Development and Assessment Course, 
at Fort Lewis, Washington. Additional skills 
training: Airborne School, Air Assault School, and 
the Northern Warfare School are available to both 
Basic and Advanced Course students during 
semester breaks. Additional skills training is also 
available during the academic year to include first 
aid, rappelling, orienteering, etc. 

Basic Course: The Basic Course consists of four 
semesters of classroom instruction of one hour each 
week and a leadership lab. Students incur no military 
commitment by participating in the Basic Course. In 
lieu of attending the basic course classroom instruc- 
tion, a student may attend the four-week Leadership 
Training Course at Fort Knox, Kentucky during the 
summer of the student's sophomore year. 

Advanced Course: The Advanced Course consists of 
four semesters of classroom instruction of three hours 
each week. Leadership lab, physical fitness and field 
training exercises, and a five-week training phase at 
Leader Development and Assessment Course. 
This course is designed to prepare the student who 
desires to be a Professional Army Officer for duty, 
either Active Army, Reserve or National Guard. 
Additional follow-on training is available to selected 
cadets at both US based and overseas active 
Army units. 

Job Opportunities: The newly commissioned officer 
can be guaranteed Reserve or National Guard duty, 
or compete for an Active Duty commission. Prior to 
commissioning the student may request to serve in a 
number of career fields to include aviation, engineer- 
ing, medical, law, law enforcement, logistics, and 
personnel administration. 

Requirements for an ROTC Commission: Students 
who desire to earn a commission as a Second 
Lieutenant in the United States Army must meet 
the following requirements: four semesters of the 
ROTC Advanced Course, successful completion of 
the Professional Military Education Courses (written 
communication skills, computer literacy, and 
military history), attendance at Leader Development 
and Assessment Course, maintain and graduate with 
a minimum of a 2.0 GPA, successful completion of 
the Army Physical Readiness Test, compliance with 
Army height and weight standards, and other 
requirements of the United States Army. 

For more information contact USF Army ROTC 
at (813) 974-4065, or visit the website at http:// 
web.usf.edu/usfarotc/ 

Eckerd College will award one Eckerd College course 
credit (equivalent to four semester hours) for each 
course completed for two semesters for a total of four 



R,0,XC, 

course credits (equivalent to sixteen semester hours) 
for the complete four year program. 

AFRl 1101 Foundations of U.S. Air Force 
Introduction to the Air Force Reserve Officer 
Training Corps ( AFROTC) and the United States 
Air Force (USAF) including lessons in officership 
and professionalism as well as an introduction 
to communication. A minimum of 80 percent 
attendance is required for a passing grade. First 
semester of a four semester sequence. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

AFR2 1 120 Foundations of U.S. Air Force 

Introduction to the Air Force Reserve Officer 
Training Corps (AFROTC) and the United States 
Air Force (USAF) including lessons in officership 
and professionalism as well as an introduction to 
communication. A minimum of 80 percent 
attendance is required for a passing grade. Second 
semester of a four semester sequence. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

AFR3 2130 History of Air & Space Power I 

A study of air power from balloons and dirigibles to 
the space-age global positioning systems in the 
Persian Gulf War. Emphasis is on the employment of 
air power in WWI and WWII and how it affected 
the evolution of air power concepts and doctrine. 
A minimum of 80 percent attendance is required 
for a passing grade. Third semester of a four semester 
sequence. Four semesters required for one 
course credit. 

AFR4 2140 History of Air & Space Power 2 

Historical review of air power employment in 
military and nonmilitary operations in support of 
national objectives. Emphasis is on the period from 
post WWII to present. A minimum of 80 percent 
attendance is required for a passing grade. Fourth 
semester of a four semester sequence. Four semesters 
required for one course credit. 

AFRl 3220 Air Force Leadership & 
Management I 

An integrated management course, emphasizing the 
individual as a manager in an Air Force environ- 
ment. The individual motivational and behavioral 
processes, leadership, communication, and group 
dynamics are covered to provide a foundation for the 
development of the junior officer's professional skills. 
The basic managerial processes involving decision 
making, utilization of analytic aids in planning, 
organizing, and controlling in a changing environ- 
ment are emphasized as necessary professional 
concepts. A minimum of 80 percent attendance is 
required for a passing grade. First semester of a two 
semester sequence. Two semesters required for one 
course credit. 



101 



Sea Semester 



AFR2 3231 Air Force Leadership & 
Management II 

A continuation of the study of Air Force advance- 
ment and leadership. Concentration is on advanced 
leadership topics, organizational and personal values, 
and military ethics. Actual Air Force scenarios are 
used to enhance the learning and communication 
processes. A minimum of 80 percent attendance is 
required for a passing grade. Secoiid semester of a 
two semester sequence. Two semesters required for 
one course credit. 

AFR 4201 National Security Forces I 

A study of the Amied Forces as an integral element 
of society, with an emphasis on American civil- 
military relations and context in which U.S. defense 
policy is formulated and implemented. Special 
themes include: societal attitudes toward the military 
and the role of the professional military leader- 
manager in a democratic society. A minimum of 80 
percent attendance in scheduled classes is required 
for a passing grade. 

AFR 4211 National Security Forces II 

A continuation of the study of the Armed Forces in 
contemporary American society. Concentration is 
on the requisites tor maintaining adequate national 
security forces; political, economic, and social 
constraints on the national defense stmcture; the 
impact of technological and international develop- 
ments on strategic preparedness; the variables 
involved in the formulation and implementation of 
national security policy; and military justice and its 
relationship to civilian law. A minimum of 80 
percent attendance in scheduled classes is required 
for a passing grade. 

MARl 1 00 IC Foundations of Officership 

Examines the unique duties and responsibilities of 
officers, organization and role of the Army, review 
skills pertaining to fitness and communication, 
analyze Army values and expected ethical behavior. 
Lec.-Lab. First semester of a two semester sequence. 
Two semesters required for one course credit. 

MAR2 1002C Basic Leadership 

Presents fundamental leadership concepts and 
doctrine, practice basic skills that underlie effective 
problem solving, examine the officer experience. 
Lec.-Lab. Second semester of a two semester 
sequence. Two semesters required for one 
course credit. 

MARl 2101C Individual Leadership Studies 

Develops knowledge of self, self-confidence, and 
individual leadership skills, develop problem solving 
and critical thinking skills, apply communication, 
feedback, and conflict resolution skills. Lec.-Lab. 



First semester of a two semester sequence. Two 
semesters required for one course credit. 

MAR2 2102C Leadership and Teamwork 

Focuses on self-development guided by knowledge of 
self and group processes, challenges current beliefs, 
knowledge, and skills. Second semester of a two 
semester sequence. Two semesters required for one 
course credit. 

MARl 3201C Leadership & Problem Solving 

Examines skills that underlie effective problem 
solving, analyze military missions and plan military 
operations, execute squad battle drills. First semester 
of a two semester sequence. Two semesters required 
for one course credit. 

MAR2 3202C Leadership and Ethics 

Probes leader responsibilities that foster an ethical 
command climate, develop cadet leadership 
competencies, apply principles and techniques of 
effective written and oral communication. Second j 
semester of a two semester sequence. Two semesters 
required for one course credit. 

MARl 430 IC Leadership & Management 

Discuss staff organization, functions, and processes, 
analyze counseling responsibilities and methods, and 
apply leadership and problem solving principles to a 
complex case study/simulation. First semester of a 
two semester sequence. Two semesters required for 
one course credit. i 

MAR2 4302C Officership 

Capstone course to explore topics relevant to second 
lieutenants entering the Army, describe legal aspects 
of decision making and leadership, analyze Amiy 
organization from tactical to strategic level. Second 
semester of a two semester sequence. Two semesters 
required for one course credit. 



SEA SEMESTER 

An opportunity for qualified students to earn a 
semester of credit in an academic, scientific and 
practical experience leading to a realistic under- 
standing of the sea, sponsored by the Sea Education 
Association, Inc. (S.E.A.). 

Students spend the first half of the semester (the six- 
week shore component) in Woods Hole, Massachu- 
setts, receiving instruction in oceanography, nautical 
science and maritime studies. They then go to sea for 
the second half of the semester (the six-week sea 
component) for a practical laboratory experience. 
The program may be begun at several times during 
the academic year. 



102 



For more infomiation, contact the Oftice of 
International Education and Oif Campus Programs. 

Block credit for four courses is awarded for the 
successful completion of the five topics listed below. 
Students from any major may apply and this satisfies 
the Environmental Perspective requirement. Sea 
Education Association, Inc. (S.E.A.) offers a shorter 
summer program for three course block credit.. 
Students interested in the summer program must 
apply directly to S.E.A. 

SM 301 Oceanography 

Sun- ey of the characteristics and processes of the 
global ocean. Prerequisite: one semester of a college 
laboratory course in a physical or biological science. 

SM 302 Maritime Studies 

A multidisciplinary study of the history, literature 
and art ot our maritime heritage, and the political 
and economic problems of contemporary' 
maritime affairs. 

SM 303 Nautical Science 

Navigation, naval architecture, ship construction, 
marine engineering systems and the physics of sail. 

SM 304 Practical Oceanography I 

Shore component. Introduction to the tools and 
techniques of the practicing oceanographer. First 
component of a two component course. Both 
components required for one course credit. 

SM 305 Practical Oceanography II Advanced 

Sea component. Individually designed research 
project; operation of the vessel. Second component 
of a two component course. Both components 
required for one course credit. 



SOCIOLOGY 

Sociology concerns the application of scientific 
methods to the study of the diverse ways in which 
social forces shape individual conduct and experi- 
ence. Theories of human behavior are developed and 
tested through the collection and analysis of 
empirical evidence. The discipline strives to provide 
students with perspectives and methods that may be 
applied to understanding a broad range of social 
phenomena. 

Knowledge and skills expected of sociology students: 

• Sociology students learn critical thinking skills, 
including the ability to challenge common 
assumptions, formulate questions, evaluate 
evidence, and reach reasoned conclusions. 



Sociology 

• Critical thinking skills are developed from a 
foundation of sociological theory. Students 
acquire knowledge of traditional and emergent 
sociological perspectives that may be applied 
to understanding the various dimensions of 
social life. 

• Methodological competency is necessary to the 
development and application ot critical 
thinking. Students acquire qualitative and 
quantitative research skills which allow an 
appreciation of sociological research, and 
facilitate the critique of evidence underlying 
many issues of public debate. 

• The sociology discipline is committed to the 
active engagement of student learning. Many 
courses provide opportunities for research 
projects and experiential learning assignments 
that extend learning beyond the classroom to 
the real world laboratory of social life. 

• Sociology students develop writing and 
speaking skills needed to present ideas and 
research efforts in a cogent and scholarly form. 
Clear, organized presentation of ideas and 
research is requisite to sociological training. 
Consequently, every effort is made to help 
students improve their oral and written 
communication skills. 

• Sociology provides an appreciation of cultural 
and social diversity. Students learn to recognize 
and comprehend global and national diversity 
of social life, and thus locate personal values 
and self-identity within the context of our 
complex and changing social world. 

Students of sociology are required to complete a core 
of six courses with a minimum of C grade in each 
course. SO 10 IS Introduction to Sociology provides 
the foundation of theoretical perspective, research 
methods, and substantive areas of investigation that 
are shared across the discipline. SO 160M Statistical 
Methods instructs students in the techniques of 
quantitative data analysis. In SO 260 Qualitative 
Methods and SO 360 Research Design, students 
develop an advanced understanding of research 
methods that includes application to real world 
social issues. SO 310 Social Stratification provides a 
thorough examination of the structure and dynamics 
of inequality. SO 410 The History of Social Thought 
elaborates sociological theory in an intensive 
examination of perspectives for explaining social 
behavior. In addition to the six core requirements, 
each student selects four sociology electives toward 
completion of the ten courses in the major. It is also 
possible for the student to focus the four electives on 
specialization in criminal justice. 



103 



Sociology 

The minor in Sociology consists of SO lOlS 
Introduction to Sociology and any other four courses 
with an SO prefix. 

SO 1018 Introduction to Sociology 

An introduction to the principles and methods of 
sociology, as well as important research findings. 

SO 1 lOS Sociology of Sex Roles 

This course examines differences in the behavior 
and experiences of men and women. The objective 
is to examine some commonly identified patterns 
of agreement and disagreement between males and 
females throughout our society. Prerequisite: 
SO lOlS Introduction to Sociology or permission 
of instructor. 

SO 120S Social Problems 

The course will focus on the sociological understand- 
ing of social problems. The major topics include 
crime and justice; sexual orientation; disability; 
health and the health care; national security; world 
population; race and ethnicity. 

SO 135S Self and Society 

Survey of classical and contemporary analyses of 
relationship between human self-consciousness and 
socialization. Each person is unique, but each 
person's sense of self is shaped by others. 

SO 160M Statistical Methods 

Introduction to quantitative techniques for data 
analysis in the social sciences. Univariate descrip- 
tion, bivariate description, and statistical inference. 

SO 221 Juvenile Delinquency 

Analyzing juvenile delinquency through examina- 
tion of the collective nature of human behavior, the 
function of values and normative patterns, and social 
conflict over values and resources. 
Prerequisite: SO lOlS. 

SO 224S Criminology 

The causes and consequences of crime, the historical 
transition of ideas about crime, types of crime such as 
street level, organized, corporate, government; the 
measurement of crime and criminal deterrence. 

SO 235 Deviance 

A survey of sociological research on deviance, with 
an emphasis on an interactionist perspective. 
Deviance is understood as interaction between those 
doing something and those who are threatened by 
what they do. Prerequisite: SO lOIS. 

SO 25 IS Work and Occupations 

This course examines factors affecting choice and 
career mobility as well as the impact of occupation 
on non-work life opportunities and behavior, such as 



family structure, leisure activities, political behavior, 
health, and religiosity. 

SO 260 Qualitative Methods 

Research practicum on the observation and analysis 
of human conduct and experience. Hands-on 
experience in the field research methods and 
sociological inquiry. Prerequisite: SO lOlS. 

SO 310 Social Stratification 

Inequality in the distribution of wealth, power, and 
status within a social system, including the effects of 
ethnicity, race, gender, occupational and wage 
hierarchies. Prerequisites: SO 160M, lOlS, and 
pemiission of instructor. 

SO 324S Introduction to Criminal Justice 

Police, courts and corrections, criminal law, public 
attitudes toward crime, discretionary power of police, 
capital punishment, adjustments after prison release. 

SO 326 The Family 

Family roles such as children, men, women, spouses, 
parents, kin examined. Ways in which family and 
work life interact. Dynamic changes in American 
family structure and the modem family. 
Prerequisite: SO lOlS. 

SO 335 Social Interaction 

A seminar in the study of face-to-face behavior 
in public places. The nature of deference and 
demeanor, tension between individuality and social 
structure, rules governing involvement, normal 
appearances, and role distance. Prerequisite: 
SO 160M and 260. 

SO 360 Research Design 

The techniques and application of social science 
research, critical evaluation of research evidence, 
designing and administering a group survey project. 
Prerequisite: SO 160M. 

SO 371 Organizational Behavior & 
Leadership 

(Cross-listed with MN 371) Major factors affecting 
behavior in organizations. Motivation, group and 
team dynamics, macroorganizational factors, 
leadership. Prerequisite: Junior status required. 

SO 404 Crime, Justice & Ethics 

Apply ethical theories to analyze criminal justice 
conduct. Due process in law enforcement, tension 
between truth and loyalty, exercise of discretionary 
power, use of force, justification for punishment. 
Prerequisites: SO 224S and 324S or permission 
of instructor. 



104 



so 405 E Human Ecology & Social Change 

(Cross-listed with MN 405E) This course concerns 
sociological efforts to understand environmental 
issues. Theories of social change focus on the role o( 
various organizations (governmental and non- 
governmental) and policies currently involved in the 
resolution of these issues. 

SO 410 Senior Seminar: 

History of Social Thought 

For sociology' majors. Concepts, approaches, and 
orientations that have played a part in shaping the 
nature of sociology, and ideas during the 19th and 
20th centuries as sociology' matured. 

SO 435 Social Construction of Reality 

The processes whereby "society" is manufactured 
such that it becomes a force external to the dynamics 
which produced it. Primary frameworks, the 
anchoring of activity, legitimation, internalization, 
selective attention, typification. Prerequisite: 
SO 1018. 



SPANISH 

The major in Spanish consists of eight courses and a 
comprehensive examination or, with faculty 
approval, a senior thesis/project. One of the eight 
courses must be 400- level. Spanish majors are 
expected to speak the language well enough to be 
rated at the Intermediate Mid-level of proficiency as 
defined by the American Coimcil on the Teaching 
of Foreign Languages (ACTFL), and are therefore 
strongly urged to spend at least one semester abroad. 
The Office of International Education will assist 
students in identifying appropriate programs. Please 
note that all study abroad must be approved by 
language faculty' and cleared by the registrar. 
Students are also encouraged to participate in 
Eckerd's language-intensive winter terms offered in 
Spain or other Spanish-speaking regions. 

The minor in Spanish consists of five courses. 

Majors and minor who transfer credit (from the U.S. 
or abroad) are required to take at least one advanced 
Spanish course at Eckerd. 

For more information on language study, see 
Modem Languages. 

SP 101 Elementary Spanish 

Fundamentals of Spanish language with a focus 
on developing skills in speaking and listening 
comprehension. 

SP 102 Elementar>^ Spanish 

Continuation of SP 101. Prerequisite: SP 101 or 
permission of instructor. 



Spanish 

SP 201 Intermediate Spanish I 

Comprehensive review and more in-depth study of 
grammar. Emphasis on interaction and communica- 
tion, allowing students to express, interpret, and 
negotiate meaning in context. Practice in all four 
skills, including journal-based writing. Prerequisite: 
SP 102 or permission of instructor. 

SP 202 Intermediate Spanish II 

Continuation of SP 201. Prerequisite: SP 201 or 
permission of instructor. 

SP 203 Spanish for Business '*■ 

Oral and written skills. Cross-cultural communica- 
tion between North America and Spanish speaking 
world. Forms, st^'les, usages, procedures in commer- 
cial communication. 

SP 205 Spanish: Oral Expression 

Develop proficiency in speaking and listening 
comprehension. Extensive acquisition of new, 
theme-based vocabulary, and exposure to authentic 
language through in-class films, followed by post- 
viewing activities. Prerequisite: SP 202. 

SP 300H Short Fiction: Study <&. Translation 

Introductory' survey (19th and 20th centuries) of the 
short fiction of both Spam and Latin America. 
Among the themes to be studied are social and 
political injustice, women's rights, alienation, 
violence, humor and love. Prerequisite: SP 205 or 
permission of instructor. 

SP 301H Civilization and Culture 

Introduction to the study of Hispanic civilization, 
culture, and literature. Major historical develop- 
ments of the old and new worlds, ranging from the 
period of colonization and the Conquest to the 
present. Prerequisite: SP 202. 

SP 305H Dictators and Revolution 

Ideas about revolution, dictatorship, democracy, war, 
independence, autonomy and identity' will be 
discussed and analyzed using works by Azuela, Garcia 
Marquez, Asturias, Fuentes, and AUende. Videos and 
movies will be used. Prerequisites: SP 307 or the 
instructor's permission. Grammar & Composition or 
the instructor's permission. 

SP 307H Advanced Grammar & Composition 

For students to develop and perfect writing skills, 
particularly those minoring or majoring in the 
language who also need to fulfill an extensive 
language requirement, such as international business 
or international studies. Prerequisite: SP 202 or 
permission of instructor. 



105 



Statistics 

SP 308H Spanish Literature/Film Themes 

Overview of the historical causes of the Spanish 
Civil War and in-depth study of key works of 
literature and film that address this important 
historical period. Prerequisite: SP 205. 

SP 309H Film & Literature: Hispanics Abroad 

Selected films and narrative works of fiction and 
non-fiction explore and highlight contrasting aspects 
of "Anglo" and Hispanic cultures. Development of 
cultural awareness through the analysis of the 
general principles that guide the students' own 
culture. Prerequisite: Advanced proficiency. 
Anyone of SP 301H, 306H, 307H or permission by 
the instnictor 

SP 310H Real/Surreal: Lorca, Buiiuel, Dali 

A study of how these artists contributed to the 
twentieth century cultural renaissance in Spain. 
In-depth analysis of selected plays, poems, films, and 
works of art. Taught in conjunction with staff of the 
Salvador Dali Museum. Prerequisite: SP 205. 

SP 3 1 IH Poetry Across the Centuries 

Comprehensive (Spain and Latin America) 
introductory survey of major poets and literary 
movements (romanticism, "modemismo," and 
"vanguardismo") with focus on the nineteenth and 
twentieth centuries. Prerequisite: SP 205. 

SP 312H Latin American Culture in Film 

Examines how factors such as geography and climate, 
class, ethnicity, urbanization, religion, history, 
economics, politics and national identities have 
affected contemporary Latin American culture. 
The films cover the major regions of Latin America. 
Prerequisite: SP 301, 306, 307 or permission 
of instructor 

SP 320H Applied Spanish: Translation 

Advanced course in translation theory. Practical 
application in translating technical and literary 
texts. Students will translate written material from 
Spanish to English and from English to Spanish. 
Prerequisite: SP 307H or permission. 

SP 40 IH The Modem Spanish Novel 

(Directed Study) Major novels of Spanish writers 
from Generacion del '98 to the present. Prerequi- 
sites: SP 300H, and SP 307H or SP 308H. 

SP 403 H Modem Spanish Drama 

In-depth study of major Spanish playwrights 
including Buero Vallejo, Olmo, Muniz, and Feman- 
Gomez. Focus on plays as socio-historical documents. 
Prerequisite: 300-level course. 



SP 407Fi Spanish Women Writers 

Spanish and Latin American women writers, the 
world they lived in and how they helped change it. 
Dynamics of gender, class and education. Introduc- 
tion to feminist literary criticism. Prerequisites: 
SP 307H or permission of instructor 

SP 408H New Spanish- American Narrative 

Understanding the social message and aesthetic 
innovations such as "realismo magico" in works of 
twentieth century Spanish American authors such as 
Vargas Lloso, Garcia Marquez, and Carlos Fuentes. 
Prerequisite: 300-level course. 



STATISTICS 

MA 133M Statistics, An Introduction 

For description, see Mathematics. 

Credit will be given for only one of MA 133M and 
the Behavioral Science statistics courses below, but 
not both. 

SO 160M Statistical Methods 

For description, see Sociology. 

BE 260M Statistical Methods for Natural Sciences 

For description, see Behavioral Sciences. 

MN 260M Statistical Methods: 

Management and Economics 

For description, see Management. 

PO 260M Political Science Research Methods 

For description, see Political Science. 

PS 200/201M Statistics and Research Design I,II 

For description, see Psychology. 



THEATRE 

Theatre is education for life. The communications, 
analytical and artistic skills learned as a theatre 
major will serve you in good stead in whatever 
field you find yourselves. Theatre at Eckerd is 
designed to prepare students for the "real world" of 
professional theatre and the varied demands of the 
global workplace. 

Theatre is a creative art, which has been and 
remains an essential force in the creation of every 
community since the dawn of civilization. The 
study of theatre requires discipline, commitment 
and stamina. Eckerd theatre students are 
independent, adaptable, motivated and responsible 
creative thinkers much in demand in every field 
of opportunity. 

Theatre students develop skills in acting, directing 
and technical theatre. They acquire knowledge of 
plays, theatrical periods and innovators. They learn 
the functions and responsibilities of theatre profes- 



106 



sionals and theatrical organizations. Every student 
completes an internship at a professional theatre. 

Theatre is a communal activity, and e\'er^' student at 
Eckerd is encouraged to participate onstage or 
backstage, regardless of experience level. The theatre 
is inclusive, stimulating and just plain fun! 

The academic requirements for theatre majors are 
10 courses which include Stagecraft, Basic Acting, 
Theatre History', Theatre Practicum, Directing, 
Theatre Internship, three theatre electives, and the 
Senior Showcase. A suggested sequence of courses is 
as follows: 

Freshmen 

Basic Acting 
Stagecraft 
Theatre History 

Sophomores 

Theatre Practicum 
Theatre elective 

Juniors 

Directing 

Theatre Internship 
Theatre elective 

Seniors 

Senior Showcase 
Theatre elective 

A minor in theatre requires five courses, of which at 
least two are at the 200 le\'el or above. 

TH 101 A The Human Instrument 

Exploration of the potentials for use of the body, 
voice, movement, energy, sensory awareness, mind, 
and psyche through a wide range of exercises. 

TH 102 A The Living Theatre 

Overview of practical and aesthetic considerations of 
the theatre arts, along with performance and theatre 
technology. Class critiques of dramatic productions 
on campus. Short scenes performed in class. 

TH 145A Design Basics 

An introduction to the elements and principles of 
design, and the design process. Exposure to drafting 
techniques and computer-aided design and drafting. 
Grading is based on practical projects in design, and 
research into design history. 

TH 161A Stagecraft 

Basic principles and procedures for constmcting the 
stage picture. Theatre terms, use of hand and power 
tools, set construction, scene painting, special effects 
and new products. 



Theatre 

TH 162 A Stage Lighting 

Basic principles and procedures for electricity and 
stage lighting. Instruments, terminology, wiring, 
drawing light plots, lamps, dimmers, lighting 
control equipment. 

TH 163 A Basic Acting 

Development of basic tools of the actor through 
reading, discussion, acting exercises and scene work. 
Introduction to several approaches to the craft of 
acting. TH 101 A recommended. 

TH 170A Filmmaking with Video 

(Cross-listed with CS 170A) The growth and 
merging of computing, electronic communication 
and video technologies are providing exciting new 
ways of communication, presentation, and persua- 
sion. Major topics include physics of sound, light, 
and image collection; video technology; video 
editing systems; and video composition. Prerequi- 
sites: permission of instructor. 

TH 202A Improvisation 

Introduction to basic techniques of improvisation 
and theatre games. Should be viewed as a "labora- 
tory" course. Students work with techniques 
developed by a variety' of theatrical innovators, with 
emphasis on controlled creativity. Permission of 
instructor required. 

TH 233A Plays in Performance 

Go to the theatre. Learn about acting technique, 
playwriting styles and theatre criticism through an 
examination of performance, by attendance at ten 
plays over the course of the semester. Learn tech- 
niques of play analysis and how to write an 
effective critique. 

THl 23 5 A Theatre Practicum - 1st Semester 

A laboratory experience in performance and 
production. Students learn professional theatre 
etiquette, stage management, technical and 
performance skills. Two semesters required for one 
course credit. Must include one assignment in 
technical theatre. 

TH2 23 5 A Theatre Practicum - 2nd Semester 

Continuation of Theatre Practicum. Two semesters 
required for one course credit. 

TH 238A Silent Movies 

An exploration of the world of silent movies, the 
genre which gave birth to the motion picture as we 
know it. Examination of the themes, ideas and 
technical vocabulary of filmmaking. Includes the 
production of a three minute silent movie. 



107 



Western Heritage in a Global Context 



TH 245 Scene Design 

Play analysis and research for creating scene designs. 
Drawings, groundplans, renderings, model-making. 
Each student will produce a number of designs. 
Prerequisite: TH 161 A or TH 162 A or permission 
of instructor. 

TH 257 Acting 

Focus on practical study in areas of acting, e.g., 
ensemble, improvisation, characterization, voice, 
dialects, maskwork, scene-study, acting styles, 
auditioning. Prerequisite: TH 163 A of permission 
of instructor. 

TH 263A Technical Theatre 

Focus on academic/practical study in areas of 
technical theatre, e.g., stage management, advanced 
stagecraft, welding, drafting, scene painting, etc. 
Prerequisite: TH 161 A or 162A or permission 
of instructor. 

TH 282A Theatre History 

Theatrical as opposed to purely literary values in 
Eastern and Western culture, and the forces that 
contributed to the development of various styles of 
presentation in each distinct historical period, with a 
key script from each period. 

TH 3 22 A Communication Arts & Persuasion 

The principles, values, fonns and effects of persuasive 
public communication. Film and video tape 
examples. Experience in analysis, reasoning, 
evidence and organization of the persuasive speech. 
Not open to Freshmen. 

TH 323A Oral Interpretation of Literature 

Read literature for characterization, locus, technical 
considerations, devices of language and structure, 
text analysis. Lectures, exercises to develop begin- 
ning readers, and at least six oral presentations 
projects. Attendance essential because of emphasis 
on performance. 

TH 333A Play Reading 

An exploration of cunent and contemporary plays 
produced in New York and London. Designed to 
increase overall theatrical vocabulary and foster skills 
in script analysis and communication. 

TH 357 Acting 

Continuation of TH 257. Prerequisite: TH 257. 

TH 367 Theatre Internship 

Supervised work in college, community and 
professional theatre companies on internship basis. 
May be repeated for credit. Permission of 
instructor required. 



108 



TH 372 Directing 

Study and practice of play-directing theories and 
techniques: analysis of play, rehearsal process, 
organizational procedures from script to production. 
Productions provide menu for Lunchbox Theatre 
Series. Prerequisite: TH 163 A or equivalent 
experience or permission of instructor. 

TH 384A Asian Theatre 

Introduction to varied theatre forms of Asia, 
including Japanese, Indian and Southeast Asian 
theatre, and Balinese puppet theatre. 

TH 457 Acting 

Continuation of TH 357. Prerequisite: TH 357. 

TH 473 Advanced Directing 

Develop a personal directing style to meet the 
requirements of a given script, whether period or 
modem piece. Each director prepares at least two 
examples for an audience. Critique discussions. 
Prerequisite: TH 372. 

TH 499 Senior Showcase 

All graduating seniors are required to participate in 
senior showcase, a performance designed to highlight 
their skills as performers and/or designers. Majors only 

VISUAL ARTS See Art. 

WESTERN HERITAGE IN 
A GLOBAL CONTEXT 

AH freshmen are required to take Western Heritage 
in a Global Context 1 and II. These courses explore 
central concepts and materials of civilization and 
introduce freshmen to the themes of Eckerd 
College's general education program. Western 
Heritage in a Global Context courses are interdisci- 
plinary, using lecture and discussion formats. The 
discussion sections are the same groups, with the 
same instmctor, as the autumn term groups. 

Selected freshmen in the Honors Program meet 
weekly for the academic year and are awarded a 
course credit for WHl/2 184 Western Heritage in a 
Global Context (Honors). This is in addition to 
Western Heritage in a Global Context 1 and II. 
Admission is by application to the Honors 
Program Director. 

WH 181 West Heritage in a Global Context I 

The first course in general education introduces 
values through the study of the Greek, Roman, 
Chinese, and Indian worlds, using masterworks of 
those civilizations. 

WH 182 West Heritage in a Global Context II 

Exploring the post Renaissance world through 
literature, the arts, scientific accomplishments, and 
other major endeavors. 



Women's and Gender Studies 



WOMEN'S AND 
GENDER STUDIES 

Women's and Gender Studies is an interdisciplinary 
major in human societies, both past and present. It is 
also an inquiry' into women's material, cultural and 
economic production, their collective undertakings 
and self descriptions. The Women's and Gender 
Studies major seeks to provide opportunities for: 

• acquiring breadth of learning and integrating 
knowledge across academic disciplines. 

• developing an understanding and respect for 
the integrity of self and others. 

• learning to communicate eftectively. 

• developing the knowledge, abilities, 
appreciation and motivations that liberate 
men and women. 

• seriously encountering with the values 
dimensions of individual growth and 
social interaction. 

Majors develop integrative skill competencies in 
bibliographic instruction, writing excellence, close 
reading of texts, creative problem-solving, small 
group communication, oral communication, and 
expressive awareness. 

Students majoring in women's and gender studies 
must take a minimum of ten courses, including WG 
20 IH and WG 410, and then eight courses in three 
disciplines in consultation with their Mentors. Five 
of these courses must he at the 300 level or above. 
Majors must successfully pass a Senior comprehen- 
sive examination or, if invited by the faculty, write a 
Senior thesis. 

For a minor in women's and gender studies, students 
take five courses including WG 20 IH and WG 410. 
Three of the five courses must be at the 300 level 
or above. 

WG 410 does not replace a discipline Senior 
Seminar for students who are minoring in women's 
and gender studies. 

WG 20 IH Introduction to Women's & 
Gender Studies 

Issues involved in the social and historical construc- 
tion of gender and gender roles from an interdiscipli- 
nary perspective. Human gender differences, male 
and female sexuality, relationship between gender, 
race and class. 

WG 203 H Women in the Ancient World 

Examines the role and status of women (both 
aristocratic and lower-class) and goddesses in the 
ancient Greek and Roman world, as well as represen- 
tations of them in ancient literature and art. Also 



discusses the family, social relations, and gentier 
stereotypes in the ancient world and their 
influence today. 

WG 22 IH Black Women in America 

Slaveiy, the work force, the family, education, 
politics, social psychology, and feminism. 

WG 410 Research Seminar: Women & Gender 

Senior Seminar designed to integrate the interdisci- 
plinary work of the major. Students work in 
collaborative research groups to read and critique 
each other's work and produce a presentation that 
reflects interdisciplinary views on a women/gender 
issue. Focus on methodologies of the various 
disciplines arid on research methods. 

Descriptions of the following courses in the 
major are found in the disciplinary listings: 

AMERICAN STUDIES 

AM 307 H Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 

Reactionaries and Reformers 

(Directed Study available) 
AM 308H Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender and 

American Culture 

(Directed Study available) 

ANTHROPOLOGY 

AN 208S Human Sexuality 

AN 289S Gender: Cross-cultural Perspective 

ART 

CR 384 A Twentieth Century' American 
Women in the Arts 

CHINESE 

CN 208G Gender/Sexuality in Asian Literature 
CN 268A Love & Justice/Chinese TTieater 
CN 30 IH Hero/ Anti-Hero in Chinese Literature 
CN 302H East Meets West: Chinese Cinema 

COMPOSITION 

FD 122 Analytical and Persuasive Writing: 
Writing and Gender 

CREATIVE WRITING 

CW 305 A Journals, Diaries, and Letters: 
The Intimate Connection 

ECONOMICS 

EC 28 IS Principles of Microeconomics 
EC 371 Economics of Labor Markets 

FRENCH 

FR 404 Themes in French Literature 
FR 406 French Tlieatre on Stage 



109 



HISTORY 

HI 321 H Women in Modem America: 
The Hand that Cradles the Rock 
(Directed Study available ) 

HI 324G Native American History 

HI 366H Inside Nazi Gemiany 

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 

HD 204 Socialization: A Study of Gender Issues 
HD 209 Childhood Roles and Family Systems 

LITERATURE 

LI 205H Woman as Metaphor 
LI 3 1 2H Literature and Women 

MANAGEMENT 

MN 371 Organizational Behavior & Leadership 

PHILOSOPHY 

PL lOlH Introduction to Philosophy 

PL 241 H Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

PL 244H Social and Political Philosophy 

PL 246H Philosophy and Film 

PL 312H American Philosophy 

PL 342H 20th Century Philosophical Movements 

POLITICAL SCIENCE 

PC 103G Introduction to International Relations 
PO 342S Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 
PO 315 Theories of War and Peace 
PO 316 Women and Politics Worldwide 



PSYCHOLOGY 

PS 202 Psychology of Childhood and Adolescence 
PS 203 Psychology of Adulthood and Aging 

RELIGIOUS STUDIES 

RE 206H The Bible, Gender, and Sexual Politics 

RE 220H The Bible in American Culture 

RE 234H The Goddess in Eastern Tradition 

RE 329H Liberation Theology 

RE 361 H Contemporary Christian Thought 

RE 373H Women and Religion 

RE 38 IE Ecotheology 

SOCIOLOGY 

SO 326 The Family 

SO 345S Complex Organizations 

SO 405E Human Ecology & Social Change 

SPANISH 

SP 407H Spanish Women Writers 
WRITING WORKSHOP 

See Creative Writing. 



110 



CAMPUS AND STUDENT LIFE 



At Eckerd, learning is not restricted to the 
classroom. The college cherishes the freedom that 
students experience in the college community and 
in the choices they make concerning their own 
personal growth. At the same time, each student, 
as a member of a Christian community 
of learners, is expected to contribute to this 
community and to accept and live by its values 
and standards: commitment to truth and excel- 
lence; devotion to knowledge and understanding; 
sensitivity to the rights and needs ot others; belief 
in the inherent worth of all human beings and 
respect for human differences; contempt for 
dishonesty, prejudice and destructiveness. Just as 
Eckerd intends that its students shall be compe- 
tent givers throughout their lives, it expects that 
giving shall he the hallmark of behavior and 
relationships in college life. Just as Eckerd seeks to 
provide each student with opportunities for 
leaniing and excellence, each student is expected 
to play a significant part in the vitality and 
integrity ot the college community. 

As an expression of willingness to abide by these 
standards, every student, upon entering Eckerd 
College, is expected to sign the Shared Commit- 
ment and the Honor Pledge that guide student life 
on campus. For a full description of the Shared 
Commitment, see page 4- 



THE CITY 

St. Petersburg is a vibrant city in its own right, and 
St. Petersburg, Tampa, and Clearwater together 
form a metropolitan area of over two million 
people with all the services and cultural facilities 
of any area this size. 

St. Petersburg and nearby cities offer art museums, 
symphony orchestras, road show engagements of 
Broadway plays, rock concerts, circuses, ice shows, 
and other attractions. 

There are major golf and tennis tournaments in 
the area. Professional football fans can follow 
the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, professional hockey 
fans can follow the Tampa Bay Lightning, and 
professional baseball fans can follow the Tampa 
Bay Devil Rays. 

The Tampa Bay area hosts many regattas for sail 
boats and races for power boats every year. Fine 
public beaches on the Gulf of Mexico are within 
bicycling distance of the Eckerd College campus, 
as are public golf courses. 

St. Petersburg has a pleasant semi-tropical climate 
with an average temperature of 73.5 degrees F. 
and annual rainfall of 51.2 inches. 




Photo courtesy City of St. Petersburg 

111 



THE CAMPUS 

Situated in a suburban area at the southwest tip of 
the peninsula on which St. Petersburg is located, 
Eckerds campus is large and uncrowded — 188 
acres with about a mile and a half of waterfront 
on Boca Ciega Bay and Frenchman's Creek. 
Our air-conditioned buildings were plamied to 
provide a comfortable environment for learning 
in the Florida climate. Professors and students 
frequently forsake their classrooms and gather 
outdoors in the sunshine or under a pine tree's 
shade. Outdoor activities are possible all year; 
cooler days during the winter are usually mild. 



RESIDENCE LIFE 

Eckerd College has nine residential complexes for 
student housing, consisting of seven complexes 
with four houses of 34-36 students, 16 eight person 
suites in Nu Domi, and 33 four and five person 
apartments with a living room and kitchen in 
each in Omega. Most of the student residences 
overlook the water. Each residence unit has a 
student Residential Advisor (R.A.) who is 
available for basic academic and personal counsel- 
ing and is generally responsible for the residence. 
Resident Advisors and student residents are 
supported by full-time professional residence life 
stafl living on campus. 



STUDENT GOVERNMENT 

The Eckerd College Organization of Students 
(ECOS) is the college's student government 
association. It acts as a link between the students 
and the administration, with its officers sitting on 
many policy making committees, representing 
student views and issues. It also coordinates the 
budgeting of student organizations and activities, 
with funds accumulated from each student's 
activities fee. The membership of ECOS consists 
of all residential degree seeking students, full and 
part time. 



STUDENT ACTIVITIES 

Eckerd believes that student life should be as full 
and rich as possible, both within and beyond the 
classroom. Campus Activities, in cooperation with 
Palmetto Productions and other student organiza- 
tions, offers a variety of cultural, entertainment. 



social, recreational, and fitness activities. The 
result is an active campus life that complements 
the student's academic program by providing 
opportunities for co-curricular learning, socializ- 
ing, entertainment, and physical fitness. 



HOUGH CENTER 

The Hough Center serves as the hub for recre- 
ational and social activities. The facilities include 
a fitness center, conversation lounge, several 
meeting rooms, multipurpose room, and Tritons 
Pub. The Pub is a place where students and faculty 
may continue a discussion that started in class, 
attend a poetry reading or open mike, enjoy a 
movie in our state-of-the-art theater system, 
share a game of pool, or enjoy the featured 
entertainment. 



ENTERTAINMENT AND 
CULTURAL ACTIVITIES 

The College Program Series, jointly planned by 
students, faculty and administration, is designed to 
enhance the intellectual, religious and cultural life 
of the college community though bringing well- 
known scholars, artists, scientists and distin- 
guished Americans to the campus each semester. 

The student activities board. Palmetto 
Productions, sponsors movies, coffee house 
programs, dances, comedy nights and concerts 
featuring local and nationally known artists. The 
Office of Multicultural Affairs, along with the 
Afro- American Society, International Students 
Association, and International Student Programs 
Office, sponsors an array of ethnic programs 
throughout the year. 

The music, art and theatre disciplines sponsor 
student and faculty recitals, programs from the 
concert choir and chamber ensemble, exhibitions 
by student and faculty artists, dance perfonuances, 
and a series of plays produced by the theatre 
workshops. 

The intramural and recreation program allows 
residential houses and individuals to compete in a 
variety of programs. The intramural sports include 
volleyball, flag football, basketball and softball. 
The recreation program includes aerobics, martial 
arts and numerous club sports. 



112 




STUDENT PUBLICATIONS 

Publications are funded hy student government 
and fully controlled by the students themselves. 
Student media include the Triton Tribune, the 
student newspaper; WECX, the campus radio 
station; EC-TV, the campus television station; 
The Eckerd Review, a literary magazine featuring 
artwork, prose and poetry by members of the 
entire campus community; The EC-Book, the 
student handbook, and Hullabaloo, the yearbook. 



ORGANIZATIONS AND CLUBS 

If there is enough student interest to form a club, 
one may easily be chartered. Organizations which 
have been student-initiated include the Afro- 
American Society, Biology Club, Circle-K, 
International Students Association, the Triton 
Sailing and Boardsailing Teams, Athletic Boosters, 
Model UN, Earth Society, and Men's Volleyball. 



RELIGIOUS LIFE 

The College Chaplain directs the Campus 
Ministry Program, a joint effort of students, faculty 
and staff. The program provides religious activities 
in a Christian context. These include worship 
sen'ices, special speakers and emphasis weeks, 
small group studies, service projects, and fellow- 
ship activities. Individuals and groups of other 
religious traditions receive assistance from Campus 
Ministries in connecting with persons of like 
tradition on campus and with their faith commu- 



nities off campus. The Chaplain senses as minister 
to students, faculty and staff, is available for 
counseling or consultation, and works closely 
with Student Affairs to enhance the quality of 
campus life. 

Regardless of their backgrounds, students are 
encouraged to explore matters of faith and 
commitment as an integral part of the 
educational experience. 



WATERFRONT PROGRAM 

Eckerd's Waterfront Program, one of the largest 
collegiate watersports programs in the southeast- 
em U.S., is one of the most exciting recreational 
opportunities on the campus. The facilities, 
located on Frenchman's Creek, include the 
Wallace Boathouse with outdoor classrooms, 
picnic/seating area, a snack bar and Ship's Store, 
multiple docks, and a boat ramp. They also 
include an Activities Center with classrooms fully 
equipped for multi-media instruction, and 
restroom facilities with showers. Additional 
resources available are a fleet of sailboats, canoes, 
fishing boats, sea kayaks, sailboards, and a ski boat 
for recreational water skiing. Students who own 
boats can arrange to store them on trailers or racks 
if space is available. 

A unique feature of the Eckerd Waterfront is the 
community member's ability to use the facilities 
without membership in a club or organization. 
There are, however, many clubs and teams 
sponsored by the Waterfront for those interested. 



113 



The Triton sailing team, a varsity team, sails in 
competitions as a member of SAISA (the South 
Atlantic Intercollegiate Sailing Association) and 
the ICYRA (Intercollegiate Yacht Racing 
Association). The Triton Sailing Association is a 
club which provides a recreational venue for 
sailors of all levels, from beginning to advanced, 
with activities such as daysailing trips, overnight 
cruises, and recreational regattas. 

One of the Waterfront's unique student organiza- 
tions is Eckerd College Search and Rescue (EC- 
SAR), a highly trained group of students and 
alumni who provide maritime search and rescue 
services to the Tampa Bay boating community. 
Working closely with the U.S. Coast Guard and 
many local and state agencies, members give a 
high level of dedication, skill and commitment to 
public service and have received many national 
and local awards and commendations. 

Waterfront classes are offered throughout the 
school year. Sailing classes are taught at all levels 
on both small sloops and larger sailboats. Normal 
class offerings include beginning, intermediate and 
advanced sailing and boardsailing. Informal 
dockside instruction is offered during the after- 
noons by Waterfront staff and volunteers. 

The Waterfront Program offers many unique and 
enjoyable opportunities to the Eckerd College 
community. Participants can just relax on the 
docks with a snack from the Ship's Galley Snack 
Bar, head out into the bay aboard a sailboat or 
sea kayak, or spend the afternoon fishing. 
Experienced watersports enthusiasts can compete 
at a varsity level and beginners can take a sailing 
or windsurfing class. There is something 
for everyone! 



COUNSELING AND 
HEALTH SERVICES 

College students encounter new and different 
experiences and face many difficult life decisions. 
There may be times when they need some help 
negotiating these challenges. 

The Eckerd College Counseling and Health 
Services offer an atmosphere where personal 
concerns of any kind can be examined and 
discussed freely and confidentially. Such an 
atmosphere increases the chances that problems 
and conflicts will be resolved. 



Through the therapeutic process, students come 
to see themselves and others in a different light, 
learn how to change self-defeating habits and 
attitudes, and become more able to make a 
positive contribution to the lives of others. 

Counselors are interested in assisting students with 
personal, intellectual, and psychological growth 
and development. The office of Counseling and 
Health Services is fully staffed by two fiill-time 
and two part-time therapists, and all services are 
free and completely confidential. 

In addition to providing psychological counseling 
for students, the Counseling and Health Services 
staff offer consultation services to faculty, staff, and 
students who need specialized programs or 
information regarding psychological issues such as 
conflict resolution, crisis intervention, or wellness- 
related issues. Topical presentations and work- 
shops are available by request. 

The Eckerd College Office of Counseling and 
Health Services, an active member of the Ameri- 
can College Health Association, is also committed 
to providing accessible, cost-effective, high quality 
primary care, preventative services, and health 
education to the students of Eckerd College. 

The Office of Counseling and Health Services 
strives to integrate the universal concepts of 
wellness, health promotion, health protection, 
disease prevention, and state-of-the-art primary 
care into the student's daily life. The goal is to 
provide services that optimize the student's ability 
to learn and develop. 

Registered Nurses experienced in college health 
are present during open hours. A physician is 
available during regular hours by appointment. 
Bayfront Medical Center, a regional trauma 
center, is located approximately ten minutes from 
the Eckerd campus. 

There is no fee for routine office visits. Diagnostic 
tests, allergy injections, immunizations, medica- 
tions, supplies, minor procedures, and physical 
exams are discounted. Payment is due at the time 
of service and may be paid by cash, personal 
check, or charged to the student's account. No 
student will be refused care because of inability to 
pay at the time of service. 

In addition to providing health and wellness 
services to students, the Health Center also 
provides First Aid and emergency services to 



114 



faculty, staff, and special program students; 
consultation and informational services on health 
related topics; and wellness programs such as 
vaccine clinics and health fairs open to the entire 
Eckerd community. 



STUDENTS OF COLOR 

As evidence of its active commitment to recruit 
and encourage minority students, Eckerd supports 
a number of programs in this field. Visits to the 
campus give students of color who are considering 
Eckerd College a chance to view the college, visit 
the faculty, live in the residence halls, and talk 
with other students. 

The Office of Multicultural Affairs works with 
students, faculty and staff to plan a full range 
of programs that celebrate diversity. The Office 
of Multicultural Affairs is available to provide 
assistance for any special needs of students 
of color. 



DAY STUDENTS 

Students who are married, are over 22 years of age, 
or who live with their families are provided with 
campus post office boxes and a college e-mail 
address to receive communications. Opportunities 
for participation in campus sports, activities, 
cultural events, and student government (EGOS), 
are available to day students. 



ATHLETICS FOR MEN 
AND WOMEN 

Eckerd College is a member of the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association. Men play a full 
intercollegiate schedule in baseball, basketball, 
golf, soccer and tennis. Women's intercollegiate 
sports include basketball, cross country, soccer, 
Softball, tennis and volleyball. The College is a 
member of the Sunshine State Conference, and 
both men and women play NCAA Division II 
competition. 

The McArthur Physical Education Center houses 
locker rooms, physical education faculty offices, 
two basketball courts, a weight room, three 
volleyball courts, a swimming pool, and areas of 
open space. The Turley Athletic Complex 
includes lighted baseball and softball fields, a 
practice infield, a soccer field, grandstands and a 
building which consists of a locker room facility 
and a snack bar. 




115 



ADMISSION 



ADMISSION POLICY 

Eckerd College seeks to admit students of various 
backgrounds, ethnic and national origins who are 
prepared to gain from the educational challenge 
they will encounter at the College while also 
contributing to the overall quality of campus life. 
Admissions decisions are made after a careful 
review of each applicant's aptitudes, achievements, 
and character. When you apply, we will look at 
your academic performance in college preparatory 
courses (mathematics, science, social studies, 
English, foreign languages, creative arts). This 
course work must be completed at an accredited 
high school. We will also consider your perfor- 
mance on the college entrance examinations 
(ACT or SAT I). We do not consider the SAT or 
ACT writing test as a factor in the admission 
decision. Students whose native language is not 
English can choose to replace the ACT or SAT I 
with the TOEFL examination. Your potential for 
personal and academic development and positive 
contribution to the campus community is impor- 
tant, and we will look closely at your personal 
essay, record of activities and recommendations 
from your counselors or teachers. Admissions 
decisions are made on a rolling basis beginning in 
October and continuing to the academic year for 
the following fall. Students considering mid-year 
admission for winter term (January) are advised to 
complete application procedures by December 1. 
Applicants for fall entry should complete proce- 
dures by April 1 . 



FRESHMAN ADMISSION 

High school juniors and seniors considering 
Eckerd College should have taken a college 
preparatory curriculum at an accredited high 
school. Our preference is for students who have 
taken four units of English, three or more units 
each ot mathematics, sciences and social studies, 
and at least two units of a foreign language. 
Although no single criterion is used as a determi- 
nant for acceptance and we have no automatic 
"cutoff' points, the great majority of students 
who gain admission to Eckerd College have a 
high school average of B or better in their college 
preparatory courses and have scored in the top 
25 percent of college-bound students taking the 
ACT or SAT 1. 



APPLICATION PROCEDURES 
FOR FRESHMEN 

1. Request application forms in junior year 
or early in senior year from the Office 
of Admissions. 

2. Complete and return your application to the 
Office of Admissions, with an application fee 
of $35 (non-refundable) no later than April 1 
of the senior year. Students who are financially 
unable to pay the $35 application fee will have 
the fee waived upon request. Eckerd College 
accepts the Common Application in lieu of 
its own form and gives equal consideration 

to both. 

3. Request the guidance department of the 
secondary school from which you will be 
graduated to send an academic transcript and 
personal recommendation to: Office of 
Admissions, Eckerd College, 4200 - 54th 
Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711. 

4. Arrange to take the SAT 1, offered by the 
College Entrance Examination Board or the 
ACT, offered by the American College Testing 
Program. Take your test in spring of junior year 
or early fall of senior year. 



TRANSFER ADMISSION 

Eckerd College welcomes students from other 
colleges, universities, junior and community 
colleges that have earned full regional accred- 
itation. Applicants are expected to be in good 
standing at the institution last attended and 
eligible to return to that institution. 

APPLICATION PROCEDURES 
FOR TRANSFER ADMISSION 

1 . Complete and return application forni to the 
Office of Admissions with an application fee 
of $35 (non-refundable) by August 1 fL^r fall 
semester and December 1 for winter tenn. 

2. Request that official college transcripts be 
sent to us from each college or university you 
have attended. 



116 



3. Send us a record ot college entrance exams 
(SAT I or ACT). This may he waived if you 
have completed more than two fiill time 
semesters of college level work. 

4. Request a letter of recommendation from 
one ot your college professors. 

5. If you have completed less than two full 
time semesters at another college, you must 
submit your high school transcripts. All 
other students must submit proof of high 
school graduation. 

6. A letter reflecting good social and 
academic standing from your current/ 
previous institution. 

EVALUATION AND AWARDING 
OF TRANSFER CREDIT 

After you have been accepted for admission, your 
transcript will be forwarded to the registrar for 
credit evaluation. 

Eckerd College only accepts transfer credits from 
other regionally accredited institutions. It is the 
policy of the college to: 

1 . Award block two-year credit to students who 
have earned an Associate of Arts degree with 
a cumulative grade point a\'erage of at least 
2.0; or 

2. Accept, for transfer students without As- 
sociate of Arts degrees, only those appropriate 
courses in which grades of C or higher were 
earned. Transfer credits will be awarded for 
courses comparable to Eckerd College courses. 

3. Accept a maximum of 63 semester hours of 
transfer credit because the last two academic 
years of study for an Eckerd College degree 
must be completed at Eckerd. 

4. Therefore, all transfer students to Eckerd 
College will have cumulative grade point 
averages of at least 2.0 in courses accepted 
from other institutions toward an Eckerd 
College degree. 

5. Applicants who have earned credits more 
than five years ago, or whose earlier academic 
records are unavailable or unusual are 
requested to direct special inquiry' to 
Admissions. 

6. Use of transfer credit toward meeting the 
requirements of a major is at the discretion of 
the faculty. 



PROCEDURES AFTER 
ACCEPTANCE 

As soon as a student has decided to matriculate 
at Eckerd College for the autumn term or fall 
semester, a $300 commitment deposit and the 
Candidate Reply Form must be sent to the Office 
of Admissions no later than postmark May 1. 
This deposit is refundable until May 1 . Students 
accepted to matriculate for the winter term should 
send a $300 non-refundable commitment deposit 
v\'ith the Candidate Reply Fomi within 30 days of 
receipt of the acceptance letter. The commitment 
deposit is applied toward tuition costs and credited 
to the student's account. 

A Student Information Form, Housing Form, and 
Health Fomi are sent to all accepted students. The 
Student Infonnation Forni and Housing Fonn 
should be returned by June 1. These forms enable 
us to begin planning for needs oi the entering class 
of residential and commuting students. 

The Health Fom-i should be completed by your 
personal physician and forwarded to Health 
Ser\aces prior to the enrollment date. 



EQUIVALENCY CERTIRCATES 

Students who have not completed a high school 
program but who have taken the General Educa- 
tion Development (GED) examinations may be 
considered for admission. In addition to submit- 
ting GED test scores, students will also need to 
supply ACT or SAT I test results. 



ADMISSIONS INTERVIEW 

Students considering Eckerd College are strongly 
urged to visit the campus for an interview with an 
admissions counselor. We also encourage you to 
visit a class and meet students and faculty' mem- 
bers. An interview is not a required procedure for 
admission but is always a beneficial step for you, 
the student, as well as for those of us who evaluate 
your candidacy. 



117 



EARLY ADMISSION 

Eckerd College admits a few outstanding students 
who wish to enter college directly after their 
junior year in high school. In addition to regular 
application procedures outlined above, early 
admission candidates must submit a personal letter 
explaining reasons for early admission; request two 
letters of recommendation from an English and a 
mathematics teacher; and come to campus tor an 
interview with an admissions counselor. 



DEFERRED ADMISSION 

A student who has been accepted for admission 
for a given term may request to defer enrollment 
for up to one year. Requests should be addressed 
to the Director of Admissions. 

To secure a place at Eckerd College tor the 
following year and retain an academic scholarship 
award, a $300 non-refundable deposit must be 
paid. Candidates for deferral may not matriculate 
to any college or university and receive college 
credit during their year off. 



ADVANCED PLACEMENT 

Eckerd College awards course credit on the basis of 
scores on the Advanced Placement examinations 
administered by the College Entrance Examina- 
tion Board. Students who have obtained scores of 
four or five will automatically be awarded credit. 
Applicants who seek advanced placement should 
have examination results sent to the Office of 
Admissions. 



INTERNATIONAL 
BACCALAUREATE PROGRAM 

Eckerd College will confer sophomore standing 
to students who have completed the full Interna- 
tional Baccalaureate and who have earned grades 
of five or better in their three Higher Level 
subjects. IB students who do not earn the full 
diploma may receive credit for Higher Level 
subjects in which grades of five or better were 
earned in the examinations. 



COLLEGE LEVEL EXAMINATION PROGRAM 



Course credit will be awarded on the basis of 
B-level scores received on the College Level 
Examination Program (CLEP). Credit is awarded 
for exams in subject areas comparable to those 
accepted as transfer credit and must not duplicate 



courses accepted from other institutions or 
courses taken at Eckerd. Use of CLEP credit 
toward meeting the requirements of a major is 
at the discretion of the faculty. Credit is awarded 
for the following: 





MAXIMUM 




MAXIMUM 




COURSE 




COURSE 


EVALUATION 


CREDIT 


EVALUATION 


CREDIT 


Composition and Literature 




Social Sciences and History continued 




American Literature 


2 


Introductory Psychology 


1 


Analysis and Interpretation of Literature 


2 


Introductory Sociology 


1 


College Composition 


2 


Western Civiliiation I: Ancient Near East to 1648 


1 


English Literature 


2 


Western Civilization II: 1648 to the Present 


1 


Freshman English 


2 


Science and Mathematics 




Foreign Languages 




Calculus and Elementary' Functions 


2 


College French (Le\'els I and 2) 


2-3 


College Algebra 


1 


College German (Levels 1 and 2) 


2-3 


College Algebra-Trigonometry 


1 


College Spanish (Levels 1 and 2) 


2-3 


General Biology 


2 


Social Sciences and History 




General Chemistry 


2 


American Government 


1 


Trigonometry 


1 


American History' I: Early Gilonizations to 1877 


1 


Business 




American History II: 1865 to Present 


1 


Intomiation Systems and Computer Applications 


1 


Human Growth and Development 


1 


Introduction to Management 


1 


Introduction to Educational Psychology 


1 


Introduction to Accounting 


2 


Introductory Macroeconomics 


1 


Introductory Business Law 


1 


Introductory Microeconomics 


1 


Principles of Marketing 


1 



International students may not use CLEP to recei\'e college credit tor elementary' or intennediate foreign language in their native tongue. 
CLEP results sh(xild be sent to tlie Dean of Admissions. 



118 



INTERNATIONAL STUDENT 
ADMISSION 

Eckerd College enrolls students from more than 
44 countries. Some are native speakers of English; 
many are not. In all cases, the Admissions and 
Scholarship Committee gives special attention to 
the evaluation of students who have completed 
their secondary education abroad. Candidates 
whose native language is not English should 
submit the TOEFL scores in lieu of SAT or ACT 
scores. Ordinarily, international students whose 
native language is not English will not be admitted 
unless they score a minimum of 550 on the written 
TOEFL exam, 215 on the computer TOEFL exam, 
and/or pass level 1 1 2 instruction in the ELS 
Language Center. International students whose 
native language is English should take the 
SAT I exam. 



APPLICATION PROCEDURE 
FOR INTERNATIONAL 
STUDENTS 

1. Complete and return the application 
form with an application fee of $35 
(nonrefundable) at least three months 
prior to the desired entrance date. 

2. Request that official secondary school records 
(and official university records if applying as a 
transfer student) be sent to us. If official 
records are not in English, we should receive a 
certified translation in English in addition to 
the official records. An evaluation of univer- 
sity credit by an outside agency specializing in 
foreign credentials may be required. 

3. Results of the Test of English as a Foreign 
Language (TOEFL) for non-native speakers 
of English should be submitted. Others are 
urged to take SAT I or ACT. 

4. Complete a certified statement of financial 
responsibility indicating that adequate frinds 
are available to cover educational costs. 



INTERNATIONAL DIPLOMAS 

The following international diplomas are accepted for 
consideration of admission with advanced standing: 

The General Certificate of Education of the 
British Commonwealth. Students with successful 
scores in "A" level examinations may be consid- 
ered for advanced placement. 

The International Baccalaureate Diploma may 

qualify a candidate for placement as a sophomore 
(see page 118). 

READMISSION OF STUDENTS 

If you have previously enrolled at Eckerd College 
and wish to return you should write or call the 
Dean of Students. It will not be necessary for you 
to go through admission procedures again. 
However, if you have been enrolled at another 
college or university you will need to submit an 
official transcript of courses taken there. 

To apply for readmission after dismissal, a student 
should write to the Dean of Faculty, who chairs 
the Academic Review Committee. 




119 



FINANCIAL AID 



The Office of Financial Aid assists students 
with ways of financing educational costs. 
Through various institutional, federal and state 
financial aid programs, Eckerd College helps 
students to develop financial plans, which make 
attendance possible. 

Financial aid is a comprehensive term used to 
describe all sources used to finance college costs. 
This includes institutional scholarships; federal 
and state grants; educational loans and campus 
employment programs. To be eligible to receive 
any financial aid, a student must be admitted to 
Eckerd College and file the Free Application for 
Federal Financial Aid (FAFSA). Qift aid programs 
are scholarship and grant funds, which do not 
require repayment or a work commitment. 
Self help programs are loans, which are repaid 
through future earnings or employment programs, 
which allow students to earn money, while 
attending college. 

Since some funds are limited, we encourage 
students to file the FAFSA by March 1 . 
The FAFSA can be filed electronically at 
www.fafsa.ed.gov. Eckerd College's FAFSA 
code is 001487. 



GIFT AID PROGRAMS 

ECKERD COLLEGE 
SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAMS 



ARTISTIC ACHIEVEMENT AWARDS 

Eckerd College recognizes artistic achievement in 
music, theatre, visual arts and creative writing. 
Scholarships are available to incoming freshmen, 
both majors and non majors, in these areas. 
An application is required and is available at 
http://www.eckerd.edu/admissions. 



ECKERD GRANT PROGRAM 

Eckerd College awards Eckerd Grant funds to 
students, who apply for financial aid through 
the Free Application for Student Aid (FAFSA). 
Awards are renewable based on continued 
demonstrated financial need and maintaining the 
cumulative grade point average required by 
Eckerd College for continued eligibility to enroll 
(see Renewal Requirements on page 124). 

PROGRAM FOR EXPERIENCED 
LEARNERS 

When Eckerd College started the Program for 
Experienced Learners, the PEL tuition rate was set 
considerably lower than the tuition rate charged 
to Residential Program students. Because of this 
reduced tuition rate, the college is not able to 
support an institutional scholarship program. 
There are some specific scholarships for PEL 
students, as well short term loans. For further 
information, please contact PEL Financial 
Services at (727) 864-8981. 



RESIDENTIAL PROGRAM 
STUDENTS 

ECKERD HONORS SCHOLARSHIP 

The academic profile of our students is strong. 
Eckerd College Honors Scholarships are awarded 
by the Honors Award Committee at the time of 
admission. Awards are based on your academic 
achievement. TTiese awards are renewable for up 
to four years, based upon maintaining a grade 
point average of at least 2.0. 



CHURCH AND CAMPUS 
SCHOLARSHIPS 

The Church and Campus Scholarships are a 
recognition of merit for new Presbyterian students 
each year who have been recommended by their 
pastor and possess traits of character, leadership 
and academic ability which in the pastor's opinion 
demonstrate the promise to become outstanding 
Christian citizens, either as lay persons or minis- 
ters. Students recommended by their pastor who 
become recipients of a Church and Campus 
Scholarship will receive a need based grant of 
at least $1,000 to be used during the freshman 
year and renewable annually on the basis of 
demonstrated financial need, leadership and 
service achievement, and a cumulative grade 
point average of at least 2.0. 



120 



GRANT PROGRAMS 

FEDERAL GRANTS 

FEDERAL PELL GRANT 

The Federal Pell Grant program provides grant 
funds to students with high financial need. 
Eligibility for this program is determined by filing 
the Free Application for Federal Student Aid 
(FAFSA). Eligible students must also be enrolled 
at least half time in a degree program and making 
satisfactory progress to receive this grant. The 
amount oi the grant ranges from $400 to $4,050 
and is reduced for less than full time enrollment. 

FEDERAL SUPPLEMENT EDUCATIONAL 
OPPORTUNITY GRANT 

The Federal SEGG grant is awarded by Eckerd 
College to smdents, who are eligible for the Federal 
Pell Grant. These funds are limited are awarded 
to smdents with exceptional financial need. Appli- 
cants must submit the Free Application for Student 
Aid (FAFSA). 

STATE GRANT PROGRAMS 

FLORIDA RESIDENTS 

The state of Florida provides scholarship and 
grant programs for Florida residents. 

FLORIDA RESIDENT ACCESS GRANT 

The Florida Resident Access Grant (FRAG) 
supports Florida students attending a private 
college or university. Students must be residents of 
Florida and enroll full time. This award is not 
made on the basis of academic achievement or on 
the basis of financial need. For renewal, students 
must complete a minimum of 24 credit hours and 
achieve a 2.0 cumulative grade point average. 
Please contact the Office of Financial Aid for 
application requirements. 

FLORIDA BRIGHT FUTURES 
SCHOLARSHIP 

The Florida Bright Futures Scholarship programs 
are funded awarded to Florida high school 
graduates, who have demonstrated academic 
achievement, meet Florida residency requirements 
and enroll at least half time in an eligible Florida 
college. The Florida Academic Scholars program 



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awards the equivalent of 100% of a state 
university's tuition, plus a book allowance of 
$600.00. The Florida Medallion and the Florida 
Gold Seal programs award the equivalent of 75% 
of a state university's tuition. Students must meet 
academic requirements established by the state of 
Florida for renewal of this scholarship. 



FLORIDA STUDENT 
ASSISTANCE GRANT 

The Florida Students Assistance Grant (FSAG) 
is awarded by Eckerd College on the basis of 
financial need and fund availability. Applicants 
must be residents of Florida, complete the Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), 
meet eligibility guidelines established by the State 
of Florida and be enrolled as a full time student. 
Since fimds are limited, students are encouraged 
to file the FAFSA before the March 1st priority 
deadline. Renewal of this award is based on 
continued financial need, fund availability and 
academic progress, by completing 24 credit 
hours and maintaining a 2.0 cumulative grade 
point average. 



121 



OTHER STATE SCHOLARSHIPS 

The states of Vermont, Rhode Island and 
Pennsylvania allow their state scholarship awards 
to be used for attendance at Eckerd College. 
Please contact your state scholarship agency 
for application and renewal information. 

PRIVATE SCHOLARSHIPS 

Many private individuals and organizations 
support continued education through scholarship 
programs. Students are encouraged to explore 
private funding though local civic organizations, 
church groups or businesses. A free scholarship 
search is available on the web at 
www.fastweb.com. 



SELF HELP PROGRAMS 

Students help to contribute to educational 
expenses by borrowing through student loan 
programs or working on student employment 
programs. 

LOANS 

FEDERAL PERKINS LOAN 

The Federal Perkins Loan is awarded by Eckerd 
College to students with exceptional financial 
need. These loans are funded by Federal and 
Eckerd College contributions and are limited. The 
interest rate is 5%. Interest begins to accrue during 
repayment, which begins nine months after the 
borrower is no longer enrolled in college at least 
half time and continues for up to ten years, with a 
$50.00 minimum monthly payment. Students 
must complete the Free Application for Student 
Aid (FAFSA) to be considered for this program. 

FEDERAL STAFFORD LOAN PROGRAM 

The Federal Stafford Loan program allows 
students to borrow low cost, long temi to assist 
with educational expenses. Repayment begins six 
months after a student is no longer enrolled at 
least half time in college and continues for up to 
ten years. All applicants for the Stafford Loan 
must complete the Free Application for Student 
Aid (FAFSA) for Stafford consideration. With a 
subsidized Stafford Loan, the Federal government 
pays the interest when the borrower is enrolled at 
least half time in an eligible degree program and 



during the six month grace period. With an 
unsubsidized Stafford Loan, the student is 
responsible for the interest. Students can elect 
to have the interest capitalize while attending 
college and added to the principal before 
entering repayment. 

Students can receive a minimum amount of 
Stafford Loan funds depending upon their grade 
level. Freshmen students may borrow up to 
$2,625.00 per year. Sophomore students may 
borrow up to $3,500.00 per year. Junior and senior 
students may borrow up to $5,500.00 per year. 
If the student has financial need, the loan, or 
portion of the loan, will be subsidized. When 
there is no remaining financial need, then the 
loan, or portion of the loan, is unsubsidized. 

Independent students and dependent students 
whose parents are unable to receive the Federal 
PLUS loan have extended annual borrowing 
limits. Theses extended loans are unsubsidized 
loans. Freshmen and sophomore students may 
borrow an additional $4,000.00 per year. Junior 
and senior students may borrow an additional 
$5,000.00 per year. 

FEDERAL PLUS LOAN PROGRAM 

Parents of undergraduate dependent students may 
borrow the difference between college costs and 
the student's financial aid from the Federal PLUS 
loan program. Repayment begins after the second 
disbursement has been made on the loan and 
continues for up to ten years. Eligibility is 
determined by the Federal PLUS lender. Please 
contact the Office of Financial Aid for further 
information. 

THE MARY E. MILLER PEL 
STUDENT LOAN FUND 

This fund established through the generosity of 
Mary E. Miller '97, to provide short-term, no 
interest loans to PEL students, enabling them to 
continue their education, without interruption. 

ECKERD COLLEGE LOANS 

Eckerd College has limited institutional loan funds 
available for students with exceptional need. For 
additional information, please contact the Office 
of Financial Aid. 



122 



ALTERNATIVE LOAN PROGRAMS 

Private lenders offer alternative loan programs for 
students. These loans, such as the Key Alterna- 
tive, CLC, AFC and Wells Fargo, are not sup- 
ported by federal funds and are not governed by 
federal regulations. The interest rate is based on 
credit scoring. Eligibility is determined by the 
lender, who may require a co-signer for the loan. 
Repayment terms vary depending upon the 
program. The Free Application for Federal 
Student Aid (FAFSA) is not required for this 
program. Additional information can be obtained 
through the Office of Financial Aid. 



EMPLOYMENT 

The Career Services Office assists students in 
finding part-time employment both on and off 
campus. Placement preference on campus is given 
to students with financial need. 

FEDERAL WORK STUDY PROGRAM 

The Federal Work Study program provides 
employment opportunities to needy students. 
A Free Application for Federal Student Aid 
(FAFSA) must be completed to be considered for 
this program. Students are paid for the hours that 
they have worked. 



VETERANS' BENEFITS 

Eckerd College is approved for the education and 
training of veterans, service members, and depen- 
dents of veterans eligible for benefits under the 
various V.A. educational programs. Students who 
may be eligible for V.A. benefits are urged to contact 
their local V.A. office as soon as accepted by the 
college and must file an application for benefits 
through the Office of the Registrar. No certification 
can be made until the application is on file. Since the 
first checks each year are often delayed, it is advisable 
for the veteran to be prepared to meet all expenses 
for about two months. There are special V.A. 
regulations regarding independent study, audit 
courses, standards of progress, special student 
enrollment, dual enrollment in two schools, and 
summer enrollment. It is the student s responsibility 
to inquire to the V.A. office concerning special 
regulations and to report any change in status which 
affects the rate of benefits. 

A student's V.A. educations benefits will be 
terminated if he/she remains on probation for 
more than two consecutive semesters/terms as 
mandated by The Department of Veterans Affairs. 




123 



APPLYING FOR 
FINANCIAL AID 

Some financial aid programs offered by Eckerd 
College require the applicant to complete the Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). 
The financial information analyzed from the 
FAFSA provides a foundation for the equitable 
treatment of all financial aid applicants. The 
FAFSA form must be completed annually. 
Applications are available on line at: 
www.fafsa.ed.gov. There is no application charge. 

To receive federally sponsored financial aid, an 
applicant must be a U.S. citizen or eligible 
non-citizen; be pursuing a degree program; be 
making academic progress towards a degree; and 
not be in default on a federal student loan or owe 
a repayment on a federal grant. 

Since some funds are limited, we encourage 
students to complete the FAFSA application 
by March 1 . 

At times, applications are chosen for a process 
called verification. Verification requires that tax 
returns and other information be submitted to the 
Office of Financial Aid for review. Most financial 
aid awards will not be made until the verification 
process has been completed. 



STUDENT CONSUMER 
INFORMATION 

CAMPUS SAFETY 

In accordance with the Campus Awareness and 
Campus Security Act of 1990 and recent amend- 
ments known as the Cleary Act and associated 
amendments to the Higher Education Act, Eckerd 
College provides information relating to crime 
statistics and security measures to prospective 
students, enrolled students, and employees. The 
Eckerd College Office of Campus Safety submits 
an annual report on crime statistics to the State of 
Florida and beginning in 2000 to the Federal 
Department of Education. To view this and related 
infonnation, please go to the following link: 

http://www.eckerd.edu/safety/stats.html 

GRADUATION RATES 

Information concerning graduation rates at Eckerd 
is available upon request from the Office of 
Institutional Research. Graduation rates for 
students who receive athletically related aid, listed 
by team and gender, are also available. Contact 
the Office of Institutional Research at Eckerd 
College for a copy of the report. 



RENEWAL REQUIREMENTS 

Most financial aid awards can be renewed 
based upon academic progress or continued 
financial need. 

Eckerd College Honors Scholarships require a 
2.0 cumulative grade point average for renewal. 

Eckerd College Grants, awarded on financial 
need, and all federal financial aid, is renewed 
based on maintaining the cumulative grade point 
average required by Eckerd College for continued 
eligibility to enroll (see Probation on page 24) and 
completion of 66% of the credits attempted in the 
prior academic year. Students not meeting these 
standards will be placed on financial aid probation 
for one academic year. Failure to meet these 
requirements in the following academic year 
will lead to termination of financial aid. 

Any questions, concerns or appeals of financial 
aid decisions should be directed to the Office of 
Financial Aid. 



RIGHTS UNDER FAMILY EDUCATION 
RIGHTS AND PRIVACY ACT (FERPA) 

Students and parents may obtain information 
pertaining to their rights under the Family 
Education Rights and Privacy Act. The proce- 
dures for obtaining and the right to review the 
student's academic and educational records may be 
requested from the Registrar's office (see page 27). 



124 



EXPENSES 



Eckerd College is a private, non-tax-supported 
institution. Tuition and fees pay only a portion of 
the educational costs per student. Thanks to the 
support of donors, the balance of costs is paid from 
endowment income and gifts from individuals, 
Presbyterian Churches, and various corporations. 

The following schedules list the principal expenses 
and regulations concerning the payment of fees for 
the academic year 2005-06. All fees and expenses 
listed below are those in effect at the time of 
publication of the catalog. They are subject to 
change by the action of the Board of Trustees. 
When such changes are made, notice will be given 
as tar in advance as possible. 

COMPREHENSIVE CHARGES 

Resident Commuter 

Tuition $25,804' $25,804 

Room and Board 7,152^ 

Total $32,956 $25,804 

'The full-time tuition tees cover a maximum of 
ten (10) course registrations during the academic 
year. This includes one short temi project, four 
courses each 14-week term, and one extra course. 
Sophomores, juniors, and seniors may take the 
extra course in either the fall or spring 14-week 
term. Freshmen may take the extra course in the 
spring 14-week term. Year long or two-year long 
courses may be taken without an overload charge. 
Registrations beyond these limits will result in 
additional tuition charges. 

-Students with home addresses outside a 30 mile 
radius of the college are required to live on 
campus. Exceptions may be made with the 
approval of the Director of Residence Life. 
Since resident students are required to participate 
in the board plan, all resident students will be 
charged for both room and board. 

A Students' Organization Fee of $256 per 
academic year is collected in addition to the 
above charges. Cost of books and supplies is 
approximately $500 per semester. 



TUITION AND SEMESTER FEES 

Tuition, full-time per semester: $12,902 

Students' Organization Fee, per semester: $128 
Recreation and Fitness Fee, per semester: $200 



ROOM AND BOARD 

Semester 

Double Occupancy 
Double Single 
Single 

Comer-Double 
Nu-Dorm 
Oberg - Double 
Oberg - Single 
Omega Apt. - Double 
Omega Apt. - Single 



Annual 



1,786 

2,824 
2,438 
2,083 
2,277 
1,899 
2,526 
2,800 
3,144 



$3,572 
5,648 
4,876 
4,166 
4,554 
3,798 
5,052 
5,600 
6,288 



Base room rate ($1,786) has been included in 
Comprehensive Charges. Charges above the base 
rate for single occupancy of double room or for 
single room will be added to Comprehensive 
Charges. These added charges are noted above. 

Room Damage Deposit: $50.00. This deposit is 
required in anticipation ot any damage which may 
be done to a dormitory room. If damage is in 
excess of the deposit, the balance will be charged 
to the student's account. Any balance left of the 
deposit will be refunded to the student upon 
leaving college. 



MEAL PLANS 

Meal plans are required for students who live on 
campus in residence halls other than Omega. 
New incoming students are automatically enrolled 
in the Tier A plan, returning students are enrolled 
in the meal plan of choice from the prior semester. 
Meal plans may be changed during the tirst two 
weeks of each semester by submitting a change 
form to the Residence Life office. 

Semester Semester Annual 
Plan Tax Cost 



Tier A 
TierB 
Tier C 



$1,673 
$1,540 
$1,464 



$117 
$108 
$103 



$3,580 
$3,296 
$3,134 



125 



FEE FOR PART-TIME STUDENTS 

Tuition per course: $3, 105 

Students are considered part-time when 
they enroll for fewer than three (3) courses 
per semester. 

OVERLOAD FEE 

Tuition per course: $3,105 

Fee for students enrolling in courses beyond the 
limits set forth on page 125. 

AUDIT FEE 

Tuition per course: $530 

(no credit or evaluation) 

Full-time students may audit courses without fee 
with the permission of the instructor. 

LAB FEE (per course) $50 

A fee assessed all students participating in a 
scientific laboratory. 



PARKING FEE $70 

All vehicles must be registered with the 
security office. Fee is assessed annually. 



PET FEE $75 

Pets are allowed only in designated dorms 
and at an additional charge. 



LATE PAYMENTS $35 

A charge assessed for payments received after the 
scheduled due dates. In addition a monthly 
finance charge will be assessed on all outstanding 
balances. The rate is adjusted quarterly. 



MISCELLANEOUS FEES 

Administration Fee for Study Abroad: $850 

(Direct Pay Program) 

Application Fee: $35 

This fee accompanies the application for 
admission submitted by new students. 

Application Fee for Study Abroad: $100 

Audit Fee: (per course) $530 

126 



Commitment Deposit: (New students only) $300 
A fee required of new students upon acceptance 
by Eckerd College. This fee is not refundable and 
will be applied against the comprehensive charge. 

Credit by Examination Fee: (per course) $995 
A fee for an examination to determine proficiency 
in a particular subject to receive course credit. 



Graduation Fee: 

Processing fee for graduation does not cover 
academic attire. 



$75 



$95 



Health Insurance Plan II: 

(subject to change) 

Individual Course Cost: $3,105 

Lab Fee: (per course) $50 

LDSP Course: $400 

(Winter Term for Freshmen only) 

London Comprehensive Fee: $1,075 

(cost based on exchange rate) 

London Activity Fee: $ 1 28 

London Theatre Ticket: $300 

(cost based on exchange rate) 

Lost Key Charge: (traditional/Zeta dorms) $60 
Replacing lost dormitory room key. 

Lost Key Charge: $100 

(Nu, Oberg, Omega dorms) 
Replacing lost dormitory room key. 

Music Instruction: 

1 hour/week $555/semester $l,110/year 

1/2 hour/week $278/semester $555/year 

Orientation Fee: (New Freshmen only) $100 
This fee partially covers the additional cost of 
special orientation activities provided for freshmen. 

Overload Tuition: (per course) $3,105 

Replacement ID/Meal card: 



Returned Check Fee: (NSF) 

A fee assessed for each check returned by 

the bank for nonpayment. 

Short Term: (Autumn or Winter tuition) 

Transfer Fee: (New Transfer only) 



Transcript Fee: (per transcript) 

(For special handling costs see "Requesting a 

Transcript" at www.eckerd.edu/registrar) 



$25 
$25 

$3,105 
$40 
$5 



HEALTH INSURANCE 

Accident Insurance (Plan I) is pre^vided by the 
college and covers the student for the academic 
year (9 months) at no charge. All full-time 
students are automatically enrolled in the major 
medial (Plan II) expanding the accident insurance 
to cover sickness as well as accidents for a full 1 2 
months. Participation in this plan is automatic 
unless a signed waiver card is returned to the 
business office. 
Plan II: $95 



BILLING AND 
PAYMENT METHODS 

Payments are due in full by the due dates listed in 
the Financial Guide Book. No student shall be 
pemiitted to register for a semester unless all 
balances are paid in full. For your convenience, 
Mastercard, Visa, American Express and Discover 
payments are accepted by telephone, written 
request or on-line through the EBill system. 

Beginning in the 2005-06 academic year, paper 
bills will be mailed at the beginning of each 
semester only. For the remainder of the semester, 
billing information will be available on-line. 
Students and/or responsible parties will receive an 
e-mail notification monthly as statements are 
processed electronically. It is the responsibility of 
the student and/or responsible party to monitor 
account charges on-line and to keep the account 
in good stead. Further information concerning 
access authorizations and account information is 
available at www.eckerd.edu/bursar. 

Students desiring a monthly payment plan must 
make arrangements through the following 
company providing this service. 

Academic Management Services (AMS) 

One AMS Place 

PO. Box 100 

Swansea, MA 02777 

800-635-0120 

www.TuitionPayEnroll.com 

All arrangements and contracts are made directly 
between the parent and AMS. 



SHORT-TERM LOANS 

The college has limited funds for emergency 
short-term loans up to $50. These loans must be 
paid within a maximum thirty day period. 
Students should apply to the campus cashier for 
such loans. 



DIRECTED STUDY, 
INDEPENDENT STUDY AND 
FINANCLVL AID 

If a student who is receiving financial aid is 
enrolled in only Directed Study or Independent 
Study courses and the student is not enrolled in 
an Eckerd College travel abroad program, the 
enrollment may be reviewed. The student may 
receive a markedly reduced cost of education with 
a greatly reduced financial aid package. 

STUDENTS WHO WITHDRAW 
FROM ECKERD COLLEGE 
MUST COMPLETE THE 
FOLLOWING STEPS: 

1 . Complete a withdrawal form in the Student 
Affairs office 

2. Have the withdrawal form signed in the Financial 
Aid office. If you liave been awarded the Federal 
Stafford Loan, you must have exit counseling. 

3. If you have been awarded &ie Federal Perkins 
Loan or an instimtional loan, you must complete 
exit counseling for those loans in the Student 
L^an office located in the Business office. 

4- Return the withdrawal form to the Student 
Affairs office and schedule an appointment for 
a brief interview with the Dean of Students. 

5. Go to the Housing office and complete a 
room inventory. 

6. Go to the Student Accounts office to 
determine the status of your account, and 
determine what reffinds must be returned to 
applicable assistance programs and, if 
applicable, to the student (see pertinent 
information in sections below). 

Please note additional information in the Eckerd 
College Financial Guide concerning withdrawal 
policies and procedures. 



127 



TUITION REFUND POLICY 

CHARGES 

All charges for a semester will be cancelled 
except the $300 commitment deposit for those 
withdrawing before the start of classes. 

For those students withdrawing after the start of 
classes the following refund will be issued for 
tuition, room and meals. There will be no refund 
for fees. It is the student's responsibility to 
notify the Dean of Students office of their 
withdrawal. 

Within 7 days 75% 

Withm 15 days 50% 

Within 25 days 25% 

After 25 days No Refund 

For those students withdrawing within 1 5 calendar 
days of the first day of a short term (autumn/ 
winter terms), the following refund will be issued 
for tuition, room and meals. 

Withm 7 days 50% 

Within 15 days 25% 

After 1 5 days No Refund 

FINANCIAL AID 

Institutional Aid may be pro-rated based on date 
of withdrawal. 

Rorida Aid will be granted only if the withdrawal 
occurs after the end of the drop/add period. 

Federal Aid is granted based on a specific Federal 
formula, which is applied to students at Eckerd 
College through 60% of the semester. By the 
Federal formula, it is determined whether any 
refund must be returned by the institution and by 
the student to Federal Aid programs. The Federal 
Aid Programs are: 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 

Federal Subsidized Stafford Loan 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal PLUS Loans 

Federal Pell Grant 

Federal Supplemental Educational 
Opportunity Grant 

Other Title IV Assistance 
It is important to note that students with financial 
aid who withdraw during a semester will typically 
owe a balance to the College because of the loss 
of aid and because only a percentage of charges 
are cancelled. 



STUDENT/PARENT APPEAL 
PROCESS OF WITHDRAWAL 
POLICIES 

Any student or parent may appeal any decision 
made concerning a refund of Title IV Federal 
assistance in relation to the withdrawal policies 
described above. The appeal may be addressed 
to the Director of Financial Aid at the Financial 
Aid office, Eckerd College. 

ADMINISTRATIVE HOLD 

An administrative hold will be placed on a 
delinquent balance; the hold will prevent 
registration and the release of transcripts and 
diploma. Students who default on any Federal 
Title IV loans or an Institutional loan will have 
their academic transcript at Eckerd College 
withheld. The Registrar may not release the 
academic transcript until the College receives 
notification in writing from the applicable 
guarantee agency, the Department of Education, 
or other holder of the defaulted loan that the 
default status has been resolved. 

Federal Title IV Loans affected by this policy 
are as follows: 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Subsidized Stafford Loan 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 

Institutional Loans affected by this policy are: 

Beck Donor Noyes 

Ben Hill Griffin Oberg 

Frueauff Selby 

Helen Harper Brown Trockey 

To resolve the default status, the borrower 
holding a Federal Perkins Loan or Institutional 
Loan should contact the Eckerd College 
Business office. The borrower holding a 
defaulted Stafford Loan should contact the 
lender or guarantee agency. Provisions may be 
obtained for satisfactory arrangements for 
repayment to resolve the default status. Also, 
consolidation of Federal loans or other alterna- 
tives may be available to resolve the default. 

The Registrar will also withhold the academic 
transcript and/or diploma for the students who 
withdrew or graduated from Eckerd College 
owing a balance on their student account. 
To resolve the debt, contact the Business office. 



128 



THE FACULTY OF ECKERD COLLEGE 



Faculty of the Collegium of 
Behavioral Science 

Diana L. Fuguitt 

Chair, Behaiioral Science Collegium 

Professor of Economics 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Ph.D., Rice University' 
Thomas D. Ashman 

Assista7it Professor of Firuince 

B.A., WiUiams College 

M.B.A., Loyola College 

Ph.D., State University' of New York 
at Buffalo 
Anthony R. Brunello 

Professor of Political Scierice 

B.A., University' of California, Davis 

M.S., Ph.D., University' ot Oregon 
Salvatore Capobianco 

Professor of Psychology 

B.A., M.A., University- of Kansas 

Ph.D., Rutgers University 
Mark H. Davis 

Professor of Psychology 

B.A., University of Iowa 

Ph.D., University of Texas, Austin 
William F. Felice 

Professor of Political Science 

B.A., University of Washington 

M.A., Goddard College 

Ph.D., New York University 
Michael G. Flaherty' 

Professor of Sociology 

B.A., M.A., University of South 
Florida 

Ph.D., University of Illinois 
Edward T. Grasso 

Professor of Decision Sciences 

B.A., B.S., M.B.A., Old Dominion 
University 

Ph.D., Virginia Polytechnic Institute 
and State University 
Frank Hamilton 

Assistant Professor of Management 

B.S., Kent State University 

M.S., UCLA 
Peter K. Hammerschmidt 

Professor of Economics 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Colorado State 
University 
Marjorie Sanfilippo Hardy 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

B.S., Mary Washington College 

Ph.D., University of Miami 
John Patrick Henry 

Professor of Sociology 

B.S., University of South Carolina 

M.A., Ph.D., University of 
Massachusetts 
Jeffrey A. Howard 

Professor of Psychology 

B.A., Valparaiso University 

M.S., Ph.D., Kansas State University 
Linda L. Lucas 

Professor of Economics 

B.A., University of Texas, Austin 

Ph.D., University' of Hawaii 



James M. MacDougall 

Professor of Psychology 

B.S., Highlands University, 
New Mexico 

M.A., Ph.D., Kansas State Uni\'ersiry 
Jamsheed Marker 

Diplomat in Residence 

Honours Degree in Economics, 

University of the Punjab 
Mary K. Meyer 

Associate Professor of Political Science 

B.A., M.A., University' of South 
Florida 

Ph.D., University of Massachusetts 
Gregory J. Moore 

Assistant Professor of Political Science 

B.A., Concordia College 

M.A., University of Virginia 

Ph.D., University of Denver 
Tom Oberhofer 

Professor of Economics 

B.S., Fordham University 

M.A., Ph.D., Rutgers University' 
Donna Marie Oglesby 

Diploinat in Residerxe 

B.A., Washington College 

M.A., Columbia University 
Alison Ormsby 

Assistant Professor of Emironmental 
Studies 

B.S., The College of William 
and Mary 

M.S., Yale University 

Ph.D., Antioch New England 
Graduate School 
Donna A. Trent 

Assistant Professor of Management 

B.A, Newcomb College 

M.Ed., M.S., Ph.D., Tulane University 
William E. Winston 

Professor of Sociology 

B.A., Central Washington University 

M.A., Ph.D., Washington State 
University 



Faculty of the Collegium of 
Comparative Cultures 

Thomas J. DiSalvo 

Chair, Comparaave Cidtures Collegium 

Professor of Spanish 

B.A., Hillsdale College 

M.A., Middlebury College, Spain 

Ph.D., University' of Wisconsin 

Victoria J. Baker 

Professor of Anthropology 
B.A., Sweet Briar College 
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of 
Leiden, Netherlands 

Anna R. Dixon 

Assistant Professor of Anthropology 
B.A., University of South Carolina 
M.A., University of Tennessee 
Ph.D., University of Hawaii 

Lee B. Hilliker 

Associate Professor of French 
B.A., University of Florida 
M.A., Florida State University 
Ph.D., Duke University 



Margarita M. Lezcano 

Professor of Spanish 
B.A, Florida International University 
M.A., University of Florida 
Ph.D, Florida State University 
Naveen K. Malhotra 

Professor of Management and Fiimnce 
M.B.A., University of Tampa 
Ph.D., University of South Florida 
Antonio Melchor 

Assistant Professor of Italian and 

Spanish 
B.A., University of California at 

Berkeley 
M.A., Yale University 
Ph.D., Yale University 
Allan D. Meyers 

Assistant Professor of Anthropology 
B.A., Centre College of Kentucky 
M.A., University of Alabama 
Ph.D., Texas A&M University 
Yolanda Molina-Gavilan 

/\ssociate Professor of Spanish 
B.A., University of Wisconsin 
M.A., University of Oregon 
Ph.D., Arizona State University 
William Parsons 

Professor of History arid Russian 

Studies 
B.A., Grinnell College 
M.A., Harvard University 
Ph.D., Indiana University 
Jing Shen 

Assistarit Professor of Chinese 

Language and Literature 
B.A., M.A., Beijing Foreign Studies 

University 
Ph.D., Washington University, 

St. Louis 
Steve Sizoo 

Associate Professor of Management 

and International Biisiness 
B.S., University' of Southern 

California 
M.B.A., University ot Southern 

California 
D.B.A., Nova Southeastern 

University 



Faculty of the Collegium of 
Creative Arts 

Arthur N. Skinner 

Chair, Creative Arts Collegium 

Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.V.A., Georgia State University 
Mark J. Castle 

Assistant Professor of Theatre 

B.A., University of Leeds, England 

M.F.A. University- of Memphis 
Joan Osbom Epstein 

Professor of Music 

B.A., Smith College 

M.M., Yale University School 
of Music 



129 



Ellen Graham 

Assistant Professor of Theatre 

B.A., Tufts University, 1976 

M.A., University of Utah, 1995 
Sandra A. Harris 

Professor of Human Develofnnent 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Virginia 
Commonwealth University 
Nancy G. Janus 

Associate Professor of Human 
Development 

B.A., Wells College 

M.Ed., University ot Hartford 

Ed.D., University of Massachusetts 
Brian Ransom 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 

B.RA., New York State College of 
Ceramics 

M.A., University ot Tulsa 

M.F.A., Claremont Graduate School 
April Schwarzmueller 

Assistant Professor of Human 
Development 

B.A., Wake Forest University 

M.A., Ph.D., Emory University 
Marion Smith 

Professor of Music 

B. Mus., Xavier College 

M.A., Washington State University 

Ph.D., Washington University, 
St. Louis 
Claire A. Stiles 

Professor of Human Development 

B.S., Rutgers University 

M.A., Southwest Texas State 
University 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
Cynthia Totten 

Professor of Theatre 

B.A., M.A., Northwestern State 
University of Louisiana 

M.F.A., Southern Illinois University' 

Ph.D., University of Nebraska 
Kirk Ke Wang 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 

B.F.A., M.F.A., Nanjing Normal 
University, China 

M.F.A., University of South Florida 
D. Scott Ward 

Professor of Creative Writing aivi 
Literature 

B.S., Auburn University 

M.A., University of South Carolina 
Kathryn J. Watson 

Assistant to the President for 
Academic Affairs 

Associate Dean for Faculty 
Develofxment 

Professor of Education 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 
V. Sterling Watson 

Professor of Literature and 
Creative Writing 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., University' of Florida 



Faculty of the Collegium 
of Letters 

Carolyn Johnston 

C^ir, Letters Collegium 

Professor of American Studies 

B.A., Samtord University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of 
California, Berkeley 
Nathan Andersen 

Assistant Professor of Philosophy 

B.S., Brigham Young University 

Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University' 
Constantina Rhodes Bailly 

Professor of Religious Studies 

B.A., Rutgers University 

M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University 
Jewel Spears Brooker 

Professor of Literature 

B.S., Stetson University 

M.A., University of Florida 

Ph.D., University of South Florida 
David J. Bryant 

Professor of Religious Studies 

B.A., Harding College 

M.A., Abilene Christian College 

M.Div., Ph.D., Princeton 
Theological Seminary 
Andrew Chittick 

E. Leslie Peter Associate Professor of 
East Asian Humanities 

B.A., Pomona College 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Michigan 
Julienne H. Empric 

Professor of Literature 

B.A., Nazareth College of Rochester 

M.A., York University 

Ph.D., University of Notre Dame 
Bruce V. Foltz 

Professcrr of Philosophy 

B.A., Sonoma State University 

M.A., Ph.D., Pennsylvania State 
University 
James R. Goetsch, Jr. 

Assistant Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., M.A., Louisiana State 
University 

Ph.D., Emory University 
Suzan Harrison 

Chair, Foundations Collegium 

Associate Dean of Faculty 

Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Florida State University 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Bamet P. Hartston 

Assistant Professcrr of History 

B.A., University of California, Los 
Angeles 

M.A., Ph.D., University of 
California, San Diego 
John Hausdoerffer 

Assistant Professor of 
Environmental Studies 

B.A., Western State College 

M.A., St. John's College 

Ph.D., Washington State University 



Kyle A. Keefer 

Assistant Professcrr of Reli^ous Studies 

B.A., Baylor University 

M. Div., Princeton Theological 
Seminary 

M.A., Baylor University 

Ph.D., Emory University 
William B. Kelly 

Associate Professor of Rhetoric 

B.S., Eckerd College 

M.A., Ph.D., University of South 
Florida 
George P. E. Meese 

Director, Writing Excellence Program 

Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., Wittenberg University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
Gary S. Meltzer 

Associate Professor of Classics 

B.A., M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D., Yale 
University 
Gregory B. Padgett 

Associate Professor of History 

B.A., Stetson University 

M.A., Ph.D., Rorida State University 
Erika Spohrer 

Assistant Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., University of Florida 

M.A., Pennsylvania State 
University 

Ph.D., Pennsylvania State 
University 
Jared Stark 

Assistant Professor of Literature 

B.A., Yale University 

M.Phil, Yale University 

Ph.D., Yale University 
Robert C. Wigton 

Professor of Political Science 

B.A., State University of New York, 
Oswego 

M.A., J.D., Ph.D., State University 
of New York, Buffalo 



Faculty of the Collegium of 
Natural Sciences 

David D. Grove 

Chair, Natural Sciences Collegium 
Associate Professor of Chemistry 
B.S., California State University, 

San Diego 
Ph.D., University ot California, 
Los Angeles 

Gregg R. Brooks 

Professcjr of Marine Science 
B.S., Youngstown State University 
M.S., Ph.D., University of South 
Florida 

Anne J. Cox 

Associate Professor of Physics 
B.S., Rhodes College 
Ph.D., University ot Virginia 

Catherine B. Dayton 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.S., Centenary College of Louisiana 

Ph.D., Louisiana State University 



130 



Kelly Debure 

Associate Professor ofCom^nuer Science 
B.S., Christopher Newport University 
M.S., The College of William 

and Mary 
Ph.D., University of South Carolina 
Steven H. Denison 

Associate Professor of Biology 
B.S., Ph.D., Baylor University 
Harry W. Ellis 

Professor of Physics 
B.S., Ph.D., Georgia Institute of 
Technology 
Eduardo Fernandez 

Assistant Professor of Physics/ 

Mathematics 
B.S., University of Wisconsin- 

Eau Claire 
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin- 
Madison 
Mark B. Fishman 

Associate Professor of Computer Science 
B.A., Temple University 
M.A., University of Texas 
Elizabeth A. Forys 

Associate Professcn of Environmental 

Sciences 
B.A., M.S., University of Virginia 
Ph.D., University of Florida 
Edmund L. Gallizzi 

Professor of Computer Science 
B.Sc, University of Florida 
M.Sc, Ph.D., University of 
Southwestern Louisiana 
Shannon Gowans 

Ass!sta7it Professor of Biology 
B.Sc, Dalhousie University 
Ph.D., Dalhousie University 
Wayne Charles Guida 
Professor of Biochemistry 
B.A., Ph.D., University of South 
Florida 
David W. Hastings 

Associate Professor of Marine Science 

and Chemistry 
B.S., Princeton 
M.S., Ph.D., University of 
Washington 
Reggie L. Hudson 

Professor of Chemisvn 
B.A., Pfeifter College 
Ph.D., University of Tennessee 
Gerald J. G. Junevicus 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 
B.Sc., Worcester Polytechnic Institute 
M.Sc, Ph.D., University of 
Victoria, Canada 
David Kerr 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of 
South Florida 
Jeannine M. Lessman 

Assistant Professor of Biology 
B.S., University of Maryland 
Ph.D., Louisiana State University 



Peter A. Meylan 

Professor of Biology 
B.S., M.S., Ph.D.,' University of 
Florida 
Chris Schnabel 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry 
B.S., University of Wyoming 
Ph.D., University of Wyoming 
David A. Scholnick 

Assistant Professor of Biology 
B.A., University of San Diego 
M.A., College of William and Mary 
Ph.D., University of Colorado at 
Boulder 
Nancy Frances Smith 

Assistant Professor of Biology 
B.S., University of Washington, 

Seattle 
M.A., Ph.D., University of California, 
Santa Barbara 
Alan L. Soli 

Professor of Chemistry 
B.A., Augsburg College 
M.S., Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
William A. Szelistowski 

Associate Professor of Biology 
B.S., University of Florida 
Ph.D., University of Southern 
California 
Joel B. Thompson 

Associate Professor of Marine 

Geochemistry 
B.S., M.S., California State 

University 
B.S., Ph. D., Syracuse University 
Walter O. Walker 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 
B.S., Eckerd College 
M.S., Ph.D., Clemson University 
Stephen P. Weppner 

Associate Professor of Physics 

B.A., The State University of New 

York at Geneseo 
Ph.D., Ohio University 
Laura Reiser Wetzel 

Associate Professor of hAanne 

Geophysics 
B.S., Beloit College 
Ph.D., Washington University 
Jianqiang Zhao 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
B.Sc, Nakai University 
M.Sc, Nankai University 
Ph.D., Brown University 



Foundations Collegium Faculty 

Suzan Harrison 

Chair, Foundations Collegium 
Associate Dean of Faculty 
Letters Collegium 
George P. E. Meese 

Director, Writing Excellence Program 
Letters CoUe^um 



Library Faculty 
Mary Michele Abdoney 

Reference and Inter-Library Loan 

Librarian and Assistant Professor 
M.S., University of South Florida 
B.A., University of Florida, 1999 
Jamie A. Gill 

Technical Services Librarian and 

Professor 
B.A., The State University of 

New York, Geneseo 
M.L.S., Kent State University 
Helene Ellen Gold 

Electronic Services Librarian and 

Assistant Professor 
B.A., M.S., State University of 

New York at Albany 
David W. Henderson 

Instructional Services and Collection 

Developtnent Librarian and Professor 
B.A., University of Connecticut 
M.S., Ohio University 
M.S.L.S., Florida State University 
Beatrice Nichols 

Reference Librarian and Systems 

Administrator 
B.A., Anderson University 
M.A., University of South Florida, 

Tampa 



EMERITI 

Joseph M. Bearson 

Associate Professor Emeritus of 

Marketing and International Business 

M.B.A., Columbia University 
Wilbur F. Block 

Professor Emeritus of Physics 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
Clark H. Bouwman 

Professor Ementus of Sociology 

Ph.D., New School for Social 
Research 
Albert Howard Carter, III 

Professor of Comparative Literature 
and Humanities 

Ph.D., University of Iowa 
Nancy Corson Carter 

Professor of Humanities 

Ph.D., University of Iowa 
J. Stanley Chesnut 

Professor Emeritus of Humanities 
and Religion 

Ph.D., Yale University 
James G. Crane 

Professor Emeritus of Visual Arts 

M.F.A., Michigan State University 
Sarah K. Dean 

Professor Emerita of Human 
Development 

Ed.D., Nova University 
Dudley E. DeGroot 

Professor Emeritus of Anthropology 

Ph.D., Ohio State University 



131 



John C. Ferguson 

Professor Err\eritus of Biology 

Ph.D., Cornell University 
Frank M. Figueroa 

Professor Emeritus of Spanish 

Ed.D., Columbia University 
Teachers College 
Rejane P. Genz 

Professor Emerita of Frerich Language 
and Literature 

Ph.D., Laval University 
Richard R. Hallin 

Dean of Admissior\s and Financial Aid 
arid Associate Professor of 
Political Science Emeritus 

Ph.D., Columbia University 
Sheila D. Hanes 

Professor Emerita of Biology 

Ph.D., Ohio University 
James R. Harley 

Professor of Physical Education and 
Directcrr of Athletics , Emeritus 

M.A., George Peabody College 
Keith W. Irwin 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

M.Div., Garrett Theological Seminary 



Gilbert L. Johnston 

Professor Emeritus of Asian Studies 

and Religion 
Ph.D., Harvard University 

Kenneth E. Keeton 

Professirr Emeritus of German 
Ph.D., University of North Carolina 

K. Russell Kennedy 
Registrar Emeritus 

George W. Lofquist 

Professor Emeritus of Matherrmtics 
Ph.D., Louisiana State University 

Billy H. Maddox 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 
Ph.D., University of South Carolina 

William F. McKee 

Professor Emeritus of History 
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 

J. Peter Meinke 

Professirr Emeritus of Literature 
Ph.D., University of Minnesota 

Anne A. Murphy 

Professor Emerita of Political Science 
Ph.D., University of North Carolina 



Peter A. Pav 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 
Ph.D., Indiana University 

Richard A. Rice 

Professor Emeritus of Theatre 
Ph.D., University of Utah 

Margaret R. Rigg 

Professor Emerita of Visual Art 

M.A., Presbyterian School ot 

Christian Education 

William B. Roess 

Professor Emeritus of Biology 
Ph.D., Florida State University 

Hendrick Serrie 

Professor Emeritus of Anthropology 

and International Business 
Ph.D., Northwestern University 

J. Thomas West 

Professor Ementus of Psychology and 

Human Development 
Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 

WUliam C. Wilbur 

Professor Emeritus of History 
Ph.D., Columbia University 



132 



ROBERT A. STAUB OUTSTANDING TEACHERS 

Awarded each year at Commencement 



1980 William B. Roess 1988 
Professor of Biolo^' 

1981 Julienne H. Empric 1989 
Professoi' of Literature 

1982 J. Thomas West 1990 
Professor of Psychobgy and 

Hurrmn Development Services 1991 

1983 A. Howard Carter, III 

Professor of Comparative 1992 

Literature and Humanities 

1984 Peter K. Hammerschmidt 1993 
Professor of Economics 

1985 Molly K. Ransbury 1994 
Professor of Education 

1986 John E. Reynolds, III 1995 
.\ssociate Professor of Biology 

1987 James G.Crane " 1996 
Professor of Visual Arts 



Tom Oberhofer 1997 

Professor of Economics 

Kathryn J. Watson 1998 

Professor of Education 

J. Peter Meinke 1999 

Professor of Literature 

Carolyn Johnston 2000 

Professor of American Studies 

Diana Fuguitt 2001 

Associate Professor of Economics 

Arthur N. Skinner 2002 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 

Olivia H. Mclntyre 

Associate Professor of History 2003 

Mark H. Davis 

Associate Professor of Psychobgy 

Suzan Harrison 2004 

Assistant Professor of Rhetoric 



Victoria J. Baker 

Associate Professcn- of Anthropology 
David Ken- 
Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
William F. Felice 

Msistant Professor of Political Science 
Jeffrey A. Howard 
Associate Professor of Psychology 
James R. Goetsch, Jr. 
Assistant Professor of Philosophy 
W. Guy Bradley 
Associate Professor of 
Molecular Physiology 
Elizabeth A. Forys 
Associate Professor of 
Enriromn^ntal Sciences 
Anne J. Cox 
Aisociate Professor of Physics 



SEARS ROEBUCK TEACHING EXCELLENCE/ 
CAMPUS LEADERSHIP AWARD 



1991 



1992 



1993 



Jewel Spears Brooker 

Professor of Literature 
George P. E. Meese 
Professor of Rhetoric 
Tom Oberhofer 

Professor of Economics 



JOHN M. BEVAN TEACHING EXCELLENCE/ 
CAMPUS LEADERSHIP AWARD 

Awarded each year at Academic Convocation 



1994 WUliam B. Roess 1997 
Professor of Biology 

1995 Molly K. Ransbury 

Professor of Education 

1996 Anthony R. Brunello 

Associate Professor of Political 1998 

Science and Associate Dean of 

Faculty for General Education 1999 



Kathryn J. Watson 2000 

Professor of Education and 

Associate Dean for Faculty 2001 

Development and 

Intergenerationd Education 2002 

John E. Reynolds, 111 

Professor of Biology 2003 

Mark H. Davis 

Professor of Psychology 



Julienne H. Empric 

Professor of Literature 
Arthur N. Skiimer 
Professor of Visual Arts 
Harry W. EUis 
Professor of Physics 
Robert C. Wigton 
Professor of Political Science 



THE LLOYD W. CHAPIN AWARD FOR 
EXCELLENCE IN SCHOLARSHIP 

Awarded each year at Academic Convocation 

2001 John E. Reynolds, III 

Professor of Marine Science and Biology 

2002 Jewel Spears Brooker 
Professor of Literature 

2003 Gregg R. Brooks 
Professor of Marine Science 



133 



ADMINISTRATION 



OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT 

Donald R. Eastman, III 

President 

B.A., University of Tennessee 

Ph.D., University of Florida 

Lisa A. Mats 

Executive Assistant to the President 
B.A., University of Michigan 
M.A., Indiana University 
Ph.D., University of Michigan 

Kathryn J. Watson 

Assistant to the President for 

Academic Affairs 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 



OFFICE OF VICE PRESIDENT 
FOR ACADEMIC AFFAIRS 
AND DEAN OF FACULTY 
Lloyd W. Chapin 

Vice President and Dean of Faculty 

Professor of Philosophy aivi Religion 

B.A., Davidson College 

M.Div., Ph.D., Union Theological 
Seminary, New York 
Diane L. Ferris 

Director, International Education and 
Off-Campus Programs 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., University of South Florida 
Suzan Harrison 

Associate Dean of Facidty 

Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Florida State University 

Ph.D., University' of North Carolina 
Christine M. Harvey 

Director of Human Resources 

B.A., Southern Illinois University 

M.A., Sangamon State University 
Lisa Kahn 

Associate Dean & Director of Center 
fcrr the Applied Uxral Arts (GALA) 

B.S., State University College at 

New Paltz, NY 

M.A., State University of New York 
at Albany 

Ph.D., Bostt)n University 
David Pawlowski 

Director of Infcyrmation Technology 
Services (ITS) 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Linda Swindall 

Registrar 

B.S.N. , Emory University 

M.A., Georgia State University 
Kathryn J. Watson 

Associate Dean of Facuky Develop^nent 

Professor of Education 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 
Iris Yetter 

Director of Spcniscn-ed Programs 

B.A., Hunter College, 

City University of New York 

M.S., Florida State University 



OFFICE OF ADMISSIONS 

Laura E. Martin 

Dean of Admissions 
and Financial Aid 

B.A., M.PA., Western Michigan 
University 
Maria J. Alou 

Associate Director of Admissions 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Richard R. Hallin 

Dean of Admissions and Financial Aid 

and Associate Professor of Political 
Science Emeritus 

B.A., Occidental College 

B.A., M.A., Exeter College, Oxford 
University, England 

Ph.D., Columbia University 
Amanda Howey 

Admissiom Counselor 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Vicki L. Pastore 

Associate Director of Admissions 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Shannon Serventi 

Assistant Director of Admissions 

B.S., Eckerd College 
John F. Sullivan 

Direcuw of Admissions 

B.A., Coe College 
Brian M. Zaun 

Assistant Director of Admissions 

B.A., Butler University, Indiana 



OFFICE OF 
FINANCIAL AID 

Pat G. Watkins 

Director of Financial Aid 
B.S., Boston State College 
M.Ed., Boston State College 
Ed.D., Temple University 

Debra Aracri 

Associate Director for Federal 

Programs 
B.A., Northeastern University 

M. Joan Kaplan 

Associate Director for Florida 

Programs and PEL 
B.A., Eckerd College 



OFFICE OF SPECIAL 
PROGRAMS 

James E. Deegan 

Vice President and Dean of 

Special Programs 
B.S., State University of New York, 

Buffalo 
M.S., Ed.D., Indiana University 
John Duff 

Administrative Director, Program far 

Experienced Learners 
B.A., Westminster College 
M.B.A., Bowling Green University 
Ph.D., Kent State University 



James E. Frasier 

Director, Continuing Education Center 
B.S., The Ohio State University 
M.Ed., University of Cincinnati 
Ed.D., University of Cincinnati 

Cheryl Chase Gold 

Director, Conferences and Summer 

School 
B.A., City College of New York 

Margret Skaftadottir 

Aco^iemic Director, Program for 

Experienced Learners 
B.A., University of Iceland 
M.Ed., Ph.D., Emory University 



OFFICE OF STUDENT 
AFFAIRS 

James J. Annarelli 

Associate Vice President for Academic 

Affairs and Dean of Students 
B.A., M.A., St. John's University 
M.Phil., Ph.D., Dtew University 
Mona Bagasao 

Director of Campus Ministries 

Chaplain 

B.Mus., Webster University 

M.Div., Pacific School of Religion, 

Berkeley, CA 
Daniel P. Barto 

Director of Campus Safety 

and Security 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., University of South Florida 
Joseph D. Carella 

Director of Counseling and 

Health Services 
B.A., Fairfield University 
M.S., Psy.D., Nova University 
William C. Covert 

Associate Dean of Students 
Director, Waterfront Program 
Olivier C. Debure 

Director, International Stu<ient 

Programs 
B.A., Christopher Newport 

University 
M.B.A., Old Dominion University 
M.A., University of South Carolina 
Bob Fortosis 

Director of Athletics 
B.A., Wheaton College 
M.A., Azusa Pacific University 
Rebecca S. Jacobson 

Assistant Dean of Students for 

Campus Life 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., University of North Texas 
Marti Newbold 

Director of Career Resources 
B.A., St. Andrews Presbyterian 

College 
M.A., University of South Florida 



134 



Frederick R. Sabota, Jr. 

Director of Campiis Activities 
B.S., Slippery' Rock University 
M.PRTM., Clemson Unix'ersity 

Anne Chapin Wetmore 
Dtrector of Student and 

Family Relations 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., Florida State University 

Lena Wilfalk 

Associate Dean of Students 
B.A., M.A., Uni\-ersity of South 
Florida 



ACADEMY OF SENIOR 
PROFESSIONALS AT 
ECKERD COLLEGE 

Norm Smith 

Director- 

B.S., University ot Michigan 

J.D., Northern Kentucky University 

M.A., National-Louis University 

Ph.D., Pacific Western University 



OFFICE OF ADVANCEMENT 

Matthew S. Bisset 

Vice President for Advancement 
B.A., Saint Anselm College 
Benjamin J. Jacobson 

Vice President for Church 

Relations Emeritus 
B.A., Augustana College 
M.Div., Union Tlieological 
Seminan,' 
Laura M. Arceneaux 

Director of Corporate and 
Foundation Relations 
B.A., University of California, 
Berkeley 
Duncan S. Ferguson 

Director, Center for Spiritual Life 
B.A., University of Oregon 
M.A., University of Oregon 
M.Div., Fuller Theological 

Seminary 
Ph.D., University of Edinburgh, 
Scotland 
Joe Hammon 

Director of Major Gifts 
B.A., Burlington College 
Erik C.Oliver 

Leadership Gifts Officer 
B.A., Eckerd College 
Kathryn P. Rawson 

Acring Director of Alumni Relations 
B.A., Eckerd College 
Scott Rivinius 

Director of Advancement Services 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., University of Michigan 



OFFICE OF 
COMMUNICATIONS 

Lisa A. Mets 

Executive Assistant to the President and 

Executive Directoi- of Commimications 

B.A., University of Michigan 

M.A., Indiana University 

Ph.D., University of Michigan 
Dawn R. Ellenburg 

Creative Directoi- 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Casey Paquet 

Web Manager 

B.S., California State Polytechnic 
University at Pomona 
Alizza T. Punzalan-Hall 

Director of Community and 
Media Relations 

B.A., Rhodes College 



OFFICE OF 
VICE PRESIDENT 
FOR FINANCE 

Christopher P. Brennan 

Chief Financial Officer 
B.S., University of South Florida 
Beverly Parks 
Coritroller 
B.A., University of South Florida 



It is the policy of Eckerd College not to discriminate on the basis of sex, age, handicap, religion, sexual orientation, creed, race or color, or 
national origin in its educational programs, activities, admissions, or employment policies as required by federal and state legislation. 
Inquiries regarding compliance with discrimination laws may be directed to Dean of Admissions, Eckerd College, 4200 54th Avenue South, 
St. Petersburg, Florida 33711 (727) 867-1166. Eckerd College is an equal opportunity employer. 



135 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



OFFICERS 

Miles C. Collier 

Chaiwmn 
Grover C. Wrenn '64 

Vice Chamncm 
Donald R. Eastman III 

President 
Lisa A. Mets 

Secretary 
Christopher P. Brennan 

Treasurer 



TRUSTEES 

Mr. Payton F. Adams 

Retired GTE Executive 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Kirt E. Anderson 
Senior Pastol^ 

First Presbytenan Church of Naples 
Naples, Florida 
Mr. Robert H. Atwell 
Retired President 
Americarr Council on Education 
Sarasota, Florida 
Mr. Robert A. Chute 
Chairman aivd CEO 
The Gage Company 
Naples, Fbrida 
Boston, Massachusetts 
Mr. Miles C. Collier 
Coliier Enterfirises 
Naples, Florida 
Dr. Donald R. Eastman 111 
President 
Eckerd College 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Fazal A. Fa:lin 
CEO 

Snuirt Shadow, Inc. 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Howard William Habermeyer, Jr. 
President and CEO of 
Progress Energy, Florida 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. James E. MacDougald 
President 

Westshore Ventures 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Theodore J. Marchese 
Senior Consultant 
Academic Search 
Coruswltation Seri'ice 
VCoshin^ton, D.C. 
Mr. Michael C. Markovitz 

Chainmm of Argosy University and 
John Marshal! Law School, Atlanta 
SarObOta, Florida 
Chicago, Illinois 



Mr. Richard MeriUat 

President of Richard D. and 
Lynette S . Merillat 
Family Fowndation 
Naples, Fion'da 
Grand Rapids, Michigan 
Mrs. Mary E. Miller '97 
Community Leader 
Longboat Key, Florida 
Mr. Alan I. Mossberg 
President 

O.F. Mossberg & Sons, Inc. 
Tierra Verde , Florida 
Mr. Helmar Nielsen 
Retired Executii'e 
Carolina Profile 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. George W. Off 

Chairman of the Board and CEO 
Checkpoint S;ys terns, Inc. 
Thorofare, New Jersey 
Mr. William R. Ripberger '65 
Retired MetLife Executive 
Brodetiton, Florida 
Mr. RN. Risser, III 
Chaimian 

Risser Oil Corporation 
Cleanvater, Florida 
Mrs. Marsha Griffin Rydberg 
Atto7i;e;y At Law' 
The Rydberg Law Firm 
Tampa, Florida 
Mrs. Deedie M. Simmons 
Presbyteiian Church Leader 
Jacksonville, Florida 
Mr. Les R. Smout 
Vice President 
jME, Inc. 
Cleariiiater, Florida 
The Rev. Frederick D. Terry 
Retired Presbyterian Minister 
T7init>' Presbyterian Church 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Honorable Susan Russ Walker 
United States Magistrate Judge 
Montgomery, Alabama 
Dr. David L. Warren 

President, National Association of 
Independent Colleges 
and Universities 
Washington, D.C. 
Mrs. Jean Giles Wittner 
President 

Wittner Companies 
St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Grover C. Wrenn, Jr. '64 
Retired Corporate Executive 
St. Petersburg, Florida 



TRUSTEES EMERITI 

Mr. David J. Fischer 

Former Mayor 

President and CEO 
Community Foundation of 

Tampa Bay 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Jeffrey L. Fortune 

Retired Business Ownier 

St. Pete Beach, Fbrida 
Mr. Harrison W. Fox 

Presbyterian Church Leader 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Sarah Belk Gambrell 

Belk Croup 

Charlotte, North Carolina 
Ms. Anne M. Hoemer 

Presbyterian Church Leader 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Harold D. Holder, Sr. 

The Holder Group 

Reno, Nevada 
Mr. William R. Hough 

Former President and CEO 

William R. Hough & Company 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Frank M. Hubbard 

Retired Business Owner 

Orlarvh, Florida 
Mr. Arthur J. Ranson III '65 

Attorney At Law 

Zimmerman, Shuffield, 

Kiser&Sutcliffe,P.A. 

Orlando, Florida 
Mrs. Martha Rudy Wallace 

Retired Communit;y Leader 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Stanley P. Whitcomb, Jr. 

President 

Whitcomb Associates , Inc. 

Naples, Fhrida 

HONORARY TRUSTEE 

Mr. Charles J. Bradshaw 

Retired Business Executive 
Vero Beach, Florida 



136 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 2004-2005 



AUTUMN TERM 

Fri., Aug. 13 
Sat., Aug. 14 
Wed., Aug. 25 
Tues., Aug 31 
Wed., Sept. 1 
Fri., Sept. 3 

FALL SEMESTER 

Thurs., Sept. 2 

Fri., Sept. 3 
Mon., Sept. 6 
Wed., Sept. 8 
Thurs., Sept. 16 
Mon.'Tues., Oct. 11-12 
Fri., Oct. 15 
Fri., Nov. 5 

Wed., Nov. 10 
Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 25-26 
Fri., Dec. 10 

Mon.-Thurs., Dec. 13-16 
Fri., Dec. 17 

WINTER TERM 

Sun., Jan. 2 
Mon., Jan. 3 

Tues., Jan. 4 
Wed., Jan. 5 

Mon., Jan. 17 
Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 27-28 
Fri., Jan. 28 
Mon., Jan. 31 

SPRING SEMESTER 

Sun., Jan. 30 
Mon., Jan. 31 

Tues., Feh. 1 
Thurs., Feb. 10 
Fri. -Sun., Feb. 24-26 
Sat., Mar. 19 
Fri., Mar. 25 
Mon., Mar. 28 
Tues., Mar. 29 
Thurs., April 7 



Wed., April 13 
Thurs.-Fri., April 21-22 
Fri., May 13 
Mon.-Fri., May 16-20 
Sat., May 21 

Sun., May 22 
Mon., May 23 
Mon., May 30 

SUMMER TERM 

May 31 -July 22 
May 31 -June 24 
June 27-July 22 



Freshmen arrive. Students check-in before 3:00 p.m. 

Autumn term begins. 

Fall semester 2004 registration begins. 

Residence houses open at noon for new students for fall semester. 

Orientation for new students. 

End of autunnn term. 



Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 a.m. 

New students: Mentor assignment, registration. 

Returning students check-in for fall semester. 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation, 1:30 p.m. 

End of drop/add period for fall semester courses. 

Midtenn academic recess. 

Winter Term 2005 registration begins. 

Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, 

or change from audit to credit. 

Spring semester 2005 registration begins. 

Thanksgiving holiday, no classes. 

Last day of classes. 

Examination period. 

Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon. 

Residence houses open at noon. 

New student registration/orientation for winter term. 

Check-in for returning students registered for winter tenn. 

Winter term begins. All projects meet first day of winter term . 

Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; 

last day to change project or withdraw from winter term with W grade. 

Martin Luther King day, no classes. 

First comprehensive examination period. 

Winter term ends. 

Spring semester check-in for students who did not register or attend the winter term. 

Residence houses open at noon. 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. 

Spring semester check-in for students who did not register or attend the winter term. 

Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

End of drop/add period for spring semester courses. 

Parents Weekend. 

Spring recess begins. 

Good Friday, no classes. 

Students return. 

Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 

Mentor conferences and contracts for 2004-2005. 

Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, 

or change from audit to credit. 

Fall semester 2005 registration begins. 

Second comprehensive examination period. 

Last day of classes. 

Examination period. 

Baccalaureate. Residence houses close at 4:00 p.m. for non-seniors 

who are not attending Commencement. 

Commencement. 

Residence houses close at noon for all students. 

Memorial Day holiday. 

Summer term. 
Session A. 
Session B. 



137 



ACADEMIC CALENDAR 2005-2006 



AUTUMN TERM 

Fri., Aug. 12 
Sat., Aug. 13 
Wed., Aug. 24 
Tues., Aug. 30 
Wed., Aug. 31 
Fri., Sept. 2 

FALL SEMESTER 

Thurs., Sept. I 

Fri., Sept. 2 
Mon., Sept. 5 
Wed., Sept. 7 
Thurs., Sept. 15 
Mon.'Tues., Oct. 10-11 
Fri., Nov. 4 

Wed., Nov. 9 
Thurs.'Fri., Nov. 24-25 
Fri., Dec. 9 

Mon.-Thur., Dec. 12-15 
Fri., Dec. 16 

WINTER TERM 

Mon., Jan. 2 
Mon., Jan. 2 

Tues., Jan. 3 
Wed., Jan. 4 

Mon., Jan. 16 
Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 26-27 
Fri., Jan. 27 
Mon., Jan. 30 

SPRING SEMESTER 

Sun., Jan. 29 
Mon., Jan. 30 

Tues., Jan. 31 
Thurs., Feb. 9 
Fri.-Sun., Feb. 24-26 
Sat., Mar. 18 
Mon., Mar. 27 
Tues., Mar. 28 
Thurs., April 6 



Wed., April 12 
Fri., April 14 
Thurs.-Fri., April 20-21 
Fri., May 12 
Mon.-Fri., May 15-19 
Sat., May 20 

Sun., May 21 
Mon., May 22 
Mon., May 29 

SUMMER TERM 

May30-July21 
May 30-June 23 
June 26-July 21 



Freshmen arrive. Students check-in before 3:00 p.irr. 

Autumn term begins. 

Fall semester 2005 registration begins. 

Residence houses open at noon for new students for tall semester. 

Orientation for new students. 

End of autumn term. 



Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 a.m. 

New students: Mentor assignment, registration. 

Returning students check- in for tall semester. 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

Opening Convocation, 1:30 p.m. 

End of drop/add period for fall semester courses. 

Midterm academic recess. 

Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, 

or change from audit to credit. 

Winter term/spring semester 2006 registration begins. 

Thanksgiving holiday, no classes. 

Last day of classes. 

Examination period. 

Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon. 



Residence houses open at noon. 

New student registration/orientation for winter term. 

Check-in for returning students registered tor winter term. 

Winter term begins. All projects meet first day of winter term . 

Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; 

last day to change project or withdraw from winter term with W grade. 

Martin Luther King day, no classes. 

First comprehensive examination period. 

Winter term ends. 

Check-in for students who did not register or attend the winter term. 



Residence houses open at noon. 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. 

Spring semester check-in for students who did not register or attend the winter term. 

Spring semester begins at 8:00 a.m. 

End of drop/add period for spring semester courses. 

Parents Weekend. 

Spring recess begins. 

Students return. 

Classes resume at 8:00 a.m. 

Mentor conferences and contracts for 2006-2007. 

Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, 

or change from audit to credit. 

Fall semester 2006 registration begins. 

Good Friday, no classes. 

Second comprehensive examination period. 

Last day of classes. 

Examination period. 

Baccalaureate. Residence houses close at 4:00 p.m. for non-seniors 

who are not attending Commencement. 

Commencement. 

Residence houses close at noon for all students. 

Memorial Day holiday. 



Summer term. 
Session A. 
Session B. 



138 



1NL)EX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 



Academic Areas 6, 18, 20 

Academic Calendar 5, 137 

Academic Credit 22 

Academic Minor 29 

Academic Policies 18 

Academic Program 5 

Academic Progress Standards 24 

Academic Review Committee 24 

Academy of Senior Professionals 17 

Accreditation 1 

Add/Drop 26, 137 

Administration 134 

Admission 116 

Early Admission 118 

Equivalency Certificates 117 

Freshman 116 

International Students 119 

Policy 116 

Procedures after Acceptance 117 

Transfer Students 116 

Adult Education 16 

Advanced Placement 118 

Afro-American Society 113 

Alumni Association 17 

American Stitdies 29 

Anthropology 31 

Area of Concentration/Major 19, 22 

Art 33 

Art History 35 

Athletics 115 

Attendance 24 

Auditing Classes 26 

Autumn Term 5, 8 

Bachelor of Arts Degree 18 

Bachelor of Science Degree 19 

Behavioral Science, Collegium of 8, 36 

Billing and Payment Methods 127 

Biochemistry (see Chemistry) 39 

Biology 36 

Board of Trustees 136 

Business Administration 39 

Calendar, Academic 5, 137 

Campus Life Ill 

Career Resources 13 

Center for the Applied Liberal Arts (CALA) 13 

Chemistry 39 

Chinese 41 

Classics and Ancient Histcrry 42 

Co'Curricular Program 10 

Co-Curricular Transcript 10 

College Entrance Examinations 1 16 

College Leave 25 

College Level Examination Program (CLEP) 1 18 

College Program Series 19, 1 12 

Collegium Concept 7 

Commitments 2 

Dialogue on Faith 2 

Faculty to Students 2 

General Education 2 

Honor Pledge 4 

Human Relationships 3 

Individual Development 2 

Integration of Liberal Arts and 

Career Preparation 3 

Pace-Setting Institution 4 

Shared Commitment 4 



Communication 43 

Comparative Cultures, Collegium of 8 

Comparative Literature 44 

Composition 45 

Comprehensive Examinations 19 

Computational Science 45 

Computer Science 46 

Costs 125 

Counseling and Health Services 114 

Course and Major Descriptions 29 

Course Requirements 18 

Course Numbers and Letters Explanation 29 

Creative Arts, Collegium of 9, 48 

Creative Writing 48 

Credit, Academic 22 

Cultural Activities and Entertainment 112 

Day Students 115 

Dean's List 25 

Deferred Admission 118 

Degree Requirements, B.A 18 

Degree Requirements, B.S 19 

Demonstrated Proficiency 23 

Directed Study 22, 127 

Directed Study Courses 49 

Dismissal, Academic 24, 25 

Drop/Add 26, 137 

Early Admission 118 

East Asian Studies 50 

Economics 51 

Employment on Campus 123 

Engineering Dual Degree Progiam 11,53 

Entertainment and Cultural Activities 1 12 

Eni'ironmental Perspective Courses 8, 53 

Eni'ironmental Studies 53 

Examination, Comprehensive 19 

Expenses 125 

Experienced Learners , Program for 16 

Experiential and Community-Based Learning 13 

Faculty 129 

Fees 125 

FERPA 27 

Firiance 56 

Financial Aid 120 

Applying for Financial Aid 124 

Directed/Independent Study 127 

Employment 123 

Grants 121 

Loans 122 

Renewals 124 

Scholarships 120 

Tuition Refund Policy 128 

Veterans' Benefits 123 

Withdrawal Refund 128 

Ford Apprentice Scholars Program 20, 56 

Foreign Language Competency 18 

Foundations Collegium 8 

French 56 



139 



INDEX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 



Geruier and Women's Studies 109 

General Education 6 

Geography 57 

Geology 57 

German 57 

Global Affairs and International Relations 68 

Global Perspective Courses 8, 58 

Grading System 23 

Graduation Requirements 18 

Grants 121 

Health Insurance 127 

Health Services, Counseling and 114 

History 59 

Honor Pledge 4 

Honors at Graduation 26 

Honors Program 20,62 

Honor Societies 21 

Hough Center 112 

Human Development 62 

Humanities 64 

Incomplete Grades 23 

Independent Study 22, 127 

Information Technology Competency 18 

Information Technology Services 10 

International Baccalaureate 118 

Interruitinnal Business 65 

International Education 14 

International Education Courses 67 

International Students 15 

International Student Admission 119 

International Relations and Global Affairs 68 

International Studies 70 

Insurance 127 

Interview, Admission 117 

Italian 70 

Japanese 71 

Latin 71 

Law and justice 71 

Leadership Studies 72 

Letters, Collegium of 9 

Library 9 

Linguistics (see Anthropology) 31 

Literature 72 

Loans 122 

London Offerings 67 

London Study Centre 75 

Majors and Areas of Concentration 19, 22 

Major and Course Descriptions 29 

Management 75 

Maririe Science 79 

Mat/iematics 83 

Meal Plans 125 

Medical Technology 84 

Mentors 5 



Minor, Academic 29 

Moclem Languages 85 

Music 85 

Natural Sciences, Collegium of 9, 87 

Off-Campus Programs 14 

Oral Competency 12, 18 

Organizations and Clubs 1 13 

Payment Methods 127 

Perspective courses 18, 53, 58 

Philosophy 88 

Physical Education 90 

Physics 90 

Policies, Academic 18 

Political Science 92 

Pre-Professional Programs 11 

Probation, Academic 24 

Program for Experienced Learners 16 

Psychobgy 95 

Public Information 28 

Quantitative Competency 18 

Qu£st for Meaning 19, 97 

Rahall Communication Program 12 

Readmission ot Students 119 

Recreation Center 112 

Refunds 128 

Registration 26 

Religious Life 1 13 

Religious Studies 97 

Requirements for Degree 

Academic Area Courses 18 

Autumn Term 18 

College Program Series 19 

Comprehensive Examination/Thesis 19 

Foreign Language Competency 18 

Information Technology Competency 18 

Major/Area of Concentration 18 

Oral Competency 18 

Perspective Courses 18 

Quantitative Competency 18 

Residency 18 

Transfer Students 19 

Western Heritage in a Global Context 18 

Winter Term 18 

Writing Competency 18 

Residence Life 112 

Residency Requirement 18 

Resident Adviser Internship (see Creative Arts) 48 

Room and Board 125 

ROTC 12,100 

St. Petersburg, the City 1 1 1 

Satisfactory Academic Progress 24 

Scholarships 120 



140 



Sea Semester 14, 102 

Semester Abroad 14, 67 

Senior Comprehensives, Theses, Projects 19 

Sociology 103 

Spanish 105 

Special Academic Programs 1 1 

Statistics 106 

Student Activities 112 

Student Government 112 

Student Life Ill 

Student Publications 1 13 

Student Record Policy 27 

Student Rights under FERPA 27 

Summer Term 15 

Summer Term Abroad 14 



Theatre 106 

Theses, Senior 19 

Transfer Student Admission 116 

Transfer of Credit 22, 117 

Transfer Student Requirements 19, 116 

Tuition and Fees 125 

Tuition Refund Policy 128 



Veterans' Benefits 123 

Visual Arts (see Art) 33 



Waterfront Program 113 

Western Heritage in a Global Context 6, 8, 18, 108 

Winter Temi 6, 18 

Winter Term Abroad 14 

Withdrawal and Financial Aid 127 

Withdrawal from College 25, 127 

Withdrawal Grades 23 

Women's arid Geivkr Studies 109 

Writing Center 12, 18 

Writing Competency 12, 18 



Year Abroad 14 



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Only from a campus visit can you judge if the school and your expectations "fit." 

Plan to take a campus tour, sit in on a class, visit with our professors and students, 
and take time to see the area. 

Also, try to visit when classes are in session. Check the academic calendar before 
planning your visit. We ask only one thing oi you: Give us some advance notice of 
your arrival. Call us or drop us a line-the Admissions staff will he happy to work 
with you. 

The Office of Admissions is open from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. on weekdays, from 
9:00 a.m. to noon on Saturday; summer hours are weekdays 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. 

For best results, please direct all correspondence prior to your acceptance to the 
Office of Admissions. 



142 



EcKERD College 

Office of Admissions, Franklin Templeton Building 

4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711 

Telephone (727) 8674166 or (800) 456-9009 

www.eckerd.edu admissions@eckerd.edu 




EcKERD College 



www.eckerd.edu